Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

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  1. Anne

    Dear Andrea,
    The Ecat SKL is probably the most important thing in fieri in this world: thank you for your sacrifice to make true this dream.
    I wish you and your team all the best,
    Anne

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Anne:
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  3. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Ernst’s question today was about the E-Cat SKL (electricity generator). Do you mean by your response (“So far I don’t see reason for a delay”) you think will be ready to demonstrate it on Nov 25th?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, I was referring to the Ecat SKLed.
    For the SKL we are still working .
    Warmest Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Ernst

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    if the e-cat SKL is not ready and presentable until 25.11.2021 what would be the next possible date?
    sometime in spring or summer 2022? (i need hope..!)
    Best regards
    Ernst

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    So far I don’t see reason for a delay.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Prof

    While your paper
    http://www.researcchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    continues to accumulate readings and is the most read paper of Researchgate on Physics of the last 2 years, I noticed that not a single scientific critic has been done, with exception of the fact that electrons, being Fermions, can’t travel at c, to which you responded that c is not the speed of electrons, but of the ZBW oscillations.
    Best,
    Prof

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    It is also very interesting the reference 17 of the paper you cited.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  9. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Will the commercial version of the Ecat SKLed have a dimmer dial to adjust the brightness of the lamp?
    2. If so, will the power consumption of the SKLed be proportional to its brightness setting?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  11. Mason Ainsworth

    Dear Andrea,
    This is to respond to your request for clarification about my question regarding the time it took for your team of University Professors to adjust to your ZPE technology.

    I am under the general impression that most if not all physics professors would be skeptical if not profoundly skeptical to the assertion of a functional ZPE technology. Therefore, it would take time and a number of experiments to overcome this initial skepticism. This is the basis for my question and the presumption that none of these physics professors would immediately say “Andrea, you are right. You don’t need to prove it to me . . . this is a ZPE technology.” Also, please note that there is a bit of humor in asking such a question because, in my lay understanding, most consider ZPE technology as “science fiction”.

    If I might ask an additional question. Is it reasonable to presume this group of physics professors has gained sufficient experience in working with you, the SK, SKLed, and SKL that when they return to their respective university labs they would be able to act as “seeded” research facilities for delving deeper into the physics of the SLRPI effect . . . therefore enhancing the development of future Bachelors, Masters, and PhD physics students for this ZPE technology? Would their efforts be perceived with good will by you and your partners? Is it part of your strategy to spread the technology, supporting your goal of broad global deployment, supporting the spread of good will towards this new technology?

    Also, thank you for your consideration over my health and those near me . . . Covid-19 D and extreme heat/drought/wild fires have hit this region hard.

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Mason Ainsworth:
    I suppose with the acronym ZPE you mean zero point energy.
    You can find, as anybody, a good supply of information to the relation between my technology and it on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E_Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  13. Mason Ainsworth

    Good Day Andrea;
    I hope this finds you, Team Rossi, and your tennis coach doing well.

    Today, you shared with Rupert that Team Rossi includes University Professors of Physics. IMO, you have affirmed what has been a reasonable assumption for several years. Right or wrong, I presume you chose to share this information because of a body of ongoing successes in the R&D of the SK, SKLed, and SKL (inductive & resistive types). It goads me to ask, if you are able to answer, some questions that the curious at ECatWorld likely have.
    1. How many are there: < 3, 5, < 10, or enough
    2. How long has the longest been with Team Rossi?
    3. How long has the newest been with Team Rossi?
    4. Are you able to share their respective specializations?
    5. How long did it take for them to get over the realization of your ongoing experimental results pointing towards the ECat being a ZPE technology based upon a revolutionary view of plasma physics?
    6. Did they act as an "internal peer review" of your initial and revised LRPI paper?
    7. What countries represent the universities for these University Professors?
    8. Are they all local to your lab and the ongoing R&D efforts, or are they dispersed and available via Skype/Zoom?

    Thank you for your openness to questions. As well, my best to you, Team Rossi, and your wife . . . the inspiration you all provide is deeply appreciated.
    Sincerely & Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Mason Ainsworth:
    We all are doing well, thanks to God, I hope the same from your side.
    Answers:
    1- enough
    2- 11 years
    3- 2 years
    4- no
    5- I do not understand exactly what you mean: can you rephrase ?
    6- one yes
    7- USA and Europe
    8- both
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Is this ECAT SKL from 2020-07-31 (noted below) still in progress?

    Warm Regards,
    Tom

    2020-07-31 12:49 Andrea Rossi
    Aleksei Savchenko and All Readres of the JoNP:
    Just finished now my job of today, started early this morning at 5.30 A.M.
    The work of today has been important, but it is important also this introduction to the information: THE TEST OF TODAY HAS BEEN IMPORTANT, BECAUSE I USED A REVOLUTIONARY CONFIGURATION OF THE ECAT SKL, BUT FIRST OF ALL I WANT TO MAKE THIS DISCLAIMER: THE TEST OF TODAY HAS BEEN MADE BY ME ALONE, NOBODY ELSE WAS PRESENT, NOT EVEN BY SKYPE, THEREFORE THESE DATA MUST BE READ WITH RESERVE ( IN ITALIAN WE SAY ” CON BENEFICIO D’INVENTARIO” ).
    In September, Covid 19 permitting, we will have an important third party nominated by a Partner that will control the measurements remaking them.
    Therefore for now you are just taking my word, right or wrong as it might be, albeit I think I am right.
    The new Ecat SKL is the masterpiece of my life. It works in closed loop and generates the electric energy to fuel itself, plus generates 4 kWh/h of electric energy. I consumed only 130 Wh/h to flow away the thermal energy that is irradiated from the Ecat ( about 1 kWh/h of thermal energy is in total emitted ).
    The volume of the Ecat reactor is in total 100 cubic cm, while the whole is contained in a heat dissipator box whose dimensions are cm 20 x 20 x 20, plus we have outside it the control box, which is extremely complex and does not dissipate heat thanks to passive cooling systems that are very efficient.

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Norma

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Among the physicists of your team is there also any woman ?

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Patricia

    Dear Andrea,
    In your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    where can I find a link between your work and the one of Tesla ?

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Patricia:
    Please go to the reference 36 of the paper you cited
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  21. Rupert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is there in your Team also the presence of university Professors of physics ?

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  23. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of July 20 2021:
    Unique solar-gas microgrid takes charge at Pittsburgh Airport
    Rod Walton

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Ron

    @Jeff
    Clearly Dr Rossi has an NDA with the customers that forbids him to give information about them.
    Best,
    Ron

  26. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    Is it still not impossible that on November 25th in Sweden you will make the presentation of the Ecat SKL, that makes electric energy, together with the presentation of the ECAT SKLed lamp ?

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, it is still not impossible, as difficult as it might be,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  28. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    I recently came across this issue with ordinary LED bulbs .

    A family member was having some issue with certain bulbs that were interfering with his Radio that went a way when he got some new bulbs from another manufacturer.

    After a bit of digging I found it’s more to do with the ballast and electronics component than the light emission components. Also that the older lamp wasn’t optimized for the European consumer where as the new one was.

    https://www.electronicshub.org/radio-interference-by-led-lights/

    I don’t know if the SKLed has a similar ballast or not or if there are other RF sources in other components. It’s not the purpose of this post to know that.

    However to ensure the SKLed release is perfect though it might be worth checking it has no similar RF issues.

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Good point.
    The certification on course has to control also these issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    1. Are any of your current customers able to provide feedback about your products and services?
    2. Have any of your customers provided feedback?
    3. Have any of your customers suggested any valuable improvements?

    Best regards,
    Jeff

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Weleda

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you suggest me a publication that can better explain the roots of the Casimir forces in the context of the theoretical system published on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Cheers
    Weleda

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Weleda:
    Please see reference 42 in the paper you cited,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Judy

    Dr Rossi,
    How is proceeding your R&D with the Ecat SKL ?

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Judy:
    We all are working very, very strongly on it every day, seven days a week,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Interesting article about
    the flooding in Europe,

    https://www.washingtonpost.com/weather/2021/07/16/weather-pattern-climate-germany-flooding/

    Regards
    Sam

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Mark U

    @Viktor,
    A reminder that we are still in an ice age, and that in the US and Canada cold kills many times more people than heat.
    https://www.webmd.com/cold-and-flu/news/20200827/what-is-more-deadly-in-the-us-hot-weather-or-cold

  39. Prof

    To complete the information, please google this:
    IOP Science- Extended Electrodynamics and SHP Theory,
    by L.M. Hively and M. Land
    Prof

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Very interesting and, yes, related to the theoretical system hypothesized in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  41. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    forgive me for this profane – philosophical question: in this universe made by means of waves that move at c speed, may we say that observing them their time does not flow? or we too are moving at the same speed, being made from the same waves? Perhaps our mind is the only observation point external to the system?

    “Slow” regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    I am not sure I understood your question, but let me try this: the Universe is made also by particles that do not travel at the speed of light: we are not made by particles that move at c… in short, our phenomenological system is limited in the physical system we make our observations from.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Hundreds of people who will die from the record heat in Canada will join the list of victims of global warming, which annually claims tens, and according to some estimates, hundreds of thousands of lives. You can save them

  44. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    Thank you for your support, but our Team is just among the many others that are working on this climate changing issue, that is getting all the more worrying after the last events in the Rhine area of Northern Europe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    here is a link to an important publication:
    https://v2020.iard-relativity.org/assets/articles/Hively_IARD2020.pdf
    This publication is a support to the theoretical system proposed in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    in particular for what concerns the EED in paragraph 3
    Best
    Prof

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I agree; in this publication there are many points in common with “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions” of Andras Kovacs, Giorgio Vassallo, Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso, Francesco Celani, Dawei Wang.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Norma

    Dr Rossi,
    is there any experience about the fact that it is possible to extract energy from the vacuum, as you say in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    ?

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Please see reference 10 in tha paper you cited,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Interesting article about
    LED light Degradation.

    https://lamphq.com/led-degradation/

    Regards
    Sam

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Henrik:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. LilyLover

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    In your estimation, what wii be the variation in luminosity of those 100 lamps? Say +/- 2.36%?? 0.1%???

    Q2. Can this lamp be somehow modified by say, “Sony/Epson/etc.”, with your assistance, in making the projector lamps for offices/homes/drive-in movie theaters/neighborhood outdoors movie night? If this high luminosity of SKLED rivals the existing projectors used at drive-in movie theaters but at a home-projector cost, and amazing reliability, then, you’ll be instrumental in bringing the high quality, community movie-watching (few to several families), on weekends / Sunday outdoor brunches etc., thereby strengthening the communities, giving a feeling of belonging and purpose to the youth, reducing suicides and murders, and developing healthy communities.
    Please develop this “outdoors, afternoon-capable, projector lamp”. In the next question I’m gonna ask you another possibility; I’m still formulating in my head.

    Thank you for all your efforts.

    Sincerely,

    `LilyLover

  53. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Q1- 1-2%
    Q2- thank you for the suggestion
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  54. Jorge

    Are increasing the chances to see also the SKL at the presentation of the SKLed ?
    About
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_sk_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is very interesting the new model of electrons, that can explain the gains of energy independently from nuclear reactions.
    Best
    Jorge

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Jorge:
    Premature
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  56. Darko

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Do partners of yours manufacture floodlights (used in stadiums, airports, construction sites, etc.)?
    Best regards,
    Darko

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Darko:
    No
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  58. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    A Creative LED Light
    Build.

    https://youtu.be/fwVxTm7bgqs

    Regards
    Sam

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Ruby

    Dr Rossi,
    do you think that an expert of the art studying carefuly your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and your US patent can make an at least rudimental reproduction of the Ecat ?
    Ruby

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Jane

    @Sam:
    the link in your comment 2021/07/2021 at 7.30 pm is very interesting: a nice professoral lesson on vegetables artificial illumination.
    Thank you,
    Jane

  63. The Quiet Wine Guy

    Dr. Andrea,

    You said, that the ECAT-SLED is currently in the phase for certification.

    Can You tell us, why a lamp would need a certification at all and which kind of certification this should be ?

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    The Quiet Wine Guy

  64. Andrea Rossi

    The Quiet Wine Guy
    If you watch any lamp you have, you will find te mark of the safety certificatin. It is necessary by law.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of July 13 2021
    Major Hydrogen Initiatives Under Way at US DOE
    Rod Walton

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    After the 25th November presentation in Sweden, the Nobel Week Lights takes place from 4th to 13th of December in Stockholm, maybe a way could be found for Ecat SKLed’s to be displayed / showcased in some way to contribute to the event.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  68. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. The Quiet Wine Guy

    Good Day Andrea

    This is to clarify some of your recent statements on the existing certification efforts projected to be completed prior to the November 25, 2021 presentation of the SKLed. At this time, there is no plan and little probability that the SK and SKL will be included in the presentation. Further, as a man and team which has been running a 24 hour marathon since 2011, misstatements and typos occur.

    As of this morning, you have indicated two divergent things: the certification effort is for the SKLed and the certification effort is for the SKL.

    To clarify, which of the following is being certified
    1. SKLed
    2. SKL (presumably the “resistive load” SKL model for charging batteries, not the “inductive load” SKL)
    3. SK (upgrade version)

    As always, my best to you, Team Rossi, and your wife.

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    The Quiet Wine Guy

  70. Andrea Rossi

    The Quiet Wine Guy:
    The item under certification process now is the Ecat SKLed.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Gerrd McEk:
    All I said is that the certification is on course and that it is taking its normal time.
    It is not proper to congratulate until we hold the certification.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    In your answer to George Prazak, you said that nothing is holding up the certification of the E-cat SKL.
    Does that mean that now all issues, especially the reliability as the only one we know of, have been solved?
    If so, then I congratulate you with this great achievement!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  73. GEORGE PRAZAK

    what is delaying certification of the SKL?
    1.Reliability?
    2.Safety issues?
    3.Other
    4.If other-can you explain?
    When do expect acceptance by the certification body?
    1.Before Nov.25?
    2 Never?

  74. Andrea Rossi

    George Prazak:
    Nothing is delaying the certification process: it just takes its time.
    Surely it will be completed before November 25th.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea, dear Readers,
    My congratulations to all those who supported Italy in the European Football Championship. Despite the fact that the game was held in London, the strange refereeing and behavior of the English fans Italy once again showed that not everything in our world is decided by money (the cost of Italian players is half the price of English players).
    Strength of mind, moral and ethical aspects play a major role in our world, since they are based not on monetary gain, but on higher ones, including religious. This applies to all areas, as well as scientific ones in which we are engaged.
    I think that it was sign to all world from God that humanity needs to be changed and gradually move from the commodity relationships to morality and humanity.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    These European soccer games gave evidence that a great team can beat great singles.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Heating and cooling are the largest loads in a residence, water heating, cooking, space heating and cooling. To supply all of the power for a typical all electric home with 200A service in an offgrid scenario would require a high powered ecat or a small ecat with sufficient battery backup to handle the short term high power loads, probably the equivalent of three tesla powerwalls. An alternative scenario would be to use A/C, cooking range and water heater that operate from dedicated SKs and a small SKL and battery to handle the remaining loads. With that in mind I have some questions about the SK.
    1. Is the SK certified for domestic use?
    2. If not, do you plan to have it certified?
    3. If you plan to certify it what is your guess for when it might be available for production?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- premature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Have you looked into the application of SKLed for mariners navigation at sea using lighthouse-illuminated shipping lanes and coastal navigation. Lighthouses are often located at remote places where electric power supply is difficult or may not be possible at all. The first lighthouses in modern times used the bright light from acetylene gas flame. But replacing the acetylene bottles was cumbersome. Today’s lighthouses are electric with LED. Same with light buoys in harbours and shipping lanes. If electricity supply from shore is not possible solar cell with battery is the preferred solution. Radioactive isotopes was tried years ago but removed for obvious reasons. With the SKLed the solar panels could be made much smaller (less wind and wave catch) and the battery pack smaller (weight saving). Marine navigation is important in our society where a technical improvement like the SKLed would be much welcomed and highly respected.
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    I didn’t think about that.
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You confirmed to Frank Ackland that you are taking orders for the Ecat SK.
    I hope you can give us some details which customers you might consider.
    1. Do you require some special abilities of the customer?
    2. If so can you mention some?
    3. What is the minimum level in KW heat you would consider?
    4. What is the temperature range of heat?
    5. What can the medium for heat transfer be both gas and liquid?
    6. What would be about the delivery time for a minimum size system?
    7. Has your strategy regarding the SK changed recently?
    8. If not, you may have a number of customers to whom you deliver heat at this moment. Is that the case?
    Thank you if you can answer!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- depends on the situations
    3- as in 2
    4- as in 2
    5- yes
    6- as in 2
    7- no
    8- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Ernst

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    when there will be a small E-Cat SK heat, f.e. oil-filled radiator, with about just 2 KW to heat rooms?
    You once wrote that you can produce E-Cats in every needed size..
    Best regards
    Ernst

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    Premature,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is an interview with
    DR Bruce Bugbee grow
    Light expert.

    https://youtu.be/X1O3OD-dI20

    Regards
    Sam

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you also for this link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the sale of SK heat still available only to industrial customers?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I think these Scientists would
    be interested in the SKLed
    Green House research.

    https://youtu.be/PbDBSsuNdyc

    Regards
    Sam

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,

    Tampa Bay in Florida has won the Stanley cup.
    Italy has just now won the Euros.
    The player who scored for Italy has the first name Leonardo.

    I’m not implying the Ecat has anything to do with altering the Timeline as vacuum energy is mixed with human intent. Not at all.

    amused regards,
    Mark

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    he,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you currently taking orders to sell heat to qualified customers from the E-Cat SK?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Ernst

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    please consider to introduce also the E-Cat SK with heat output on 25. Nov.
    I would like to order several of them.
    Best regards
    Ernst

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    The SK is not for sale yet, we sell the energy.
    Please see
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Jaroslaw Bem

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You wrote, you are focused on the ECAT SKL.
    What about the ECAT SK with heat output?
    It is much simply to utilize than SKL.
    I assure you, of the large market for heating devices.

    Best regards,
    Jaroslaw Bem

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Jaroslaw Bem:
    You are right,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Roberto

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I understood that the thermal energy described in paragraphs 6 and 7 is generated by the electron transition from a coherent to an incoherent state; assuming an electron distance in the coherent state equal to the electron Compton wavelength, it is gained a power output of 150 W.
    Is that correct ?
    Thank you if you can answer,

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    The concept is correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Jaroslaw Bem

    Physicist and Calle H,

    Dear Sir,

    I understand your expectations, but take into account that any energy exchange involves some energy loss.
    The ECAT reactor in the ECAT SKLed converts the plasma energy into electricity that powers the LEDs.
    This is where electricity is converted into light energy.
    If someone would like to use light energy to illuminate photovoltaic panels, another conversion of energy into electricity in PV panels will take place.
    Such a sequence of energy conversions leads to a very low efficiency of the entire process.

    Best regards,
    Jaroslaw Bem

  102. Giuseppe

    @Prof:
    I am not surprised from the enormous success of the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    because this apparently simple paper has introduced a revolutionary concept of the electron and it is quite important that this theoretical evolution has improved the realization of the Ecat SKL.
    Best,
    Giuseppe

  103. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,

    A couple of questions.

    If you able to share, about how many patent applications have you filed in the last two years?

    Is your method of harvesting electricity from plasma also applicable to other plasmas generated by other means?

    Thanks for your time!
    Mark in Toronto

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    1- two
    2- I don’t know
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Physicist

    @Calle H
    To illuminate solar panels with the Ecat Skled is not a weird idea, it is a good idea.
    Cheers
    Physicist

  106. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you say the SKL lamp is “all ready” does that mean the certification is complete also?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, the certification process is still on course, but the work connected to it is not a work our Team has to be engaged for.
    Our Team now is all focused on the SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I may seem as a weird idea to illuminate solar panels with SKLed lamps for trying to get a net power out. My opinion is that it may not be weird at all. The route to success may be that solar panel arrays, like the one I have on my house roof in my country, has only a 10.5% yield. 10.5% yield computes as 4800 kWh recorded annual production in the nominator and 5200 Wp (Wpeak installed capacity) times 8760 hours in the denominator. Yet the investment gives me an acceptable 8 years payback.

    Doing the homework of computing 10,000 lm cold or warm LED spectral illumination on panels of selected cell technologies at different luminance, beam angles and cell coverage, etc, I find that it may be doable. Doable because the panel output is much more than the 3.9 W/lamp input. Doable because 8760 hrs continuous illumination is so much more than the actual roof cells which suffer from nights, overcast daylight and snow coverage in the winter.

    What may be a problem is if the SKLed light characteristics is not like commercial LED lamps. My question is: is there any difference in the SKLed light characteristics compared to common LED?

    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    A few weeks ago you wrote that you thought there was a 10 per cent chance that you would introduce the SKL at the November 25 presentation. What do you think your chances are now?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The same.
    Fot the lamps it’s all ready, now we are focused on the SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    I think you should show at least a working SKLed cut open on the shelf during the 25th November demonstration, because otherwise the skeptics can always say that there is a battery inside the SKLed…

    Regards,
    Marco.

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Too bad,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Here are the stats of your papers I read today on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Readings: 72000
    Total Research Interest index: 1393
    Citations: 24
    Reccomendations: 5147
    And counting…
    Congratulations,
    Prof

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper “Antiferromagnetic nucleus of Cr” by Alan C. Folmsbee ( Hawaii, USA ).
    JoNP

  117. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    How many SKLed are being
    used for your Green House Testing?

    Regards
    Sam

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Three
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    As there will be 100 SKLed in the November 25 presentation, this means that there is some fabrication already going on. Is it a good guess they are “hand made”? In case the 1 million orders at the $25 price will not be reached would you consider selling hand made SKLed at a higher price? If so do you have a price indication?
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Yes, the first 100 Ecat SKLeds havw been hand made. About what will be decided in case 1 million pcs ordered will not be reached, we’ll see what we can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. arjen

    Dear Andrea

    interesting “electrons do not spin”

    https://youtu.be/pWlk1gLkF2Y

    ( I don’t understand Sh#t but probably interesting for you)
    qoute wolfgang pauli “surfaces moving faster then light” creates a problem
    pauli rejected the spinning calling it classically non describable two valuedness

    probably you are already totally aware but its a nice explanation of this theory.

    I hope your hard work will pay off soon for our transition to a better world

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Thank you for the link and for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Greg Leonard

    Drew G,
    Your interesting suggestion might not be worth the effort involved.
    I would imagine the lights to be distributed over the whole auditorium, using standard power sockets. Bringing all those power outlets back to the one power meter on the desk would not convince any of the sceptics – they would claim it was ‘rigged’. A single lamp on the desktop, with all connections to the power meter clearly shown, would be a far more convincing case. “Oh, and by the way, all the lights in this auditorium are SKLeds”
    Greg Leonard

  124. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    You stated that 100 SKleds will be used in the upcoming November demonstration. Will all 100 SKleds be powered by a single power supply where all electrical parameters can be measured and displayed? If not, How many power supplies will be utilized?

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    These particulars will have still to be defined,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,

    Today there was a lot of cheering in a section of Toronto called Little Italy.
    Italy defeated Spain in the Euros and advances to the finals against England on Sunday.
    You may also know that the Tampa Bay Lightening are in the Stanley Cup Finals.
    Each team is within one game of winning it all.
    Each team is also based in a country or a state where you reside.
    Is this an unforeseen Ecat Effect or just coincidence? 🙂

    The Ecat may not have as many cheering fans as those two teams, but that may soon change.
    I hope so,
    Godspeed,
    Mark in Toronto

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    He,he,he…right !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    May I ask a question related to the SKLed lamp: Assuming that the lens gives a circular projected beam from a focal point, will there be an option with lenses that give other beams? such as an ellipsoidal beam or a Fresnel lens for a more parallel light beam. If the lamp supplier does not provide alternative lenses, can a user replace the lens without jeopardizing guarantees or function?
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Good point: we can do it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Following on Iggy’s question:

    Someone may ask me, what is the energy source of the E-Cat? Most people won’t want to read your paper, and I can’t explain it, so if I answered simply, ‘zero point energy’, would I be correct?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, that would be correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. Salvatore Boi

    Dear Andrea Rossi, in order to aid for fix the problem explained by Alfonso David Troisi Lopez, what you think about my previous idea about the lens screw for different focus cases, for a broad beam or vice versa for a strict beam. To help your memory, my previous idea was to modify the chromy gear that close the lens, in order to achieve easy this screweing gear for chosing the amplitude of the beam cone.

    Thank you and have a nice day.

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you for your suggestion, we are studying all these issues, alaso thanks to all the suggestions we are receiving,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  134. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You say that you do not think that the SKL works via Cold Fusion or LENR.
    Could give a one or two word title to the process that the SKL’s operation is based?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  135. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of July 6 2021:
    Wood latest global energy company to embrace hydrogen future: hires expert Carmichael to lead global hidrogen efforts.
    Rod Walton

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Alfonso David Troisi Lopez

    Hello Mr. Rossi and all,
    Please let me express my opinion on your decision to start production only when you have reached 1,000,000 pieces. I agree with this but I think that you should also promote the product. At the moment all we have is a picture and a sheet with some technical specs. What about the model for street illumination (5-8 mt), what about a model for low walkways and park illumination (2,5 to 3,5 mt). Etc.

    When do you think you will be ready to come out with pictures and specs for other types of illumination?

    This would certainly boost the orders

    I’m grateful for what you’re accomplishing. It will be a big step towards a balanced world. I pray that sooner rather than later, we live by the idea that nobody has to be left back in poverty and ignorance.

    Warm, Lightful and AC Regards

    Alfonso Troisi

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Alfonso David Troisi Lopez:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Last week you did some important tests on the SKL.
    1. Were you pleased with the results?
    2. If so, did it make it more likely that you may show an E-cat SKL on the 25th of November?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- premature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    If you need a Lamp Factory.

    https://youtu.be/Hwu-h2rouGE

    Regards
    Sam

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Norma

    Dr Rossi:
    Which is the link between the reference 32 in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and the theoretical system proposed in the same paper ?

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    One link to
    A.Kovacs et Al. “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions”
    is in the fact, exposed in the reference, that the derivatives of the four potential can be viewed as an operator that rotates in the four dimensions of space-time , the unit vector giving space to a four vector, that has the time component equal to the Vacuum energy density U and the three space components equal to the energy density flux vector P; the other is in the pure electromagnetic, ZBW model for the electrons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your response to my previous question. Does this mean that if one million pre-orders are achieved, all of these one million units will be delivered within six months?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Noriyuki Kodama

    I published my paper on cold fusion mechanism.
    the title is Novel Cold Fusion Reactor with Deuterium Supply from Backside and Metal Surface Potential Control
    https://ijisrt.com/novel-cold-fusion-reactor-with-deuterium-supply-from-backside-and-metal-surface-potential-control
    This mechanism was proved by the experiments.

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Noriyuki Kodama:
    I want to add that after all my experiments and work I am convinced that the theoretical ground of the Ecat systems is not based on cold fusion or on LENR.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Sture Andreasson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Can your licensees participate in displaying their E-Cat products at your demonstration on November 25th? Do you know if any of them will have a finished product by this date?
    Warm Regards
    To you and your team
    Sture Andreasson

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    As I said we will distribute the products only after receiveng orders for a global amount of at least 1 million unists.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Rudy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I think that the paragraph 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the most interesting of your paper.
    Rudy

  152. Rudy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you consider that your enemies could create accidents with the Ecat SKLed ?
    Rudy

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Rudy:
    As a matter of fact the Vacuum plays a fundamental role in the theoretical system proposed in the paper you cited.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  154. Roberta

    Dr Rossi,
    Here is a paper by the Istituto Nazionale di Astro-Fisica that could be of interest for you:
    https://www.media.inaf.it/2021/07/02/ristretto-divario-litio-mancante/
    Cordiali saluti
    Roberta

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Roberta:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Happy 4th of July to all our American Readers !
    Andrea Rossi

  157. Noriyuki Kodama

    Review my paper of
    Novel Cold Fusion Reactor with Deuterium Supply from Backside and Metal Surface Potential Control
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/352106756_Kodama-LENR-20210412

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Noriyuki Kodama:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Noriyuki Kodama

    I do not agree with the theory of Nucleon polarizability and long range strong force fromσI=2 meson exchange potential Carl-Oscar Gullström and Andrea Rossi. It is so complicated and no experimental data.

    Please review this paper of
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/352106756_Kodama-LENR-20210412
    The title is “Novel Cold Fusion Reactor with Deuterium Supply from Backside and Metal Surface Potential Control”
    The cold fusion can be caused by the small hydrogen theory which is proved by the experiment.

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Noriyuki Kodama:
    Thank you for the link to RG,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Noriyuki Kodama:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    I am worried about one thing that will arise after November 25th. This is about purchased ECAT SKLed devices that some persons will try to make reverse engineering.
    In your response to Roberto 2021-03-28 09:24 about this issue your answered, “that they will be VERY, VERY, VERY, VERY disappointed” as it is impossible to recombine device with broken parts after opening the device.
    Unfortunately, this is not entirely true. Firstly, many people believed in your success and therefore began to work in this scientific direction as well. Secondly, a lot of scientific and technical information can be found on your forum from your answers to the Readers. Although you tried to hide many technical details, but even your answers as «confidential» already provide some information.
    In this respect I could advise you to add a lot of unnecessary parts, details and connections to the device that do not carry a useful function, in order to confuse curious specialists.
    But on the other hand I remembered a science fiction story I read in my distant childhood.
    In an atmosphere of super strict secrecy, the military gathered a group of the most talented and extraordinary scientists and showed them a short two-minute film. In it, a young man puts a backpack over his shoulders, turns the lever and flies off the ground. Then something happens and he falls from a great height and is smashed to death along with the flying device.
    The military explained that this brilliant scientist invented an anti-gravity device, turned to them, and an accident occurred during its testing. There is only a bunch of broken parts left in the backpack. They asked them to try to understand the device and restore it.
    As a result, six months later, this group of extraordinary scientists made a similar device and successfully tested it in flight. After that, the scientists were explained that all this was a theatrical production and video editing, so that everyone would believe that this was possible. And they simply threw all sorts of various details into the backpack for truthfulness.
    I remembered this story in connection with the fact that Andrea Rossi has already done the main thing – removed from us the psychological limitations that a scientific miracle is possible. And it is quite possible that by disassembling the device along with the parts and details unnecessary there, someone will be able to create something different, no less remarkable. But on the other hand, the decline of the existing scientific paradigm and the degradation of physics and traditional scientists are unlikely to allow them to make such a quick reorientation to fundamentally new discoveries and create serious competition to Andrea Rossi and his Team. Especially if the series of ECATs for various purposes will be continuously updated and supplemented with new scientific breakthrough inventions.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Thank yu for your intelligent comment and suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Let’s say by the end of this year you have 1 million pre-orders for the SKLed. How long will it take to manufacture those million units?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Within max 6 months we will deliver.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Joseph

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is there a role of Vacuum in your technology ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Dr Joseph

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph:
    For a detailed answer, please go to paragraph 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    See also there the references 2, 39, 40, 10, 41 and 23.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi, Iggys idea sound like one of those applications that has a particular need that can be helped slot with your technology.

    I suppose weight and available power are not but obvious real constraints with existing technology.

    I wonder though given the light weight of the SKLed and the low input power required. could a small blimp or balloon with a small light weight power-pack an an SKLed do the job . I suppose that would be less maneuverable than a helicopter bug it would also be a simpler quieter and safer solution for some needs.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your idea, after the suggestion of Iggy Dalrymple,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    A number of SKLed lamps mounted on a helicopter (for crime scene investigations or for military reconnaissance) would make a dramatic presentation. Always good to tweak the interest of government.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    I think that your idea is very good,
    Best,
    Norma

  172. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You mentioned to Frank Acland that it was premature to speculate whether the SKL electric generator would be available for home use. A large home SKL gen-set might meet with massive opposition from the energy establishment. Perhaps a better strategy would be to introduce a small generator suitable for powering a single essential appliance such as a fridge or freezer? Or an even more stealthy approach would be an appliance with a factory installed SKL gen-set. To assuage the “Big Energy” watchdogs it could have an electric plug to power the controller.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the suggestion, but this could project the image of a limited and sophysticated field of application, while we want to show a popular product in a normal application.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    May I ask if the the November 25 presentation will show
    a. a practical use of the SKLed in the daily life of humans?
    b. an industrial use of the SKLed?
    c. a surprise by a new not yet considered application?
    d. or is it just an impressive light show?
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    To be defined,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,

    Wow, 100 lamps x 10,000 lumens!

    That brings to mind the song, “The Future’s So Bright, I Gotta Wear Shades”. (You might want to hand some out to your in-person audience!)

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8qrriKcwvlY

    Bedazzled regards,
    WaltC

  177. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for the musical link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Gerard McEk

    ….’About one hundred lamps will be installed’…

    Dear Andrea,
    Will you ware sunglasses during the introduction and demonstration of the SKLed on November 25? 😉

    I hope the work on the SKL is progressing well. Lotts of inspiration and success!

    Kind regards, Gerard

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Obviously the lamps will be distributed in different rooms,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  180. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    Do you plan to use more than one SKLed during your October demonstration? If so, how many will be used for the demonstration?

    Drew

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    1- the presentation will be made on November 25th
    2- about one hundred lamps will be installed
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  182. Albert Ellul

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I have been following your sterling work since January 2011. The SKLed will be you first great achievement as a rollout of a product based on the Rossi ‘effect’. Big things commence from a little thing, a small step leading to a great journey. I am always hoping that one day I will have a unit providing me with electrical energy independent from any government, Big Oil or Big Grid Provider or any other Big Entity that controls me through my energy requirements. The E Cat SKL will hopefully fulfil my dream. Wil this be in 2012?

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    You have no idea about the intensity we are working on it in this period. We are close, but not there, yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I believe that Dieter Wagner has a point: “The Led market is dominated by light colors between 2700k and 3000k because the warmth that this light emits makes us feel comfortable.”.

    But on the other hand I believe that 5000K is the best choice for the SKLed. I think the main target is the industry because of the high amount of light and the low electricity consumption. This is LED is very appealing to places where you need lots of light where cutting costs makes the most sense: workplaces, offices, warehouses, shops, construction sites, outdoor… At those places they don’t use LEDs of 2700K because warm light makes you more relaxed indeed, while cooler light makes you more awake, sharp and productive with less accidents. This is confirmed by many studies.

    Because 5455K is the most neutral white light (illuminant EE) that is possible, 5000K is even a little bit warm light. I think just perfect for most cases.(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_illuminant#Illuminant_E). And at home as you’ve already mentioned one could put a filter in front of the LED.

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    I too think that Dieter Wagner made a good point.
    I agree with all you wrote.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Andre

    Does the light intensity of 10,000 lumens concentrated in one small area pose no danger to the eye? I think one will be at least blinded for a while.
    Regards Andre

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Andre:
    We are using it without problems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you continue to develop the Ecat SKLed prior to the November presentation? Or have you settled on the final design?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The SKLed is a done thing. We are just waiting for the final modifications that the certification company will impose us, but the main issues have already been assessed. The 90% of my work now is on the SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    An interpretation of the process described within the Josef Papp patent may be; short period high voltage DC electrical pulses (possibly high dV/dt) accelerating electrons from a cathode into an ionised gas mixture, mixture consisting of a small percentage of a halogen gas mixed into noble gases and water, mixture ionised before pulses applied, the halogen gas addition leading to a narrower electron energy distribution function than that of a pure noble gas, so electron energy concentrated over a narrower eV range, this narrower range with increased uniformity, therefore an input of strong pulses of longitudinal scalar electromagnetics aligned to the axis of electron travel, (ZBW electron model), applied to a sufficiently high density cloud of electrons, leads to formation of coherent electron clusters. The consequent energy release leads to thermal heating of the gasses and rapid pressure rise. The interesting aspect being that there must be high density clouds of free electrons surrounding specific atoms in the moving ionised gas mixture, at moderate pressure and temperature, with no solid structure required.

    A cathode / anode arrangement and accelerating electrons may to be the basis of some working LENR experiments, perhaps the formation of electron clusters is the initial step for these widely varying experiments, the same initial step within a variety of multiple stage processes, leading to a variety of outcomes and a wide variety in energy outputs.

    Hopefully ongoing experiments lead to conformation of theories, new insights, and future products, wishing you and your team success in your Herculean endeavours.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  191. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your theoretical comment to
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I am more oriented toward the point zero energy than LENR as aprimary sourse, though, but I respect your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Chuck Davis

    Dieter Wagner

    I agree that the energy establishment is going to be unhappy with the ecat but I believe that the political pressure to adopt the ecat due to its clean energy will overcome any resistance once the ecat is ready for commercialization. Once the ecast is reliable and ready the establishment won’t know what hit them!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  193. Dieter Wagner

    Dear Doctor Rossi,
    first of all, I have one more comment about SKLEd in relation to your announcement that SKLed will have a light color of 5000 Kelvin. The Led market is dominated by light colors between 2700k and 3000k because the warmth that this light emits makes us feel comfortable.
    This has led to the production of even full spectrum plant lights with a light color of 4000k, as this gives a good synthesis between comfort, available light spectrum for photosynthesis and natural appearance of the plants. 5000k is actually rarely used in the home and this is the largest market that should be considered.

    Regarding SKL:
    It is to be expected that existing energy producers will not be very happy about SKL. Any decentralized energy feed-in reduces their importance. In this respect, considerable resistance is to be expected. It might make sense to find a market access that is not controlled by the energy producers or fossil economy in order to spread quickly.
    One such access could be via electric car batteries. Bidirectional charging is already available on vehicles from various manufacturers and will soon be standard.
    Upgrading many garages and especially outdoor parking spaces with high-power charging points will require gigantic amounts of copper, driving its price to astronomical heights and additionally polluting the environment.

    The following approach could be sustainable:
    Production of a SKL in combination with a battery as a buffer for 24/7 power production and a wallbox for multiple vehicles. Why multiple vehicles? Based on 5 KW production by SKL 5x24h = 120kWh corresponds with an average of 15 kWh per 100km to a driving performance of 800km. On average, a vehicle in Germany is driven 39 km per day. So it will be a matter of loading electric capacity into several accumulators.

    One entrance through the back door into the power grid could be bidirectional charging.
    Energy charged during the day in the company parking lot could be taken home to supply the household ( via a wallbox for bidirectional charging ) or energy charged into the car battery at home can charge other batteries elsewhere.

    An interesting vehicle concept here has Sono Motors in Munich with bidirectional charging, PV on the body as well as a concept for sharing.
    By the way, this startup will be the first electric car producer to use a new battery technology that does not require cobalt or manganese.

    Kind regards
    Dieter Wagner

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Dieter Wagner:
    Thank you for your many and interesting suggestions.
    By the way, in my house I prefer 5000 K, but maybe you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Austin

    Dr Rossi,
    How is going the test with the SKL ?

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Austin:
    We are working very hard on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Rosemary Ann Ainslie

    Dear Andrea,

    Can I please ask you to email me. I believe you have my address. I would be glad to share some information.

    Kindest regards
    Rosie

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Rosemary Ann Ainslie:
    If you want, you can email me here
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering of July 29 2021:
    Hot functional testing successful at Vogtle Nuclear Expansion plant
    Rod Walton

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Prof

    @Tom Conover,
    I totally agree with you,
    Cheers
    Prof

  202. Tom Conover

    RE:
    2021-06-27 03:17 Andrea Rossi
    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you for your choice !
    While writing this, we are working hard with the SKL,

    Dear Andrea,
    The SKL can bring mankind into a new epoch of creating electricity, allowing us to clean and restore our planet, instead of choking ourselves to death with carbon monoxide.
    Thank you restoring the priority. We need
    clean electricity, not smog.
    I fear that the skled is a distraction rather than a mission. Almost every volume of the over 4000 science fiction novels that I read in my youth pray for a future with unlimited clean power that saves mankind and allows us to bloom and prosper in many solar systems.
    Godspeed, kind sir.

    Warm regards,
    Tom

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your empathy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You mentioned “We always try to replicate all the patents directly or indirectly related to our work”, your ResearchGate paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    cites in reference 38 the Josef Papp patent US3670494 of 1972, do you or your team feel it is possible that a particular aspect of this patent may be physically investigated / tested / replicated?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  205. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    It has been introduced the reference to the US patent “Method and means for converting atomic energy into utilizable kinetic energy” of J. Papp in paragraph 3 of the paper you cited because an appropriate choice of the parameters related to the EEDF ( Electron Energy Distribution Function ) may favor the formation of coherent clusters and, consequently, an entropy reduction, with a consequent energy gain. Yes, we are working on this concept and the Papp patent is in the list we want to replicate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  206. Maurice

    @Jean Pierre,
    very interesting point,
    All the best,
    Maurice

  207. Jean Pierre

    Hi, Andrea. Maybe my following comments will be well off the mark, but I offer them just in case they have some relevance. Bear with me,please.
    Let us assume for the moment that the inductive load of the SKL is sending back conditions that disrupt the stability of the plasma. Let us also assume that the AI is sensing this but cannot get the necessary instructions to a site to negate this quickly enough. Graphene is the best conductor of electricity , easily beating copper ,silver and gold. It also has a number of other attributes; eg ultra thin, transparent, light weight and the strongest material of all. Even very small amounts of it has been used to solve problems.It is useful in electronics. Perhaps this material could be used to help solve the above difficulty? It is also of interest that boron nitride has some of the properties as graphene but is a good insulator. Perhaps a combination of these two materials could be used in the SKL? Molybdenum disulfide with properties midway between the other two is another ultrathin material that may be useful.

    1) Have you tried any of these with the SKL and its inductive loads?
    2) Have you even considered these in this context?

    Admittedly, this ultra thin technology is pretty new but is gaining huge worldwide interest because of the amazing properties and what they can accomplish. I have just finished reading a book on these ultrathin sheets and I am astonished. Sorry to have wasted your time if these thoughts are not applicable.

    All the best. Jean Pierre.

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    Thank you for your suggestion:
    1) no
    2) yes, after your comment
    Warm Regards
    P.S.
    Your comment is the number 57000 of this blog

  209. Salvatore Boi

    Dear Andrea Rossi and Ecat SKLed Team, now I’m happy to write you that I’ve ordered 20 EcatSKLed and I’ve received the confirmation mail from Leonardo Corporation.
    My personal hope is to order soon other EcatSK versions, for eletrical energy production for domestic porpuse.

    All the best, thank you.

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you for your choice !
    While writing this, we are working hard with the SKL,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Do you or a client propose to market a small (2-5 kW) space heater for domestic use some day? They would be great for heating rooms in a house or a greenhouse. With open design homes one could be centrally located to maintain the temperature. We all hold our breath for the next positive news in the development of the ecat!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As I was very busy, I didn’t follow your JNP for a month or more, but this evening, on Belgian television, I saw a documentary about Greta Thunberg, and that brought me up an idea: Why not invite her on your presentation of the E-Cat SKL in november of this year? In the documentary, she visited several companies that work on solutions (like carbon capture and so on), and therefore, if everything still is going well with the development of the E-Cat SKL, I think it would be legitimate to invite her on your presentation. The reason is simple: if everything still is going well, you really have an important solution, and therefore you deserve the publicity that would come by inviting Greta Thunberg on your presentation. It also would give her hope.

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. Chris

    Hello Mr Rossi,

    I have two questions:

    1. Did you modify the LEDs to increase PPFD (Photosynthetically Active Photon Flux Density) for agricultural specifications? If I remember correctly the early days of SKLed you said that the SKLed is not suitable or plant growing…

    2. Are you planning to release a version of the SKL(ed) which can power any LED the user wants to use?

    Best regards,

    Chris

  216. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you tell us how close you are to obtaining the 1 million pre-orders for the SKLed?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    Sad News from Florida.

    https://apple.news/A-oYrznZ_TAq9EAY14IiyQw

    Regards
    Sam

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    What a tragedy !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    Today in the Wall Street Journal there’s an article, “Amazon and Other Tech Giants Race to Buy Up Renewable Energy”, that details how Amazon, Google, Facebook, Microsoft & other tech giants are racing to buy new production capacity of Solar and Wind. Google described it this way, “It’s almost like a stampede for clean energy.”

    Questions: In this potential target market (new production sources of clean power for technology companies), and once the Ecat-SKL is ready for production–

    1) Would you consider the Ecat-SKL to be clean, renewable and carbon neutral?

    2) Would you expect the Ecat-SKL to be cost-competitive with Solar and Wind based power plants?

    3) Once Ecat-SKL production has begun, would you expect that the overall interval to order, manufacture, install & cut-over a new 1.5 gigawatt power plant (for example) based on the Ecat-SKL would be comparable with a new Solar or Wind installation?

    4) Finally, I have to think that the “land-use footprint” of an Ecat-SKL based plant would be *vastly* smaller than Solar or Wind installations and could potentially happen on-site as opposed to half a world away. Do you happen to agree with that?

    Best wishes to you, your team and your current Ecat-SKL efforts!

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  222. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1) yes
    2) yes
    3) yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Enginer01

    One presumes that energy storage with the SKL will be unjustified. But that depends on the cost increment for larger capacities. For example, a 5 kW ‘toaster-sized’ SKL would nicely augment most small EV power requirements, with just enough battery size to accelerate, climb hills, ignite the plasma and heat the fuel capsule. Possibly supplemented by an ultra-capacitor to facilitate dynamic braking.

    But certainly we do not expect the SKL to inexpensive enough to allow one 5 times as large as the ex-battery loads suggested above–say a 25 kW SKL in a car that requires 4 – 5 kw to cruise. [remember ICE = 21% eff, EV ~93%] *

    The same might be true of a gated community that purchases an assembly of SKLs to reduce power purchased from the Grid. Possibly it would be less expensive to run the SKLs at full rate to build up storage that would be used for daily peak requirements than to buy 25% more SKLs. But since R&D of the SKL is incomplete, cost estimates are impossible?

    [* it is often claimed that EVs are only 81% efficient “from the grid.” The SKL isn’t the grid. And during cruising no battery losses are involved]

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Enginer01:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The big tech giants that WaltC cites in his comment below are well known for buying up promising new companies and adding them to their arsenal of offerings.

    I believe that once in the marketplace, the E-Cat will be extremely interesting to such companies, who are now heavily investing in clean energy tech. You may get some very attractive offers from big companies wanting to buy Leonardo Corp. and your technology.

    Can you envision any scenario in which you might sell your company along with the E-Cat technology?

    Thank you, if you are able to answer.

    Best regards

    Frank Acland

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We’ll see which will be the best way to put this technology ar the service of all who need it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Jenny

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How are proceeding the certifications ?

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Jenny:
    Next week will be crucial.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Franco Pirri

    The production of hydrogen by electrolysis sees a large number of companies engaged in research and production of equipment. The list of companies operating in Europe that make up the “European Clean Hydrogen Alliance” is 32 pages long.
    ref: https://ec.europa.eu/docsroom/documents/45812/attachments/1/translations/en/renditions/native
    Funding plans for research on so-called ‘green hydrogen’ see figures quantified in billions of euros or dollars.
    ref: https://e-catworld.com/2017/07/16/always-open-thread/#comment-5430253901
    An interesting thing is that some of the producers of electrolyzers for the production of hydrogen offer educational kits to illustrate the production of hydrogen which, associated with fuel cells, produces electricity. An example is’:
    https://www.fuelcellstore.com/fuel-cell-education-products/kits/electrolyzer-education-kits
    Given that fuel cells do not seem interesting to me, I would like to see an ‘Ecat-SK-H tutorial Kit’ that would see the eCat power an ‘electrolyzer kit’ that produces hydrogen.
    The kit could see a small size eCat, suitably protected against reverse engineering, connected to one or more electrolytic cells. This would allow all the industries concerned to verify the producibility and, eventually, measure the COP of the system independently.
    I believe the tutorial kit may also be announced in November or shortly thereafter, to see the effect it does.
    NOTE-
    On a funny level there is also an application sector that involves the use of hydrogen from hydrolysis for fuel saving in diesel or petrol cars. Products called ‘HHO kits’ are on sale which are installed on cars and promise significant fuel savings. These inject hydrogen into the air-gas mixture.
    An Amazon search for ‘HHO Generator’ sees several kits on sale at a cost of around 100-200 euros. However, it should be added that the validity of the application is controversial.
    However, I consider this fact to be indicative of the possibilities of diffusion of green hydrogen.
    I also believe that qualifying the eCat as ‘anti-pollution’ is useful regardless.

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Franco Pirri:
    very interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Rudy

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Where can I study about the Electromagnetic four potential ?

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Rudy:
    We will deliver the Ecat SKLed only after receiving all the necessary certifications and we will supply a manual, prepared together with the certifier, with all the necessary instructions, to put in evidence the bad faith in the event you cited.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Pierre

    Hi Andrea:
    Thank you for the reports on
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Very important.
    Separately, I sent to
    http://www.ecat.com
    my order for 100 Ecat SKLed
    Best

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Pierre:
    We received an order from Pierre ….., France. I suppose it is you.
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  235. Enginer01

    Since the only ECat product projected “soon” is the ECat SKLed, there have been several comments on using the light from the SKLed to power photocells to make electricity. Obviously, you have considered this. I suggested using the ‘light’ (photons) from the plasma to drive Redox reactions in a typical flow battery with appropriate chemistry. You responded: “Thank you for your insight.”
    I have spent many hours since, resourcing this concept. It has been suggested that Redox Flow Batteries (RFB) might eventually overtake Lithium Ion batteries, particularly for grid-scale storage (The electrolytes can be charged and stored in very large tanks. But in the short term, RFB are far behind Pumped Storage and even Li-Ion batteries.
    Lab work exists where photons were used in conjunction with dye-sensitized redox-coupled electrodes for this purpose, but nothing else in this area showed up.

    This is a plea for anyone with domain expertise in redox flow batteries to step forward.

    The driving force for this is until the ECat SKL is practical, EVs may be increasingly banned from underground car parks because of the difficulty of fire fighting or burning car removal from confined spaces.

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Enginer01:
    I studied today about the RFB, but I do not think they give any advantage to the Ecat SKL, that is better suited for Li ions batteries with the interface of an A.I. system. Obviously I could be wrong. Thank you for the suggestion, anyway: suggestions are always precious, sooner or later, for one reason or the other.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Enginer01

    There is a temporary diminution in the interest in EVs, due possibly to high prices and/or the potential for tremendous, difficult to extinguish battery fires. The SKL battery charger, allowing much smaller batteries, is need now.

    Cities are considering/have banned EVs from underground garages due to the risk to the structures above.

    Not to worry! I have suggested that chemical flow batteries, and electrolyte exchange stations, where you pull in and exchange your electrolyte for recharged fluids, be installed as soon as the technology matures.

    Hopefully you will complete the SKL reveal prior.

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Enginer01:
    I will investigate the Redox Flow Batteries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Gregori Daigle:
    That is not our focus now. Thank you for the suggestion, anyway,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Dr Rossi,

    I’ve noted many articles recently arguing for natural gas bans in any residential buildings due to carbon emissions and methane leaks. Of your planned heat line, a domestic version of the SK could be employed for either furnace or water heater applications. However, I have not heard your opinion about the possibility of its use in kitchen stoves (I assume an SKL with its AI and battery would not be necessary). 1) Have you considered SK use in the kitchen? And as an aside, 2) Have you ever cooked anything on an SK?

    Warm regards,
    Greg

  241. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of June 22 2021:
    Hydrogen Substitution for Central Gas in Turbines: Opportunities, Issues, and Challanges
    Rod Walton

  242. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    May you give an assumption above what reduction an Ecat SKL will get in the COP compared to a purely heat-producing Ecat?
    Have you made any thoughts about in which sizes, in relation to outgoing power, it may be relevant to produce different Ecat SKL’s?
    Regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Yes, of course we did. It is worth to maintain both versions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    Today your publication on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached 66000 readings ! (…and counting…)
    Congratulations,
    Prof

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Weleda

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Moving.
    All the best,
    Weleda

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Weleda:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  249. Roberto

    @Weleda
    Thank you for the link: I agree with you
    Best
    Roberto

  250. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you currently working to increase the probability from 10% that you will present the SKL on November 25th?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  251. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Of course !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  252. Darby

    Dr Rossi,
    I read many times your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and every time I read it I discover new information: it’s like a bottomless Pandora crate; today I meditated on the Zitterbewegung electron model, corroborated by references 9 amd 16, and anticipated in the Nobel lecture of Dirac ( ref. 17 ): you write that the electron can be modeled along a current loop, with radius r(e), generated by a large distribution that rotates at the speed c: the fact that this current loop is proposed as the origin of the electron’s mass, inertia, angular momentum, spin, and magnetic momentum is simply a genial trove: it also resolves the nonsense of the puntiform electron model,whose curious consequence would be an infinite electric field.
    I am not surprised to see that your paper is the most read of the physics publications on Researchgate.
    Cheers
    Darby

  253. Andrea Rossi

    Darby:
    Thank you for your attention to the paper on RG.
    It is important to observe, as you correctly did, that the speed of light of the ZBW is not in contradiction with the fact that the electron is a Fermion, because the speed of the electron is obviously

  254. Ruth

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    1. is it confirmed the date of November 25th for the presentation of the Ecat SKLed ?
    2. how are going the tests with the Ecat SKL ?
    Have a great weekend,
    Ruth

  255. Andrea Rossi

    Ruth:
    1. yes
    2. enough well to hold the 10% of probability to present it together with the SKLed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  256. Sue Law

    Dr. Rossi,
    has there been discussions with a major electrical vehicle manufacturer such as Elon Musk?

  257. Andrea Rossi

    Sue Law:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  258. Koen Vandewalle

    Hi Andrea,

    Are there any interested customers to use the Ecat SKL power source for the production of e-fuel or any other liquid or gaseous fuel made from the CO2?

    With curious regards,
    Koen

  259. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  260. julia

    Dr Rossi,
    about your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and the gold mine of its bibliography, I noticed the reference 40 and the importance of the paper of Giuliano Preparata for your work,
    Best
    Julia

  261. Andrea Rossi

    Julia:
    Of course: I assume you are talking of the par. 4 “Energy from the Vacuum”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  262. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It is a pity to read that the Ecat SKL has a low probability of being ready before the presentation. Just a few questions about that:
    1. Do you continue to research further on the SKL?
    2. Have your partners also stopped developing their products with the SKL?
    3. You said you will put your focus back now on the SK again. Is your intention to generate next to heat also electricity with it using Carnot or similar principles or perhaps directly via Seebeck or other principles?
    4. Or is your focus just on heat and will you develop units just for that?
    5. Do your partners join you and also develop just heat producing products like domestic heaters?
    I hope you can give us an inisight in your new direction.
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  263. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. of course yes
    2. how can they stop to use a product that is not yet available ?
    3. the R&D of the SKL has never been stopped and has nothing to do with what you are citing
    4. for the heat the line is the SK, although the SKL can also indirectly generate heat
    5. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  264. Norma

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I too hope you will present also the Ecat SKL together with the SKLed.
    All the best,
    Norma

  265. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    So do I,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  266. Fred

    Can you disclose which have been more useful among the patents you replicated whose references have been reported on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    ?
    Fred

  267. Andrea Rossi

    Fred:
    Please see paragraph 2.1 in the paper you cited,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  268. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Dr Rossi
    I’m curious if your partner’s vegetables are growing well in the light of SKLed?
    Have you had the opportunity to taste the salads and found them tasty?
    I am delighted to see that your work is in constant progress and that you are optimistic.
    All my support to all your team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  269. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your kind support.
    I still do not have a final report. Honestly, I have not been offered a salad sample, but I got the idea from you now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  270. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi, you answered me: you will see
    Does this mean the Ecat SKLed will be showcased on November 25th?
    I look forward to your presentation, but anyway
    Be cheerful and healthy

  271. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  272. Anonymous

    How many probabilities are there that on November 25th you will present also the SKL prototype ?

  273. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    as of now, I’d say <10%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  274. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    What do you think of the Lockeed Martin patent cited in reference 3 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It seems to me coherent with the theoretical system introduced by your paper.
    Cheers,
    Prof

  275. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    True, in particular with the paragraph 4,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  276. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi, you answered me: you will see
    Does this mean sk ligt will be showcased on November 25th?
    I look forward to your presentation, but anyway
    Be cheerful and healthy

  277. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    What do you mean sk ligt ? We never used this acronym.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  278. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR
    I believe your hard work and inspiration will have an enormous effect on how we can lessen global heating.
    I expect you have noted that there will be a UN conference on climate change (COP26) in early November. It is likely that decisions will be made there which will not have considered the ‘Rossi Effect’, and so will not be optimal.
    If you could bring your presentation forward to October, then COP26 might have a better view to the best way forward.
    With many thanks from us all for your work.
    Greg Leonard

  279. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Thank you for your support.
    No, we will make the presentation on Novemver 25th. We prefer not to change our path depending on political events.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  280. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph:
    Please see paragraph 4 of the paper you cited,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  281. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  282. Engineer01

    Dr. Rossi,
    Are your Partner(s) independently researching a product beyond the E-Cat SKLed?

  283. Andrea Rossi

    Engineer01:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  284. Mats Heijkenskjold

    Regarding heat pumps, the efficiency of air to air pumps are much higher than the air to water type.

    The COP value are often as high as 5 at -5 centigrade and 50% load and 2.5 att full load. They also give at least factor 2 at -20 centigrade.

    Regards

  285. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Heijkenskjold:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  286. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    Here are two opinions, if I may, about which I think we’re in basic agreement. Clearly your opinion is the one that counts, but for what it’s worth:

    1) I strongly support your plan to only discuss ready-to-go products in November. Much like many of the Apple product announcements– they focus completely on the new products and don’t take the risk of having up-and-coming products eclipse the limelight.

    2) With respect to “productizing” the Ecat-SKL– I believe that there could be a strong market for a 80% to 90% (roughly) available portable, highly dense power source. Consider Solar modules: Their output power varies due to shading, dust, aging and sunlight availability. It is up to the grid-tie and off-grid inverters to utilize secondary power sources– the Power Grid or batteries– and provide 100% availability. If Solar Modules had the same sort of power density as the SKL I’d expect there’d be millions of cars today driving around with solar modules on their rooftops.

    Also a question: How is the progress on the certification of the Ecat-SKLed going– are you close to complete on that?

    I look forward to November, whatever makes it into that announcement!

    Thanks, WaltC

  287. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    The certification of the SKLed is on schedule.
    it will be completed before the November presentation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  288. Ben

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    My dream is that on November 25th you will present also an Ecat SKL prototype that makes electricity: is it impossible ?
    Ad majora,
    Ben

  289. Andrea Rossi

    Ben:
    It is not impossible, but it is very difficult,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  290. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of June 15 2021:
    Coal-fired generation gets a reprieve in New Mexico
    Rod Walton

  291. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  292. Bedy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I find very interesting and well connected to your theoretical system the reference 32 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Am I wrong ?
    Cheers
    Bedy

  293. Andrea Rossi

    Bedy:
    You are right, I agree with you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  294. Calle H

    @ Gerard McEk,
    The heat pump in my house use the outgoing ventilation air as heat source. In Swedish “frånluftsvärmepump”. Therefore the COP is constant as the ventilation flow is constant and the house temperature is constant 20 C. Hot water supply is 55 C. The advantage is that there is no temperature dynamics in the pump operation. The disadvantage is the limited avaliable heat, in my case 4 kW. The price 8,000 USD is the completet installed unit including water tank and controls. This is a common installation in Nordic privat houses.
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  295. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Doctor Rossi
    I wonder how the Ecat light differs from the device presented at the previous presentation
    Good luck and health to your entire team
    a dimensions
    b simplicity of production
    c price

  296. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    You’ll see.
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  297. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For the latest modifications and tests of the E-Cat SKL, are you developing a different method / mechanism of converting the energy produced in the core to an electrical output suitable for non-resistive loads, or are the modifications to develop the existing technology further to provide this capability, or are modifications only targeted at improving long term reliability of the existing technology?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  298. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  299. Gerard McEk

    @ Calle H :
    The COP of 4 for a heat pump is only so high if the medium of which energy is extracted not too cold. Most heat pumps extract heat from outside air. If the temperature drops below 10 degrees the COP starts to drop as well and at -5 C it’s usually around 1. From that moment you are only heating your house with electricity in a very expensive way and I would recommend using a simple electrical heater under those circumstances.
    This all makes the Ecat SK quickly more competitive when considering the choice Ecat SK or heat pump.
    Also: At this moment heat pumps cannot heat water over 50 degrees at a COP of 4 so they are not a simple exchange to a central heating boiler with radiators. I guess that also makes the SK more competitive.
    In comparison with a standard heating boiler, the SK should be competitive if its price is around 2000 € and has a COP of 4.
    Regards, Gerard McEk

  300. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    The progress of the E-Cat SK is very exciting. May I ask a question from a personal experience point of view. I have a heat pump in my house for providing tap hot water and for space heating in the winter. The heat pump (4 kW) has a COP 4.0 (heat output/electricity input) and is a considerable investment (8,000 USD) for a relative short life time (typically 8 years to compressor breakdown which is the most common problem).
    – Is the COP of the SK greater than 4.0?
    – Is it likely that the price for the SK will be less than 8,000 USD for 4 kW capacity?
    If the answers are yes, the heat pump market will soon be dead.
    Best wishes,
    Calle H

  301. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Interesting comment, thank you for the numbers.
    Yes, we should be very competitive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  302. Ludwig

    Dr Rossi:
    I understand after watching the presentation of the Ecat SK here
    http://www.ecaskdemo.com
    that the SK is given only for industrial utilization of big plants and the Ecat SK plants remain of Lronardo Corporation’s property, while Leonardo sells the thermal energy generated by the Ecat SK.
    Am I correct ?

  303. Andrea Rossi

    Ludwig:
    Correct,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  304. Jitse

    hello Andrea Rossi,

    1 Are the results of the ‘ecat sk’ such that it can be certified, or is the ‘sk’ already certified and commercially available for sale to your customers?
    2 I use approximately 1500 m^3 natural gas per year to heat my house, which I would prefer to reduce to zero.

    With Renards
    Jitse

  305. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    1. Please see today’s comment of Ludwig
    2. premature
    Warm Regards

  306. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I believe it is an excellent move to introduce the Ecat SK as a reliable product to produce heat.
    1. I recall that maybe two years ago you installed some of these at a customer. Are these still in operation?
    2. Will the basic building block, the singel Ecat SK have an output power of about 20 kW, so being suitable for most houses to supply heat and hot water during cold winters?
    3. The output power can be modulated by switching the SK on and off?
    4. Is the COP still in accordance with the https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long-range_particle_interactions -document stating around 50, so for 20 kW heat output, you would need about 400 Watt electrical power?
    5. I think with that specification you would have a gigantic customer base. Will you introduce it also in November 2021 as a product, like the lamp?
    6. No doubt you will continue the research on the SKL. Would you skip the introduction of the SK if you would succeed in making a reliable SKL?
    I wish you all the success and hope I can soon also buy an Ecat SK for heating my house.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  307. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. yes
    2. maybe
    3. also
    4. in the version delivered to clients without our management the COP will be reduced, but still relevant
    5. no
    6. no
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  308. Ben

    Dr Rossi,
    Did you try to replicate the patents with reference in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ?
    Have you been able to replicate their results ?

  309. Andrea Rossi

    Ben:
    We always try to replicate all the patents directly or undirectly related to our work.
    Some of them result to be interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  310. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Let me attempt to be more exact…

    You posted “Then we have the Ecat SK, that makes heat, along this
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and finally we have the Ecat SKL, to make electricity, that is still in the making of the R&D process, as promising as it might be.:

    Is the Ecat SK (that makes heat) a derivative or subset of the Ecat SKL or Ecat SKLed or is it an entirely different product than the Ecat SK or Ecat SKL?

  311. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    On the contrary, the Ecat SK has been born before the SKLed and the SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  312. Andrea Rossi

    Engeneer01:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  313. Andrea Rossi

    The Qiiet Wine Guy:
    1- not necessarily
    2- I think so
    3- we’ll see
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  314. Alfonso David Troisi Lopez

    Dear svenkullanderfan,

    Thank you for the link. The design is very nice.

    Dr. Rossi: Are you and your partner already working on the design of a product for street illumination? I hope you can present it soon, with the technical description. This will boost the orders

    Kind Regards,

    Alfonso Troisi Lopez

  315. Andrea Rossi

    Alfonso David Troisi Lopez:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  316. The Quiet Wine Guy

    Dear Andrea,
    I think your upgrading the Ecat SK with all lessons learned from the SKL, such as a much improved control box, is excellent news that I’m sure brings a sense of pride to Team Rossi and you.

    Previously, in late 2019, October 7th to be exact, you shared that there were in excess of 5 Ecat SKs installed.
    Is it reasonable to recognize that these “old” SKs will be replaced by the updated SK’s, given that the customers will receive a greater benefit? As well, are all of these customers pleased with their current SKs and to receive these “more potent” SKs? Finally, given the move of Leonardo Inc. towards a more significant, more business oriented introduction of the SKLed with its “hurdle” of 1 Million pre-orders, will some of these Ecat SK customers be part of the November 25, 2021 presentation to add weight to the message of “The Ecat SK/SKL family of products is here”, driving your goal of rapid and broad global deployment?

    Again, my congratulations. This is wonderful to see in my lifetime.

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    The Quiet Wine Guy

  317. Enginer01

    We wait with bated breath the success of you and your team in applying the ECat SKL
    to battery charging. Even now governments are considering banning todays oversized
    EV batteries from underground garages.
    https://www.motorbiscuit.com/fire-danger-underground-parking-lot-bans-electric-vehicles/
    If we, collectively, knew more of your challenges, the great minds following you (not mine)might
    be of use to your problem solving. One idea, not so innovative, is to allow the electron
    or photon bursts from the radially expanding reconstituted proton to impinge on the fluid
    of a flow battery. Zinc-bromine and alternately Vanadium have been used for the electrolyte,
    but it should not be difficult to find a species that undergoes a Redox reaction from photon impact.
    This assumes the SKLed is inside a quartz tube with the fluid outside, cooling the tube as
    it is pumped past. If electrons… well we do not know enough of the SKL to speculate,
    but you DID say bright light.

  318. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Correction; In my latest blog I meant SK instead of SKL.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  319. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    About the SKL, the commercial situation has been described well in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  320. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I would love to have an SKL that I could integrate with my electric furnace to provide the necessary heat into the heat chamber and disable the resistive elements and use the house thermostat to control the ecat. Heating is my largest load. I purchased an all electric home with the intent of installing the ecat when it becomes available. However if I could heat with an SKL that would be a major improvement.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  321. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the suggestion, but the sitaution of the SKL is still under R&D,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  322. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    I have many light sources in my house that are of great design importance.
    I keep the heat from these, as most of the year there is a need for space heating.
    What I could now wish for is an ecat SK that I can put between my panel oven and the power outlet in the wall.
    I also want to use a similar one for my water heater and in connection with heating cables in concrete floors.
    I envision a device that delivers approx. 2kW.
    In a normal home, there will probably be a need for at least 4 of these. It will be much more for me to save here than with an ecat LED.
    There will also be no design challenge in using such.
    When can we get more information about such a device?

    Regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  323. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Premature,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  324. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I think I recall in the early days of what became or will become the SKL, you mentioned that you could control the percentage of heat versus electricity generated.

    1, Is this basically correct?
    2. Is the SK Lite an SKL optimized for heat generation?

  325. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- within limits, yes
    2- I do not know what you mean by SK Lite: we have the SKLed, that is the sole product ready to be ordered
    http://www.ecat.com
    Then we have the Ecat SK, that makes heat, along this
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and finally we have the Ecat SKL, to make electricity, that is still in the making of the R&D process, as promising as it might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  326. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding your plans for the SKL Lite heating product, will it be of industrial size, or suitable for domestic heating?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  327. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It will be for any scale, from domestic to industrial, but I think it is more proper to call it SK. The SKLed makes light, the SKL makes electricity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  328. Sailmenn

    Hello Andrea

    Could you give us an indication about the power output from the SKL heat?

    Best regards

    Sailmenn

  329. Andrea Rossi

    Sailmenn:
    As I said, the SKL heat is the SK. We can reach any power, just assembling modules from KW to MW orders of magnitude,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  330. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    In your response to Ernst on June 11, you indicate there will be a SKL light without battery and AI.
    a. Does this mean it is easy to measure that energy output is greater than energy input?
    b. Is there any “fuel” consumed?
    c. If the answer to b. is no, do you think the energy comes from scalar magnetic and electric fields (ZPE)?
    Thank you for the tremendous work by you and your team.
    Calle H

  331. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    a. no
    b. depends on what you mean by “fuel”
    c. n.a.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  332. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,
    I was puzzled for a few minutes about your current direction of using the SKL to produce heat. I thought that I preferred electricity, but after a 30 minute discussion with my pc I found the link below which reminded me why heat is a more efficient use for the SKL output. It takes awhile to go through enough of this web page to reteach anyone who is still electricity biased vs heat biased (like I was) but if you take the time to review this for awhile you will be adjusted to the point of view that producing heat is more valuable than producing electricity. etc etc etc

    Warm Regards
    Tom

    https://www.google.com/search?q=how+can+heat+be+efficiently+converted+to+electricity%3F&oq=how+can+heat+be+efficiently+converted+to+electricity%3F&aqs=chrome..69i57.54359j0j4&client=tablet-android-samsung&sourceid=chrome-mobile&ie=UTF-8

  333. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover,
    Thank you for the link, and please read my answer to Patrick,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  334. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,

    How is the SKL(heat only) different from the SK?

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  335. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    It is not, an SKL without AI and battery is an SK,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  336. Ernst

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    sorry for pester you again 😉
    I thought an ecat SKL light/lite would produce ohmic load, therefore electricity just for the use with f.e. an oil-filled radiator, lightbulb or an hot-water boiler.
    But you answered to Mr. Acland it will not produce electricity. So will an e-cat SKL lite be integrated in electric heating usages, analogous to the SKLed?
    Warm regards
    Ernst

  337. Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    I want not to answer this question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  338. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Your recent reply to Ernst indicates that you will produce an alternative SKL (SKL lite) which will be without A.I. or battery.

    1. Is this correct?
    2. If so, what would this SKL be used for?
    3. What will it not be able to do?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  339. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- heat
    3- light and electricity
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  340. Alfonso David Troisi Lopez

    Hello Dr. Rossi and team and readers,

    I don’t write often but I read all the questions and answers to be informed. I would like to know if you will have ready a model of lamp that is suitable for street illumination. I’ve been spreading the news about the SKLED and I would like to know this to talk also with Technical office in some towns nearby (comuni nell’area senese).
    I appreciate your effort and the speed with which you and your team are making progress. Looking forward for the presentation and the first product in the market.

  341. Andrea Rossi

    Alfonso David Troisi Lopez:
    Yes, we can produce a version fit for street illumination,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  342. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Probably you have missed my yesterdays comment.
    Is there nothing we can do to help you solving the stability problems?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  343. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Not so far, but thnk you for your offer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  344. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  345. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    If the plasma have problem to adjust to the various required load maybe you could have several smaller plasmas and connect more of them depending on what is for the moment required. So instead of trynig to controll hos much a big plasma should give in every moment you could connect more small plasmas the more the load requries.

  346. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  347. v : )

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I do absolutely admire your endless work investigating the interesting effects you‘ve found and developing your baby the Ecat SKL and also the many hours you spent creating the theoretical framework you (and your team) build up. Fingers crossed for you to have the success you totally deserve. No doubt about it : )

    But please allow me to state a few things here regarding part of your response to Anonymous (2021-06-10 09:08h) where you said that the sole solution to kill the pandemic is to vaccinate. I don‘t have a problem with that you‘re happy being vaccinated with Astra-Zeneca (both) and that you haven‘t had any side effects. I‘m really glad that you don‘t have any side effects so far; knowing that the world really needs you (but medium and long term side effects are still completely unknown e.g. infertility, cancer or autoimmune diseases like several doctors suggest).

    But unfortunately others do experience those. Strong side effects and even deaths and it seems that only in the first 4 months in the VAERS data base were more severe side effects reported than in the last 15 years together! Similar in EU. I can‘t really call it a vaccine as on one side it is not approved as a vaccine (only as an emergency treatment, which consists of genetic material which technology was never before tested on humans) and on the other side it doesn‘t provide any imunity!

    Apart from that several doctors are saying that there is no real necessity to develop in an absolutely hurry a vaccine as (apart from having really different good treatment options at hand) there is no real high mortality due to it (WHO estimates 0,028% in over all population) and comparing the numbers it turns out that last year we experienced just like a harsh flu (looking at the numbers).

    And than there are also these misterious magnetic effects from some of the people who (like you) participated in this experiment (it is an ongoing clinical trial with a complete unknown outcome) and some doctors are now investigating the relationship of it as some people who underwent a MRT scan a few weeks after participating in this human trial/getting the injection, some of them died directly and some have really serious health problems now (magnetic effects due to injection + magnetic resonance tomography)

    But you might not have heard about these things as mainstream media does prefer to look away and prefers to spread fear and to promote the “vaccine” agenda instead of focusing early on on solutions like several doctors and scientists already proposed early-mid last year (2020!). Like to enhance the immune system fighting the pandemic with supplements like vitamin D3, vitamin C, zinc, selenium, iodine… or in more severe cases to make good use of hydroxychloroquin, ivermectin and also the `famous’ chlorine dioxide, which had already marvelous pre-results directly in the early months of this epidemic and on basis of this Bolivia passed a law to treat Covid with it. Why this isn‘t properly reported in the news? I know it‘s a rhetorical question you don‘t need to answer but if you‘re curious please do your own research instead of spreading here the very unscientific mainstream media propaganda (also most governments, including parts of the WHO do).

    For those who want to see, there is a plethora of information regarding this and e.g. you can start with searching for doctors for truth (exists also in italy) and what they have to say and please use your time wisely and check first what they have to say instead of reading directly „fabricated opinions“ about them (=check the facts, not the opinions about it) or look e.g. for COMUSAV, Andreas Kalcker… or the Great Barrington Declaration (where famous scientists clearly oppose lockdowns and inter alia also state that e.g. for children, Covid-19 is less dangerous than many other harms, including influenza, so why risk severe side effects like we are experiencing now like never before in the last 15 years?)

    And from my personal observation/experience I can only say that I had last year in Febuary (Feb. 2020) symptoms of a very-very strong flu never experienced before (with fatigue, muscle pain, fever, night shiverings, smell and taste faded away, skin looked greenish-yellowish and with breathing problems like not having enough oxygen in my lungs) and as I knew back then already the benefits of chlorine dioxide (back then in the nineties my inorganic chemistry professor at the university told us in his lecture about it) and knowing how to use it- I cured myself with it in just a couple of days. No big deal, just the taste isn‘t mine (but that‘s just my personal experience).

    here some links you might want to consider:

    https://andreaskalcker.com/en/

    https://worlddoctorsalliance.com/

    https://www.stopworldcontrol.com/

    wish you a long life and of course all the time with best health

    fingers crossed for us all

    v : )

  348. Andrea Rossi

    V:)
    Thank you for your opinion, that I respect. The statistics, though, show that the pandemic regress is proportional to the vaccines diffusion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.: thank you for your kind attention to our work

  349. Koen Vandewalle

    Hi Andrea,

    Have you ever made one serious attempt with a very slow-running brushed DC motor? This can work for several decades without maintenance or degeneration of the device. This seems much more efficient than batteries to me. If it works of course.
    Also, the A.I. will not have to consider the hard-to-predict degradation that you have with batteries.

    With best regards,

    Koen

  350. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  351. Ernst

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    will there be a e-cat SKL light, without battery and AI, just for the use with resistive/ohmic load?
    Warm regards,
    Ernst

  352. Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  353. Lars Lindberg

    Dear Andrea,
    maybe it is better to have a smaller plasma to be able to control it better?

  354. Andrea Rossi

    Lars Lindberg:
    No, the problem is not dimensional
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  355. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    On your answers to various people, it sounds like the stability of the SKL differs with the type of connected load and that the A.I. must be taught to cope with it. I assume that you have not succeeded in having the SKL driving inductive loads yet, but on the other hand, I would think that a battery is needed anyway when starting from the off situation.
    Obviously we get only fragments of what’s going on. If you would tell us a bit more, I’m sure the community may give some usable suggestions.
    Anyway we all hope you will succeed quickly.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  356. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    From your answer to Keith Thompson, it sounds to me like you have settled on a plan for the SKL to use batteries to provide a reliable source of electricity. Am I correct?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  357. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, an we are working with the A.I. to resolve the regulation problems we have.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  358. Luis Navarro Llabres

    Dear Andrea,
    Electricity bills in Spain will go up by 44% this month.
    The powers that be are desperate for money and this is an easy way to tax people.
    Roll on the SKLED and particulary the SKL with or without batteries.
    ESTAMOS CONTIGO!
    Best regards
    Luis

  359. Andrea Rossi

    Luis Navarro Llabres:
    We are working for that,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  360. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, If the SKL works reliably while charging a battery that would be the obvious initial configuration to expedite release of the ecat. New battery researchers are making claims like the long life of the million mile battery, others claim to have much higher discharge rates. These features will permit many opportunities for integrating the ecat. Domestic off-grid power generation is an application that could use this configuration and would keep your factory humming along 24/7. And of course the research to make the ecat autonomous would continue.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  361. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  362. Ernst

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    so we can hope further to see the e-cat SKLed AND the e-cat SKL at the presentation in Nov 2021?
    Warm regards
    Ernst

  363. Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    Very difficult.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  364. Giorgia

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for the information you continue to supply us in this blog, made interesting not only by your answers, but also by the information from the readers.
    All the best,
    Giorgia

  365. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgia:
    You are right, our Readers too are giving precious information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  366. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the link in your response to Prof, a very interesting YouTube video by Unzicker’s Real Physics – “The Muon Anomaly and Quantum Electrodynamics”, the video highlighting Oliver Consa’s historical detective work in his papers – “Something is Rotten in the State of QED” and “The Unpublished Feynman Diagram IIc”.

    To understand how we got to where we are today in physics it is worth reading up on the history, the arguments, the disagreements, how experimental results were interpreted to fit the theory of the time only for the theory to be later found inaccurate and replaced by a more popular and divergent theory, theories being created to fit experimental results of the day, and experimental results being viewed and interpreted through the constraints of the prevailing theories of the day. Because it’s a history that spans over the last hundred years nobody questions how we got to where we are, all very interesting.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  367. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I think we will end up charging batteries through A.I.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  368. Richard

    Dr Rossi:
    How is going the preparation of the Ecat SKLed presentation on November 25th ?
    Still on schedule ?
    All the best,
    Richard

  369. Andrea Rossi

    Richard:
    Everything is on schedule and going on well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  370. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea, this behaviour in presence of e.m. packets, have something in common with e-cat mechanism?
    https://youtu.be/3yrDDv7djRo

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  371. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    No, curious, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  372. Anomymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You said the temperature of the QuarkX reaches 2700 Celsius degrees: at this temperature you should have big problems for the heat conduction along the conductors, am I correct?

  373. Andrea Rossi

    Anomymous:
    I made both doses of the Astra Zeneca vaccination and I am glad of this. I didn’t have any side effect. I strongly suggest to make the vaccination, obviously under the control of your physician; this is the sole way to kill the pandemic.

  374. Experimentalist

    Dear Andrea:
    About the paragraph 2.1 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    do you think the US6465965 CAN WORK ?
    Experimentalist

  375. Andrea Rossi

    Experimentalist:
    We have worked on this experiment and learnt many things from it, although it is quite expensive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  376. Kurt

    How can I buy the book “An Impossible Invention” of Mats Lewan ?
    Thank you if you can help,
    Kurt

  377. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    Just google “Amazon books- An impossible invention- Mats Lewan”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  378. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Have you completed the vaccination against Covid 19 ? Do you think it is useful to be vaccinated ?

  379. Richard

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I too think that the references are very important and perfectly chosen in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    In particular, I think it is extremely important the ref. 17, because it corroborates the fact that the Zitterbewegung is perfectly coherent with the fact that Fermions cannot have the speed c, but still they can have a ZBW at the speed of c
    All the best,
    Richard

  380. Andrea Rossi

    Richard:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  381. Norma

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I think that your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has in the references one of its most interesting parts. The references are a gold mine of information about the zero point energy. I noticed that it is not a casual collection of papers someway related to your matter, but they are punctual and straight to the point referred to.
    I think this is one of the reasons why it is the most read physics paper on Researchgate.
    Cheers
    Norma

  382. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Thank you for your attention to the paper,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  383. Sam

    Italo R
    Good find with your
    Historical Curiosity
    Photo.
    Regards
    Sam

  384. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Frank Steinmeier

    With such a gap, it poses at least one question.
    Are astrophysics and quantum physics talking about the same thing?
    I don’t have the skills to answer but if it should be yes, then I agree with Dr Rossi. It is necessary to redo the experimental measurements as well as the theoretical calculations.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  385. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Just for historical curiosity, I discovered how in 1938 the brightness emitted by the lamps that had to be purchased on behalf of the Government was controlled by The National Bureau of Standards.

    https://www.shorpy.com/node/7960?size=_original#caption

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  386. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  387. Gennady Teplitsky

    Dear Andrea,

    What would your prediction be regarding having a working SKL on the market? One year from now? Two, Three? Just a ball park?

    Kind regards,

    Gennady

  388. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady Teplitsky:
    Premature. We are working very hard on it, believe me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  389. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    here are the last statistics of your publications on researchgate I found in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Readings 71000 ( of which 65533 only for E-Cat SK and Long Range Particle Interactions, the most read paper of physics )
    Total Research Interest index 1338
    Reccomendations 4919
    Citations 22
    And counting…
    Congratulations,
    Prof

  390. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  391. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of June 8 2021:
    Future of Electricity Now: Powergen+ series explores hydrogen and carbon capturein June
    Rod Walton

  392. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  393. Frank Steinmeier

    @ Raffaele Bongo.

    Cool, nice, thx for the link, as well…

    But Did You really wonder, if he would know that topic ?
    I mean, Did You really expect that ?

    Regards,Frank

  394. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Frank Steinmeier

    This would be the volume energy of a vacuum.
    In cosmology it would be equal to 10 ^ -9 j / m ^ 3
    Quantum mechanics would calculate 10 ^ 113 j / m ^ 3
    I found these values ​​on this article in French
    http://physiquereussite.fr/energie-du-vide/

    Best regards
    Raffaele

  395. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You stated that you would issue a report on the greenhouse use of the SKLed. When do you expect to publish it?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  396. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    When this specific R&D made by a Customer of us will be mature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  397. Jean Pierre

    Hi,Andrea. As reported by yourself, the SKL was able to redirect some of its electrical output back to the input and so produced SSM. What is the longest time duration that this ECat has operated in continuous SSM when
    1) not feeding an external load
    2) feeding a resitive external load
    3) feeding an inductive external load.

    Thanks for any information, and I offer you a belated Happy Birthday wish. Just recently I had my Golden Wedding Anniversary 2 days after my 79th birthday.Happy days! Warmest regards as usual. Jean Pierre.

  398. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    The answers would be very complex and the product is not ready, therefore I prefer to delay any answer on the SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  399. Patrick

    Dear Andrea

    In cosmology, the cosmological constant problem or vacuum catastrophe is the disagreement between the observed values of vacuum energy density (the small value of the cosmological constant) and theoretical large value of zero-point energy suggested by quantum field theory.

    Depending on the Planck energy cutoff and other factors, the discrepancy is as high as 120 orders of magnitude,[1] a state of affairs described by physicists as “the largest discrepancy between theory and experiment in all of science”[1] and “the worst theoretical prediction in the history of physics.”[2]

    From Wikipedia.

    Regards
    Patrick

  400. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Sounds like theories need some correction.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  401. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    regarding your vegetables test. I discovered some time ago that the green light is a sort of poison for photosynthesis.
    This is the reason the growing lights are purple.
    Are you tried a purple filter on the SKLed?
    If yes, has it better performance than the unfiltered light?

    Green regards,
    Marco.

  402. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Yes, they are.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  403. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  404. Robert

    Dear Andrea,

    If I daisy chained 5 SKled modules in series, with only 1 actually plugged in to the wall, would it still draw 3.9 Watts per lamp, or would efficiencies blend to something less per lamp?

  405. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    The SKLed generates light, not electric energy. The SKL is not ready yet, although we are working hard on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  406. Frank Steinmeier

    @ Dear Raffaele Bongo:

    The vacuum catastrophe is one open point on the list of the unsolved physical problems ( e.g. Navier Strokes equation is also part of it).

    Theoretical calculations determine a value, which is 10^120 (10 to the power of 120 ) times higher, than the observed value.

    BTW,I wonder where You assume, that we are talking about joules here.
    Can You clarify ?

    This high discrepancy cannot be explained and there is, until today, no fundamental research progress on that field, which I am aware of.
    As You can surely understand, this high discrepancy can imply that some basic physical laws need to be rewritten….

    Regards,Frank

  407. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Dr Rossi

    I enjoy hearing that the SKLed lamp grows lettuce at high speed with mostly vacuum energy.

    About this vacuum energy, can you give me your take on what physicists call the vacuum catastrophe? It seems that between calculation and observation the difference in vacuum energy could reach 10 ^ 120 joules.

    Thank you for your dedication
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  408. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I am not aware of vacuum catastrophe. Curious, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  409. Koen Vandewalle

    Hi Andrea,

    What kinds of plants are you experimenting with?

    I immediately think of cut flowers and house plants because I used to work at a company that made automation in this expensive niche of the plant market.

    Of course, it would also be good to know if you can grow tomatoes or potatoes, for example (like the Martian from the movie of the same name).

    Maybe even strawberries.

    All these products are easily worth a few euros per kilogram in retail value.

    At the moment I have some tomato plants in my living room, and it would be nice to continue growing them next winter.

    Best Regards,
    Koen

  410. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    We have a Customer making tests. The work is on course and we will publish a report when the tests will be completed. Just a curiosity: we already know that it works well with green vegetables like salad leaves.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  411. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Perhaps when the skl is ready for domestic use you could provide an App that would calculate the optimum combination of ecat and energy storage when the user inputs the appliance power requirements to permit autonomous power generation.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  412. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  413. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  414. LarryG

    Any limitation of the SKL or the associated electronics due low temperatures can be avoided by using some of the generated power for heating. Normally though low temp versions can be designed. Proving it works reliability at low temp can be a pain even if the design should be OK at low temp. This is future work IMO…get it running under normal consumer electronics environments first.

  415. Andrea Rossi

    LarryG:
    We do not have that kind of issue.
    Thank you for your concern, though.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  416. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I am very interested to hear that your testing of the SKLed with plants is very promising.

    Are the plants you are testing with the SKLed:

    1. In a regular greenhouse (also receiving sunlight)?
    2. Indoors (not receiving sunlight)?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  417. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  418. Mike Phalen

    Hi Dr. Rossi,

    I have two questions.

    1. If you designed a 16 watt SKled would the light lumen output increase linearly to 4 time the light output of a 4 watt SKled?

    2. Will there ever be a book on the inside story of the development of the E-cat?

    Thanks, Mike

  419. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Phalen:
    1- I do not know. I’d resolve the problem using 4 x 4
    2- Who knows ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  420. GEORGE PRAZAK

    30 DEGREES BELOW O DEGREES FARENHIET

  421. Andrea Rossi

    GEORGE PRAZAK:
    We did not make this test, but it should be possible. Must be tested, though.
    We tested -4 °F ( -20 °C )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  422. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    A Green House in a House.

    https://youtu.be/gJWYkmN-lKg

    Regards
    Sam

  423. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  424. Stephen Swatman

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    How are the results of the green house tests?

    I would expect after 4-5 weeks that you have some definitive results in either the positive or the negative.

    The plant & vegetable industry is in dire need of cheaper lighting, especially with the news that food prices have risen 30%+ in the last year.

    Regards

  425. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen Swatman:
    The tests with the greenhouses are very promising.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  426. Sture Andreasson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    If any of your licensees get a finished product with E-Cat before November 25, do they have your permission to present it before November 25?

    Warm Regards
    To you and your team
    Sture Andreasson

  427. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  428. GEORGE PRAZAK

    CAN THE LED STREET LIGHT BE USED WHERE THE AMBIENT TEMPERATURE IS WELL BELOW 0 DEGREES F. CAN ONE INITIATE A START-UP AT THESE LOWER TEMPS ?

  429. Andrea Rossi

    GEORGE PRAZAK:
    How much below ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  430. Physicist

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I think that your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has opened the era of the zero-point energy
    and this is the reason why it is the most read physics paper of Researchgate

  431. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  432. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    The devotion to your work or (maybe I must say task?) is extraordinary. I’m wondering if you still can find moments to sleep… A boss of mine used to say; ‘A day has 24 hours, and then there is still the night.’ I disagreed.
    Stay healthy and bring the SKL to life!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  433. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your support !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  434. Jitse

    Andrea Rossi

    Happy birthday and a quick success with all your Ecat versions,

    Jitse

  435. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  436. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Happy birthday! I hope there will be many to celebrate in the future.
    I would guess you had a day off and took some time to eat your birthday cake and play some pleasant tennis with your wife?
    I hope this new year of your life will be the most beautiful year and that the SKL will finally bend to your wish of how it must behave.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  437. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your very kind wishes, the matter of the fact is that today I just worked like a dog on the SKL with my Team.
    Anyway before going to sleep we will share the cake, although the candles, unfortunately, are all mine… that’s what makes me work like a dog: time elapses so fast.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  438. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Lodovico Ferro:
    Thank you for your very kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  439. Enea Romagnoli

    Dear Andrea:
    Happy birthday.
    I also fully agree with the words of Savchenko
    Enea

  440. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    Thank you for your very kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  441. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    I think that Roberto congratulated you on your birthday on behalf of all readers of the forum and all those who are not indifferent to human development and knowledge. As you like to say, we are on the same wavelength with you. And you generate this wave, which allows all of us to fully realize our abilities.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  442. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Thank you for your kind and moving wishes !
    Warmest Regards,
    Andrea

  443. Giannino Lodovico Ferro Casagrande

    CARO ANDREA ANCHE GIANNINO DA CHERSO TI AUGURA OGNI BENE PER IL TUO COMPLEANNO ! TI ASPETTO SEMPRE QUI A CHERSO ASSIEME AI TUOI CARI E ASPETTO CON ANSIA I 4 ECAT-LED CHE HO ORDINATO CIAO. CIAO. glfc.

  444. Roberto

    Dear Andrea:
    Happy birthday !
    Roberto

  445. Physicist

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Where can I find references to the fact that Dirac has anticipated the luminal speed of the light of the vibrarions of electrons ?

  446. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Dr Rossi
    I found on the web a popularization conference on vacuum energy accessible without any knowledge of quantum physics by Michel Spiro.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jqf9UCqFQ64
    He concluded his presentation by saying that the energy of the vacuum may be the energy of the twenty-third or twenty-fourth century.
    I hope your work will make you a man of the twenty-fourth century this year.
    All my support to your team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  447. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  448. Roberto

    Dr Rossi,
    the incipit of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is
    “The E-Cat technology poses a serious and interesting challenge to the conceptual foundations of modern physics, Particularly promising, for understanding this technology, is the exploration of the long range interactions.”
    Now, after all the experiments made with the Ecay SK, SKL, SKLed, would you write your paper same as in 2019 ?

  449. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  450. Arjen

    Dear Rossi

    If not succeeding implementing in a car, then there is is the development for charging while driving
    technology is limitless

    https://www.electreon.com/

    ElectReon’s shared energy platform provides wireless charging for electric vehicles on the go.
    No need to stop for charging.

    success in bringing limitless energy to the market.

  451. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  452. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of June 1st 2021:
    Japanese manufacturer commits 20 M to NuScale Power small nuclear reactor plan
    Rod Walton

  453. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  454. Giorgia

    Where can I buy the book
    Ecat the new fire
    of Vessela Nikolova ?

  455. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgia:
    You can Google “Amazon books Ecat the new fire- Vessela Nikolova”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  456. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    In your paper you put among the keywords the Darwin Lagrangianwhich is the relationship between your theory and Darwin ?

  457. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    In
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I made use of the Darwin Lagrangian in the paragraph 2.3.
    The Darwin who invented the Darwin Lagrangian is a mathematician, nephew of the naturalist.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  458. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi, forse una innovativa azienda italiana attiva nel campo delle batterie al litio (con tecnologia proprietaria) ha la soluzione adatta ai suoi reattori. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vwJa_p7wwF8&list=PLjCrChtpmIyZGxJJXpZ91-1-4C1tOuqa3&index=4
    Cordiali Saluti
    Vincenzo Bonomo

  459. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    Thank you for the information and the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  460. Svein H. Vormedal

    @Rodney Nicholson
    Regarding your comment to me, I do not disagree with your presentation.
    Since AR is aware of this danger this will, probably, not be a problem for him.
    Regards
    Svein H. Vormedal

  461. @Svein H. Vormedal,
    2021-05-28 02:22 Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    Your invention will, if successful, be so significant to this world that your patent will be bypassed by most countries.
    This is not only for the environmental threat that CO2-gas represents, but also because good energy supply is a prerequisite for every persons opportunity to have a good life. Are you prepared for this?
    Regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal
    =================
    Hi, Mr. Vormedal

    While for sure there are certain countries which, as policy, feel entitled to ignore IP rights of others – but if they ever invented anything themselves they would be vigorous to defend their own rights – most countries are not like that.

    And besides, royalties on most products are rather trivial in comparison with the benefits the product provides, so nit-picking about paying the amount of a royalty would reflect rather poorly on those who do so.

    So I am more optimistic than you are. But we all know the names of the countries that habitually ignore the rights of others. And it extends, of course, to the rights of their own citizens also.

    Rodney.

  462. Linda

    Dr Rossi:
    Are you aware of the research of Haisch-Moddell ?
    Thanks,
    Linda

  463. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have told us that it could be possible for suitable entities to carry out private testing of the E-Cat SKLed prior to the November presentation. Have you made arrangements yet for this kind of testing with any groups?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  464. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, contingently with licensing agreements that have been signed. By the way, I have been informed that fake licensees are offering our products: while our legal staff is dealing with the issue, please do never send money to anybody before asking us if the seller is authorized by us.
    If anybody is offered an Ecat SKLed or other kinds of Ecat can email to
    info@leonardocorp1996
    asking if the seller is authorized: otherwise, you risk to send money and receive either nothing, or a bogus thing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  465. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    FYI: “GEC is ready to launch our GEC Electric Vehicle”
    http://www.gec.solutions/projects.html

    Have you and Team Rossi enjoyed great progress in mastering an SKL suitable for charging batteries?
    And, have you and Team Rossi enjoyed great progress in mastering an SKL suitable for inductive loads?

    Sincerely & Respectfully,
    Buck

  466. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    We are working on this issue, and making progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  467. Dr. Rossi,

    Can the SkLed flash in a stroboscopic mode or could it perhaps do so with an extra capacitor bank?

    Neal Chaves

  468. Andrea Rossi

    Neal Chaves:
    I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  469. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Nobody expected the anouncement of the E-Cat SKLED a while ago. But is the miniaturisation of the mini-reactor at the expense of efficiency? I was wondering if the E-Cat SKL module will have a similar/higher/significantly higher COP than the E-Cat SKLED?

    Have a nice day!

    Brice

  470. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    Premature,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  471. GLOBAL IBEM

    An Impossible Invention
    An Energy Revolution that Might Change the World
    a presentation of Mats Lewan
    Glogal IBEM, Breakthrough Energy Movement

  472. Andrea Rossi

    GLOBAL IBEM
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  473. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  474. Ibrahim90

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    A recent study affirms that the stars alone can’t justify the nucleosynthesis of heavy elements:
    https://physicsworld.com/a/exploding-stars-alone-cannot-account-for-rapid-heavy-element-production-study-reveals

    What would be the role of the Rossi Effect in the nucleosynthesis ? Have you found heavy elements in the ashes of your reactors ?
    I.S.

  475. Andrea Rossi

    Ibrahim90:
    Thank you for the link.
    I don’t think the Rossi effect does have any role.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  476. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    Your invention will, if successful, be so significant to this world that your patent will be bypassed by most countries.
    This is not only for the environmental threat that CO2-gas represents, but also because good energy supply is a prerequisite for every persons opportunity to have a good life. Are you prepared for this?
    Regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  477. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    It is a possible scenario.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  478. Sue Law

    Mr. Rossi, is e-cat skl suitable to start another e-cat skl?

  479. Andrea Rossi

    Sue Law:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  480. Dear Andrea,
    As an example of what I mean, the first commercial computers sold many units before much better units being produced were put on the market. The same can be said for cars and airplanes. A portion of the available market was thus not available for the better devices.
    Advantage regards.

  481. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    Thank you for rephrasing.
    All I can say isthat we are working at the maximum of our possibility and that we will put on the market the best possible product.
    We can respond for what depends on us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  482. Horst Ludwig

    Mr. Unzicker is a notorious critic and writer who makes money by being “anti” to almost everything and has neither contributed anything valuable to knowledge nor plays the slightest role in the scientific community. His articles appear mostly in the German online magazine “Telepolis” which has a tendency to cope with conspiracy theories of all sorts and is in terms of science just complete bunk.

  483. Andrea Rossi

    Horst Ludwig:
    Thank you for your opinion, but, with all respect: I do not think it is correct to disparage a writer with personal insults, without responding specifically to his considerations. In the video I published he makes precise analysis about precise issues: why do you not respond punctually and convincing, using mathematical calculations, as he does, and not personal insults ?
    My opinion is that your comment is more trollish than scientific.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  484. Dear Andrea,
    I see that possible positive COP plasma devices are supposedly scheduled to be marketed in the near future by a few sources. An old saying that is brought to my mind is” the most value in a new product is generated not by the best but by which is introduced first”.
    Have you considered this?
    Wary regards.

  485. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    Sorry, I do not understand exactly what you mean. Can you rephrase in a more specific way ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  486. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  487. Here is the last video of the series of videos explaining the key points of the theory.

    https://youtu.be/36CTzpvh05I

  488. Andrea Rossi

    Valeriy Tarasov:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  489. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Is it your current thinking that the E-Cat SKL could produce enough electric power that it would not be necessary to produce an E-Cat that makes only heat? In other words, do you see conventional electric heaters being powered in the future by one or more E-Cat SKL modules?

    Wishing you continued good luck with your R&D work.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  490. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  491. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. It will be unlikely that the pre-orders for the SKLed will exceed the 1M as long as people can’t be sure the extraordinary lamp it true. If there were a customer willing to pre-order 1Million SKLed’s, but would require some serious tests to verify the miraculous claims, would you be willing to do that under NDA? This would allow you to start production in relatively short terms.
    2. You told us a while ago that you were testing your lamp in a grow house. Were, are these tests successful?
    3. Any major progress with the Ecat SKL yet?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  492. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Please read my answer to Illuminated Reader,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  493. Illuminated Reader

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Are potential clients with the due financial ground testing independently the Ecat SKLed, contingent with a memorandum of understanding for agreements to buy bulk quantities of SKLed units ?

  494. Andrea Rossi

    Illuminated Reader:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  495. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain why you call this video, “The Muon Anomaly and Quantum Electrodynamics” by Dr. Alexander Unzicker (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wvz4MRpq6xs) a “gold standard”?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  496. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Because it shows from an indisputably independent top level phisicist how many crucial weak-points are in the standard model of the mainstream. It invites us to make “epochè”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  497. Dr. Rossi,

    How much heat is produced by the SKled at full output? With conventional high output LEDs fan cooling is required.

  498. Andrea Rossi

    Neal Chaves:
    We do not put any fan, just passive sinks. The heat produced is irrelevant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  499. George

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    When you will reach the target of sales that will allow you to start the deliveries of the Ecat SKLed will you also start the sales of the Ecat SK and SKL ?
    Best,
    George

  500. Andrea Rossi

    George:
    We will consider this possibility,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  501. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    In your ResearchGate paper, you reference the Lee M. Hively patent US9306527 – Systems, apparatuses, and methods for generating and/or utilizing scalar-longitudinal waves. Have you attempted to replicate any of the apparatuses in this patent?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  502. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight. I agree on the fact that the video of Unzickers is very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  503. Chuck Davis

    Gene Quong, That is probably how the martians depleted their water supply!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  504. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the quantum tunneling effect still the underlying theory (Rossi and Norman Cook) behind the harvesting of energy from your newest designs with the SKLED et al?

    Thank you for your dedication to research and the skled et al.

    Sincerely,

    Thomas Conover

    ——–

    http://experimentalmath.info/blog/2015/10/interview-with-andrea-rossi-lenr-energy-pioneer/

    Interview with Rossi
    1. What originally inspired you to investigate low-energy nuclear reaction (LENR) energy, and to pursue it for many years?

    AR: I have actually been working in the field of alternative energies since I was 20 years old, mainly because I was very shocked at the first oil crisis following the Yom Kippur war in 1973. So I vowed to work with the aim of making oil less necessary. I was fascinated by the Fleischmann-Pons work in 1989, and ever since then I have been trying to make something useful with LENR.

    In 1990, after the Fleischmann-Pons demonstrations, I tried my own experiments in my factory at Milan, Italy (where I was developing means to derive energy from organic wastes). I did not have any success in replicating the Fleischmann-Pons experiment, but I was totally fascinated from the idea, so I tried other systems to achieve a similar effect. I think that the real importance (and merit) of the F&P experiments has been the idea to make energy from nuclear effects by means of quantum tunneling.

    2. What are your primary motivations at the present time? Providing low-cost energy? Stopping global warming? Others?

    AR: My primary motivation at the present time is to provide low-cost energy that is able to help resolve environmental problems. Initially, however, the main “social” reasons to pursue this work were not related to global warming, because this issue has been raised only recently (although it surely concerns me and is an added reason to pursue this work), but instead was to search for a cheap energy source that hit two targets with one bullet: cheaper energy and reduced global pollution (since the use of traditional fuels is the source of most of the global pollution induced by human activities). This has been the philosophical motivation of my work.

    3. Many scientists, when told of your work, are very skeptical that you have developed a new source of clean nuclear energy. What would you offer as the primary scientific evidence that it is truly working?

    AR: Maybe they are right! My own view is that the only way, in the end, to convince people that my technology really works is to produce products that can be bought off the shelf. As long as a product is not on the real market, anyone can say whatever he or she wants and gain credibility. In my view, facts speak much louder and clearer than words. If I tell you that man can fly, we can discuss the possibility ad infinitum, with positivists and negativists producing much sophistry. But if I can show you a working airplane, the discussion is over. So this has been my approach — produce a commercial product.

    4. What do you believe is the best theoretical explanation?

    AR: My theory is that a proton from a hydrogen atom enters, by the quantum tunneling effect, into a nucleus of Li-7 (i.e., a lithium nucleus of atomic weight 7), forming a nucleus of Be-8 (i.e., a beryllium nucleus of atomic weight 8), which then decays in a few seconds into two alpha particles (helium nuclei), accompanied with the release of significant nuclear energy. See the paper by Norman Cook and myself, On the Nuclear Mechanisms Underlying the Heat Production by the E-Cat. The isotopic shifts have been experimentally measured by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) — see the Lugano experiment report.

    The shift of the lithium isotopes has been reconciled with our understanding of the process, although the shift of the nickel isotopes has not (and I think that there is a problem with the small amount of the sample — only 2 mg out of an initial fuel charge of 1 gram). More analysis is underway. The reactions we assume for nickel and lithium are explained in the Cook-Rossi paper mentioned above. What I can say more is that lithium plays a primary role, with nickel acting mostly a catalyst. The overall mechanism is described in the patent granted to us by the U.S. patent office.

  505. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    More than fifty thousand hours of experiments, work, study and interactions with my Team and consultants, have generated a dramatic evolution.
    The matured theoretical system is here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  506. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering of May 25th 2021:
    California takes steps to scale up power generation market for hydrogen,
    Rod Walton

  507. Gene Quong

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8_U_ixFO8uw

    This youtube video is very interesting. Proton Technologies should be able to produce H2 as $0.10 per kg.

    A possible application of the E-Cat SKL would be a vertical integrated fuel cell vehicle such as the Toyota Miara where it is used to split water into H2 and Oxygen to replenish the H2 tanks. H2 can be stored in a metal hydride tank at a few atmospheres pressure.

    https://www.fuelcellstore.com/hydrogen-equipment/hydrogen-storage/metal-hydrides

    The only fuel needed to run a E-Cat vehicle would be filtered water. The only emission would be clean water.

    Major cost reductions in fuel cells can be achieved by using Cobalt as a catalyst versus very expensive Platinum.

  508. Andrea Rossi

    Gene Quong:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  509. Robert

    Dear Andrea,

    Repost due to link error
    Regarding the previously mentioned “about the SKled and upcoming SKL”.
    https://phys.org/news/2021-05-flip-motion-electrons-ultrafast-scales.html

    In addition to the light spectrum experiments noted by Tom as related to the SKLed, I also saw the Ultrafast switching as possibly a way to increase efficiency in the Ecat SKL. Not necessarily using the exact method proposed, but possibly a small femtosecond laser, or the already existing light source of the plasma.

  510. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    Thank you for the repost and for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  511. Dear Dr Rossi
    Do you think it would be possible to use the LED’s in other products or can I talk to you about it.

  512. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    I do not understand your question.
    You can talk with us when you want, writing to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  513. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Guessing you need to improve the AI to produce a continuous SSM. Or at the very least minimize the non SSM time.
    Am I right?

    Would it be accurate to say the SKL needs to be operated in stable full SSM to be ready to power an inductive load?

    I’m obviously just guessing here beings we don’t have all the pieces to the puzzle.

    Warm regards,
    Dan C.

  514. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    1- yes
    2- not necessarily
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  515. Stephen Swatman

    Dear Dr Rossi

    I thank you for the previous clarification.

    So the power consumption of 4watts is by the Ecat itself and the controller.

    The Ecat then supplies power to the LED, is that in a separate circuit?

    ie,
    Ecat-> LED-> Ecat (basically SSM with a nominal boost from the controller when required for consistent quality ?)
    or
    Ecat-> LED-> Controller-> Ecat (basically SSM with a nominal boost from the controller when required for consistent quality?)

    Forgive if my question and assumption is totally wrong.

    My initial point of interest was how much power the Ecat is supplying to the led to produce the 10,000 lumens, without excess heat.

    I appreciate any answers

    regards

  516. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen Swatman:
    Sorry, I am not going to give further information about these issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  517. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    What do you think of the hypethesized fifth force pseudo-discovered by detection of muons at the fermilab of Chicago ?
    Prof

  518. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I suggest you to read this very interesting video, I totally agree with:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wvz4MRpq6xs
    It’s gold standard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  519. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    It seems likely that for SKLed orders to reach the one million level, a significant number of orders will have to come from commercial enterprises (i.e. businesses). Traditionally, Such businesses are not likely to place large orders unless/until they have been able to examine and test samples/prototypes.

    1) Will SKLed samples be made available to firms contemplating large orders?
    2) If the answer to #1 is yes, when could such samples be available?

    Thanks as always for your kindness in responding.

    Bill Conley

  520. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    The answer to this question is confidential.
    When a company able to buy bulk quantities of Ecat SKLed units contacts us we have a specific procedure. Your supposition is correct, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  521. Robert

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the previously mentioned “about the SKled and upcoming SKL.
    https://phys.org/news/2021-05-flip-motion-electrons-ultrafast-scales.html”

    In addition to the light spectrum experiments noted by Tom as related to the SKLed, I also saw the Ultrafast switching as possibly a way to increase efficiency in the Ecat SKL. Not necessarily using the exact method proposed, but possibly a small laser, or the already existing light source of the plasma.

  522. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    I think the link is wrong, please check.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  523. Aillas Troice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    1) Would it be fair to say that even when SKL is not working in SSM, it produces far more energy than it consumes except for the brief startup period?

    2) If the answer to the question above is Yes, would it be fair to say that whether or not SKL is working in SSM is irrelevant for practical purposes because SKL can always supply enough energy to sustain its own operation, even if a battery is needed as a buffer, as a safety measure and a startup energy source?

    Thank you for keeping this community so well informed of your progress. It is truly inspiring.

  524. Andrea Rossi

    Aillas Troice:
    1) yes
    2) yes
    Thank you for your kindness,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  525. GEORGE PRAZAK

    WHAT ARE APPROXIMATE MAXIMUM AND MININUM AMBIENT TEMPERATURES THE SKLED WILL FUNCTION WITHIN?WOULDTHIS
    ALSO INCLUDE THE SKL?WOULD STARTUPTEMPS.BE PROBLEMATIC
    ONLY?
    THE WORLD IS AT YOUR THRESHOLD.MAY YHE GOOD LORD BLESS
    YOU AND YOUR DEDICATED TEAM.

  526. Andrea Rossi

    GEORGE PRAZAK:
    The ambient T operational window is between -20 and + 60 °C (-4 and +140 °F).
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  527. Pol Dekyvere

    Hi Andrea,
    herewith a text I copied from “Paulo and Alexandra CORREA PAGD (Pulsed Abnormal Glow Discharges).

    One day Barbara, my wife, and I witnessed a demonstration by ” Paulo and Alexandra Correa of ​​this ‘ether engine’ – it was an electrical generating system that could provide electrical power without any external power supply, except for the connections to two ‘orgone’. accumulators’. ‘boxes or to our insulated bodies or an earth line. Since the device was moving a motor and driving a circuit, it had to consume some power; this seems to be provided by the environment. The event took place with an incredible calmness – no explosion, not even a sound, no sudden heat, no bright light, just the silent pulsation of a discharge tube and the gentle spinning of a small rotor. Apart from the motor being driven by contact with our body, the effect was almost disappointingly banal. It hasn’t always been that way. There were times during the evolution of these discoveries when accidental electrical discharges threatened the lives of our intrepid couple. Fortunately, these accidents never deterred them. ”

    If I were to build this device, I would replace the small rotor, which I think is a fast, speed-controlled switch, with an electronic circuit that does the same.
    Do you think this is a good idea?

    I am confident you will be victorious!
    Regards,
    Pol

  528. Andrea Rossi

    Pol Dekyvere:
    The patent of Paulo and Alexander Correa are in the list of the ones we want to replicate. Surely it is of strong interest and it is cited as reference 13 in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  529. Mary Grace

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think you will reach your sales target for the Ecat SKLed by this year ?

  530. Andrea Rossi

    Mary Grace:
    Premature. I am optimist within 2022, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  531. Ralph

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    1- Have you been able to reach an ssm using the SKL operated by the A.I. ?
    2- Is it ready for the market ?
    Ralph

  532. Andrea Rossi

    Ralph:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  533. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the previously mentioned “about the SKled and upcoming SKL.
    https://phys.org/news/2021-05-flip-motion-electrons-ultrafast-scales.html” …

    I enjoyed reading that the experimentation was able to be adjusted so as to
    allow the creation of any color of light desired for output.

    Warm Regards,

    Tom

  534. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  535. Gene Quong

    https://globalnews.ca/news/7104460/proton-hydrogen-saskatchewan/

    Eventually, Proton said it plans to build a 500 tonne per day hydrogen facility, with the anticipated cost of hydrogen gas (H2) at 10 cents a kilogram.

    What would the costs of producing H2 with the Ecat SKL?

    Gene

  536. Andrea Rossi

    Gene Quong:
    Premature,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  537. Dear Andrea,

    You have said that the E-Cat SKL is suitable for resistive loads such as LEDs and batteries.

    But that there are problems right now for the E-Cat SKL, with inductive loads, as induction motors?

    Does the same problem apply to the E-Cat SKL, with capacitive loads as a capacitor?

    Since you are interested in plasma, I have made my own link page about plasma technology, especially with plasma as an energy source:

    http://gratisenergi.se/plasma.htm

    The link “List of plasma physics articles” may be extra interesting for you?

    Best Wishes, Hermes

  538. Andrea Rossi

    Hermes Atar Trismegistus:
    Thank you for the links and the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  539. Robert

    Dear Andrea,

    Not sure if this applies to the work you are doing, however when I read it, I immediately thought about the SKled and upcoming SKL.
    https://phys.org/news/2021-05-flip-motion-electrons-ultrafast-scales.html

  540. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  541. Colby

    Dr Rossi,
    I think that the reference 27 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    matches perfectly with the theoretical hypothesis of your paper.
    Colby

  542. Andrea Rossi

    Colby:
    You mean “Zitterbewegung Modeling” of David Hestenes. That is for sure an important publication at the base of our hypothesized theoretical system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  543. Stephen Swatman

    Stephen Swatman:
    Sorry, I do not understand your question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    I will attempt to be clearer.

    The SKLed draws +/- 4 watts as a total input,
    I assume the input power is then used to

    a, power a led directly
    b, power a Ecat that then powers the led
    c, power the ecat that produces the light directly

  544. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen Swatman:
    Thank you for the precisation.
    Answer:
    b
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  545. Koen Vandewalle

    Hello Andrea,

    If after the development of the Ecat SKLed and Ecat SKL you start to get bored again because sales pitches and mainstream public appearances probably don’t interest you, I can recommend the development of the Ecat SKLightsaber.
    This link may already contain a few tech tips:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xC6J4T_hUKg&t=223s

    Have a nice Pentecost Sunday,

    Koen

  546. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    He,he,he…maybe useful for the delinquent payers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  547. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    During these last several days we had a cyberattack to this blog and now we have repristinated the situation, thanks to our IT specialist.
    I think we recovered all the comments lost, but if some of you has not found published a comment, please resend.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  548. Stephen Swatman

    Dear Dr Rossi.

    Regarding the Ecat-SKLed.

    I understand that the whole unit draws +/-4 watts from the wall to produce 10,000 lumens.

    May I ask.

    How many watts the actual LED draws from the Ecat to produce those 10,000 lumens.

    a, less than the 4 watts
    b, slightly more than 4 watts
    c, considerably more than 4 watts

    thank you for answer.

  549. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen Swatman:
    Sorry, I do not understand your question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  550. Koen Vandewalle

    Hello Andrea,

    are you going to upgrade the Ecat SKLed that we have ordered with new AI, and if so, will there be some changes in the price and / or the minimum quantity that must be ordered to start production?

    With best regards,

    Koen

  551. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Of course the ordered Ecat SKLed will be delivered in its most updated form at the price we already proposed.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  552. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached 65 000 full readings… and counting !
    Best,
    Prof

  553. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  554. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have said that the new AI system for the SKL needs some improvements. How big a task is it to resolve the problems you are facing?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  555. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is a kind of problem that we can resolve, that’s all I can say. We are working on it quite hard,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  556. Chuck Davis

    Steven N Karels, I don’t think Andrea’s problem will be which mobile vehicles will use his technology. Once the ecat has been certified to operate reliably every manufacturer on the planet will be rushing to integrate the ecat into their vehicles. His greatest problem will be filling all of the orders!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  557. Dan C.

    @Steven N. Karels

    Tesla semi’s. If Andrea can overcome the issues he has with the SKL, they should be used as the primary energy for the trucks including most of the short duration surge needs. Batteries used primarily to power the SKL’s and only a small portion of any peak energy required under rare circumstances. Those with the industry know how can optimize such a setup.

    Keep in mind, that the batteries in these trucks displace about 50% of it’s payload capacity. So, in essence you would need to double the number of trucks on the road. We don’t know what the SKL will involve in weight and size, but I’ll assume(could be wrong) that it will be much less then the batteries. Perhaps it would fit in the current diesel engine compartment.

    Also keep in mind that there’s a lot of truckers who double team. There is little or no downtime for an SKL to recharge those batteries in your scenario.

    Regards,
    Dan C.

  558. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Just an observation of what I see daily in our world that makes me go WHAT THE ???

    In just the last year I read these 2 articles within the same week.

    1) Population growth is slowing and soon we will not have enough able bodied persons to provide for our daily needs. What to do?
    Entice those of child bearing age to have more children. Of course everything they’ve tried has had little effect. Oh my, we’re doomed.

    2) Computers, AI, automation and Robotics will replace most of the working class. What to do with and how to care for all this surplus labor and population.
    We’ll give all these people a basic income(rations). Never mind the resentment of those who are still required to work. They can’t even say where all this money for the basic income will come from.

    An intelligent person seeing these 2 articles would see the obvious.

    In about a month, though probably this will be delayed or slow coming, the U.S. Government(various agencies) are to start disclosing what they know about UFO’s/UAP’s etc…

    What I would say is people should not be concerned. It’s just alien life forms from other parts of the galaxy searching out other intelligent species to interact with. They will soon be moving on to greener pastures, as they found nothing here of interest.

    Warm regards,
    Dan C.

  559. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you considered placing the eCat-SK technology in the Tesla Semi Tractor?

    Tesla Semi Specs:
    All electric Tractor.
    Range (300 mi or 500 mi) depends on battery capacity
    Price: $150,000 for the 300 mi range; $180,000 for the 500 mile range; per tractor
    Power Usage: < 2 kW-Hr per mile

    Therefore; The internal battery capacity is either 600 kW-Hrs or 1,000 kW-hrs, depending on the maximum range.
    Add an additional 100 kW-Hrs of battery capacity to handle reserve and regenerative braking.

    US regulations limit an operator to 11 hours of driving per day, with a maximum of a 14 hour working time.

    Assume a design speed of 75 mph during operation. This results in a power demand of 150 kW at 75 mph.

    If we assume a typical use of four 3 hours runs, separated by 1-hour stops (what would be normally refueling time and operator rest/eating).

    Consider 4 eCat-SK 20kW electrical output units continuously providing power to the Semi battery, an input of 80 kW.

    At 75 mph, the electrical load is 150 kW minus the 80 kw from the eCat-SK or 70 kw drain on the Semi battery pack.

    Given the 3 hour run followed by a one hour rest, total of four 3-hours runs would require 12 hrs * 150 kW or 1,800 kW-hrs of energy. However, the eCat-SK would have 14 hours at 80 kW of input or 1,120 kW-hrs. The difference would be made up by the energy stored in the Semi's battery pack (700 kW-hrs).

    At the end of the 14 hour operation, the Semi is stationary while the operator rests and the eCat-SK recharges the 700 kW-hr Semi battery pack at a rate of 80 kW for the period of 10 hours. The next operating period, the Semi is fully charged.

    Thoughts?

  560. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  561. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For Ecat-SKLed mobile use I was thinking of spotlights mounted on; pickup trucks, construction equipment, forestry vehicles, farm vehicles, emergency vehicles, or as interior lighting on; trains, buses, campervans, caravans, mobile homes, many applications with available 12V wet cell / AGM / Gel batteries.

    Not all homes have connection to a mains electrical supply but can use a 12V battery, some are off-grid by choice, most have no choice being far from grid connections, worldwide there is a very large market for 12V light fittings, both as fixed installations and as mobile.

    Are the contents of the Ecat-SKLed light fitting casing capable of taking mobile use type vibration with occasional bouncing from the ever present pot-holes in roads?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  562. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Of course you mean the references 28, 29, 30 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long:range_particle_interactions
    We did not yet try the replication, but it is in the list.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  563. Joseph

    Dr Rossi,
    How is the certification process going on ?

  564. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph:
    Well,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  565. Andrea Rossi

    Luis Navarro Llabres:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  566. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Glad to see the website back up. Thanks to you and your team!

    Warm regards,
    Tom

  567. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  568. Yuri

    I studied your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and I noticed that the reference 13 and the reference of the Nelson patent US6465965 have points of interest for the development of your technology; questions:
    1- do you agree ?
    2- did you replicate their experiments described in those patents ?
    All the best,
    Yuri

  569. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    1- yes
    2- we tried replications, with mixed results, but it has been an interesting work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  570. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, do you know this site?

    https://www.skledtech.com/

    Their name SKLED, and their product (an extremely bright and economical led lamp). has many points in common with you.

    Sincerely
    Italo R.

  571. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I don’t see anything in common, apart the cacophony: these are cars headlight bulbs and the efficiency is about 200 Lumens /Watt, which is the standard average of any led lamp.
    What is curious is the name, but I do not think they copied it from us: the manufacturer’s name is SK, they make led lamps, therefore is is normal they called SKLED their bulbs. No problems at all. Our product name is “Ecat SKLed” and is originated by Ecat, Sven Kullander Led, in memory of the immense Prof. Sven Kullander.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  572. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    A few days ago you said that jou were nearly there but that still some additional work was needed on the AI to improve on the reliability of the Ecat SKL.
    1. Can you tell what the status is today?
    2. If the AI must be adapted, does it mean additional learning or also hardware change?
    3. Is it more likely now that on the 25th of November also the Ecat SKL is introduced?
    Thanks for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  573. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. we are working very hard on it
    2. both
    3. premature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  574. Heinz Sause

    Hello Chuck Davis,
    I read on the h2IL website that the salty seawater can also be used!
    Kind regards, Heinz Sause

  575. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    the website
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    has returned to life ! It works .
    Prof

  576. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I am delighted to read this,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  577. Chuck Davis

    Heinz Sause, It sounds to me like the new hydrogen electrolysis technology will speed up the depletion of our precious water supply which is already disappearing at an alarming rate!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  578. Erin

    Dr Rossi,
    I am studying your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and I am impressed by the observed isotopic dependence of a particular spectral line in the visible range of the Ecat’s plasma spectrum that confirms the presence of a specificproton-electron interactionat electron Compton lambda scale.
    Such specrum line is well evidenced in the video of the Ecat SK presentation:
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  579. Andrea Rossi

    Erin:
    Just for the Readers: you refer to the wavelength 4.372*10^-7 m in the last line of page 13 of the paper you cited,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  580. Tom Conover

    Andrea,
    Thank you for checking on the Rossi Blog Reader.
    Warm regards,
    Tom

  581. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Our IT specialist is in contact with Eric to try to help him, even if that website is not under our control,
    Warm Regards
    Andrea

  582. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say with new AI system the SKL is ‘not there yet’.

    Does this mean the AI system needs improvement?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  583. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  584. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link. We know very well that kind of stuff…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  585. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for confirming JONP is receiving my posts, but rossiblog reader seems to still be failing. At least we still can communicate together, but I’ve been used to the blog reader that doesn’t require password entry for readers that don’t post often.

    I feel great about jonp but morn rossiblog reader.

    We all hope you’re doing well and continuing to progress with your work. It is a privilege to be allowed to stand together with you in your phenomenal work in energy research, and we eagerly await your product releases as they develop.

    Warm regards,
    Tom Conover

  586. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you very much for your permanent support, we strongly appreciate it.
    The rossiblog reader does not depend on us, it is totally independent, although very useful to our Readers.
    I put our IT specialist in contact with Eric, the moderator of rossiblog reader. We are trying to help him.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  587. Fred

    Dr Rossi,
    How is going today the operation with the Ecat SKLed and SKL ?
    Thank you for answering,
    Fred

  588. Andrea Rossi

    Fred:
    SKLed: excellent
    SKL: almost, but not there yet
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  589. Tom Conover

    Test Post

  590. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Your Test Post has been received regularly,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  591. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr Rossi What happened? So your blog has been down for days?

  592. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    If you sent any comment not arrived here, please resend,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  593. GEORGE PRAZAK

    WHERE ARE THE NEW POSTS?
    THE LAST POSTS I SEE ARE
    A FEW DAYS OLD.

  594. Andrea Rossi

    GEORGE PRAZAK:
    Maybe we lost them in the spam: please resend,
    Warmest Regards,
    A.R.

  595. sgm

    Andrea,

    you might be interested in these people: .

    Un saluto,
    Stefano.

  596. Andrea Rossi

    sgm:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  597. Tom Conover

    Good morning Andrea,

    Testing posting …

    Warm Regards
    Tom Conover

  598. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Your comment here has been received fine: did you send some that have not been published ? In this case, please resend,
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  599. Rino

    Dr Rossi,
    Which is the effect of a scalar field on electrons ?

  600. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I hope the new AI has improved the Ecat SKL such that it is soon ready to hit the market.
    1. Can you tell how much time you need to fully assess its performance?
    2. Would the SKLed also be equipped with the new AI controller when it’s performance is as hoped for?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  601. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. I do not know yet; we are still working on it
    2. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  602. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    If you don’t mind, would you kindly put me in touch with your web developers?

    Thank you,
    Eric Woudenberg
    Author: rossilivecat.com

  603. Andrea Rossi

    ERIC WOUDENBERG:
    the site
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    is not working, as well as
    https://rossilivecat.com
    is down several days since.
    Can you kindly take a look at it ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  604. Rick 57

    @Eric Woudenberg

    Your valuable site is not updated since two days ago…

    Can you tell us if and when this issue will be solved ?

    Many Thanks,

    Riccardo

  605. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read your interesting paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and I have a question: do you think it is in entropy and in point zero energy the source of the Ecat and not the LENR ?

  606. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  607. Heinz Sause

    Hello Mr. Rossi & readers,
    Since around 2005, a technology has been developed in Australia that produces hydrogen very cheaply through galvanization.
    Now this year the whole thing should be more public.
    In my opinion another game changer besides the e-catSKL.
    Particular attention is paid to the project in Australia as to how expected profits are to be used.
    See:
    https://www.h2innovativelab.com/about

  608. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  609. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you been testing the new AI system with the SKL? If so, how satisfied are you with it so far?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  610. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes and yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  611. Koen Vandewalle

    Hello Andrea,
    would you like to briefly explain why the Ecat SKLED does give stable light, while it is apparently more difficult to generate constant power with the SKL?
    I don’t get that right.
    With best regards,
    Koen

  612. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Sorry, to answer this question I’d need to disclose restricted information, but I can say that we have made an A.I. system that hopefully is resolving the problem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  613. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    How are going the tests with the Ecat SKL ?

  614. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    We are working with it right now, started yesterday and so far we are satisfied.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  615. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    I wish you and Team Rossi all the best on the testing of your updated AI chip and software.
    Considering the presumed complexity of all the variables and constraints present at the pico-scale for managing the effect, have you considered using something like the following Cerebras AI system for “deep learning” of the AI software, then porting it to a functional small chip suitable for the SKL?
    https://youtu.be/FNd94_XaVlY

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    Buck

  616. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  617. Stephen Swatman

    Good morning Dr Rossi,

    If I may ask a question.

    1, Are the results so far of the Greenhouse/plant growth tests:

    a, not going well
    b, encouraging
    c, excellent

    regards

  618. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen Swatman:
    d: on course
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  619. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Enginer01,
    Torium fuel cycle in salt reactors is not so simple and clean as it seems at the first approximation.
    That is why salt reactors are only declaired, but not widely used.
    In addition, they also generate radioactive waste, and handling with created from torium the U-233 is not as easy as it seems at first glance.
    Only using LENR development we have a chance to transmutate radioactive waste to the stable form. It is not an easy task but some ideas exist. The problem in this direction is that this goal is not set by the governments of the countries, since billions of dollars have been invested in existing technologies for storing and processing waste without reducing their radioactivity.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  620. Chuck Davis

    @ Aleksei Savchenko, Adding to your response to Rod Walton, I am hoping that the ecat-skl will be operating long before these smrs and all of the trillions of dollars spent on their development will be money down the drain. I am sure that the government’s objective in this development is to maintain their tax income from electrical generation which is also a major advantage of owning an ecat to produce your own electricity. I can’t wait to fire my electric utility.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  621. Enginer01

    Aleksei:
    The new technologies Andrea (and others), sharing energy from the Vacuum with humanity, will undoubtedly remake the world, we pray in gentler form. However, one of the greatest results will be reducing the cost of reprocessing wastes, and in the case of nuclear reactors, sharing space with the Thorium Cycle Molten Salt reactor. Why? Because it will be cheaper than storing Thorium, which has been the bug-a-boo that has prevented mining (in the US) of high Thorium Monazite ores for their valuable Rare Earth contents.
    Rare Earths will be needed for the onslaught of EVs cause by powering with the ECat SKL.

  622. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ 2021-05-11 05:39 Rod Walton
    On Power Engineering issue of May 5 2021:
    Startups making big plans for next-gen SMR ( Small Nuclear Reactors ) projects @

    Dear Rod,
    Don’t anxious about success in SMR developments as it is based on highly outdated technologies.
    My numerous attempts to introduce new fuel with improved characteristics and a simple closed fuel cycle remain unaddressed, although I already have a lot of publications in foreign journals and reports at specialized international conferences.
    As an example see
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332173835_Conceptual_study_of_fuel_cycle_option_with_composite_fuel_for_LWR's#fullTextFileContent
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  623. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    The link in your answer to Rod Walton is very interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  624. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of May 5 2021:
    Startups making big plans for next-gen SMR ( Small Nuclear Reactors ) projects
    Rod Walton

  625. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  626. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am quite intrigued that an AI must solve the Ecat SKL problems. I wonder if you are able to these adjustments yourself, or that only a ‘higher’ Intelligence, like an AI can do that. 🧐
    Just kidding!
    No doubt an AI can do these things more accurate and precise after a learning period than we can. I wish you much success coming weekend!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  627. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  628. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m sure that all of the blog readers are ecstatic to hear that you are moving forward starting this week on the SKL updating. Application of what you have learned from the SKLed is the best conclusion you have shared with us recently, and we all wish you success!

    Warm Regards,

    Tom

    (Matthew 25:14-30
    New Living Translation
    Parable of the Three Servants

    14 “Again, the Kingdom of Heaven can be illustrated by the story of a man going on a long trip. He called together his servants and entrusted his money to them while he was gone. 15 He gave five bags of silver to one, two bags of silver to another, and one bag of silver to the last—dividing it in proportion to their abilities. He then left on his trip.

    16 “The servant who received the five bags of silver began to invest the money and earned five more. 17 The servant with two bags of silver also went to work and earned two more. 18 But the servant who received the one bag of silver dug a hole in the ground and hid the master’s money.

    19 “After a long time their master returned from his trip and called them to give an account of how they had used his money. 20 The servant to whom he had entrusted the five bags of silver came forward with five more and said, ‘Master, you gave me five bags of silver to invest, and I have earned five more.’

    21 “The master was full of praise. ‘Well done, my good and faithful servant. You have been faithful in handling this small amount, so now I will give you many more responsibilities. Let’s celebrate together!’

    22 “The servant who had received the two bags of silver came forward and said, ‘Master, you gave me two bags of silver to invest, and I have earned two more.’

    23 “The master said, ‘Well done, my good and faithful servant. You have been faithful in handling this small amount, so now I will give you many more responsibilities. Let’s celebrate together!’

    24 “Then the servant with the one bag of silver came and said, ‘Master, I knew you were a harsh man, harvesting crops you didn’t plant and gathering crops you didn’t cultivate. 25 I was afraid I would lose your money, so I hid it in the earth. Look, here is your money back.’

    26 “But the master replied, ‘You wicked and lazy servant! If you knew I harvested crops I didn’t plant and gathered crops I didn’t cultivate, 27 why didn’t you deposit my money in the bank? At least I could have gotten some interest on it.’

    28 “Then he ordered, ‘Take the money from this servant, and give it to the one with the ten bags of silver. 29 To those who use well what they are given, even more will be given, and they will have an abundance. But from those who do nothing, even what little they have will be taken away. 30 Now throw this useless servant into outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’)

  629. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your support and for your citation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  630. Bedy

    Dr Rossi:
    Do you confirm that this weekend will be made the new test with the AI potentiated Ecat SKL ?
    Bedy

  631. Andrea Rossi

    Bedy:
    We anticipate, made the preparation sooner than expected, will start tomorrow in the afternoon with a series of very important tests,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  632. Stephen Swatman

    Concerning the work you are doing with the “A.I”

    Are the issues that need to be overcome because each individual SKL unit is somewhat slightly variable in its own power generation?

    So that the “A.I” has to learn the best speed/power/control pulses of each individual SKL to maintain a constant flow of generated electricity?

    regards

  633. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen Swatman:
    This also is an issue the A.I. has to work upon, among many others.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  634. Harold

    Dear Andrea,

    Out of curiosity and if I may ask; What is your future Vision on all the ECat products you and your team are developing?

    Enlighted regards,
    Harold

  635. Andrea Rossi

    Harold:
    Let us be focused on the present now: the future will depend on our power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  636. Aline

    In paragraph 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you talk of the importance of electrode geometry: can you suggest where we can find lectures about electrodes geometry ?

  637. Andrea Rossi

    Aline:
    Please check the references 4, 21, and 13 of the cited paper,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  638. Silent Minority Guy

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    We are anxious to know how will go the experiment you will make during this weekend with the Ecat SKL; besides, thank you to spend all your time, including weekends, to work upon this so important thing.
    God bless you and your team,
    S.M.G.

  639. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Minority Guy:
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  640. Franco

    Hello Dr. Rossi,
    the use of SKLED in greenhouse cultivation is very interesting; it would be desirable for SKLed to be equipped with an AI input for control via PLC (dimmerable input), or, alternatively, it should be equipped with Internet of Things technology ( IoT)

    Thank you

  641. Andrea Rossi

    Franco:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  642. Robert

    Dear Andrea,
    Has the ecat SKled or skl been tested against an electro magnetic pulse device? If so, will it still function afterwards? Even if a restart is required?

  643. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    Obviously it depends on which kind of pulse you are taking about and the related power, as it is for any existing electric device.
    The Ecat SKLed does not have any particular difference from any other appliance about this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  644. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  645. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the purpose of the AI system you will test next week:

    1. To improve the stability of the SKL?
    2. To make a more regular electrical output from the SKL?
    3. To help with charging of batteries?
    4. To increase the COP of the SKL?

    Best of luck with the testing!

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  646. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1 and 2
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  647. Livia

    I envy your work, regards for all the informative posts.

  648. Andrea Rossi

    Livia:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  649. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I checked today the stats of your papers on Researchgate here
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and here are the records smashing results:
    Total Readings: 70020 ( of which 64631 only for “Ecat SK and long range particle interactions” )
    Reccomendations: 4730
    Total Research Interest index: 1296
    Citations: 22
    And counting…
    Ad majora,
    Prof

  650. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the stunning updates,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  651. George

    Dr Rossi,
    is it correct to say that the reference 22 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    contributes to explain the plausibility of long range electron-nucleon interactions ?

  652. Andrea Rossi

    George:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  653. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    Wouldn’t it be much easier to power a brushed DC motor and an inertial wheel with the SKL, then convert the kinetic energy into the mains using a conventional three-phase generator?

    If you compare the simplicity of a conventional generator with the complexity of a pure-sine inverter, you can be sure in terms of efficiency and durability that the former will win over the latter.

    If you need artificial intelligence to generate power, then I’m afraid complexity is a disadvantage.

    The knowledge required to develop LED lamps was undoubtedly practiced by people working under the glow of incandescent lamps. The inventors of the incandescent lamps worked by candlelight.

    I see a lot of people who want to control their lights via Bluetooth, and that the smart people who produce these techniques sometimes have to rely on the breakdown service workers when their car’s spark plugs are worn out and their mechanic hasn’t replaced them in time.

    Sparkling greetings,

    Koen

  654. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  655. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a few questions:
    1. Regarding your answer to Mara: Do you mean an important test is upcoming for the Ecat SKL or for the SKLed next weekend?
    2. Is there any chance that you also might present (maybe only as a prototype) the Ecat SKL at November the 25th?
    Thanks if you can answer.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  656. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. SKL
    2. this depends on what we will see during the weekend of the next week
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  657. ernest dallafior eernie1

    Koen,
    Don’t people realize that it is a lot easier to build shelters, perhaps underground, here on earth rather than on the moon or Mars? If the time comes that it is certain we would need such shelters we have the technology to shelter many more than we can transport to those dangerous places. During the cold war many shelters were constructed just in case of a disaster.
    Instead of “Oh woe is me” lets get out there and use the technology to preserve our species if you think it is necessary. Otherwise stop scaring vulnerable people.
    Calming regards.

  658. Gerard McEk

    @ Koen Vandewalle
    Koen you may be right that there is no way back, but the environment scientists think we might be be able to change the tide when we can limit our CO2 exhaust. I just hope they are right, but what I think is that just a simple reduction will not do. It might work if humans totally stop exhausting CO2. That was my thought when I replied to Ron.
    Nevertheless it will take quite a while (not before the end of this century) before metropolises, which are mostly at near to sea level, are being endangered by the rising sea.
    Regards, Gerard

  659. Mara

    Dr Rossi:
    I think in this period you and your team are focused mainly on the presentation of the Ecat SKLed on November 25th; are you also working on the development of the SKL ?
    Mara

  660. Andrea Rossi

    Mara:
    Absolutely yes: next Saturday I will receive components for an elaboration of the artificial intelligence that should give us a strong contribution and accelerate its presentation: the tests will be made next Saturday and Sunday. I am optimist, but the experiment is very difficult, Very intriguing, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  661. Koen Vandewalle

    @Ron, Rodney, Ernest, Gerard,

    If we compare the current climate changes with those of the past, there is now an important difference: namely that billions of people, manu militari or by buying up land, want to get to a livable part of the planet.

    Currently, a competition seems to have emerged among some prominent countries to create autonomous and self-sustaining biospheres in inhospitable places, such as the Moon, a space station or the planet Mars, to enable permanent habitation.
    To this end, the best brains are brought together to realize the necessary developments with communal and private resources.

    These are not dream projects, but a serious attempt to facilitate life in inhospitable terrain, as is increasingly emerging on our own planet.

    In other words, people are engaged in a good way, taking into account the limitations of people as individuals and as a group. The management and future plan of our planet does not appear as such in the news reports, if only to avoid encouraging panic and speculation from lesser people.

    However important and grand as new energy technologies such as ECAT may be, they are at least but also at most an important part of a complex development towards a new world in which the relationship of dependence between humans and wild nature will have to be broken.

    After all, there is no going back.

    Grateful greetings,
    Koen

  662. ernest dallafior eernie1

    Rodney,
    People talk about eliminating ICE vehicles by 2050. There are presently 1.5 billion ICE vehicles in the world today and only 4 million electric vehicles. Who would be affected the most if we eliminate the ICE cars? No doubt the poorer part of the worlds population who depend on obtaining used vehicles for their requirements. Third world countries are the prime depository of them today and manage to keep them operating well beyond their projected life span. This indicates to me that unless you junk all the ICE vehicles, they will be with us for many years after they are no longer made. Which means that fossil fuels will be required to operate them. Good luck trying to keep someone or some country from producing the fuel for this market. Let’s sock it to the poor again!
    Feedback regards.

  663. To Mr. Stringer:

    2021-05-06 10:09 Ron Stringer

    “Dear Dr. Rossi,
    “I am looking forward to the effects the e-cat will have on displacing fossil fuel use in the future. I have become somewhat (yes, only somewhat) optimistic for humanity’s future on this basis. We have shown a frightening ability to act against our own best interests!
    “Nonetheless, it will take some years for fossil fuel use to be reduced to tolerable levels, perhaps on the order of a decade? You probably have some modelling on this, but I can’t see it happening a lot sooner. During that period, if experience is a reliable teacher, governments and fossil fuel companies will do their best to extract and burn every molecule of carbon they can. Getting the most out of soon-to-be stranded assets will seem a reasonable business case.
    “Moreover, the amount of carbon in the air will continue to increase. You are familiar with the notion of “tipping points” I am sure, the point at which a system irreversibly changes from one state to another. There are several critical tipping points which we are dangerously close to, if not already past. The Amazon basin, the Arctic and Antarctic ice, the Atlantic meridional overturning currents; if any of these change states the world will face new levels of danger and suffering.
    ” …………… ”

    In my opinion, Mr. Stringer, you need to be aware that two studies have been published very recently which have added further to our knowledge of recent ice ages, and have reported: A) that 125,000 years ago, at the peak of the previous ‘interglacial’ (the peak of the melting phase of the Ice Age Cycle), arctic temperatures were higher than they are now; B) that there were trees growing on Canada’s Arctic Ocean coast line (Today, the closest trees are 400km south of that, so will have to spread north another 400 km to get there, which is likely to take at least another couple of thousand years; and C) sea levels then were more than 20 feet higher than they are today, (as of today they have risen already by more than 400 feet since the most recent peak in ice accumulation 20,000 years ago. And some people are fretting about a few more inches? )

    In believe these are facts you would do well to take into account in your assessment of the causes of rising temperatures and melting glaciers. The above data are all for 125,000 years ago, the peak of the melting phase of the previous cycle. We obviously have quite some way to go before we reach the levels of the previous cycle which you of course realize occurred 124,800 years before the start of the industrial revolution.

    At the peak – 20,000 years ago – of ice accumulation of the most recent Ice Age Cycle, where I am sitting right now was covered with 3000 feet of ice – the accumulation and compression of perhaps 50,000 feet of unmelted snow. ALL that ice had melted several thousands of years before the start of the industrial revolution. The same applies in the rest of Canada where in some places the ice accumulation was as much as 12,000 feet deep. Again, it had ALL melted multiple thousands of years before human activity could be imagined to have had any effect on global climate.

    Since the peak of the ice accumulation, 20,000 years ago, the average rate at which the ice front in eastern Canada has receded (Toronto, a location whose data I am familiar with) has been between 200 and 300 metres per year: that is ON AVERAGE. OVER 20,000 YEARS. These days most glaciers are receding at a rate 90% or 95% more slowly than that AVERAGE, at about ten metres per year. The ice front had receded 700 miles all the way north to Toronto as of 12,000 years ago, having been 5,000 feet deep there at the peak.

    These are just a few of the more prominent facts I am familiar with which indicate that the melting phase of the Ice Age Cycle has probably at least a couple more thousand years to run before the accumulation phase of the cycle starts again. And no matter how hard anyone tries to sit like King Canute, hoping to prevent further melting, it is plainly obvious it would be a waste of time. It is also clear that the West Antarctic Ice sheet melted in the last interglacial – and most probably in every one of the interglacials in the preceding approximately 19 ice age cycles before this one.

    So my prediction is that, when Mr. Rossi’s inventions have been fully distributed throughout the economy, and atmospheric CO2 levels fall, the melting cycle will continue. Why wouldn’t it? And when it does I predict people desperate to hold on to their discredited views will claim: “Ah, tipping points”. But the reality is that, if there are such tipping points they would have been triggered also in each of the previous nineteen interglacial melting cycles prior to the present one.

    If you are interested in the causes of the past 20 ice age cycles (Jupiter, precession and changes in earth’s axial tilt) you might want to Google ‘Milankovitch’. In the 1920s he was the first to elucidate the underlying cyclical factors, each with its own period, responsible for the combined cycle in accumulation and melting of ice at high latitudes. You might also want to check out the fact that, for the overwhelming majority of the past billion years, there has been no ice at either pole. Also, you might find of interest what the sediments at the bottom of the Black Sea reveal about all this, and about the date of, and causes accounting for, ‘Noah’s flood’ (hint: it had nothing at all to do with unusual rainfall) all of which factors are interrelated.

    Have fun.

    Rodney.

  664. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    for some applications (including greenhouse lighting) of the SKLed it could be practical and market conform to have an iOS/android app to control the functions of the SKLed remote like: on/off, choose lamps, timer for each lamp and dimming via Bluetooth and/or WLAN.

    with my best regards

    Ulrich

  665. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz,
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  666. George N

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I know that you do not want to reveal too much about the latest SKL version until an official presentation sometime next year, but can you say whether or not the SKL still requires AC input to control the reaction, or can DC input now be used to control/modulate the SKL reaction? (Prior statements indicate that the SKLed can run with only DC input, I was wondering if this was similar for the SKL as well).

    Best,
    George N

  667. Andrea Rossi

    George N:
    Both the Ecat SKL and the Ecat SKLed can be operated either with DC or AC current.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  668. Andrea Rossi

    ernest dellaflor:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  669. Ernst

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    do not think about CO2. If the E-cat SKL works and is available everything will fall into place.
    No more coal, gas, petrol, diesel, fuel in the long term.
    Agriculture of the future will be vertical farming. So no one needs this amount of fields and meadows. Forest areas will be multiplied. Even city-states like Singapore will be autarkic in food and energy.
    Just get a move on with your E-cat SKL.
    Best regards
    Ernst

  670. Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  671. Chuck Davis

    @Iggy Dalrymple, The countries without oil production capability will be highly receptive to the ecat generator and I believe that the demand for ecats just in those countries alone will be greater than the manufacturing capability and the media will spread the information of the spectacular benefits of the cat along with the political pressure to try to save the environment will overcome any resistance in the oil producing countries. The presentation of the SKL will make the name ecat familiar to everyone on the planet and will usher in a new era, the ‘Rossi Era’, the genesis of the planet!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  672. ernest dallafior

    Dear Andrea,
    In my reading of historical events that caused mass extinctions and other disasters on our planet since life began, only one was attributed directly to atmospheric gas content. That was when CO2 fell below 120ppm and plant life was destroyed. Volcanic activity, meteorite impacts, solar emissions, axis tilt, polar flipping and orbital changes are cited. My point is, if you want to be afraid of pending disasters, CO2 abundance is likely not a factor. Enjoy life, it is a gift of nature.
    Happy regards.

  673. Seraphine Chabot

    @Ron Stringer,
    You bet Andrea Rossi is expert of pyrolisis: see
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Cheers
    Seraphine Chabot

  674. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Another big market for SKLed is the outdoor advertising business (billboard advertising).
    Commercial business watch their expenses more closely than do governments.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  675. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  676. Gerard McEk

    @ Ron Stringer:
    Hi Ron,
    I hope you allow me to give my view on this too:
    I believe we should keep CO2 available for plants on this planet. Thus the best way to capture CO2 is to capture it into plants and I think the Ecat SKL is the best tool we have to do that. Let is make fresh water, e.g. by evaporating seawater, using a heating element driven by the Ecat SKL or just producing heat using the Ecat SK. Make zillions of gallons of fresh water and replant the deserts with pants and woods. That’s the way to go I believe. If at the same time large Ecat SKL plants replaces all the power stations and use the electricity to supply the industry with energy. Further we should use the Ecat SKL’s to heat and supply electricity to houses and to drive cars. When that is done, we hardly exhaust CO2 anymore, while plants take the CO2 out of the air. That should lead to a sustainable future for humanity. So let’s put Andrea Rossi to work so he supplies us with Ecats!
    Best regards, Gerard

  677. Ron Stringer

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I am looking forward to the effects the e-cat will have on displacing fossil fuel use in the future. I have become somewhat (yes, only somewhat) optimistic for humanity’s future on this basis. We have shown a frightening ability to act against our own best interests!
    Nonetheless, it will take some years for fossil fuel use to be reduced to tolerable levels, perhaps on the order of a decade? You probably have some modelling on this, but I can’t see it happening a lot sooner. During that period, if experience is a reliable teacher, governments and fossil fuel companies will do their best to extract and burn every molecule of carbon they can. Getting the most out of soon-to-be stranded assets will seem a reasonable business case.
    Moreover, the amount of carbon in the air will continue to increase. You are familiar with the notion of “tipping points” I am sure, the point at which a system irreversibly changes from one state to another. There are several critical tipping points which we are dangerously close to, if not already past. The Amazon basin, the Arctic and Antarctic ice, the Atlantic meridional overturning currents; if any of these change states the world will face new levels of danger and suffering.
    So, not only displacing future carbon emissions but actually removing existing carbon from the atmosphere is critical.
    Thank God that the e-cat can be hugely useful in this as well. Pyrolysis, a simple process which I am very sure you are familiar with, can be deployed quickly on a massive scale. Atmospheric carbon can be accumulated into biomass through natural processes. That biomass can then be pyrolised, isolating the carbon for use or storage in a variety of ways. Plant species which grow very quickly (and thus accumulate much atmospheric carbon) can be grown (Lemnacaea, some algaes) to augment natural sources of biomass.
    This method can be deployed cheaply and massively, as it needs very little technical development. Currently the government and industry are spending massive amounts of money and effort to capture carbon at the source of its emission. These efforts are obvious waste – first, they will take decades to develop and deploy at useful scale, and moreover, the e-cat will displace many of the carbon sources.
    Carbon capture and sequestration needs to be a near-future focus for e-cat development.
    Will you make resources available for someone wanting to develop projects for carbon capture and sequestration? Will you ensure that some of the future production of the e-cat is made available for such purposes? I think it is necessary to do so. Even the older models which produce only heat would be sufficient, and are probably essentially ready to go, if put into production.
    Thanks for your time, which I have so abused with this letter. It is not for publication on the Journal, necessarily. I would hope to be able to make a solid proposal for a CCS program on the basis of the e-cat technology soon after it is introduced (obviously an impossibility before that).
    I hope all is well with you and your family and team.
    Ron Stringer

  678. Andrea Rossi

    Ron Stringer:
    Thank you for your insight.
    We can be interested to examine applications of the kind you are suggesting.
    I too hope it is well with you and your family,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  679. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You confirmed that you will present the E-Cat SKL in 2022. Will this be a electricity generator that can be used in homes?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  680. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Premature to talk about.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  681. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    I found this paper of Prof Anatoly Kulakov and prof V.M. Tyutyunnik that is very interesting :
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/348010143_new_approach_to_the_plasma_quantum_condensate_as_a_new_state_of_matter
    Cheers
    Prof

  682. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you, very interesting.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  683. Norma

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    1- do you confirm that the presentation of the Ecat SKLed will be made on November 25th 2021 ?
    2- Do you confirm that the Ecat SKL will be presented in 2022 ?
    3- Congratulations for your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is the most read paper of the world during the last two years: do you know in which geographic area your paper got more readings ?
    Cheers
    Norma

  684. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- USA and Europe, but the diffusion of the readers in all the Countries of the world has really surprised me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  685. Ines

    Dr Rossi,
    Has your team been harassed by the Covid so far ?
    Can you tell us how is your health ?

  686. Andrea Rossi

    Ines:
    No, we all are doing well and all of us have been vaccinated.
    Thank you for your concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  687. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    We have received information that shows that modern rechargeable batteries cause large CO2 emissions during production.
    The energy that goes into charging them from e.g. coal power plants are approx. 1 kg CO2 / kWh.
    What is the emission of CO2 to produce an Ecat SKL that provides an energy amount of 1 kWh for 100,000 hours?
    Such a number will be of great importance in connection with finding the right mix of the size of SKL and the batteries.
    Regards,
    Svein. H. Vormedal.

  688. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    You are talking of the so called “grey energy”. The Ecat SKLed is the lamp with the highest existent energy efficiency: as a consequence of this fact the grey energy is proportionally less. The quantity of grey energy reduction will be easy to calculate in the real world if you will compare the Lumens/Watt ratio.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  689. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I hope you are willing to answer some questions about the greenhouse test you are performing:
    1. Are you testing it just with one lamp or are you using more lamps?
    2. Is the spectrum of the lamp(s) adjusted for optimal growth performance or the standard 5000K white light?
    It will open a huge market when it is effective, success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  690. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. more lamps
    2. we are working on it
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  691. Dieter Wagner

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    thank you very much for your answer to my question about the plant-available light component in EcatSKLed.
    Testing EcatSKl in greenhouses is a task but not the same as for indoor plants. Whereas in greenhouses, plant luminaires are used to supplement daylight, indoors plant luminaires are often the only available light for plants. Provided SKLed delivers the right quality of light, it could contribute to a paradigm shift in the way we live, shop and feed ourselves. It would be easy to use the plant wall modules already available today to cultivate herbs and especially leafy vegetables on indoor walls. Instead of buying energy-intensive plants produced in greenhouses and transported far to the supermarket, we could harvest and consume them fresh. And we could do this in rooms that are already tempered for our well-being. With today’s lighting technology not economical, with your technology very effective and economical with low investment and energy consumption. Hence my request to test SKLed as the only available light source for plants. Here could be a whole new and interesting market with high sales of your products. The benefit of looking at fresh and true color illuminated greenery in winter is added as an additional benefit. Definitely has a mood-lifting effect!

    Together with the Ecat SKL a decentralization would be possible, which we can hardly imagine today, but which would mean a big step for mankind.
    I look forward to your response. Thank you very much for your important work!
    Best regards
    Dieter Wagner

  692. Andrea Rossi

    Dieter Wagner:
    Good point. I am not able to answer, but, as an experimentalist, as I fundamentally am, I will make also indoor tests and see what happens.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  693. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you explain in few words what exactly is the Compton wavelength cited in paragrapf 1 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  694. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The Compton wavelength is a quantum mechanical property of a particle; it is equal to the wavelength of a photon whose energy is the same as the mass of that particle. The standard Compton wavelength of a particle is h/mc and its frequency is mc^2/h
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  695. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    1000 Watts of power seems to be a large amount of power!

    Regarding Power from Space Page 6 (last three paragraphs pasted below)

    “Separately in my paper: ‘Anomalous Electrodynamic Explosions in Liquids’, IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, PS-14, 282-285 (1986), I presented a more detailed analysis of the incredibly high speed at which ions are driven into an electrode, in defiance of known physics. In the Correa invention to be described there is a slowing down of these fast ions by causing them to transfer energy into the build-up of electric charge in the abnormal glow discharge in front of the cathode, which energy can be drawn off as output electrical power, rather than as heat.

    To complete this preliminary account I refer also to my paper: ‘The Thunderball – An Electrostatic Phenomenon’, presented at the ‘Electrostatics 1983’ conference held at Oxford University, and documented in Inst. Phys. Conf. Series No. 66, at pp. 179-184.

    As can be seen from the data presented in the third Correa patent referenced above, the operation of the Correa discharge tubes at low pulse frequency indicates that energy in excess of 1,000 joules can be stored in the plasma of each discharge pulse. This implies an enormous capacitance and voltage gradients that should be far in excess of those actually prevailing. Indeed, for such energy to be contained as electric charge energy in a plasma confined within the Correa tube one would expect voltage gradients expressed in billions of V/m, unless some compensating reaction suppresses that field.”

    … (perhaps?) translates via this url below into “1000 Joules per second = 1000 Watts”

    https://www.google.com/search?q=1%2C000+joules&rlz=1C1GCEA_enUS915US915&oq=1%2C000+joules&aqs=chrome..69i57.2255140j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8

    Plasma into electricity? While I don’t think I can replicate this in a day or a year or two I doesn’t appear to be much more complicated than some experiments I worked on a few years ago. Would you be kind enough to express an opinion on this level electrical power described please? If you would be so kind, I think it would delite many of your readers.

    Warm Regards,
    Thomas Conover

  696. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  697. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Could coal fired plants convert to ecat power at this time?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  698. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    There are enormous issues related to authorizations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  699. Jaroslav Dobrovolny

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I agree, the Correa invention is very interesting

    Thank you.

    Jaroslav Dobrovolny

  700. Andrea Rossi

    Jaroslav Dobrovolny:
    It has been cited in paragraphs 1 and 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  701. Cristina

    Dear Andrea,
    I read the reference 4 in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    What is your opinion about this paper ?

  702. Andrea Rossi

    Cristina:
    I find the Correa invention very interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  703. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of May 4th 2021:
    EIA: US coal-fired generation making 2021 rally so far
    Rod Walton

  704. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for your update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  705. Salvatore Boi

    @Albert Ellul,
    Addition to what you said: the water can be obtained from the common air humidity, as this link confirm 🌨❄💧:

    https://www.watergen.com/

  706. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    If your SKLed performs as you claim (2500lumen/Watt), then I’m completaly convinced there is absolutely nothing that can compete as a growing light (electricity bill and cost of the lamps)! The very best growing LEDs with optimised blue and red spectra will not even come close. And I would rather prefer to farm under white 5000K-light instead of purple light… The market potential for growing lights must be huge.

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  707. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  708. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So you are testing the SKLeds with plants growing in an indoor environment?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  709. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, we are making experiments with a friend of mine who owns a series of greenhouses.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  710. Jeff

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Actually, if the Ecat Skled is fit for the greenhouses and saves substantially energy and money, the market is huge.
    Best
    Jeff

  711. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    I agree,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  712. Albert Ellul

    Dear D. Rossi,

    Many seem to believe that your invention will be hurting the oil and gas extraction and processing industry, and this is as expected, but still the hydrocarbon industry will survive since oil and gas are feed stock for many products such as cement production, plastics and fertilizers.

    What some may not be realising is that the E-Cat will hit hard, very hard and it could be a total mortal blow, to the Big Solar and Big Wind oligarchs who have been draining our taxes in the name of saving the planet, when in fact great damage is being incurred as aptly explained so well in film director Michael Moore’s movie Planet of the Humans: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zk11vI-7czE&t=5039s

    The E-Cat will be a game changer, eventually bringing energy production very close to the user, like the home computer brought computing power directly into our homes.

    One day we will have a small, silent, clean electrical power plant directly powering our homes, providing warmth in winter and air-conditioning in summer at very low cost affordable by all. The E-Cat will be producing potable water straight from sea or brackish water by means of cheap reverse osmosis plants where water is scarce. I am going out on a limb here: The E-Cat will one fine day end poverty for all those who want to get out of it.

  713. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Thank you for your intelligent insight and for the link,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  714. Hanna Leibniz

    Dr Rossi,
    Firstly, congratulations for the stunning success of your 64000+ readings paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    About which I have a question: is it correct to assume the primary source of energy is the point zero energy ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Hanna Leibniz

  715. Andrea Rossi

    Hanna Leibniz:
    I would say so,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  716. Georgette

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    It is very interesting to read that you are studying the application of the Ecat Skled to the greenhouses.
    Is the spectrum of the Skled fit ?
    Georgette

  717. Andrea Rossi

    Georgette:
    It appears so from the first experiments.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  718. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    That electricity can now be stored relatively reasonably is a huge opportunity for your Ecat SKL.
    Like car manufacturers, you need to find good battery manufacturers and sell complete systems.
    The batteries, for example to Volvo, are purchased from two companies:
    Korean LG Chem and Chinese Contemporary Amperex Technology.
    These are two different technologies: so-called prismatic cells and pouch cells.
    The latter are specially developed for use in electric cars. Volvo combines these two solutions.
    Regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  719. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  720. Dieter Wagner

    Hello Dr. Rossi.
    We currently use LED lights to illuminate indoor green walls, which allow plants to photosynthesize. The light spectrum of the SKLed seems to be identical to the light spectrum of the previous plant lights with much lower power consumption. Currently, the lights require 100 watts for approximately 10,000 lumens. Do you have any experience with supplying plants with your light?Would the light be enough to supply at least 2-3 m2 of plants from a distance of 2 m? If so, I would increase my order again significantly…..
    Looking forward to reply.
    Best regards
    Dieter Wagner

  721. Andrea Rossi

    Dieter Wagner:
    Thank you for the information. We are making specific experiments in this field: as a matter of fact we can generate a substantial save of electric energy and money.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  722. Prof

    @Kopfnuss Kalli:
    I am a professor of Physics

  723. Kopfnuss Kalli

    @ Prof.

    What does Your name stand for ? Is it an abbreviation for professor or professional ?

    Regards

  724. George N

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    To clarify an earlier answer you gave, is the SKL now able to consistently recharge any of the following:
    (1) a smart phone battery?
    (2) a regular car battery?
    (3) a tesla car battery?

    Best,
    George N

  725. Andrea Rossi

    George N:
    We will give information about the SKL when it will be ready to be offered in the market. Now it would be premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  726. Andrzej Pelczar

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Maybe your readers can be interested to this paper:
    Apparatus Suitable for Detecting Entropy Flows Between Elements Experiencing Different Time Dilation
    http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.15964.31368
    Best Regards,
    Andrzej Pelczar

  727. Andrea Rossi

    Andrzej Pelczar:
    Thank you for the link to your interesting paper,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  728. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Are New Standards and
    Regulations needed to
    test the ECat-SKLed?

    https://www.osram.com/os/products/illumination-applications/tools-and-service/led_standards_regulations.jsp

    Regards
    Sam

  729. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    The respect of all the standards and regulations necessary for the certification of the Ecat SKLed is needed. This is matter for the certification entity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  730. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    Are you familiar with the
    8750 LED Standard?

    https://www.ul.com/news/updates-led-equipment-use-lighting-products-ul-8750-what-you-need-know

    Regards
    Sam

  731. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  732. Vivienne

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Returning to your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I think that the roots of your theoretical system at the base of the Ecat SK, SKL are all in the reference 17.
    Am I correct ?
    Vibienne

  733. Andrea Rossi

    Vivienne:
    I too think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  734. Andrea Rossi

    Dear readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    As you can notice, this address has returned to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    as it was originally

  735. Ernst

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    i think you do not need political support, too.
    But there are rivals of the old fossil energy companies who have an enormous influence in some countries. To avoid conflicts you should also produce the E-Cat SKL in a strong country in where the old fossil industry is not the king of the castle. Even better if in this country not even one major corporation is the top dog – like in the People’s Republic of China.
    So if the E-Cat SKL is foreseeable to establish itself in China, because it is cheaper than all other alternatives, it makes the country self-sufficient – then all the rest of the world have NO CHOICE but to adopt this new technology, too. No matter how big the power of the old fossil industry is.
    Best regards

  736. Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  737. Jan Srajer

    Mr. Rossi
    1. Is the Ecat SKLed safe against falling from 1m
    2. Will Ecat SKLed still work at 9V?
    3. Is the Ecat SKLed rain resistant?
    4. Is the Ecat SKLed resistant to frequent switching on and off
    Warm regards

  738. Andrea Rossi

    Jan Srajer:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    3. yes
    4. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  739. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    Your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached 64 000 Readings…and counting !
    Cheers
    Prof

  740. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the stunning update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  741. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “Ultra Violet and Extreme Ultra Violet rays are not generated by the Ecat SKLed”

    A point of clarification:

    1. Do you mean that the light radiation external to the Ecat SKLed unit contains neither Ultra Violet nor Extreme Ultra Violet rays?
    2. Do you mean that internally, within the Ecat SKLed, that there is no generation of such rays?
    3. Or both 1 and 2?

  742. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    3
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  743. Engineer

    Dear Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you for your prompt answer. I agree with you and hope your proposal will be taken seriously by the authorities dealing with this huge problem.
    Thank you also for teching us the ALARA acronym.
    All the best to you both,
    Engineer

  744. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On the subject of inductive loads and the eCat-SK, assuming a 20kW electrical output from the eCat-SK, what time constant is required to handle load inductance?

    1. < 1 sec;
    2. 1 – 2 sec;
    3. 2 – 10 sec;
    4. longer than 10 sec?

    Assuming a Tesla Model 3 battery system with a nominal voltage of about 350V, a 20 kW load would need about 60 Amperes of average current. So for about a 2% drop in voltage, the effective battery resistance would need to be about 0.1 Ohm. You might need to parallel several such battery packs (not battery systems) to achieve the effective resistance and duration that you need to accommodate the inductive stress. At some level of battery sizing/operation, no eCat-Sk input is required to temporarily run the inductive load. At that point, the eCat-SK is merely tasked with keeping the batteries charged. Thoughts?

  745. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I am not able to answer these questions, we are still green about it. Your calculations make sense, though.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  746. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    1) Does the coherent EUV light produced by the plasma ball in the E-Cat SKLed get converted into visible light by an optically thick atmosphere within the reactor?

    2) The negative resistance regime is produced by the existence of a complex space charge (the plasma ball) that increases the power transfer capability of the plasma. There is a great deal of information commonly available about the formation of such fireballs in DC discharges. Could you explain the how the negative resistance regime (and the formation of the plasma ball) is related to the formations of coherent matter?

    3) Have you performed any experiments to determine the characteristics of the membrane or double layer of your plasma ball? For example, have you attempted to determine if it is superconducting?

    4) Kenneth Radford Shoulders marveled at how well Mercury vapor helped in the formation of small scale self organizing plasmas. Have you performed any tests utilizing this element? Were the results positive?

    5) Have you ever seen any evidence of coherent matter or EVOs traveling into the power supply?

    6) What is your opinion of the interaction of these coherent matter layers and the magnetic vector potential? Do you see evidence of a greater coupling than with ordinary matter?

    7) Do you think self organizing plasmas such as the one in your device could one day be utilized to produce a field that could manipulate mass, gravity, or inertia?

  747. Andrea Rossi

    Plasmafan:
    1- Ultra Violet and Extreme Ultra Violet rays are not generated by the Ecat SKLed
    2- all I have to say on this issue is published in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    3- no
    4- no
    5- no
    6- no
    7- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  748. Dear engineer!

    Thank you for your comment! We also very much hope so. In accordance with the ALARA principle, this relatively inexpensive technology will reduce the risk of tritium entering the body when eating fish caught in the Fukushima water discharge area. Perhaps this will save someone’s life and prevent mutations at the cellular level when a beta emitter enters the human body.
    (ALARA, abbreviated A s Low A s R easonably A chieveable) is one of the main criteria formulated in 1954 by the International Commission on Radiological Protection in order to minimize the harmful effects of ionizing radiation. Ensures that both individual (below the limits established by current standards) and collective radiation doses are maintained at the lowest possible and achievable level, taking into account social and economic factors.

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  749. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Don’t you think that you will need political support to develop and diffuse the Ecat technology ?

  750. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  751. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  752. Jan Srajer

    Is the life time of the Ecat SKLed 100 000 hours independently from the luminous flow ?
    Warm Regards,
    Jan Srajer

  753. Andrea Rossi

    Jan Srajer:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  754. Engineer

    Dear Eng. Vitaly Uzikov and Irina Uzikova:
    Thank you for your important paper published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics. Your technological proposal can help to resolve a tremendously difficult situation.
    I hope the authorities preposed to dispose of the nuclear wastes from the facility of Fukushima read your intelligent proposal, for the benefit of all.
    Engineer

  755. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Why should you use hydrogen, when you can use one or more E-catSKL directly?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  756. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    I do not use hydrogen. The question of George N was if the Ecat SKL can be useful to produce hydrogen, obviously referring to hydrogen manufacturers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  757. Chelsea

    Dr Rossi:
    I think that the fact that the US Navy has replicated your patent US 9,115,913 B1 helps you, giving to your work strong credibility.
    Chelsea

  758. George N

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    That is great news. Just to follow up on that last question/answer — coincidentally enough yesterday Volvo and Mercedes announced that they would be cooperating to develop hydrogen cells for 18 wheeler trucks because that transport mode is not optimal for purely electric vehicles.

    An idea that I came across on e-catworld.com was that the skl might be able to convert water to hydrogen all inside the vehicle when plugged into an external AC power source. Transporting and transferring hydrogen is very costly due to the highly reactive nature of hydrogen, but if the production of hydrogen can all be done safely inside the vehicle then this may significantly lower the infrastructure costs of hydrogen fuel cells.

    If you develop the SKL to charge batteries, do you see third parties being able to convert the SKL to produce hydrogen or would that be an application that you would need to be directly involved in developing?

    Best,
    George N

  759. Andrea Rossi

    George N:
    Premature to answer, because there would be a dimensional problem to resolve, to get the necessary speed of conversion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  760. Glenda Roberts

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is the negative resistance important in the Ecat SKL ?
    Cheers
    Glenda

  761. George N

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the DC current that the SKL produces strong/stable enough to perform electrolysis of water to produce economical amounts of hydrogen?

    Best,
    George N

  762. Andrea Rossi

    George N:
    Yes, we have resolved this part of the problem,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  763. TOUSSAINT

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please, in the future would it be a good idea using the SKL to hydrolyze water to obtain hydrogen ?

    Kind Regard

    Toussaint François

  764. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint:
    Maybe.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  765. Ulrik Gustavsson

    Dr Rossi:
    Did you make a licence agreement with the US Navy to allow them to use your technology, or did you allow a proxy to make such agreement on your behalf ?

  766. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrik Gustavsson:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  767. Ulrik Gustavsson

    Dr Rossi,
    congratulations for the important validation made by the US Navy of your effect as I saw here:
    Patent Application US 2021/0090752 A1
    This production of the US Navy crowns the work of you and your team.

  768. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrik Gustavsson:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  769. Mike Phalen

    Hi Dr. Rossi,

    I have two questions:

    1. In regards to driving an inductive load with the E-cat. Is it possible that the E-cat reaction is fundamentally unable to create electricity capable of driving an inductive load or do you think it is an engineering issue and it will eventually be worked out?

    2. Would you say that the IP protection in the E-cat is military grade?

  770. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Phalen:
    1- maybe, but the interface with a battery is a solution in most of cases
    2- I do not know
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  771. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Like in other countries, the energy transition in the Netherlands is gaining momentum. Companies responsible for the electrical infrastructure intensify the pressure on the government and the inhabitants, saying that the capacity needs to be doubled to enable the expected power increase due to electrical driving and room heating (heat-pumps). Enormous investments are expected, at least 1/3 of the streets must be excavated to allow for ten thousands of kilometers additional electrical cables.
    I believe that this will not be necessary when the Ecat SKL comes on the market. I hope you can show in November an, perhaps at that moment not perfect, Ecat SKL, that can give the world hope for a brighter future.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  772. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  773. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    So the current Ecat SKLed model is ready to be produced and probably only requires minor modifications.
    We all know how important its rapid release to the market is.
    My question: why wait until the end of this year for the presentation?
    You could introduce it right away. Many governments could change their sustainable development spending programs.
    kind regards,
    Italo R.

  774. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    We are not ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  775. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    You say that the SKL has
    a 3 prong plug for grounding.
    But you said NO to Kieth Thomson
    Question when he asked if the light
    fitting requires an Earth Connection.
    Can you Clarify.
    Regards
    Sam

  776. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    You are right, I have been ambiguous on this point, because in reality both solutions can be adopted. The matter of the fact is that the Ecat SKLed does not need a prog for grounding, but the SKL in high power configurations would require the earthed tripolar cable. Hence the ambiguity of my answers, I did not make the distinction. Sorry for that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  777. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    as you are definitely aware of, a significant part(59.33 Billion Euros) of the Recovery Fund will be allocated by the Italian Government to the so-called “Green revolution and Ecological transition”.

    I therefore urge you to make known worldwide, with any means, the potential of the E-CAT SKL technology as soon as possible, before this river of money is wasted by installing fields of solar panels, hills of wind generators, new generation nuclear power plants, hydroelectric power plants, tide-based generators, which instead of solving the problem will contribute to disfigure Nature even more.

    Thanks a lot for your understanding and continuous effort.

    Riccardo

  778. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  779. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    Does the SKLed have
    a three prong Power
    Cord for grounding?
    Regards
    Sam

  780. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  781. Giusy Mantegazza

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you still think that the lamp shown in
    http://www.ecat.com
    has links to the LENR ?

  782. Andrea Rossi

    Giusy Mantegazza:
    As I already said many times, I do not think anymore that LENR exist. I am convinced of the rightness of the theoretical threads in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions.
    The key words of what I think are:
    Zitterbewegung
    Zero Point Energy
    Low Entropy
    Long Distance Interactions
    the basics are in references 1, 17, 25, 32 of the paper above cited.
    Obviously, this is only an opinion and, as such, it could be wrong as convincing as it might be to me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  783. Giuseppe, Andrea:
    If one uses cars, one has to maintain roads, and if there is no fuel to tax, one must tax the kilometres. The alternative would be to go to Lilium-type airplanes, they do not consume roads.

    “Have you ever seen a politician retire from politics poorer than he was before digging his hands in the politic jam?”
    Yes, I have.

    regards, /pekka

  784. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your opinion, that I totally respect. Obviously taxes are necessary, the problem in in the measure and in the utilization of them.
    About “have you ever…”: I have not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  785. Heinz Sause

    Hello and good day, Mr. Rossi!
    My suggestion:
    A video, but at least photos if the e-catSKLed illuminates a place.
    Best wishes and good efficiency to you and your team.
    Heinz Sause

  786. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    At the presentation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  787. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Dr. Rossi
    It seems that for transport the SKL coupled to a battery is a good solution. You told us that you have contacts with an automobile manufacturer.
    Can you tell us how he sees the integration of SKL in vehicles? SKL only, SKL + battery, SKL + supercapacitor, other….
    A curiosity: my wife’s electric car has, in addition to the propulsion battery, a traditional 12-volt battery.
    Best regards
    Raffaele bongo

  788. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Premature, I am not ready to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  789. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    it seems that the dream of driving a zero-cost car powered by an ECAT is destined to remain so. Lawmakers are already taking countermeasures by shifting taxes from fuel to mileage. Consider that in Italy about 62% of the total cost of fuel are taxes, so these revenues must necessarily be found somewhere else.
    https://www.washingtonpost.com/transportation/interactive/2021/electric-mileage-tax/
    if I can I would like to ask you a question. With the Ecat-Skled you used an approach with popular prices at $ 25, will you do the same with the 20Kw SKL Home? Have you already thought about an indicative price?
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

  790. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Should we return to the stone age, be sure governments will tax stones.
    Have you ever seen a politician retire from politics poorer than he was before digging his hands in the politic jam ?
    About the costs of the SKL, it’s a premature question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  791. Johan

    Dr Rossi,
    I suggest you to make the SKL able to deal with any kind of battery, so you wil eliminate obstacles.
    Johan

  792. Andrea Rossi

    Johan:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  793. Koen Vandewalle

    Hello Andrea,
    are you planning to market the Ecat SKL in different power classes and of course different price ranges? Or are you thinking of a modular, stackable concept?
    An application to produce heat, for example, or to drive a cooling machine will be easier to operate than a photocopy machine or a passenger lift. With the former energy sources, the low price of the energy source will prevail, and with the latter the quality of the electricity supplied.
    Or will the SKL be so cheap again – due to a genius design – that it makes no difference?
    With best regards,
    Koen

  794. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your suggestions, but it is premature to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  795. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Because you are developing the Ecat SKL, I hope you develop it on a power level that will be the most useable for many applications, like for domestic use and for cars, which is around 20 kW electric. By putting them in parallel, considerabel power levels can be reached for more heavy industrial applications.
    Can you confirm that this 20 kWe SKL is at least one of the power levels you are concentrating on in the development of the Ecat?
    Thank you, for answering our continuous stream of questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  796. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  797. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    We agree that SLK and battery are inseparable in most use cases.
    There is no one in an ordinary home, today, who demands a battery with a capacity of eg 25 kWh.
    After installing a SKL in the order of 5 to 10 kW, everyone will acquire a battery around this size.
    This is because SKL is has the primary function here.
    This means that anyone who is a supplier of SKL, can easily become the best supplier of the battery.
    Therein lies a very significant market value.
    Good luck also as a supplier of good batteries in the correct size and adapted to the different uses.
    The batteries can easily be obtained from the world’s leading manufacturers.

    Regards.
    Svein H. Vormedal

  798. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  799. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    great news if you can manage to run inductive loads just by integrating a battery into the E-Cat SKL !

    My suggestion is to consider also a graphene supercapacitor instead: it may be more reliable and better suited to accomodate current peaks.

    Charged Regards,
    Riccardo

  800. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  801. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Is the Casing Metal or
    Plastic on the SKLed?

    Regards
    Sam

  802. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Plastic, completely recycled by us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  803. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The more I read about the Ecat-SKLed over time the more I am impressed by the device’s capabilities, an over-unity device intended to be mass-produced. If I may, some questions about how this light fitting will interface with a power supply.

    A. Is this light fitting available for purchase to all countries in the world and designed to interface with any worldwide domestic power supply?

    B. Will the supply voltage be self-detected, or will there be a switch for voltage selection in the back of the light fitting?

    C. Will all light fittings be supplied with the same cable and plug, user supplied adaptor required to fit local market wall socket?

    D. Does the light fitting require an earth connection?

    E. What length of cable will be supplied with the plug?

    F. Will the cable be detachable from the casing?

    G. Will it be possible to refit a longer cable for say as a ceiling spotlight in a room or will a wall socket for a plug have to be fitted local to the light fitting?

    H. Does the warranty period cover not only the Ecat-SKLed part but casing, front diffuser lens / cover, mounting bracket, cable, plug, back panel switches, any internal power supply step down transformer?

    I. Is the warranty for fixed installations or will it cover mobile use? (12V allows mobility)

    To allow mass production and worldwide use over the many different power supply voltages, frequencies, earth systems and socket types, many suppliers of domestic goods that have internal electronics have developed devices that have a low voltage plug connector to the device with a separate power cable and wall socket transformer for the local market electrical supply, depending on how susceptible the device electronics are to voltage supply spikes, noise, fluctuation, dropout, harmonics, etc., the wall socket power supply unit can provide a regulated output, the cable often supplied with a ferrite choke.

    Separation of power supply regulation from the light fitting may have benefits, separating power supply reliability from light fitting reliability, wall socket power supplies are a well understood mass-produced low-cost component, separation may simplify mass production and lower the cost of the light fitting.

    The critical path is volume production of the Ecat-SKLed part, in time all the rest is packaging.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  804. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  805. Tom Conover

    Greetings Andrea and fellow blog readers!

    This quote seemed to ring true as I age faster each year, so I thought I might share it here with those of you that share that with me. :-)

    Warm regards,
    Tom

    https://www.enotes.com/shakespeare-quotes/we-such-stuff-dreams-made

    THE TEMPEST ACT 4, SCENE 1, 148–158
    “Such stuff as dreams are made on”

    Prospero:
    Our revels now are ended. These our actors,
    As I foretold you, were all spirits, and
    Are melted into air, into thin air:
    And like the baseless fabric of this vision,
    The cloud-capp’d tow’rs, the gorgeous palaces,
    The solemn temples, the great globe itself,
    Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve,
    And, like this insubstantial pageant faded,
    Leave not a rack behind. We are such stuff
    As dreams are made on; and our little life
    Is rounded with a sleep.

  806. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for this magnificence,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  807. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of April 27 2021:
    CF Industries plans 20 MW electrolyzer to produce hydrogen in Louisiana
    Rod Walton

  808. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  809. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Here are the last stats about your publication on Researchgate I found here
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Readings 69000 (!) of which 63783 only for the link above
    Recommendations 4623
    Citations 22
    Total Research Interest index 1267
    And counting…
    Ad majora,
    Prof

  810. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  811. Keith Thomson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Good news to hear that you are investigating a replacement for the lead shielding of your E-Cat’s.

    Currently many countries around the world are trying to remove or reduce lead content of products placed on the market, for example there is the Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS) for electronic and electrical equipment placed on the market within Europe, this restricts 6 hazardous materials, lead is one of them.

    For individual E-Cat units to be sold for use in cars or in the home as domestic boilers, many countries would require extensive periods of safety testing, with lots of official / political debate about the advisability of the general public getting access to this technology, (also how to tax it as there will be less cash revenue from fuel duties as petrol / diesel is gradually replaced by E-Cat powered cars). For both cars and boilers you can expect impact testing requirements with examination of what would be exposed to atmosphere / environment if the E-Cat was ruptured (toxic nickel particle powder), you can expect curious people to dismantle them to inspect / fix them themselves or for them to be stolen and opened up. The use of lead as part of the construction will just slow the progress of getting E-Cat units onto the market.

    E-Cats or their descendants with or without lead shielding are likely to be readily adopted in industrial heating units, centralised power generation, shipping, trains and many other large regulated and controlled applications, but the uncontrolled use of individual E-Cats by the public in Europe and America may be delayed for a long time by safety / political concerns, things like use of lead will be one of the many excuses.

    Higher density materials like carbon steel, stainless steel, copper, nickel, nickel alloys, cupronickel, could all be alternative gamma ray absorption materials for surrounding the pressurised active nickel particle core, they would require to be at least double and more the thickness of lead for the same gamma ray halving distance. Heavy wall steel pipes are commonly available; they can have wall thicknesses up to 25% of the pipe outside diameter, in Europe DIN 2448 is a heavy wall heat exchanger pipe available in a variety of pressure quality steel grades. Copper heavy wall pipe can be produced; it’s just an engineering / sourcing exercise. Copper and nickel could be recycled from E-Cat spent nickel powder.

    The use of alternative shielding materials may be seen as expensive but you may find there are advantages, higher melting temperature for shielding with possibly higher operating temperatures, better heat transfer, combining the pressure containment component with the shielding, more readily available and acceptable materials to meet the market requirements.

    Best regards, Keith.

  812. Andrea Rossi

    Keith Thomson:
    A- yes
    B- self detected
    C- the plug will be fit for the Country of destination
    D- no
    E- 2 meters ( 6’8″ )
    F- yes
    G- yes
    H- the guarantee will cover everything contained in the body, so long the body will be integer, as written in the order form you can find here:
    http://www.ecat.com
    The sole external thing is the cable, that obviously is guaranteed against fabrication defects
    I- if “mobile” means you throw it down from the 30st floor of a skyscraper, it is guaranteed only until the 1st floor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  813. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your response to my latest question. Do you mean that an Ecat SKL generator which has an integrated battery could be part of the solution to moving inductive loads?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  814. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Maybe. We are working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  815. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Svein Vormedal has suggested concentrating on a Ecat SKL battery-charger, which I too think is a very good idea because of so many applications for it.

    Do you think this would this be easier for you to achieve that producing a normal Ecat SKL generator?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  816. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are working also on it: charging a battery is easier that moving an inductive load, but eventually batteries can move an electric engine, therefore the problem could be indirectly resolved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  817. Gary

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for the replication of your effect made by the US Navy,
    Ad majora,
    Gary

  818. Andrea Rossi

    Gary:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  819. Weleda

    Dear Andrea,
    I am a customer that bought the Ecat SKLed sending the order form from
    http://www.ecat.com
    First of all, now the site works perfectly, I sent the order after filling the empty spaces and received after few seconds confirmation of receiving my order.
    Secondly, I love the design, it is a beauty. When I filled the order I was moved, after years waiting for an Ecat finally made as a product: like Pinocchio that turns a real boy.
    Congratulations,
    Weleda

  820. Andrea Rossi

    Weleda:
    Thank you for chosing our product,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  821. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    Concentrate on developing SKL to be able to charge batteries.
    The market here is currently many millions of units in EV alone.
    For more than 90% of all buildings that can utilize SKL, a battery park is equally necessary.
    Regards.
    Svein H. Vormedal.

  822. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  823. Dear Andrea Rossi
    SKLed provides a dimeable.
    1. Whether the intensity of the light emits changes simply in proportion yo the change in power or other characteristics as exponential and other?
    2. Ecat SKL power generator will supply DC voltage. How many times greater impulse current than denomination? Is it necessary to protect against short circuits?
    Best Regards
    Kazimieras Liepis

  824. Andrea Rossi

    Kazimieras Liepis:
    1- proportional
    2- not necessary any specific protection against s.c.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  825. I am grinning from ear to ear at the suggestion in the last paragraph of the following post. Thank you, H.A.T.:
    – – – – – – – –
    2021-04-25 08:00 Hermes Atar Trismegistus

    Dear Andrea,

    You have said that your E-Cat SKL does not like inductive loads like electric motors? If you are interested in a possible free energy motor, then I think you should take a look at the Edwin V. Gray Impulse Motor:

    http://gratisenergi.se/gray.htm

    As you can read, I have discovered one of his secrets and it explains why he was so interested in high voltage. It is possible that there are several other secrets with the impulse motor and the only way to find out is to build a prototype and test the capacitor discharge.

    In the meantime, I think you should continue to experiment with your E-Cat SKL for charging car batteries and an on-board electrolyzer that gets its electricity from the E-CAT SKL to release hydrogen gas for cars with internal combustion engines.
    – – – – – – –
    Finally, an automobile powered by WATER …….. and an Ecat.

    Rodney.

  826. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  827. Richard Stettler

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As the use of the SKLed is limited to certain fields. I would like to have a product with a warm white colour and less powerfull for a houshold or apartment.
    A bulp type would be very nice..

    Warm regards, Richard

  828. Andrea Rossi

    Richard Stettler:
    The SKLed is as shown in the photo and data sheet here:
    http://www.ecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  829. Steve Swatman

    Dear Dr Rossi.

    The Nov 25th presentation will be on a customer site, if I remember correctly.
    may I ask:

    1, will the customer also be a partner in the manufacture/marketing of the SKLed?

    2, is the customer site already using SKleds on site?

    3, If so, how many SKLeds are currently operating?

    4, are they proving to be stable?

  830. Andrea Rossi

    Steve Swatman:
    This information will be given after the presentation
    War,m Regards,
    A.R.

  831. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I have a feeling that performing a test with a grid-tie inverter between the ecat and an electric motor will be a very important step in the process of improving the reliability especially since this is an important configuration for residential applications.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  832. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  833. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I remember that you still had some issues with the reliability of the Ecat SKL which you now confirmed to Gerard McEk.

    I cannot imagine that you want to produce 1 million SKLeds if they don’t have a high reliability. Will the SKLeds have a perfectly stable and reliable output? How come that the Ecat SKL is currently much less reliable? Is it due the significant bigger size of the reactor?

    I wish you success in solving all problems with the SKL!

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  834. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    The Ecat SKLed is perfect and ready for the market. The SKL will follow suit in 2012. The Ecat SKLed is easier to make, because its application is constant, while the SKL has infinite possibilities of application, which makes it more complex.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  835. Rogers Hellman

    Many people have commented on the US Navy’s plagiarism of your patient, mostly to say how this validates your work. While that is true. I suggest the possibility that all is not as it seems. It is hard to imagine that the US Navy could be this naive. I worry on your behalf that something non-obvious is at play.

  836. Andrea Rossi

    Rogers Hellman:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  837. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Maybe I misinterpreted in my last comment the date of 31st of Dec. 2022 (question 3):
    1. When at the earliest will you start the production of the SKLed’s?
    2. Can if be before the 25th of Nov. 2021?
    3. Will you inform those who have ordered? and/or pre-ordered the SKLed before the 31st of Dec. 2022 whether or when their SKLed(s) will be delivered?
    In addition to the questions about the Ecat SKL, can you tell us which aspect of the technical problems is you greatest challenge?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  838. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- when 1 million units will be ordered
    2- I don’t think so, it is very unlikely that the target will be reached before the presentation
    3- as soon as we will reach the target, we will give public information of it
    4- the preparation of the SKL is on course .
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  839. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Reasonable questions are :

    1. How many orders do you currently have for the SKLed?
    2. From the Orders, what is the total number of SKLed units ordered?
    3. Do you have an estimate of when you will reach your required threshold to begin production? If so, what date?

  840. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- premature question
    2- see 1
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  841. Dear Andrea,

    You have said that your E-Cat SKL does not like inductive loads like electric motors? If you are interested in a possible free energy motor, then I think you should take a look at the Edwin V. Gray Impulse Motor:

    http://gratisenergi.se/gray.htm

    As you can read, I have discovered one of his secrets and it explains why he was so interested in high voltage. It is possible that there are several other secrets with the impulse motor and the only way to find out is to build a prototype and test the capacitor discharge.

    In the meantime, I think you should continue to experiment with your E-Cat SKL for charging car batteries and an on-board electrolyzer that gets its electricity from the E-CAT SKL to release hydrogen gas for cars with internal combustion engines.

  842. Andrea Rossi

    Hermes Atar Trismegistus:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  843. Ken Higgins

    Hi Andrea:
    The patent application of the US Navy US 2021/0090752 A1 published on March 25th 2021 has been copied from your patent US 9,115,913 B1 granted in August 2015: aren’t you angry ?

  844. Andrea Rossi

    Ken Higgins:
    No, I am proud of a so much important replication of my effect,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  845. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Have you considered attending
    Trade shows with the SKLed?

    https://www.manufacturer.lighting/expo/15/

    Regards
    Sam

  846. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes, after the presentation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  847. François MUZARD

    Cher Docteur Rossi,
    la puissance maximum consommée par Ecat SKLed sera-t-elle très bien visible sur l’appareil en position de fonctionnement ? ceci afin de faire taire les trolls qui essaieront de dire que le projecteur consomme beaucoup sur le raccordement électrique.
    Warm regards
    François

  848. Andrea Rossi

    François Muzard:
    Yes, the absorbed power of the Ecat SKLed will be clearly visible, but not to capture the good will of the trolls, which would be an oxymoron, but to allow people to understand clearly what is going on,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  849. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you tell us a bit about how ‘massive’ you planned production capacity of the SKLed will be when the million pre-orders are received?
    1. What will be the production units per day?
    2. How much time will it take before you can start production?
    3. In FAQ you said that: “In any case Leonardo Corporation will inform you of the delivery date within December 31st, 2022.” When it is so long after the order, would it mean that you would inform that the order will be cancelled?
    Then some questions about the Ecat SKL.
    I, and I’m sure many on ECW, had the feeling that the development of the SKL was well on its way. So why the long before we can order an Ecat SKL driven product?:
    4. Because tests did not agree with your own performance and efficiency measurements?
    5. Because reliability needs to be improved?
    6. The power levels must be improved to make it suitable for the market and you potential customers wanting to apply the Ecat SKL
    7. Because SSM is difficult to maintain yet?
    8. Because some other technical aspects?
    9. Because certification takes more time than expected?
    10. If 9 is the case, what is the reason?
    Thank you is you can answer.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  850. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- as much as necessary
    2- days
    3- I do not understand what you mean. We mean what we wrote.
    4- no
    5- yes
    6- yes
    7- yes
    8- yes
    9- no
    10- n.a.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  851. Lucy

    Dr Rossi,
    I too am surprised to read that the US NAVY has replicated your effect and copied your patent US 9,115,913 B1; besides, I too think that they granted you, maybe involuntarily, an important acknowledgment, albeit they plagiarized your work without citing it as prior art in their patent application.
    Best,
    Lucy

  852. Andrea Rossi

    Lucy:
    What you say is true,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  853. Heinz Sause

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    I recently made the fridays for future movement aware of them and their and other inventions / developments in the area of LENR.
    Got an answer and strengthened the topic.
    Now hope for particular popularity!
    Stay strong and healthy
    Heinz Sause

  854. Chris

    Hello Signore Rossi,

    in the last days you seem more and more confident, that the Ecat SKL will be availabale in 2022.
    Did you achieve any important milestones lately of which you can tell us?

    Best regards,

    Chris

  855. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    We did not make particular leaps in recent times, but we continued a strong work to make it ready for the market like the SKLed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  856. Miriam

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read many times your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I understood that the very core part of the theoretical hypothesis introduced is generated by the magnetic fields from the Zitterbewegung, after the intuition of Dirac in reference 17 of the same paper.
    Do you think I am correct ?
    Cheers
    Miriam

  857. Andrea Rossi

    Miriam:
    Basically, yes,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  858. Ruedi

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    on the 25.11.2021, the date of the presentation of the E-Cat SKLed:
    Can you tell us at this time also when your second product, the E-Cat SKL electricity generator, will be available to buy? Or maybe even earlier?
    Best regards
    Rüdi

  859. Andrea Rossi

    Ruedi:
    Not yet, but it will happen in 2022.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  860. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,
    I’ve tried many times over the past month to order some skleds from your website but I still never receive a confirmation email.
    What might be wrong
    Patrick

  861. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Do not worry, your order has been received.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  862. Dear Andrea:

    Regarding your following reply:
    ———–
    Andrea Rossi
    April 23, 2021 at 5:54 AM

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Any area wherein before being certain that there are not safety issues is necessary more experience.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    ———–
    I realize English is not your first language. No problem. English is not an especially easy language to write. But am I right in understanding that the following would also accurately reflect what you had said in that comment?

    “The Ecat is practical for all energy uses. But where there are specific, unique issues of risk – for example in aviation – we will need more experience before feeling comfortable with its use in those fields.” ?

    Kindest regards,

    Rodney.

  863. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for the correction,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  864. Greg Leonard

    Delighted to hear that each SKLed will have its own serial number.
    That leads to a cheeky request: can you allocate the initial run of SKLeds to your supporters here?
    I pre-orderd a home ECat a long time ago, and have recently ordered 10 SKLeds.
    It would be great to have serial numbers in the low hundreds – numbers 1 to 10 is an unrealistic hope!
    regards
    Greg Leonard

  865. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    I will see what we can do,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  866. GEORGE PRAZAK

    What is the maximum surface temperature of the 10000,lumen lite ?

  867. Andrea Rossi

    GEORGE PRAZAK:
    several degrees above room temperature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  868. Arjen

    Dear Rossi

    Can you advise more about the spectrum of the light emitted / which wave lenghts?

    “If you look at the spectrum of a popular white LED light, you can see that today’s white LEDs give you a true full spectrum light with output at every wavelength”

    https://www.lighting.philips.com/main/products/horticulture/vegetables-and-fruits

    Kind regards Arjen

  869. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    We do not give this datum.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  870. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    I don’t want to complicate your existing pre-order mechanism, but if I wanted to increase my pre-order SKLed amount from 5 units to 10 units, for example, should I create a 2nd preorder for 5 additional units, or create a new preorder for 10 units?

    Best regards, WaltC

  871. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Just make another order for the new ones you want to buy. Every order will be processed separately for the units it has been made for.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  872. Rudy

    Dear Mr Andrea Rossi,
    Reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I understood that you take advantage of the phase changement of electrons,which can also be understood observing carefully the spectrometry and the plasma shown in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  873. Andrea Rossi

    Rudy:
    See “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles. and Nuclear Interactions”, by Giorgio Vassallo, Andras Kovacs, Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso, Francesco Celani, Dawei Wang (Amazon Books).
    I also know that a second edition with important updates is on its way published by a major scientific publisher,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  874. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    Are there other areas, where there is a significant energy consumption today, that can not be filled by E-Cat SKL than aviation, which you have previously pointed out does not yet appear to be a natural area of use?
    Regards.
    Svein H. Vormedal

  875. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Any area wherein before being certain that there are not safety issues is necessary more experience.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  876. Silent Majority Guy

    I am curious to know how is it possible not to take very seriously your patent after the NAVY of the USA (!!!) has replicated it not just as an independent third party, but as an independent competitive party, since they eventually sent to the United States Patent and Trademark Office a patent application that is a true copy of your patent US 9,115,913 B1
    Silent Majority Guy

  877. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majority Guy:
    “…independent competitive party…”
    I too think that the replication of my work made by the US NAVY has been a very important recognition of our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  878. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,

    Are there thoughts to uniquely designating, on the devices, that it’s part of the first million production run of ECat-SKLed in some way?
    – Serial #, Model #, Version #, …?
    – Perhaps a signature by the inventor? (Although I’d rather you work towards getting the ECat-SKL out in production quickly rather than signing a million devices!)

    I really like the thought of owning, and holding in my hands, an important piece of technology “future history”– a first production run device based on the breakthrough science of the Rossi-effect. I realize that sounds hyperbolic, but it would be like holding an early Edison lightbulb– mind-blowing!

    If you come up with something along those lines, I’d happily double my order (it won’t put you over 1M, but every little bit helps) and give one each to my kids & grandkids so they can share in the experience.

    Best Regards, WaltC

  879. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Yes, every item will have its rserial number.
    My signature ? He,he,he, I don’t think it will be much requested, but if some Client will ask for it when we will communicate the delivery, why not ?
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  880. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    If one orders ECAT SKLed lamps for Christmas gifts, should one anticipate delivery on or before 25 December?

    Best to you and your team

    Bob Belovich

    P.S. I have no affiliation with Santa Claus.

  881. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    I am very disappointed on you: we had prepared here a sledload of SKLeds: I mean a SKLedload, just for you.
    By the way: thank you for the suggestion, but I am still disappointed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  882. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    Continuing Frank Acland question and your response:
    “You can regulate any value between 0% and 100% of the 4 W of power.”
    If we use lower light, then, the power, in accordance with the law of energy conservation should be less than 4 W?
    In this case the possible application of Ecat Led will be much wider.
    I beg you a pardon for this simple question.
    Best regards
    Aleksei

  883. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Exactly, if we use, for example, half light, the consume will be 2 Wh/h instead of 4 Wh/h, if we use 1/4 of light the consume is 1 Wh/h, etc.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  884. Svein H. Vormedal

    Joe Biden has taken the stage. His digital summit puts climate at the top of the international agenda.
    American leadership creates new dynamism. E-Cat SKL is the answer that surpasses any optimist’s dream.
    Is this too good to be true?
    Regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  885. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Actually, I think the Ecat SKLed and SKL will be able to give a substantial contribution.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  886. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. How will a lamp owner dim the brightness of the SKLed (no dial is shown in your photo)?
    2. How many levels of brightness will be available?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  887. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    There is an A.I. system that regulates the lumens in function of the external light; besides, there is a manual dimmer in the back of the body. The regulation is integral, there are not steps. You can regulate any value between 0% and 100% of the 4 W of power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  888. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Dr Rossi
    While I am a strong supporter of your work, I would not be purchasing the lamp that you will be bringing to market soon. It does not meet my needs. For my house, I need bulbs with much lower brightness and they represent only a very small part of my electricity consumption (about 0.5 Kwh per day).
    Your lamp suitable for public lighting and industry will be more successful than one suitable for individuals.
    I wish your lamp long life and look forward to the culmination of electric SKL which will revolutionize the way electricity is made and distributed.
    Can you tell us a few words about the progress of your work on SKL that took up a lot of your time before your SKLED marketing announcement?
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  889. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your opinion, that I fully respect.
    By the way: the lamp is dimmable and the consume will decrease in proportion: example, half Lumens, half consume.
    The SKL will be launched next year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  890. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    Thank you for publishing the paper of Vitaly Uzikov and Irina Uzikov: it is very important because give highly professional consulting to avoid the release of radioactive materials into the ocean.
    Thanks for this precious contribution,
    Prof

  891. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  892. Yuri

    Dr Rossi,
    I too want to congratulate for the replication that the US Navy has made of the effect described in your patent US 9,115,913 B1
    This has been an achievement that gives to your technology a high credibility.
    All the best,
    Yuri

  893. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  894. Pol Dekyvere

    Dear A. Rossi,
    in the specifications of the Ecat SKLed state: “Operational Lifetime: up to 100,000 hours”. Does this mean that the Ecat SK Led can continuously emit light for up to 100,000 hours without being recharged?
    Or does this mean that the lamp lasts for up to 100,000 hours, but that it sometimes needs to be recharged during that period?
    Best wishes,
    Pol Dekyvere

  895. Andrea Rossi

    Pol Dekyvere:
    The Ecat SKLed is expected to operate 100,000 hours without recharge. This is based on our theoretical calculations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  896. Sture Andreasson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Do you have one or more car manufacturers among your licensees who are in the process of integrating E-Cat into their own products?

    Warm Regards
    To you and your team
    Sture Andreasson

  897. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  898. Journal of Nuclear Physics

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper
    “Technology Proposal to Prevent the Release of Fukushima Tritium into the Ocean”
    by Vitaly Uzikov ( nuclear engineer, Russia ) and Irina Uzikova ( nuclear engineer, France )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  899. svenkullanderfan

    in Italy the consumption of street lamps is about 6 twh
    https://www.enea.it/it/Ricerca_sviluppo/documenti/ricerca-di-sistema-elettrico/illuminazione-pubblica/18a-pres.-lumiere.pdf
    the first brochure i found, https://expydoc.com/doc/2085774/archilede-brochure
    mr Rossi, street lamps please

  900. Andrea Rossi

    svenkullanderfan:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  901. Christian SCHOLL

    Dear Andrea,

    If you add an adjustable optical lense (and a battery) you will have the most energy efficient tactical lamp ever made.
    Best regards

    Christian

  902. Andrea Rossi

    Christian Scholl:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  903. Andrea Rossi

    Daneel De Caluwé:
    You are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  904. Andreas Hollergschwandtner

    Hello Mr. Rossi
    I’ve been following your development for at least 11 years now.
    Your announcement of being able to purchase electricity directly from the E-Cat SKL has made me dream of an independent energy supply since then.
    Would it be possible to equip a wagoon of a train with so many E-Cat SKL that it could operate an electric locomotive?
    If so, I think it would be worth considering.
    Huge amounts of metal in the overhead lines could be saved, electricity that is lost through long lines and much more.
    This train could also run on routes that are not yet electrified.

    lg Andreas

  905. Andrea Rossi

    Andreas Hollergschwandtner:
    The Ecat SKL is on his way. Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  906. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    https://rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  907. Tim Burton

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    when I read that your patent US 9,115,913 B1 granted in August 2015 has been replicated in 2019 by the US Navy scientists, whose replication has been published by the USPTO in 2021, I definitely turned my opinion that your technology would be impossible into a strong support of the importance of the work made by you and your team.
    Tim

  908. Andrea Rossi

    Tim Burton:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  909. Hugo Sohrabi

    Dr Rossi,
    I am referring to the reference 6 on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Do you make use of chlorine in the Ecat SKL ?
    Thanks,
    Hugo

  910. Andrea Rossi

    Hugo Sohrabi:
    I cannot add anything to what I wrote in the paragraph 2.2 of the paper you cited.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  911. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    A few weeks ago, I ordered already 2 Ecat SKLeds via the website https://ecat.com/, but I noticed that you or the webmaster removed all the other information from that website. So people don’t see anymore that the Ecat SKLed is only one/(the first) item that ‘lights up a sustainable world’, but that you also have heat and electrical energy solutions in the near future. Why did you remove all the other interesting information from the website?

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  912. Dan C.

    @Chuck Davis

    I have issues with net metering schemes, but that’s a conversation for another time and place.

    I have a 100 amp 2 leg electrical service box. That equals 24Kw maximum so you can see the problem. I installed my own service, an electrician would have been about $2k 12 years ago. ($700+$50 hardware), I spent the extra $50 and installed a 200 amp system. It’s only limited by the 100 amp breaker. For the cost of a 200 amp breaker and a phone call to the utility, I can upgrade to 200 amp. I thought $50 cheap insurance against future possibilities.

    100 amp is standard so most everyone would need to upgrade their electrical entry service. They also need heavy cabling if they don’t already have electric heat. Also, should everyone upgrade, the utility will need to do the same. This will be reflected in your utility bill. Probably, all this cost would pay for an E-cat heating system.in which case, none of these upgrades are necessary.

    Regards
    Dan C.

  913. Dr. Rossi,

    1) Will you or your partners be preparing any news releases, ad campaigns, promotionals, or other public announcements in advance of the presentation?

    2) If so, more than three months in advance?

    3) More than a month in advance?

    Warm regards,
    Greg

  914. Andrea Rossi

    Gregory Daigle:
    1- I think so
    2- no
    3- probably
    Warm Regards
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  915. Norma

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched the Ecat SKLed on http://www.ecat.com: what a beauty !

    I proudly made my order with some emotion…after years of waiting.
    Ad majora,
    Norma

  916. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  917. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    I assume that a SKL can easily be equipped for charging two independent batteries.
    One to service buildings and one to ensure the necessary power supply to SKL itself.
    Both of these will probably be easily supplied from the same SKL unit?
    Regards.
    Svein H. Vormedal.

  918. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  919. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    About the Puthoff paper, here is another important paper of his, also published on a peer reviewed physics magazine, that confirms the coherence of his hypothesis: “Extracting Energy and Heat from the Vacuum”, published on Physical Review, September 1993, pp 1562-1565
    Best,
    Prof

  920. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Correct, you can see also the coherence with the theoretical system proposed in the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    in particular in paragraph 4.
    For the complete reference, see in Bibliography of the same paper the ref. # 10
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  921. Gavino Mamia

    Non vedo l’ora di aprire una pagina con un form da compilare per i preordini ECAT SKL
    Uno da 10 KW e uno da 5 KW
    Attendo con ansia…

  922. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  923. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of April 20 2021:
    Are utilities in danger of Ukraine-style takedown after downloading SolarWinds software ?
    Rod Walton

  924. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  925. Pol Dekyvere

    Dear A. Rossi,
    when the Ecat SKL first worked in SSM in November 2019, did the reactor produce more electricity than it consumed?

    Best wishes,
    Pol Dekyvere

  926. Andrea Rossi

    Pol Dekyvere:
    Yes
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  927. larryG

    I see there is another Larry on this blog with some issues wrt posts…so I will use a bit more unique name, LarryG
    I wrote about ideas for the demo “show” and supported the USB version of DC connection.

    Probably like many here, I am on pins and needles re qty of orders….how close are you to the 1KK? Factor of 10 to go? Factor of 2? Some little hint?
    Has the initial spike of orders dwindled off so will be tough to hit the target without more promotion activities?

  928. Andrea Rossi

    larryG:
    Thank you for the precisation: It was obvious that the homonym guy was not you; eventually our IT guy discovered he was just a troll, as I suspected due to the “different intelligence” of his comments.
    The pre-orders campaign is good. Obviously the mass will arrive after the presentation. Until then it is useless to publish data.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  929. stephen swatman

    Dear Dr Rossi.
    Since the news of the SKLed was released have the pre-orders been:

    1, as expected?
    2, higher than expected?
    3, lower than expected?

    4, Do you expect the basic design to be radically different?
    5, Do you expect to have a number iterations of the design for the presentation?

    many thanks for any reply.

  930. Andrea Rossi

    stephen swatman:
    1: yes
    4: no
    5: no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  931. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Due to the variation of net-metering geographically and the lowering of battery prices I am warming up to an off-grid configuration. Tesla’s million mile battery is projected to cost about $100/kWh. Most residential requirements would be satisfied with 50 kWh/day which could be provided from a 1 kW ecat and a 26 kWh battery. The freedom of not dealing with a greedy utility company is a major benefit of this scenario!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  932. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  933. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    The E-Cat SKLed is a remarkable engineering feat.
    I have been trying to hold back my enthusiasm until your November 25th presentation and the announcement of the delivery date for my orders. :)

    However, your projected date of 2022 for the E-Cat electric generator ties in with my order for a single-motor Telsa Cybertruck expected delivery in 2023. Has your team’s work advanced to the point where you could use specifications from Tesla about their 4680 battery pack to build an interface?

    Every Tesla Cybertuck owner would be interested in this E-Cat electric generator option.
    Here is an incredibly well engineered camper option for the Cybertruck that you may enjoy viewing.
    https://www.cyberlandr.com/

    Wishing you continued good luck on your R&D efforts.

    P.S. If the total number of E-Cat SKLed orders gets stuck at 999,999, please let me know and I’ll and 2 more units to my order to put you over the top. :)

    Best Regards,

    Daniel Zavela

  934. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    I am not able to answer: it’s premature.
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  935. George N

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You mentioned recently that the next e-cat product would be an electric generator, possibly available in 2022. Would the generated current be AC or DC?

    Best,
    George N

  936. Andrea Rossi

    George N:
    DC, but it is easy to turn it into AC by means of an inverter,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  937. Chuck Davis

    @ Dan C

    In California the electrical utilities use net metering where the consumer is credited for their power generated so if you generate the same amount of power as you draw from the grid you owe ($0) not ($$) as you suggested. In my example of a 16.6 kW electric furnace you may need a 25 kW ecat to handle the turn-on surge of the fan motor whereas using a grid tie configuration you would only require < 1 kW ecat to supply power for the entire house load. Other generators generally cost proportionally to the power generated. So in our example the ecat required to power the heating unit that you propose would cost 25 times the cost of the grid-tied ecat. I choose the grid-tied configuration!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  938. Urs

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    Mr. Vormedal mentioned inductive load isn’t a problem with a battery.

    I am not an electrician. How many kwh should an integrated battery have in an E-Cat SKL of f.e. 10 KW?
    Or does it depend of the needed inductive load in the household. The biggest consumer of inductive load is surely a vacuum cleaner, f.e. with 1 KW. Does this mean a 1 kwh battery integrated in an E-Cat SKL is enough?
    Best regards
    Urs

  939. Andrea Rossi

    Urs:
    The Ecat SKL is not ready to be a product. Let us delay these questions when it will be ready to be sold.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  940. P

    Dear Mr Rossi
    Regarding the plan to possibly launch ECAT SKL in 2022. Will this be a “pure” Leonardo Corp product like SKLed or will it be a product developed together with a global partner
    Kind regards
    /P

  941. Andrea Rossi

    P
    We’ll see,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  942. Physicist

    @Adam:
    You are right.
    Besides, the magazine of the paper you cited from the bibliography of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is a peer reviewed publication.
    I definitely support what you wrote, and also I agree with Dr Aleksei Savchenko.
    All the best,
    Physicist

  943. Prof

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    I totally agree with your comment,
    Prof

  944. Adam

    @larry:
    You, obviously, have not been able to understand the reference I cited. Probably you did not study Physics enough, yet. Perhaps, you should know better who are the authors of the paper in reference: they not only are studying Physics, they are teaching Physics.
    Best,
    Adam

  945. larry

    I understood well, I am studying physics.

    I did not offend anybody in here.

    I just stated, that this paper is in critizism since it appeared.

    It is more fiction than science.

  946. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ Larry and Adam.
    Dear colleagues,
    The process of energy extracting from Physical Vacuum is not so simple, as do you think, otherwise it would be applied everywhere.
    So far there is no normal theory of this process, since it is known that God does not give horns to a butting cow. Our moral level is not yet high enough for this.
    Experimenters, such as Tesla, Rossi, etc., can find some things. But this is purely intuitive.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  947. larry

    Dr. Rossi: Which frequency of the em-spectrum does the ECATSLED emit ?

  948. Andrea Rossi

    larry:
    So far, this information is confidential. Obviously, once the Ecat SKLed will be distributed, every Customer will be able, if he will desire, to measure the spectrum with a spectrometer, but we are not yet there.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    The rest of your comment has been deleted because unpolite and exposes your lack of knowledge of the reference cited by Adam: perhaps instead of offending a Reader you should understand what he writes.

  949. What are the operating ranges for the E-CAT SKL? Can it be mounted in the attic of a home in Arizona in the middle of summer ? What about in the attic of a home in northern Alaska in the middle of winter? Understanding the limits of the operating range will help others innovate new uses for this exceedingly versatile light.

  950. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What do you think about making an E-Cat battery charger product? Batteries that need charging are everywhere these days, and it might be an easier route for you than a generator at this point.

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  951. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    With which instruments is the brightness emitted by the ECAT SKLed measured?

    BestRegards,
    Italo R.

  952. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R:
    During the presentation we will make the measurements using the same methodology used by the third independent party that is making the certification.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  953. Adam

    @larry,
    take a look here:
    H.E. Puthoff and E.W. Davis: “On Extracting Energy from the Quantum Vacuum” published in FRONTIERS OF PROPULSION SCIENCE, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc., 2009, Chapter 19, pp. 569-603
    I found it in the Bibliography of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Adam

  954. larry

    @ Adam:

    It is not possible to extract energy from the quantum vacuum.
    Virtual particles appear as pairs, and annihilate each other directly.
    Just in the unlikely case, one could capture one of those partners, the gain would be minoscule, so basically none.
    But far more problematic is the fact, that You cause an imbalance in the quantum fabric…

  955. Adam

    Dr Rossi,
    Where can I find a publication about energy extraction from Quantum Vacuum ?

  956. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dale,
    60°
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  957. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    https://rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  958. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    If SKL is able to charge batteries, the ability to work with inductive loads is unnecessary.
    The batteries fix this.
    Every home that installs a SKL must have a battery park to be able to compensate for a highly varying load.
    Regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  959. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Right,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  960. Dan C.

    @Chuck Davis

    It would probably be better to have high demand energy products like an E-cat heating unit in home and depend on lower energy demand to be met by a localized micro grid. To do otherwise would require a larger more robust grid system($$).

    Those who don’t already have electric heat would also need to upgrade their home electrical system($$). Not necessary if the heating system is in home as the energy is produced within the unit. Such a system would last for decades and, should there be a power interruption, probably it could be powered by a UPS battery backup.

    Regards
    Dan C.

  961. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for your answer.
    May I suggest that the white light feels cool because much of it is reflected from the skin. But what if it was all absorbed, such as by a black body? The black body would get a little warm. Some background :

    On 2021-04-05 12:47, Albert asked you what is the energy equivalent of the 10,000 lumens of light produced by the SK-LED lamp. You answered 10000/683.
    In other words, the Ecat SKLed is emitting, in the form of visible light, 10000/683 =~ 14.6 watts of power. If all the light is made to focus on and strike the blackbody, which absorbs all the light, that blackbody must ultimately emit 14.6 watts of power, in the form of heat. Do you agree with the above analysis? If not, could you explain why? Thank you!

    Mark in Toronto

    PS (By comparison, a candle flame emits roughly 70 watts of power (as mostly heat and very little light), so a much larger blackbody surface that emits only 14.6 watts will by comparison not be too hot at all!)

  962. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    The Ecat SKLed emits mainly photons and a small amount of phonons. This is why when we measure by a thermometer the temperature exchanged in a heat exchanger the recovered wattage is irrelevant. How we limit the phonons emission is confidential.
    The issue could be different in assemblies of thousands of modules, wherein the multiplication of small heat emissions could make up a usable heat flow.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  963. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    On 2021-04-17 at 07:34, you answered to Nils Fryklund:

    Nils Fryklund:
    The R&D on the Ecat SKL is continuing and, as said, I think in 2022 it will be launched in a way similar to the Ecat SKLed.

    Does this mean that we will be able to buy the Ecat SKL itself, and not only the energy it produces? So you left the idea of only selling the energy but not the Ecat SKL itself?

    Kind Regards,

  964. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  965. George N

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations on moving closer to production and sales! Will the SKLed recharge the 12v battery? If not, how long will the SKLed last on one 12v battery charge if in continuous use?

    Best,
    George N

  966. Andrea Rossi

    George N:
    It depends on the Ah of the battery,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  967. LilyLover

    Dear Andrea,

    As an experimenter, you’d probably have already done this. If not, please consider this:

    Chop a sliced organic banana; mix randomly; repeat / multiply as needed. If not in your facility, somewhere nearby or with someone who has this “problem”. If the bananas mixed and randomly kept at the opposite corners of the room, one lit by standard LED and one by SKLED — which attracts more houseflies over three days? Then, later, same experiment with three SKLEDs one with normal, one with amber and the other with green/blue lenses to test for different colors.

    If it turns out that the SKLED bananas attract more houseflies, you could advertise it as ‘light so gentle, even the houseflies love it’. On the opposite end, if conventional lamps attract all, and SKLED none, then you can conduct an experiment of growing tomatoes under it. I have a feeling that SKLED will prove to be champs at growing. Then, you could market it as ‘pesticide-free, high growth, green-light for crops’.

    I’m sure that ‘better than organic farming’ could be your signature entry into happy kitchens. Chemicals-free gardens will become more of a norm. Carbon capture bamboo forests can be a commodity you could sell at a price much cheaper than “Tesla-carbon-credits”.

    Please think about it.

  968. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  969. larry

    woops, forgot you need one socket of the power strip for the next level, so need 4 levels for the cable pyramid to reach >200 lamps.

  970. Andrea Rossi

    larry:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  971. larry

    Dear Andrea
    Ideas for your Nov. 25 demo. This is a great opportunity to convince some of the skeptics of the efficacy of your work (not the fanatical deniers though). But I think you will need some showmanship.

    This is will be the holiday season…make a pattern of lights in the shape of a tree.
    Or a pattern in the shape of the word “ECAT”.

    Also consider a “pyramid” of cables…one cable to a socket, branch out into many from a 6-10 outlet power strip, then another level of power strips. Three levels at 6 each would give you 216 lamps powered by one socket. Maybe add a fourth level but not fully populated depending on the power rating of the power strips and your socket. IMO this is a great visual display to non-technical people how efficient the lamps are….the general public is well aware you can’t plug too much into one socket or the breaker goes.
    Perhaps for comparison, plug in a much smaller number of standard lamps to show the breaker will go….maybe “the straw that brock the camels back” type demo where N standard lamps are OK, add one more an the breaker goes (on the first power strip).

    Maybe just keep plugging them in one at a time, live.

    The light pattern could be combined with the cable pyramid.

    I suspect though that you will not have enough units built for the Nov. 25 date unless you get the million order qty first.

  972. larry

    Dear A. Rossi
    Like many, I am very pleased you decided to add a DC supply feature to the lamp. This allows use of the lamp anywhere, not just near an A/C outlet, and (hopefully) gets rid of an ugly AC cord.
    However, as an experienced product developer, I very strongly agree with Hugh Maguire that 12V is not a good choice, please consider a USB style DC connector. You might need an DC to DC converter to up it to 12 volts, but this would not add much in cost. USB style is much more convenient for the end user.
    With Respect
    Better yet would be a battery compartment, but probably too late in the game for first production version.
    Larry

  973. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    On 2021-04-08 02:51, Pol Dekyvere asked you the following question:
    2. Can the light from the SKLed be converted to heat by shining the light on a black body radiator?
    You answered ‘no’ to this.

    We know that any visible light that shines upon a black object is being absorbed (not reflected) by the object, because after all that is why the object appears black. Because the photons of visible light energy are being absorbed by the object, the object will heat up and ultimately begin emitting in the invisible infrared spectrum.

    So, when you answered ‘no’, I assume you must have had something else in mind. Could you clarify for us? Thank you!

    Mark in Toronto

  974. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    The light exiting the Ecat SKLed is almost cold. Obviously, you can recover some heat, but the question was not “can you recover some heat”, the question was if the light could be turned into heat, meaning a significant heat generation: this is what I had understood.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  975. Urs

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    it is the right decision to sell E-Cat Skled first. So the sceptic can test your first product at a cost of just 25$ and they won’t be that sceptical with the E-Cat skl electric generator.
    Is it final that the E-Cat skl electric generator is suitable only for resistive/ohmic load or do you expect also to inductive load until 2022 when you start selling?
    Nonetheless it doesn’t really matter bc the need of ohmic load is responsible for the biggest part of the consumption of electricity.
    Best regards
    Urs

  976. Andrea Rossi

    Urs:
    Thank you for your sustain.
    Maybe the SKL will be able also to work with an inductive load, although this fact has not been achieved yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  977. Stephen

    Hi Andrea

    A couple of questions about the future SKL.

    I think you mentioned in the past that the electrical SKL might come in a variety of sizes. Is this still the case?

    There is obviously a use for larger devices for municipal, Industrial and domestic electrical power use.

    One thing that I like about the SKLed light is it’s relatively small size and the fact it is configurable.

    2. Will you be also releasing similarly configurable small device for electrical power generation?

    Thanks and Best Regards

    Stephen

  978. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  979. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I suggest “St Elmo’s Fire” as trade-name for your SKL heater because it refers to plasma phenomenon.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  980. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  981. Chuck Davis

    @Bert Ellul,
    My 1700 ft^2 house has an electric furnace that uses 16.6 kW. That is the reason that I think the most effective use of the ecat would be to grid tie it so that high power usage can be supplied by the grid and the ecat chugs along at a low, < 1kW rate to reimburse the grid.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  982. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Which product do you think will come first, the E-Cat SKL heater, or E-Cat SKL electricity generator?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  983. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The electricity generator
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  984. Dear Andrea,
    Were there any unusual effects or data accumulated that you can share with us?
    Experimental regards.

  985. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    All I could publish is here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Everything not published here is restricted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  986. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the selection of the Lumen level of 10,000 Lumens designed specifically to compete in the streetlighting business area? I see that most conventional streetlights are in that level of illumination, although their electrical power input range from 100W to 400W.

  987. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Not necessarily,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  988. Bert Ellul

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As I see it, considering that:

    1. the high CoP of the ECat-LED system, (which is powered by an electric current directly sourced from the Rossi Effect),

    2. the inherent safety and reliability of the electrical power harvested from the Rossi Effect as it has been adapted to the ECat-LED,

    and

    3. The versatility in the use of electrical power be it DC or AC,

    I am predicting that the Home Heater unit will be an electrical generator which can be hooked up to the main electrical supply feed to the home, by-passing the metering unit of the service provider. A 10 kW unit will be sufficient.

  989. Andrea Rossi

    Bert Ellul:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  990. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Have you tried operating an electric motor with a grid tie inverter between skl and the motor as a buffer?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  991. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    No.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  992. Dear Andre,
    In my experience with imposing crossed magnetic fields on free electrons, I found that they could influence their spin, angular and polar flip orientations as well as their precession frequencies and energy adsorption and emission properties. Have you performed experiments on your plasmas with these fields and have you observed any unexpected effects?
    Influential regards.

  993. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    I did. Also with experiments connected with par. 2.1 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  994. Pol Dekyvere

    Dear A. Rossi,
    the reactor is a rectifier (diode) that is working in the negative resistance mode so the reactor himself is emitting the light of short wavelength? The reactor himself is then the Light emitting Diode (LED)
    Is this statement right?
    I´m sorry for my bad english…

    Greatings,
    Pol Dekyvere

  995. Andrea Rossi

    Pol Dekyvere:
    Sorry, I do not answer to questions related to what happens in the black box of the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  996. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    I do not know if my question disappeared or was a bad question.

    What went wrong with the promising E-catSK, 22KW?
    Was it hard to drive, overheated parts or sudden stops?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  997. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    The R&D on the Ecat SKL is continuing and, as said, I think in 2022 it will be launched in a way similar to the Ecat SKLed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    It is not a bad question, your former comment just didn’t arrive, probably lost in the spam. I take advantage of your case to remind to our Readers just to resend your comments if they are not published, unless the comment contains something offensive or if it comes from a troll, because in this case the comment goes in the trash.

  998. Pol Dekyvere

    Dear A. Rossi,
    could it be that the reactor is a rectifier (diode) that works in the negative resistance zone so that it itself emits the light of very short wavelength? The rector himself is then the Light emitting Diode (LED).

    Greatings,
    Pol Dekyvere

  999. Andrea Rossi

    Pol Dekyvere:
    I do not answer to questions related to internal part of the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1000. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    As the SKL can handle resistive loads, is there an SKL home heating system in the works.

    Regards,
    Dan C.

  1001. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1002. Benjamin Carrera

    Dr Rossi,
    How do you determine the Zitterbewegung angular frequency ?
    Thanks,
    Ben

  1003. Andrea Rossi

    Benjamin Carrera:
    The ZBW angular frequency is equal to the electron relativistic mass-energy m in natural units: see paragraph 3 on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  1004. Rossi Fan

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi
    Is it possible that in 2022 you will launch the Ecat SKL to generate electricity with the same system you started with the sales of the Ecat SKLed ?
    All the best,
    Rossi Fan

  1005. Andrea Rossi

    Rossi Fan:
    Yes, it is likely,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1006. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1007. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In terms of a commercial product, how far behind the SKLed (light) do you think the SKL (electricity generator) will be?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1008. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Probably in 2022
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1009. Rod

    Dr Rossi,
    Did you abandon the R&D of the ECAT SKL to make electricity, no light, to pursue the launch of the SKLed that generates light ?
    Rod

  1010. Andrea Rossi

    Rod:
    Absolutely not, the Ecat SKL is on his way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1011. Christian SCHOLL

    Dear Andrea,

    This comment underline is not mine ???? It’a a shame.

    can You recommend another book ?

    Occam’s Razor et al… I read it several times during my study and I know all the contents, nevertheless, it does not underline most of Your paper.

    So, I kindly ask: Do You know other books, too ?

    Warm regards,

  1012. Andrea Rossi

    Christian Scholl:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1013. Quinto

    What do you think of the article of Mr Z. “The cynics vs. the marvellous self organizing structures of the big three” published on E-Catworld ?”
    Quinto

  1014. Andrea Rossi

    Quinto:
    Intelligent,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1015. Andrea Rossi

    Cornelia Litscmann:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1016. Sam

    This is a link to the safety
    Consultant in the video if
    you are interested.

    https://www.productsafetyinc.com/contact-us/

  1017. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, but we already have our safety conlultants; maybe our Readers can be interested, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1018. Cornelia Litschmann

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I think the idea to launch the SKLed as a Troy horse of your technology has been genial,
    Best,
    Cornelia

  1019. Norma

    Is the spectrum of the Ecat SKLED equal to the normal Maxwellian of the visible light ?
    Thanks
    Norma

  1020. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    No, it is different.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1021. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia :
    HA,HA,HA,HA !!!
    Great !
    Thank you, very funny: better than plasma for sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1022. Pierino Sacchero

    Can the Ecat also play music ? As you know, plasma can emit notes.
    Cheers
    Pierino

  1023. Andrea Rossi

    Pierino Sacchero:
    He,he,he: yes, the plasma can emit sounds whose frequency can be modulated, but, honestly, I never thought about music. Never say never, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1024. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1025. Jeff

    Is it possible for you to show a countdown until order fulfillment?

  1026. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    After the presentation
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1027. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I think that to sell 1,000,000 SKLed you would need to hire professional industrial salesmen that specialize in selling to municipal, state, and federal governments, and to businesses with large parking lots and/or large buildings. Alternatively you could delegate such sales to a “middleman” that caters to that market.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  1028. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1029. Koen Vandewalle

    Andrea, does the 220VAC – 12VDC with removable power cord remain IP 65 ?

    Some industrial relays come with the ability to use the range 8 – 220 VDC/VAC on the same connection. Is that feasible ?

    https://mijneltako.be/index.php?page=shop.product_details&category_id=21&flypage=flypage.tpl&product_id=89&option=com_virtuemart&Itemid=18&vmcchk=1&Itemid=18&redirected=1&Itemid=18

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  1030. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    1- the certification is on course
    2- I have to verify
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1031. Jaroslaw Bem

    Will ECAT SKLed be CE certified?

  1032. Andrea Rossi

    Jaroslaw Bem:
    yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1033. Koen Vandewalle

    For more than 6 years we have been monitoring electricity and gas consumption in our family from week to week.

    I have noticed that more than three quarters of our energy is used to heat water to a maximum of 45 ° C:
    The small electric boiler of 2000 Watt, which has a capacity of 15 liters to do the dishes. The condensing gas boiler that only serves to heat water for the shower and bath between April and October. The washing machine that heats most of the water to 35 ° C. The dishwasher that uses water at 65 °. And don’t forget: our waterbed that produces water at 28 ° C.

    Since the ECAT SKL is well suited to power an electrical resistor, I think all of the above devices are ideally suited to keep working correctly with slightly intermittent power supplies and transients, eliminating the need for expensive inverters or buffers.

    An electric radiant heating system could also be built to replace our natural gas fireplace. Although then I will have to miss the dance spectacle of the flames.

    If possible, I would also like an electric cooking stove and electric convection oven with your ECAT SKL technology. There, temperatures of up to 250 ° C are desired. This may be more difficult due to the intermittent operation of a thermostat. An induction plate is not immediately necessary, I think, but that would be even better.

    Those devices are more than urgently needed. Our local government has decided that from January 1, 2022, users will have to pay a so-called peak tariff for purchasing electricity. Major shortages or instability of the grid is expected, now that electric cars are increasingly becoming available. We will therefore not only have to pay the electricity, but a distribution tax on a monthly basis, whereby the rate will be based on the highest measured electricity consumption during one quarter of an hour (in that month). So even a brief peak consumption – all of the above devices together can easily take 10 to 15 kilowatts – will make the electricity very expensive for many.

  1034. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for this information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1035. Fine, no UV frequencies; but, one more question: how about I.R. and RGB? And if these are possible to obtain, would the lighting bodies be little and compact like ordinaly led?
    Thanks, LP

  1036. Andrea Rossi

    Lorenzo Persello:
    No, our spectrum is limited between 420 and 700 nm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1037. Chris

    Hello Mr Rossi,

    you wrote:

    “April 14, 2021 at 4:46 AM
    Chris:
    No, it must be available for both options,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.”

    I think you misunderstood me. Of course both options should be available. But if a user wants to use the SKLed in battery-mode as a flashlight, the cable should be detachable. Otherwise it would be very unpracticle to carry the cable, too.

    Best regards,

    Chris

  1038. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    Understood: yes, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1039. stephen swatman

    Dear Dr Rossi a quick 2 questions if I may.

    1, have you yet tested for PPF, PPFD, DLI, and Moles?
    Photosynthetic Photon Flux (PPF)
    Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density (PPFD)
    Daily Light Integral (DLI)

    2, if so, will you release the data soon?

    many thanks if you can reply.

  1040. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen Swatman:
    1- yes
    2- we will publish only the data related to the certification at the presentation of the product on November 25th in Stockholm
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1041. P

    Dear Andrea,
    You mentioned earlier that you have a partner that is a multinational company with over 100,000 employees.
    1. Is this collaboration mainly focused on ECAT SKL?
    2. Is the collaboration with the multinational company affected/delayed due to the launch and development of ECAT SKLed?
    The idea of “sneaking” your fantastic invention on the market “covert” in a lamp as a first step is smart. But I agree with all the views that Neri Accornero describes in his post.
    /P

  1042. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1043. Gavino Mamia

    Salve!
    La Protezione Civile quando fa le ricerche dei dispersi nelle ore notturne usa dei fari alimentati da piccoli gruppi elettrogeni caricati in zaini a spalla.
    La tua luce alimentata da una piccola batteria sarebbe molto utile.
    Buon lavoro

  1044. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1045. Hugh Maguire

    Dear Andrea,
    Actually, instead of a 12-Volt CC port for the EcatSKLed, a 5-Volt Android Micro USB-B, or even the newer USB-C port, would be even better. In fact, USB-C is rapidly becoming THE standard for charging telephones and some computers, and almost everyone has a phone charger somewhere around that delivers 5V at 1 or 2 amps of current, or phone backup batteries with 5 V outputs. Check out the specs, see if it would work. It would make the the SKLed lamp universally accessible, much more than a 12-Volt port, which is fine for cars, but not that much used around the house.
    Hugh

  1046. Andrea Rossi

    Hugh Maguire:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1047. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Tip: Have a flashlight with rechargeable 18650 batteries. This would make it portable with a very long autonomy.
    Each 18650 has 3.7V; three of them in series develop 11.1 V.
    Furthermore, if it could also have the strobe function, it could serve as a self-defense or be used by the police to thwart the turmoil in the crowd. The remarkable brightness with the strobe function would temporarily blind others and prevent them from doing damage.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  1048. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1049. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    The market today offers “millions” of LED lamps that provide 10,000 lumens.
    These cost twice the price you operate with.
    The power requirement for these is 100Watt. E-Cat SKLed requires 1/25 part of this. With a deduction for the power that goes to charge your own battery, the net power will be 96 watts.
    By combining 21 SK 12 volt units, you get 240 volts and probably an output power of 20 x 100Watt = 2kW. Such devices can be combined in a desired number.
    With a price of 21 times the SKLed price, the market will be at least 100 million such units a year, for the next 50 years.
    Creating your own battery factory will significantly increase your sales volume. Put your effective LED light on this opportunity!
    Best Regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  1050. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1051. Andrea Rossi

    Mardo:
    No, it is not idoneous: headlights have a completely different kind of light,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1052. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Could you create a “reseller’s order form” on Leonardo’s website with space for customer’s address and space for seller’s name? You could allow seller to remit purchase price less the 10% commission.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  1053. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple,
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1054. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A mind experiment…

    Envision an eCat-SKLed lamp with a 50% reflecting surface (a beamsplitter).. The eCat-SKLed lamp outputs about 10,000 Lumens. 50% of the produced light goes to the exterior and the remainder is focused on a photovoltaic solar cell. The solar cell is likely 15 – 20% efficient. DC electrical energy is produced, smoothed by a battery or a large capacitor. The DC output is fed to an inverter with a conversion efficiency to AC voltage of above 90%. The AC power drives the input to the eCat-SKLed lamp. Recall about 3 – 4 Watts of electrical power is required to operate the eCat-SKLed lamp.

    Is there any technical reason this would not work?

  1055. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The efficiency with solar panels is very low, due to the different light spectrum between the SKLed and the sun,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1056. Andrea Rossi

    Donal G Chandler:
    The current consumption is almost the same as the consumption from the plug.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1057. Chris

    Hello Mr Rossi,

    now that the SKLed can be powered with a 12V battery, you should make the device being able to be fully unplugged from the cord, because then the SKLed it is the perfectly usable as a flashlight.

    Best regards,

    Chris

  1058. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    No, it must be available for both options,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1059. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    This comment posted by Neri is well thought out and I totally agree with him. It is faster to sell your quantity needed with a generator than with “lamps”. I want you to succeed too. Neri proposes what I had hoped you would propose. I would be happier placing a $2000 order than a $50 order.

    —————
    I remain of the opinion that by proposing a small electric generator of 3-5 Kw “all purpose” self-powered with a buffer battery even at the cost of one or two thousand dollars, you would reach the target of one million bookings very quickly and all of humanity would be really grateful. Then, as you have repeatedly said and shown that energy is not produced by any nuclear fusion, but by new electronic properties of plasma, make it clear once and for all, even on your site, that yours is a plasma generator and call it as it is, like(plasmagen, plasmaenergy plasmalamp, or whatever you want). Avoiding talking about “nuclear” certainly paves the way for certifications and “mental” opposition by many.
    Excuse this frank intrusion, but you know how much I care to see your invention globally recognized.
    Neri
    ————–

    Warm Regards,
    Thomas Conover

  1060. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I totally respect your opinion, as well as of Neri. But the lamp is ready for mass production and it has a massive market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1061. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    I support Nero Accornero opinion 100%.
    This must be what everybody is looking for.
    Best regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal.

  1062. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal,
    Thank you for your opinion: the time of it will arrive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1063. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    the fact that the SKLed can be powered with 12V DC, gave me an idea: could it be shaped like a standard H4 headlight? The potential market would be enormous.

    Luminous regards.

  1064. Donald G Chandler

    Dear Mr Rossi

    Good to hear that the latest Ecat SKLed can be powered from 12VDC.
    1. What is the current consumption in this configuration?
    2. I’d expect about 325mA (12V x 0.325 = 3.9W) but are there losses that make it significantly more?

    Kind regards
    Donald Chandler

  1065. Kevin Evans

    Hi Andrea,

    As a keen tennis player, have you thought about the tennis court/sports arena floodlighting market?

    Regards,
    Kevin Evans

  1066. Andrea Rossi

    Kevin Evans:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1067. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    One more suggestion.

    Make certain that if a battery is accidentally connected to the E-Cat SKLed with reverse polarity that nothing bad happens.

    The best solution is no current is drawn.
    Is this a problem?

    Best Regards

    Dan Galburt

  1068. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    That is easy, but thank you for continuing to give suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1069. Dear Andrea
    As soon as the description of the ECAT SKled appeared on your site, I informed the thirty interested colleagues and friends, that for more than 10 years I have periodically did, about the progress of your discovery, but I must tell you that this time I received more negative than positive comments or even zero comments! Most are wondering why to book a lamp that is much more expensive than others, although 10 times more efficient? and many doubts that it is possible to reach one million bookings by the year. Although I have explained that this lamp is just an attempt to cautiously introduce your overwhelming technology to avoid exposing yourself suddenly to strong contrasts, the negative responses remain. I think it would be useful for you to check the number of bookings you have obtained in three months; this could give you good information on the market you plan to reach and give you the possibility of changing the strategy. As some other reader said, your lamp has an indefinite design, it is not a home lamp (you do not put a 10K lumen 5000 kelvin lamp on your bedside table or living room!) And it is not an industrial or street lighting lamp, this limits its interest only for those who want to open it to explore its contents or, worse, to try to copy it. Of course, now the possibility of a battery operation greatly increases its potential and if it could then be maintained in charge with excess energy in addition to the luminous one … ok a solar panel can do the job but…..!
    I remain of the opinion that by proposing a small electric generator of 3-5 Kw “all purpose” self-powered with a buffer battery even at the cost of one or two thousand dollars, you would reach the target of one million bookings very quickly and all of humanity would be really grateful. Then, as you have repeatedly said and shown that energy is not produced by any nuclear fusion, but by new electronic properties of plasma, make it clear once and for all, even on your site, that yours is a plasma generator and call it as it is, like(plasmagen, plasmaenergy plasmalamp, or whatever you want). Avoiding talking about “nuclear” certainly paves the way for certifications and “mental” opposition by many.
    Excuse this frank intrusion, but you know how much I care to see your invention globally recognized.
    Neri

  1070. Andrea Rossi

    Neri Accornero:
    We will do also the electricity generator. I strongly respect your sincere opinion, but I do not agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1071. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Excellent news, that the ECAT SKLed can also be powered with a 12 V battery.
    So I imagine that what will be sent to us will also have this characteristic.

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  1072. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1073. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Interesting Video about LED.

    https://youtu.be/yvcITqw5iDY

    Regards
    Sam

  1074. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1075. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt (second answer of today):
    Our team worked today on your suggestion: all the the Ecat SKLed will be able to be powered either with their plug connected to the grid at 110-240 V, 50-60 Hz, OR with any 12 V battery, and it will be the undisputed lamp with the longest autonomy of the world, at parity of battery Ah.
    You gave us a great idea. We got it. The DC connection will poke out from the rear face of the Ecat’s body.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1076. Norma

    @Jorge:
    The Navy did not just replicate the Rossi effect, as you correctly write: they are trying to plagiarize it with their patent application. The usual story of David versus Goliath
    Norma

  1077. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering of April 13 2021
    Marriage of CHP and Hydrogen: sounds heavenly, but expensive and uncertain
    Rod Walton

  1078. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1079. SvenB

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The possibility of adding a 12V DC input to SKLed is really excellent news.
    It would allow SKLed to be added to all existing 12 V LED installations as well as
    in many non-grid solar-powered and mobile applications.
    I really look forward to when you can confirm this very positive extension of SKLed specification.

    Kind regards
    SvenB

  1080. Jorge

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for the replication made by US Navy of your patent. I have been impressed by comparing the claim 3 of the patent application of the US Navy with the claim 1 of your patent.
    Allow me to put these questions:
    a. did you collaborate with the US Navy laboratories during their experiments ?
    b. have their experiments been done in your laboratories ?
    c. have they informed you that they were going to replicate the Rossi effect ?
    Again congratulations,
    Jorge

  1081. Andrea Rossi

    Jorge:
    a. no
    b. no
    c. no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1082. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    In one of your responses you indicate the E-Cat SKLed could be made to run on a battery.

    I hope you’re considering this option and if you are, I suggest that the input voltage spec be 12 +/- 3 VDC which would cover automotive batteries and readily available Li ion battery packs. Based upon your input power consumption of 3.9 watts I would expect the nominal current drain from the battery to be 3.9 watts/12 volts = .325 amps.

    I hope you’re not considering integrating a battery directly into the E-Cat SKLed. Give the customer the option to select the size and type of battery he wants to use including automotive batteries, or a grid fed adapter.

    A peak current drain needs to be specified, but you have given no information that would allow me to estimate it.

    I believe there is good reason to believe that there may be more interest in the E-Cat SKLed as a light weight battery powered light source then as a grid fed unit.
    For example a 12V, 3 amp-hr Lithium ion Battery Pack sold through Amazon for $24 would be able to run the E-Cat SKLed for more than 6 hours. The combined weight of both the E-Cat SKLed and the Li ion battery pack would be 380 grams.

    Question 1
    Are you considering doing a survey to establish the market for battery powered E-Cat SKLed relative to grid fed units?

    Question 2
    Is making a E-Cat SKLed that runs on 12 VDC more difficult than making a unit that runs on 120/240 VAC?

    Question 3
    Until a significant number of E-Cat SKLed units are sold and tested by users, some doubt will remain about its performance. Key specifications associated with grid fed units are luminous flux, input power, and life. Luminous flux is difficult to test beyond visually comparing the E-Cat SKLed with a similar LED source. Most customers will not even have access to a suitable watt meter to measure input power. Life takes time to verify and has to be taken on faith in the near term.
    Key specifications for a battery powered unit are luminous flux, weight and battery life. These specifications are all testable in the near term and no watt-hr meter is needed.

    E-Cat battery powered SKLed applications such as portable and emergency lighting require no investment in mounting and wiring and therefore have minimal risk if they don’t work as expected.

    Do you agree that from a sales point of view that offering an option for connecting a 12 VDC battery power source to the E-Cat SKLed has merit?

    Question 4
    Would you consider running a battery life test on an E-Cat SKLed connected to a commercially available battery?

    Best Regards,
    Dan Galburt

  1083. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    Thank you for your very intelligent suggestion.
    Answers:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- yes
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1084. Dear Andrea,
    What happens if you do not reach 1×10^6 orders by the date you gave for the presentation? Will you extend the date, offer a lower price, or offer a different device for sale? Will you still hold the presentation? Ignore these questions if they have already been answered and I have just missed your replies.
    Marketing regards.

  1085. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    The presentation date has nothing to do with the date we will reach 1 million units ordered.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1086. Heinz Sause

    Hello Dr, Rossi,
    In Germany there has recently been an innovation agency.
    I’ve already made them known there.
    How about if you would present your projects there?
    With best regards .
    https://www.sprind.org/en/
    Heinz Sause

  1087. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    Interesting, but I prefer to serve directly our Clients. I prefer to stay away from anything that smells politics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1088. Johnny

    Dr Rossi:
    Why do you need to sell one million units before starting the deliveries ?

  1089. Andrea Rossi

    Johnny:
    because that is the amount of units we must produce to make that price.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1090. Lisa Catlover

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I know you are the CEO ( Chief Executive Officer ) of Leonardo Corporation.
    I ordered an Ecat SKLed and sending the order form I found here:
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    In the order form it is written that the deliveries will begin only after you will reach one million of orders and that if such amount of orders will not be reached the orders will be void. There is also written that the payment will be made only at the delivery and that before that moment no money will change hands.
    All this is clear and good.
    I have a question, though: if one has to pay before the delivery, what happens if he will not receive the Ecat SKLed ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Lisa Catlover

  1091. Andrea Rossi

    Lisa Catlover:
    Good point.
    Among the forms of payment we will accept, there will be also Paypal. I suggest that the payment is made through Paypal, because they guarentee the refund if the merchandise is not delivered.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1092. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m currently working on a case study on using the SKLed to illuminate streets. According to my calculation in the case study, the replacement of street lamps with the SKLed pays for itself in 3 – 6 months, while the saving of electricity and the saving of CO 2 emissions play a role.
    The CO 2 levy in Germany is € 25 and in Switzerland and Sweden around € 100 per tonne of CO 2.

    Of course, this calculation only applies when replacing lamps with conventional bulbs that consume a lot.
    Since the replacement for LED is already in full swing, the amortization time increases.

    Traffic-dependent control and dimming based on time and brightness are used in street lighting today. The control is carried out via the Internet. There are various standardized connection elements for lamps on the power poles.

    Solar panels with batteries are available for newly installed lamps to which the lamps are connected directly.

    I have questions about this:

    1.) Can the dimmer in the SKLed be controlled via the Internet?

    2.) Can the SKLed also have a DC connection so that it can be connected directly to the battery?

    The street lamp distributors offer various connection elements for masts.

    It would be beneficial if Leonardo could use a lamp connector as standard for the SKLed, or even better if Leonardo included a connector.

    This would make it easier for Leonardo to win over the specialist companies for the lamp market to sell the SKLed.

    Especially when it is calculated how much electricity and CO 2 emissions can be saved by your customers compared to lighting with conventional LEDs.

    Warm regards
    Ulrich

  1093. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions.
    Answers:
    1- maybe an idea
    2- could be made
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1094. Andrea Rossi

    Jurgen Jager:
    We are studying on this issue, albeit the Ecat SKLed does not emit UV, as I already explained.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1095. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I think you decided to start with lamps because they will be a troy horse for wider applications, am I correct ?

  1096. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The new starts as a superficial form before becoming the new ground of reality,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1097. Jürgen Jäger

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    10000 Lumen is a very bright light, so my question is: could the ECAT SKLed power a photovoltaik cell…what would be the output?
    best regards
    Juergen

  1098. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    How is your progress towards the certification ?
    Regards
    Sam

  1099. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    It is in progress,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1100. Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I am simply an Italian craftsman and I work in the sector of beauty. I would like to know, if possible of course, if in a near future E-cat could allow to obtain also UVB tanning frequencies, infrared frequencies and RGB lights, to equip chromotherapy devices.
    Many thanks, LP

  1101. Andrea Rossi

    Lorenzo Persello:
    No: our lamp does not emit UV.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1102. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    In a book that my wife gave me for my 50th birthday, two inventions by Nicola Tesla are mentioned.

    The book, which dates from 1899 and is called

    “Electricity, its generation and its use in industry and commerce”

    Fourth, improved and increased edition
    With 11 plates and 824 text illustrations

    by Arthur Wilke, electrical engineer.
    Publishing and printing by Otto Spamer in Leipzig 1899

    The book describes inventions by Nicola Tesla, one is the induction motor, the other the invention of the cold light lamp.

    What is interesting
    the author of the book about the cold light lamp writes:

    “The light emitted by the lamp is not very intense, however. However, it is not the current practicality that gives the lamp its significance, but the fact that it generates light without heat and that it is only connected to the electricity generator by a wire.

    The beginnings are given here, but a beginning is made, and we can hope that the near future will bring us heatless light in a form that can be used in practice.

    And what advantage does it promise us? Perhaps a reader asks; Now we can expect that with the same expenditure of energy we can operate about 10 to 20 times the power compared to today’s incandescent lamps and with every horsepower expended about 200 sixteen-candle lamps.”

    That was more than 122 years ago.

    Together with its investor Westinghouse, Tesla had won the project to supply the 1893 World’s Fair in Chicago with electricity and lighting. That was a big breakthrough for Tesla’s AC technology.

    Now you have invented the E-CAT SKL that generates electricity and the E-CAT SKLed that generates light and is also “cold”.

    I also wish you such a breakthrough with the E-CAT SKL and the E-CAT SKLed!

    With warm regards

    Ulrich

  1103. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    Thank you for this very interesting reference,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1104. Jitse

    Daar Andrea,

    In addition to your patent, it is possible to register INTUAL PROPERTY of hardware products, if that is not yet registered (especially the ecatskl series) then it makes sense to register this everywhere in Europe, US and all other countries.

    I wish you a lot of success with your ecatskLed and the energy ecatSKL versions and hope that you can also bring the energy related products to the market soon.

    with kind regards, Jitse

  1105. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1106. Andrea Rossi

    Muzard Francois:
    Thank you for your very kind support,
    Merci Beaucoup !!!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1107. larry

    Please understand that the following comments come from someone who believes strongly in the future of LENR. And one who believes strongly that disruptive technology such as LENR is needed to help the world survive global warming (just look at how the world has handled COVID…there are too many people putting their own feelings/wealth ahead of the personal sacrifice needed to minimize the death and permanent side effects of COVID to believe the effort to reduce global warming will be any different.)

    The first ECAT product is a technology wonder. But how much can it really contribute to making the world more green? There are probably at least 5 billion lights used every day in the world. A one million piece production run will have essentially negligible impact on the lighting industry and even less impact on global warming.

    Lamps are not just light sources, they are an interior design item. A technologist such as myself and many bloggers here will look at he image of the SKLed and be amazed a product is finally here, but, frankly, it is not an aesthetically pleasing lamp. Also if you look closely at the prototype, it is not a polished housing…rough surfaces, crude base, ugly chrome plated screw on the side etc. I strongly suspect that the true production version will have better finish, but this one is not pleasing to the eye no matter how pleasing its technological achievement. Its market penetration into homes is going to be very small. Industrial lighting is probably the best market for the technology, but the current lamp is not suited for easy retrofit into large area lighting fixtures. Market penetration through new builds will be very slow.

    I think the true short term value of the SKLed will be marketing of LENR. This lamp, with proper publicity, will help make LENR and ECAT into household names. This will help force industry and governments to respond and move to LENR much quicker than if the consumers remain largely unaware of the technology.

    Considering the size of the markets, this production run is a very small investment. Since volume pricing for 1K pieces is $20, we can assume a production run of 1million pieces will be less that $20 million. For comparison, a new wafer fab costs 10 billion dollars. I strongly urge Leonardo Corporation to find funding for this production run and just do it, don’t wait for orders. If Leonardo Corporation cash position is not enough to handle this cash flow, then reach out to large philanthropic organizations such as the Gates Foundation to get the funding as a grant, or as a low interest loan (0%?). Or get gofundme to sell the first units. Find a way to get the money and just do it! I assume getting startup funding from people who would want a piece of the pie is out of the question.

    Then deliver samples to all major movers such as tech blogging influencers, government officials (probably target their aids), industrial leaders etc. If they see the product on their desk, they will be more likely to overcome the bad history of LENR that put in in the minds of many people as a fraud the likes of making a perpetual motion machine.

    Think big…the ultimate long term goal would be to legislatively ban any light source that is not as efficient as the SKLed technology unless the light source needs specific technology such as being a true point source, deep UV light source, specific shape for illumination needs (such as pumping laser fibers) etc. Then maybe after ten years the SKLed will be the “go to” lighting method…except for the home unless you can make it small enough to fit into a designer lamp or ceiling fixture, offer different color temperatures etc.

    Shorter term goal will be to penetrate industrial lighting by working with experts in the field to develop a product line to make retrofitting into warehouse and office ceiling lighting relatively easy, with short period investment payback on behalf of the consumer.

    But I fear that the SKLed will remain a novelty item, and only LENR devices with electrical power output will truly be sold in volume and change the world. Imagine a smaller power unit that can be easily attached to a wall beside the circuit breaker panel of every building and home, similar to UPS whole house units. Installed by an electrician. Bypass the industrial giants who have a vested interest to make LENR fail, or who are horribly slow to react to new technology and instead go straight to the consumer. Rossi’s idea about owning the units and selling the power so that there is limited capital equipment costs for the buyer will make this happen faster, but this has HUGE investment costs in the billions, not millions. But even that can be obtained.

    I look forward to a new brighter world once LENR takes hold. (no pun intended :))

  1108. Andrea Rossi

    Larry:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    I want to precise that:
    1- I do not think that my technology is based on LENR, as I said many times. Its theoretical principles have been explained on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    2- 1 million lamps are the beginning, not the end
    3- we are pursuing also the line of electricity and heat production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1109. MUZARD François

    Cher Docteur Rossi,
    je soutiens totalement votre thèse concernant la nécessité d’un prix très bas obtenu à l’usine, grâce à la fabrication programmée d’une grosse quantité d’appareils ,et aussi j’imagine grâce un gros effort de la part de votre société.
    Ce prix va permettre de diffuser plus facilement ce produit parmi les gens incrédules malheureusement toujours influencés par tous ces trolls bien maléfiques !
    J’ajoute que nous, vos fervents supporters, devons maintenant être très présents sur le terrain pour assurer la promotion de cet extraordinaire projecteur, et vous permettre de réaliser cette quantité.
    Nous pourrons prier pour que la communauté scientifique ne reste pas dans ce silence assourdissant lorsque toutes ces lampes seront allumées !
    Salutations chaleureuses.
    François

  1110. Sam

    Is Amy Akasaki passed
    away recently.

    https://youtu.be/n_9ymoYxrTY

  1111. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1112. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    Interesting video on Blue LED.

    https://youtu.be/idwKHQEw78g

    Regards
    Sam

  1113. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Prof Amy Akasaki, Nobel Prize laureate in 2014 for his invention of the LED, made one of the most important inventions of the last 100 years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1114. Roberto

    @Vinny:
    Yes, the US Navy has replicated the invention patented by Andrea Rossi, and this is good, but they forgot to cite the prior art of Dr Rossi in the patent application of theirs, whose Claim 3- the most important of their application of 2019- is the photocopy of the claim 1 of Rossi’s patent granted by the USPTO in 2015.
    Best,
    Roberto

  1115. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    You propose the concept of network selling. Half a life ago I also dared to do this, and indeed such a system works on a human scale. A fixed characteristic of products that go into network sales is that the official sales price is multiplied several times. This is to cover the costs for driving around and the palaver.

    I don’t know if there are enough enthusiasts to get to a million copies sold. Wouldn’t it be wise to also set a price so that delivery can be made anyway? Some electronics can also be made to order in small quantities.

    If we already had a few models to take to the streets, it would be easier. At the very least, we can then fine-tune some concrete applications in growing and flourishing markets where we know cheap artificial light has a huge competitive advantage, and where no whole boards of directors need to decide on the purchase. These tests can take several months to even a year.

    Maybe you can think of this as plan B.

    Kindest regards,
    Koen

  1116. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your opinion, but only if we reach that order of magnitude we can offer that price. With a minor order of magnitude, the price would be much higher and nobody would buy the product, with exception of several hundreds of subjects aiming only to a reverse engineering. For obvious reasons, we are not interested to follow this path, as difficult as the reverse engineering might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1117. Vinny

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I want to congratulate with you for the replication of your patent made by the US Navy !
    Cheers
    Vinny

  1118. Andrea Rossi

    Vinny:
    Yes, it is an important achievement,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1119. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    https://rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1120. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    27 years of duration is a long, long, very long time.

    Many of us will already be dead.

    I don’t think there is a need to worry about replacing the cartridge.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  1121. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Why not ? I wish all our Readers a very, very long life.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1122. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea and blog readers:

    The US DOE worked closely with Andrea for many years, and perhaps continues to this day. Here is some interesing information regarding the research that the US DOE has been working on, most of which is over my head but still interested me, so I thought I would share it with you all on the blog. Please visit the web site URL in this post to find out more.

    Thank you Andrea, for your persistance in your research, I enjoy reading your blog almost daily.

    Warm Regards,
    Tom Conover

    US DOE posted some results recently. The long-awaited first results from the Muon g-2 experiment at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.

    Details can be found at:
    https://news.fnal.gov/2021/04/first-results-from-fermilabs-muon-g-2-experiment-strengthen-evidence-of-new-physics/

    First results from Fermilab’s Muon g-2 experiment strengthen evidence of new physics

    April 7, 2021
    Media contact
    Tracy Marc, Fermilab, media@fnal.gov, 224-290-7803
    The long-awaited first results from the Muon g-2 experiment at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory show fundamental particles called muons behaving in a way that is not predicted by scientists’ best theory, the Standard Model of particle physics. This landmark result, made with unprecedented precision, confirms a discrepancy that has been gnawing at researchers for decades.

    The strong evidence that muons deviate from the Standard Model calculation might hint at exciting new physics. Muons act as a window into the subatomic world and could be interacting with yet undiscovered particles or forces.

    “Today is an extraordinary day, long awaited not only by us but by the whole international physics community,” said Graziano Venanzoni, co-spokesperson of the Muon g-2 experiment and physicist at the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics. “A large amount of credit goes to our young researchers who, with their talent, ideas and enthusiasm, have allowed us to achieve this incredible result.”

  1123. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    This research of the Fermilab is very interesting.
    Thank you for the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1124. Leo Kaas

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you ever used POE (Power over Ethernet) to Power the E-Cat SKLed? Type 3 POE++ supplies 60W and Type 4 High Power POE supplies 100W.

    Best Regards,
    Leo Kaas

  1125. Andrea Rossi

    Leo Kaas:
    No, but thank you for your information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1126. Salvatore Boi

    Gentilissimo Dott. Rossi, alcune domande e considerazioni per Lei:

    1. Non sarebbe il caso di considerare la possibilità di poter produrre e mettere in vendita una versione sommergibile del E-CAT SKled, per i sub e per i sottomarini a scopo turistico?

    2. Quando Lei è partito per venire in Italia avrà subito i controlli del bagaglio con raggi gamma, non ha avuto paura di un pericolo di visione della componentistica interna?

    3. Si trova ancora in Italia? Lei ha ancora la sua potente Alfa Romeo?

    4. Non esiste il pericolo, dopo la commercializzazione dell’E-CAT SKled, di una ingegnerazione inversa via raggi gamma, tac, raggi x, ecc.?

    5. In genere i LED per illuminazione hanno una vita stimata da 30,000 a 50,000 ore di funzionamento, ma invece l’E-CAT SKled offre addirittura 100,000 ore di corretto funzionamento, giusto?

    6. Come fare per poter dimmerare la luce? Esiste una manopola dietro o lo si fa sulla linea di alimentazione attraverso un dimmer elettronico a tecnologia PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) con una frequnza intorno ai 400 Hz?

    7. Come fare a sostituire la cartuccia del combustibile? Non si era detto che sarebbe stato facile come sostituire le cartuccie d’inchiostro delle comuni stampanti domestiche?

    Perdoni le troppe domande, ma le Sue risposte saranno utili a tutti i lettori, grazie in anticipo.

    English version:

    Dear Dr. Rossi, some questions and considerations for you:

    1. Wouldn’t it be worth considering the possibility of producing and selling a submersible version of the E-CAT SKled, for divers and submarines for tourism purposes?

    2. When you left to come to Italy, you will have undergone the gamma-ray baggage checks, were you not afraid of a danger of vision of the internal components?

    3. Are you still in Italy? Do you still have your powerful Alfa Romeo?

    4. Is there no danger, after the commercialization of the E-CAT SKled, of reverse engineering via gamma rays, CT scans, x-rays, etc.?

    5. Lighting LEDs typically have an estimated life of 30,000 to 50,000 hours of operation, but the E-CAT SKled offers 100,000 hours of proper operation, right?

    6. How can I dim the light? Is there a knob behind it or is it done on the power line through an electronic dimmer with PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) technology with a frequency around 400 Hz?

    7. How do I replace the fuel cartridge? Didn’t you tell yourself it would be as easy as replacing the ink cartridges of common home printers?

    Forgive too many questions, but your answers will be useful to all readers, thanks in advance.

  1127. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    1. maybe a good idea
    2. I travel with the confidential parts disassembled and put in different bags
    3. he,he,he..yes, waiting for the second dose of my Astra Zeneca Covid vaccination. I made the first one on April 4th, the second should be at the end of May
    4. it will be very, very, very difficult
    5. yes
    6. there is an intelligent system that maintains in your place the Lumens you want. But there is also a manual dimmer vulgaris
    7. after 100 000 hours of operation, assuming 10 hours of operation per day, it lasts 10000 days = 27 years. You send us back the old one, that we recycle completely, and buy a new one with a discount of 10%
    Thank you for your kind questions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1128. Gennady Teplitsky

    Dear Andrea,

    The SKLed device sounds like a very interesting proposition. Although, I am sure all of us are in a great anticipation for a self sustaining eCat SKL that produces 10 to 20 kw that we can use in our homes. Are we expecting such a device to be also presented on 25th of November and being offered on sale in 2021? If not, then when?

    Kind Regards,

    Gennady

  1129. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady Teplitsky:
    Premature,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1130. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1131. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I forwarded your order form to the county of Los Angeles to help you reach your 1M order threshold. Maybe other readers could do the same for their areas to broaden the skled awareness.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1132. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1133. Josef

    Dr Rossi,
    reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I wonder how you calculate the entropy ratio between non coherent and coherent configuration of particles

  1134. Andrea Rossi

    Josef:
    It is approximately equal to the number of interacting particles, considering that the coherent state can be described by a single wave function , as in Bose Einstein condensate; please see paragraph 2.5 of the cited paper,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1135. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    Would it be possible to, now and then, post the number of ECat-SKLed devices pre-ordered so far?

    Similar the Kickstarter and Indiegogo type sites (which help launch new products), it would be fun to know how we’re progressing and it might generate added enthusiasm to get in on the first run production of a groundbreaking new device.

    Best regards, WaltC

  1136. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Premature,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1137. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    It is obvious that you have tested that the E-Cat SK can deliver the necessary power to make a 12 volt LED emit 10,000 lumens.
    Have you also tested whether the same E-Cat SK can charge a regular 12 volt lead accumulator?
    Have you thereby figured out the magnitude of its charging effect?
    Finding out this is far more interesting than getting an LED light to function, since an accumulator can easily deliver 4Wh/h to drive the E-Cat.
    Regards.
    Svein H. Vormedal

  1138. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1139. Robin

    Dr Rossi,
    how can I buy an Ecat SKLed ?
    Robin

  1140. Andrea Rossi

    Robin:
    you can find the form to fill up and send automatically on
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    http://www.ecat.com
    http://www.e-catworld.com
    or ask to receive the form emailing to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1141. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    In the event that you quickly receive 1,000,000 pre-orders, could you initiate mass production of SKLed BEFORE end of November, 2021?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  1142. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    If this issue will have a follow up, we will organize it better. For now, every buyer can buy with a disciunt of 10% and resell giving us the names of his new buyers and obviously they will be in line based on the date of their order. Also the new buyers will be allowed to do the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1143. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    Possible new Physics Discovery.

    https://youtu.be/ZjnK5exNhZ0

    Regards
    Sam

  1144. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1145. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    there are many countries (America is one of them) in which it’s easy to issue lawsuits for even silly matters (I remember a woman who sued a microwave oven producer for not specifying in the user’s manual that a dog can not be dryed in the microwave oven…).
    For this reason a good idea can be to explicitly state that the LED acronym in your product is Light Emitting Device and not Diode, to be safe with legal matters.
    This because you can not confirm or deny if your device contains actual LEDs or not.

    What do you think?

    Luminous regards,
    Marco.

  1146. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    thank you for your suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1147. Dear Andrea,
    Those who have preordered have an incentive to spread the word, because they know that they will get their devices only once the preorder count reaches one million, and because they know that newcomers do not displace them in the queue.

    In my opinion, offering in addition a 10% fiscal reward sounds an unnecessary complication, and such strategy, if done before official performance measurements have been published, might also backfire by decreasing the credibility of the device. You probably look at it from the justice and fairness points of view, which I respect, but I think that the fairness comes from the first-come-first-served principle of the queue.

    regards, /pekka

  1148. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Obviously the order in queue will be respected. If a buyer will senf subsequent orders, the new orders will have their own arrival date. Besides, the deliveries will not in any case begin before the presentation
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1149. Ron Stringer

    In your response to Gerard McEck, you say “it would be beautiful if all the buyers of the SKLed become sellers of the SKLed earning 10% for every Skled they sell.”
    How do you see this working? Do you think current buyers should become resellers, marking up resales by 10%? Or do you foresee some other arrangement?
    You keep managing to surprise me.
    Ron Stringer

  1150. Andrea Rossi

    Ron Stringer:
    Any buyer can become a reseller getting the 10%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1151. ken kocher

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    IF you get your 1,000,000 pre-orders, how long do you anticipate, after November, it will take to deliver those orders? 1?2? 3 months?

    Yours,
    kenko1

  1152. Andrea Rossi

    Ken Kocher:
    yes, several months
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1153. Pol Dekyvere

    Dear Andrea,
    I am very enthusiastic about your most wonderful and very useful invention.

    Please may I ask you to answer this two questions:

    1. Does SKLed stand for SKLight emetting Device instead of SKLight emitting Diode? So there is no Light emitting Diode in the SKLed? In this case, the light from the plasma is directed directly to the lens.

    2. Can the light from the SKLed be converted to heat by shining the light on a black body radiator?

    Thank you very much. I wish you every success in the further development of the ecatSKL and, above all, good health.

  1154. Andrea Rossi

    Pol Dekyvere:
    1- no
    2- no
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1155. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Would you consider a pre-demonstration just for resellers in advance of the presentation?
    If so, when could that take place?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  1156. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1157. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    today your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached 63000 readings…and counting
    Prof

  1158. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1159. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In your reply to Rinus you mentioned November 25th as the presentation date. You have previously announced November 30th. Is the 25th now the confirmed date?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1160. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, sorry, my mistake not to inform our Readers yet: the date of the presentation has been anticipated to November 25th upon request of the CEO of the Swedish company in whose facility the presentation will be made, because he wants to be present and the 25th is better for him. Obviously for us is very important his presence and we followed suit.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1161. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    What is going on with E-catSKL to the industry, when all your time
    goes to E-catSKLed?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  1162. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    We are working also on the SKL,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1163. Engineer01

    A Future Application for the E-Cat SKL in 3rd World Countries

    From the beginning of my enthusiasm for LENR, to excitement over the first E-Cats, to amazement at the picometric universe of the Casimir force, I have been praying for you.

    We see lots of fights ahead, but also many benefits. Yes, use the E-Cat SKLed to finance a universe of improvements and changes, but do not forget the native, far from power, who must burn dung or coal to heat and cook in primitive conditions. An E-Cat or two powering a few microwave ovens in a village will go centuries towards improving health and survival. Healthy populations tend to rein in unhealthy population growth.

    On the same general subject, are the unusual frequency quirks of the current plasma-cat unsuitable for powering microwave ovens? An E-Cat -powered microwave? This would an extremely beneficial publicity “stunt” that be welcomed and partially funded by many mission groups operating in those countries-with little governmental interference.
    Early in the nickel-Lithium-hydrogen of my LENR enthusiasm, I wondered if the thermal energy required to kick off the reaction could be supplied by adiabatic compression. Subject the cell to an extreme, almost instantaneous vacuum to withdraw gasses attracted to the nickel surface, purge and recharge with a whiff of hydrogen, then plunge more hydrogen into the space with a piston able to concentrate the compression energy inside the cell.

    I, an Engineer, am still fascinated with the possibilities of this admittedly cruder and more thermal technology. Has development in this area (earlier E-Cat) totally ceased?
    Thanks in advance for any reply, even much belated.

    George (Jim) Hebbard PE
    Lithia, FL
    USA

  1164. Andrea Rossi

    Engineer01:
    We are continuing to develope the SKL,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1165. Mark U

    Dear Andre,
    Like Art, I too filled in the form on the website (ordering 3 SKLeds) but have not received a confirmation email. (I checked my spam folder as well.)
    Also, when I go to http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    it immediately redirects me to ecat.com, which is where I filled in the online form originally.
    I shall take it on faith that my original order has been received, despite not receiving a confirmation email.

  1166. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    I forwarded also your comment to our webmaster,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1167. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding light without heat, “Fireflies produce light without heat by a chemiluminescent reaction. Chemiluminescent reactions that occur in living organisms are called bioluminescent reactions.”

    Hoped you would enjoy this quote. We have fireflies during the summer and it is very impressive.

    Warm regards,

    Tom

  1168. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    True !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1169. Don Zucchiatti

    Dear Andrea
    When I first hear of the Ecat SKLed, I immediately thought the best use would be for municipal street lights. I imagine New York City could use 1 million lights, and once this gets widely accepted I imagine every municipality on the planet would want to switch over to your product. There seems to be very little emphasis in this area, so if may ask a few questions

    1. Would it be an issue to have a unit cover the area like a street
    light or is your light more directed like a spot light?
    2. Would it be an issue to make a unit that could be swapped out as
    easily as a light bulb?
    3. In northern communities would it be an issue to have
    temperatures of 40 below F?

    Thank you for your consideration;

    Don

  1170. Andrea Rossi

    Don Zucchiatti:
    1- the Ecat SKLed can be used for public illumination
    2- not an issue
    3- not an issue
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1171. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,
    I also did not get the automatic email after I submitted the online form. I tried twice with no result. Kindly check with your IT department.
    Regards
    Patrick

  1172. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    I forwarded this comment of yours to our webmaster,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1173. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your unexpected switch to introduce a new light source has surprised many of us some weeks ago. We were all in the expectation that you were testing and developing the electricity producing Ecat SKL and preparing the production for an energy source that could safe the world.
    I know you were very enthousiast about the QX some years ago and especially the light it produced. It must have taken quite a while to develop the SKLed from it and maybe you use still components of the QX.
    1. Have you all the time been developing this SKLed in silence since you discovered the QX?
    2. Was it always your aim to develop the light emitting Ecat, since the QX?
    3. Does your step to start producing in due time the SKLed delay development and production of the Ecat SKL?
    4. Can you tell us wat the status is of the Ecat SKL?
    5. Do you expect that the pre-orders of the SKLed will reach the quantity of 1M before the presentation?
    6. Will you and your industrial Partner both invest in the production of the SKLed?
    7. Will you and your Partner jointly develop the Ecat SKL to a practical device?
    8. Can we do anything to help you speeding up the developments and/or pre-sales?
    Great success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  1174. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- no
    4- advanced
    5- no
    6- yes
    7- yes
    8- it would be beautiful if all the buyers of the SKLed become sellers of the SKLed earning 10% for every Skled they sell
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1175. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    If an arrangement that the LEd-part of SKLed is disconnected and then connected to a separate power supply can not be carried out,
    several different brands of Led lamps can be arranged that provide identical light amount as E-Cat SKLed and easily measure their energy consumption which is then compared with E-Cat SKLed.
    This will show the savings.
    Regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  1176. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1177. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On your new product, the E-Cat SKLed, Question:

    1. Does the E-Cat SKLed contain an LED or LED array?
    2. If not, would not the name E-Cat SKLed be misleading to the purchaser?

  1178. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- confidential
    2- I think Purchasers will be absolutely not interested to this question, unless they are competitors fishing for information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1179. Dear Andrea,

    I assume that you want to achieve the desired number of pre-orders as quickly as possible.
    I assume that your industrial partner also want this.
    1. is there an advertisement strategy planned for other sites than the presents?
    2. will there be more informative pictures, like working leds in the dark, showing its capabilities?
    3. is it thinkable that when you have a better insight in the demand, you start production before the magic number of orders is reached?

    Thanks for the information,

    Rinus

  1180. Andrea Rossi

    Rinus:
    1- yes, after the presentation of November 25th
    2- same as in 1
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1181. Art B

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I completed the form on your website to order 10pcs. But did not receive confirmation of the order. Is the confirmation sent out later to my email address, which is the same as the one attached to this post? Sorry to bother you with such a small thing.

  1182. Andrea Rossi

    Art B:
    Please resend your order going here:
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    Fill up the form , click send and you will receive the receipt.
    Anyway, the order you already sent has been received, even if from
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    during the first 3 days the receipts have not been sent: but we received all the orders from the forms we sent, do not worry.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1183. Dr Rossi:
    I want to comment on the phenomena which issues from your light which I will name “RossiLight.”

    There is no such thing as light that does not make heat. If “RossiLight” does not do so, it is not ordinary light, but something new. Your discovery of Rossilight, if verified, is of huge importance. Since RossiLight has a new and untested source, it may well be a new phenomena.

    Please test Rossilight to determine whether:
    it travels at speed “C”,
    to determine whether it can be used to pump a laser,
    to find whether it reflects off a mirror surface with the angle of incidence equal to the angle of reflection.
    If it does not heat a surface, does it cool that surface?
    If a beam of Rossilight passes through a beam of ordinary Light, do they annihilate?
    Does a beam of RossiLight interact with magnetic, electrodynamic, or gravitational fields? Does RossiLight make diffraction patterns with itself or with ordinary light?

    Regards, Ken Bowers
    KBowersJr@cox.net
    April 5, 2021

  1184. Andrea Rossi

    Ken Bowers:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1185. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you explain how the Ecat SKLed of which we watched the photo is done inside and exactly how it works ?

  1186. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1187. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering April 6 2021:
    Gas-fired capacity growing on South East US, Mexico, Thailand
    Rod Walton

  1188. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thanks for the update,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1189. Salvatore Boi

    Just a thought, since a commercial LED that emits 10,000 lumens costs at least much more than the whole E-CAT SKled, this leads me to consider that in the E-CAT SKled there is no real LED as we know it. but a way to use the light emitted directly by the plasma inside the device, improved and modified by the lens. May be?

  1190. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    I prefer not to answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1191. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    Since your Led light source is based on 12 volts, the easiest way to demonstrate the effect in E-cat SK is to connect this same light source to another 12 volt energy source and then measure the Amper consumption to achieve the same amount of light.
    If the Amp consumption there is higher than 0.33 Amp, it shows that the E-Cat SK delivers energy.
    (12V x 0.33A = 4W)
    How much larger Ampere consumption becomes shows the gain of the E-Cat SK.
    Regards,
    Svein H. vormedal

  1192. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    It is not possible,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1193. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    The largest municipality in Norway with approx. 500,000 inhabitants is responsible for approx. 70,000 street lights.
    This will be close to 140,000/million inhabitants. This is reasonably the case in most countries.
    There is now a significant replacement here due to several reasons.
    Energy consumption and service life of the installations are some important reasons for the replacements.
    This market is now on the rise. Phillips is betting heavily here.
    Local environmental groups have a great deal of influence in this area. Here you are a supreme winner. Many of your followers can help with marketing if the right product is available.
    regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  1194. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal,
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1195. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,

    You probably have it already but here is a reference to the “Handbook of LED and SSL Metrology” by Günther Leschhorn, Richard Young et al.
    https://www.amazon.com.au/Handbook-LED-Metrology-G%C3%BCnther-Leschhorn/dp/3864606438

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  1196. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.:
    Your comment is the No. 56000 of this blog.

  1197. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When asked how much heat the eCat LED lamp dissipated you posted “The heat dissipated is about 2 W”. Does the 3W include the heat dissipated by the LED lamp or just the eCat portions?

  1198. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Good question.
    It does include the dissipated heat, the electric energy consumed net of the dissipation is about 1 Wh/h
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1199. Salvatore Boi

    I have some questions to ask:

    1. Could the light beam be adjusted by changing the focus with the ring (screw?) that surrounds the lens?

    2. Could the E-CAT SKled be turned on and off by a twilight switch or a passive infra red (PIR) sensor?

    3. Also, how long does it take from power supply to light output of at least 1000 lumens?

    4. Is it possible to regulate the luminous power emitted, perhaps dimming it?

    5. The request made by others regarding the non-loss of guarantee in case of removal of the C-shaped support, makes sense considering a ceiling with plasterboard in which a round hole of the same diameter as that of the E-CAT SKled can be drilled, which if I’m not mistaken it should be 100mm, all in order to make the volume of the E-CAT SKled disappear inside the gap between the ceiling and the plasterboard. In this case the C-bracket would be wider than the hole. Do you agree now?

    Thank you in advance for the kind answers that are useful to all.

  1200. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    1- not so far, but could be an idea
    2- yes
    3- < 1s 4- yes 5- obviously the loss of guarantee does not involve the support ! Warm Regards, A.R.

  1201. Brad

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What can I do to order an Ecat SKLed ?
    Thank you,
    Brad

  1202. Andrea Rossi

    Brad:
    Now you can also go to
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    fill up the order form you will find there, click “send”
    You can also buy it through
    http://www.e-catworld.com
    It is also possible, but no more necessary, to ask the order form by email to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1203. Albert

    Dear Andrea

    Can you kindly bear with my curiosity and answer this maybe stupid question of mine?: What is the energy equivalent in Watts-hour/hour of the 10,000 lumens light produced by the Sk-LED lamp which is being rolled out for production?

    Thanks and congratulations for your great paradigm-changing success.

  1204. Andrea Rossi

    Albert:
    10000/683
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1205. Gavino Mamia

    Salve!
    Ho fatto un preordine, non dovrebbe arrivarmi un email di conferma?
    Non ho ricevuto nulla, devo rifare la richiesta?
    Saluti

  1206. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Your order has been received. You will be contacted when we will be ready for the delivery.
    By the way: all the Readers that have send the request to receive the form to make the order have been served.
    If some of our Readers has asked to receive the order form and did not receive it, this means his request has been lost in the spam for error: if so, please go to
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    fill up the order form and send it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1207. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Does your warranty permit removal of the mounting bracket so the lamp can be inserted into a round hole cut in the ceiling?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  1208. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Yes, but the mount has been designed to be fit also to be put on the ceiling.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1209. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    1. By the end of this year do you expect to announce one or more prototyped products based upon the Rossi Effect?

    2. If so, will one be another variation of the SKLed?

    3. If so, will one be a product that does not produce light (e.g. only heat or only electricity)?

    Warm regards,
    Greg

  1210. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Daigle:
    1- I don’t know, now we are focused on the SKLed
    2- n.a.
    3- n.a.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1211. ernesto Seligardi

    dear dr. Rossi
    congratulations for the goal achieved and which I hope will soon brighten my days too …
    but I have a question, if you can answer …:
    I understood that the heat dissipated in the ECATskl was only about 5% of the output energy.
    Does this also apply to ECATskled?
    Does the 2 W of dissipated heat always represent this percentage?
    Is it correct to say that the 2 W of dissipated heat is equal to about 50% of the input power?
    (power in): consumption 3.9 Wh / h +/- 10%
    best regards and thanks

  1212. Andrea Rossi

    Ernesto Seligardi:
    Moreless yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1213. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    Most people who live in northern areas that need lighting during the time of day when it is dark, also need heating indoors. A super-efficient lighting then creates a greater energy need for heating.
    When it comes to official outdoor lighting, the situation is totally different.
    I would then recommend that you equip SKLED with a screw/twist connection of the type used on such.
    The marked here is great.
    I have two questions:
    1. When do we get information about volts supplied to the SKLED?
    2. Do you now have negotiations with one or more suppliers of accumulators?
    Regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  1214. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for the suggestion. Are you interested to help ? If yes, contact me here:
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1215. Would this device, if it works as specified, have any value in the digital projector market? High lumen output combined with very low heat output and long operational life might make home theater projectors and commercial movie projectors less expensive to build and operate. Barco, Panasonic, JVC, Digital Projection, ViewSonic, Epson, and Sony are just a few of the companies that might be interested in the E-Cat SKLed.

  1216. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    If you are looking for a
    Good Sales Person.

    https://youtu.be/ePFPnRVJ_gY

    Regards
    Sam

  1217. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thanks,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1218. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    https://rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1219. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    With “the world’s best LED-lamp”, the COP in the E-Cat SK becomes 12.
    By using 100 units with the size you now produce, the performance will be 5kWh/h.
    The price will be $ 3000.
    It will then provide this effect for 100,000 hours. INCREDIBLE!
    Best regards
    Svein H. Vormedal

  1220. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    Answers:
    1- 12 V
    2- we have contacts
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1221. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Attention: the photo of the Ecat SKLed you published contains metadata like where it has been taken…you better don’t publish photos made by your cell phone

  1222. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    It is not a problem, but thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1223. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    This is a link to a website selling a 199$ / 10.000 lumens flashlight :
    https://www.fenix-store.com/fenix-lr35r-rechargeable-flashlight/
    (the brightest flashlight currently available is rated at 100.000 lumens)

    A video about its performance in the night :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O9u8Z9sx8qk

    And also a link to a video called “World’s BRIGHTEST Flashlight?” by YouTube channel Hacksmith Industries :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5f6mDfc5zg4
    they are very talented people, maybe you can partner with them for the demo 😉 .

    Now some speculation…
    I think that the SKLed is not powering any LED as we now them with direct current, but that the (L)ight is (E)mited by the plasma from the reactor that may somehow be considered as a (D)iode. The light coming out is polarized because it is the one emitted by the plasma.

    Any thoughts about this ?

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  1224. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you for the information, the links and your insight.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1225. Stephen

    Dear Andrea,

    I think you mentioned that the light is dimmable which is great news as it multiplies its uses.

    10000 Lumens is an excellent choice for the maximum from a single lamp.. That point is very bright safe and useful for strong illumination where needed.

    Can you tell us what the minimum configurable Lumen value is when it is not Off?

    Or is if fully configurable from a few Lumens say up to 10000.?

    Thanks
    Stephen

  1226. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1. of course yes !
    2. maybe
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1227. Toussaint

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations for the start of the automatic order form.

    I hope you will let us know the progress of the numbers of orders which I hope will be huge!

    Kind regards

    Toussaint François

  1228. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint:
    Thank you for your kind wishes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1229. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    How is it possible to obtain the coherence conditions for to neutralizing the Coulombian repulsion between electrons ?

  1230. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Please read paragraph 2.4, equation 24 on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1231. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    i already sent an order via email, i have to do again it in the automated system?
    Regards Giuseppe

  1232. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Do not worry, it is not necessary.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1233. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    congratulations for the first device on sale based on the technology E-CAT (preordered 4 pcs), the photo of the SKLED has been taken in Italy as it seems?

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  1234. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Yes, I am presently in Italy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1235. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I like the adjustable base. It will allow you to direct the beam at your work.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1236. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes, it allows also to put the Ecat SKLed where you need, wall, ceiling, table or desk as you might need.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1237. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For you advertised eCat-powered LED lamp, how many Watts of heat does it dissipate? I did not find it in the spec sheet.

  1238. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The heat dissipated is about 2 W
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1239. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk and All Readers:
    If you have requested the forms, be sure you will receive them. If you sent the forms filled and signed, you can be sure you will be advised as soon as we will deliver the Ecat SKLed. Maybe some error incurs, so if you sent the request of the form and you will not have received it within this week, please go to
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    fill up again the form and send it again.
    Last note: the orders sent to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    will not receive a receipt, while the orders sent by
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    and
    E-Catworld
    will receive confirmation of receipt
    Anyway all of them will be safe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1240. Andrea Rossi

    You can choose the Lumens you want,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1241. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Last night I have pre-ordered some SKLed’s. Can I expect a conformation of that order?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  1242. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    Thanks for making available the on line form. I have ordered a few wow what a feeling to be able to participate so near the beginning of the rollout of this!

    I had a tough week this week but this story has kept me going and making that order made me smile. A great gift of light in this important day.

    I have a couple of questions about it if I may:

    1. Will it be possible to add to the initial order in the future by making a new post with that form?

    2. Would it be possible when you feel ready for it to add a running total of orders received? It would be fascinating to see if we are approaching or even surpassing your goal.

    Thanks!

    Stephen

  1243. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Here are the last statistics on Researchgate I found now on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Full Readings: 68000 ( 62870 only for Ecat SK and long range particle interactions )
    Recommendations: 4444
    Total Research Interest index: 1229
    Citations 22
    …and counting…
    Congratulations for this unbelievable continuing achievement,
    Prof

  1244. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1245. Andrea Rossi

    DEAR READERS:
    NOW WE HAVE STARTED THE AUTOMATIC ORDER SYSTEM TO BUY THE ECAT SKLed ALSO HERE:
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1246. Silent Majority Follower

    Dr Rossi,
    That magnificent prototype we can see in the marvellous photo, is the N0. 1 , right ?
    It has a historic value. What will you do with it ? Will you keep it for yourself ? That would be understandable.
    Cheers
    S.M.F.

  1247. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majority Follower:
    Probably we will sell it by a bid, donating the income for a non profit children care institution.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1248. ken kocher

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    When,where and how are we supposed to pay for our order? Cash? Check? Credit card?
    When is payment due? Is there a website I can place an order?

    Yours,
    kenko1

  1249. Andrea Rossi

    ken kocher:
    When we will start the deliveries, we will send to all our Clients the advice that we are delivering what they bought and will give the payment instructions. We will accept all the major credit cards ( VISA, MASTERCARD, AMERICAN EXPRESS ) and Paypal, but also checks. We will not accept cash.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1250. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Happy Easter also to you and your family,
    A.R.

  1251. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    https://youtu.be/5g0c4YeABTs

    Hope you hade a good Easter.

    Sam

  1252. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1253. LilyLover

    Let’s shed some light on what the light can illuminate and a path to —
    1M Customers
    * About 50k SLRPI readers * 2, 100k
    * About 100k ECW readers * 5, 500k
    * ~1% of 10M YT content creators * 2, 200k
    * One airport, maintenance division, 100k
    * The “charity” organisations helping poor countries, 100k
    * All traffic lights, 10M+
    * Coffee tables with lighted designs, 1M
    * Apartment complexes with low budgets
    * Modern day (to be built) lighthouses, 10k
    * Illuminated pools, 20M
    * Vacation lighting systems, 1M
    * Fibre optic lighted Christmas trees, 10M
    * Forever clear, forever running headlights, 1B+??
    * Bright background light behind computers, corporate health, 20M
    * Look good on zoom calls, 200M??
    * Artistic globes in gardens, 10M??
    * Security camera accessory, on when needed, 100M+??
    * Other World governments, just to spite the potential suppressors of E-Cats, #as necessary
    * Hire the Magic bullet guy to sell the “Magic Light” + “MagiCat SKiLLed” + “Magic Skylight”