Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
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• Updated: 2023-01-28 07:30:08.971367Z

  1. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    The suggestions of Neri Accornero are very intelligent: will you apply them ?

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We are studying them. I agree with you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Dogshun:
    You are right. We will publish also the references to the Ecat SKLep SSM when we will introduce it by the live streaming.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  4. Carissimo Dot. Rossi
    Situazione Specifica: la mia domanda è per capire quanto si perde nella conversione da DC-AC in poteza.
    Se il mio fabbisogno è di 1000w , non un watt di meno,
    10 E-Cat da 100w sono suffficenti per avere in
    tensione continua e in corrente per avere la potenza che serve con il carico da 1000w ?
    Se poi aggiungo un convertiture per avere 220vac, una perdita di potenza è inevitabile.
    Presumo che il n° da ordinare sia maggiore a 10 anche per avere un certo margine di sicurezza
    Queste cose sono da specificare ai tuoi clienti altrimenti saranno necessari ulteriori ordini dopo la prima consegna.

    ENGLISH SYNOPSIS: How much is the loss of the inverters/transformers ?
    How can your Clients decide how many Ecat they need ?

  5. Andrea Rossi

    Erasmo Bardelli:
    The efficiency of the inverters depend on the model you will choose; normally it is 95% for the good quality ones; we will give the necessary specific information to our Clients when we will contact them to deliver, and in that phase the pre-orders will be corrected if necessary, if the Client will decide to proceed to turn the pre-order into an actual order. In contrary case, the Client will be free to cancel the pre-order, as explained in the pre-order form.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  6. Paul Dodgshun

    Andrea Rossi,

    https://ecatthenewfire.com/pre-order-the-ecat-sklep/ and sub-pages do not appear to reference the Ecat SSM. May I suggest an update in several places?

  7. Jon Darrell

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I would like to ask:

    A) Is the electricity output from the E-Cat SKLep SSM completely uninterrupted DC?

    or
    B) The output is DC, but contains small discontinuities on the order of milliseconds or millionths of seconds.

    Have A Successful Year 2023

    Jon D.

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Jon Darrell:
    It is completely uninterrupted DC,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Caro dottor Rossi, una domanda per la mia curiosità ma che potrebbe servire anche a chiarire alcune cose nel blog .
    Il Tuo E_Cat ha l’uscita di 10v dc e sopporta un carico di 100w.
    Vale a dire un carico di 1 Ohm e 10A.
    Con questo carico massimo stabilito la tensione rimane a 10v o cade leggermente.
    Il Tuo consiglio dopo i Tuoi test a che percentuale è meglio caricare l’E-Cat?

    A mio parere il lavoro dopo l’uscita in tesione dall’E-Cat è , per una certa sicurezza di funzionamento , più complessa di quello che la mggior oarte crede.
    GRAZIE e BUON LAVORO.

    ENGLISH SYNOPSIS: which Voltage do you suggest at the output of the Ecat ?

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Erasmo Bardelli:
    It depends on the specific situations,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Ron Stringer

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I love how gracious you are in your replies – I think we (at least I speak for myself, here) come up with the most ill-imformed, craziest ideas and you will still thank us for our insights! Maybe every once in a while there’s a pearl for you, at least I hope!
    Ron Stringer

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Ron Stringer:
    The suggestions of our Readers are always taken in serious consideration and many of them are important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Engineer48

    Dear Andrea,

    Does the SKLep or SKLep SSM generate any external magnetic fields that need to be taken into consideration?

    Thanks in advance,
    EE48

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Engineer 48:
    No. Also this issue has been measured by the certificators.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Dear Andrea, the more I think about the “ECAT battery” the more I believe it could be your trump card:

    1: Factories you plan to activate for construction should only deal with one battery model (12v 10W), at least for the first year.

    2: If you were able to make them in a standard format such as 18650 or 26560 lithium or AA stylus, there are many modular battery holder systems on the market that allow series / parallel assembly by the buyer according to his needs.

    3: All manufacturers of battery-powered devices (portable lamps, power tools, etc.) would be the first buyers and you would quickly reach the booking target you deem appropriate.

    4: You shouldn’t worry about supplying 1, 5, 10 or 100 kW power systems according to the buyer’s requests which would involve diversification in the assembly line, construction time, testing, storage and then distribution, and above all you would not have the responsibility of the functioning of the entire system and of any damage due to its malfunction.

    5: you would begin to penetrate the market ” bottom up” giving less annoyance to the large energy producers and suppliers, who would not immediately notice the revolution you are about to trigger … you only sell 10W batteries, who should be afraid?

    The activation method remains to be studied carefully if you do not want to sell already activated “batteries”, I will send some ideas and drawings to your address.

    Neri

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Neri Accornero:
    Thank you for your insight and your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Ron Stringer

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I am finding the discussion of a “battery” format with polar contacts at each end of the SSM units very interesting. When I saw the new design, a cylinder of 30 x 60 mm, I immediately envisioned a long tube, like a flashlight body, to hold them. Pressure contacts at each end of the tube, pop the individual units in, screw on the top, et voila! 10 stacked cylinders make a 120v, 100w tube, ten tubes in parallel give you 1Kw. Tubes can be used in various configurations for different uses. It would allow you to use solutions already devised for batteries, such as leaf or coil spring contacts. Easy to assemble and disassemble, and it would be intuitively obvious how the collections work. I don’t know how practical that is, but it popped into my mind as a possibility.
    Ron Stringer

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Ron Stringer:
    Thank you for your insight and your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Dear Andrea, Wilfried Babelotzky’s idea is really smart, you could only sell very long lasting (10 years) 12V 1W pre-activated ECAT batteries and let users assemble them as they wish, as is now the case with 18650 lithium batteries. Just with a similar format with poles at both ends. You would no longer have to worry about setting up systems with many kW or indicating DC-AC converters widely available on the market.
    Neri

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Neri Accornero:
    Thank you for your suggestion, I agree this solution is intelligent.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea Rossi

  21. Jean Pierre

    Dear Andrea.

    From my own simplistic assumptions and calculations I believe that about 17 SKSSM 10W reactors will be able to fit nicely behind the back seat of a Tesla Model 3 and continuously feed its basic battery pack ( rated at 50kWh energy storage) from a cable through the floor to this big pack. The idea assumes that this pack needs to be 100% run down and recharged to its full capacity,some 30 times, and also the 17 reactors never stop charging the big pack. This means that no external charging is needed over the next 10 years of the SSM’s assumed life span of about 10 years. Calculations to illustrate this notion are as follows:

    Basic data used: (hoping no zeros have been dropped )

    a) 1h = 3600s and 1year = 31,536,000s
    b) 50kW = 50,000 J/s
    c) 50kWh = 180,000,000 J J stands for Joules

    Basic assumptions let us use:

    Average Driver mileage per year = 9,000
    Warm condition total range = 300 mi

    So, 30 full emptying/top-ups per year are needed. This equates to
    30 x 180,000,000 J using c) above.——–1)

    Now, Assuming one SKSSM is running at an output 10W = 10 J/s , it can supply 10J/s x 31,536,000s for a whole year = 315,360,000 J.

    30 recharging sessions will yield 30 x 315,360,000Joules——-2)

    Thus, to get how many reactors will be needed, we use numbers in 1 and 2 above;

    Total number of reactors = 30 x 180,000,000/315,360,000 = 17.1

    If one can get 17 reactors side-by-side across the width of the Tesla or there are 2 rows of 8 or 9 one on top of the other, then this very simplistic analysis indicates to me that, volumetrically, this is doable. However, I do accept that there could be other things that are being ignored and might well invalidate this exercise.

    Any comments? Thanks. Jean Pierre.

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Barry Mead

    Dear Dr. Rossi: This video describes a possible way to launch new energy sources that may be able to get around the censorship and suppression
    of the Big Energy autocrats who would like to suppress them. Worth a watch.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0RnnH7vDbz4

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Barry Mead:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    I suggest you to develop a 1 W nano ECAT SKLep SSM, without switch and without housing. It should be maintenance-free, encapsulated, have only one input and output, be fixed at 5V and always switched on, so that it is disposed of after 10 to 15 years. A highly automated, low-tolerance production process was to be used to achieve the longest possible service life. Designs that then assemble very many nano ECATs in further automated manufacturing should have fault-tolerant circuits in which individual ECATs that fail do not cause damage.
    This would make scalable applicability possible, from smartphones to space rockets. The form factor I envision is a AAAA battery.

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  27. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    Some stray thoughts with respect to an on-off switch being built into the Mini SKlep SSM:

    – A switch per SSM disrupts scalability. Assemblies of SSMs would be problematic to build and to operate.
    – Mechanical switches have a higher failure rate than most solid state components.
    – Mechanical switches are vulnerable to environmental degradation.
    – Individual solar cells within solar panels don’t have switches, although Solar Panels often do have disconnect switches.
    – Common alkaline and Lithium batteries don’t have built-in switches.
    – Car Lead Acid batteries don’t have switches.
    – Car alternators don’t have built-in switches.
    – If a power switch is required to differentiate between current-draw and non-current-draw situations there may be solid state circuits that can achieve that.

    Food for thought, Best Wishes,
    WaltC

    *** P.S. It appears that postings from my usual email address (on yahoo.com) are being auto-spammed– nothing shows up as “awaiting moderation”– is there some reason for that?

  28. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. I have no idea, it does not depend on us.

  29. Photonblaster

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    You posted that the ECAT Mini SSM will have a on/off switch. Assuming my recollection is correct, then if one leaves the module with this switch in the “on” position, but there is no load attached to the module (open circuit at output), does this reduce the operational life of the module?

    Worded differently to be sure I get my question across correctly, the operational lifetime estimate is for the switch in the on position and a load of any size other than infinite (open circuit) attached.

    Best Regards
    LarryG

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Photonblaster:
    The hypothesized lifespan is referred to operational time with a load connected,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Audun

    Dear Andrea, are there any plans to fill up the trunk of an electric car with E-Cat SSM‘s connected to charge the battery and drive it 24/7 for a week with different drivers? The car could be painted with ads etc.
    This has big potensial in regards to draw media attention and give huge marketing effects …

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Audun:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Mats Heijkenskjold

    Lars Olov wrote:

    “Instead of voltages like 24 V and 48 V and including a manual and instructions for how to tinker them together wouldn’t it be easier to have a closed box with e.g. 230 volt ±10% 50 Hz like we have in Sweden and other voltages for other countries? And just an outlet on the closed box to put my e.g. computer plug that already have an adapter to convert from 230 V.”

    Dear Andrea,
    I think you must also think about users who want to connect the grid via solar inverters and need to step up DC voltages to some hundreds Volts.

    Best regards,

    Mats Heijkenskjold

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Heijkenskjold:
    For that issue the Client needs a certified local contractor and the authorization of the local grid provider.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. Lars Olov

    Dear Andrea,
    Instead of voltages like 24 V and 48 V and including a manual and instructions for how to tinker them together wouldn’t it be easier to have a closed box with e.g. 230 volt ±10% 50 Hz like we have in Sweden and other voltages for other countries? And just an outlet on the closed box to put my e.g. computer plug that already have an adapter to convert from 230 V.

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Lars Olov:
    This is a hypothesis to take advice of,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Since the war on course affects also the energy market you are involved in, can you say which is your position regarding this issue ?

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    My position is that both parties must realistically consider a settlement, wherein unavoidably each party will have to accept a compromise: a settlement will be infinitely better than the catastrophic consequences in case a settlement will not be done,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Maico

    @Joe
    Dr. Rossi had said that the 24/7 streaming of the Mini Sklep SSM would be activated in the first days of February with the possibility of bringing it forward to the end of January and that everything was already ready.

    @ Dear Dr. Rossi,
    We are all eager to see this latest evolution of the MiniSKLep with the hope that its goal will soon be reached and production and delivery can finally start.

    Regards Maico

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Maico:
    I confirm that the Ecat SHLep SSM will be broadcasted by live streaming within February 2023.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Frank

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    about the comment of Lars Olov. He is right.
    Leonardo should offer different sizes of ecat. not just 10W and 100W, but also 500W, 1KW, 2KW, 2.5KW..each in a proper box. Just plug and play.
    Best regards
    Frank

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Frank:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    To my fellow future E-cat owners,

    As we all know electricity, indepentdently of its source of origin, can be dangerous if not handled correctely. Both as a high voltage hazard for people and a possible source of fire.
    When the E-Cat SSM starts to be delivered it is very important that enthusiast costumers that are not certified electricians don’t start to do experiments on there own. If they do experiments and don’t keep it within safety limits sooner or later there will be an accident. If an accident occur the E-cat will be blamed and that can affect its possibilities to be sold.

    E.g. if there is an accident with an airplane, all planes of that model will be grounded even if the accident is most likely caused by pilot error.

    Within the EU there is a Low Voltage Directive
    https://single-market-economy.ec.europa.eu/sectors/electrical-and-electronic-engineering-industries-eei/low-voltage-directive-lvd_en

    My personal recommendation is that if you as a future E-Cat costumer are not a certified electrician don’t work with higher voltages than 48 V DC and use only standard 12 or 24 V DC to AC inverters. If you are or hire a certified electrician you can work with higher voltages and use Solar PV products for AC conversions. But we must first wait for Leonardocorp to issue recommendations how to put together the the E-Cat SSM modules in different standard configurations.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Karl- Henrik Malmqvist:
    Correct. Specific instructions and recommendations will be put in the manuals.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Lars Olov

    Dear Andrea,
    There is a lot of questions about different options what you can receive when buying an E-cat, since everything is very new it is understandable. Do you think it would help customers if there are more standardised products? Now it seems to be so many different options and not easy to understand what you can get. I would like plug and play products for the voltage suitable for my country and the I understand if I have to choose among some standard power outlets.

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Lars Olov:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Martin

    Dear Andrea ,

    I want to connect 100 W. to an inverter, but this should be with output 120 V.DC. (for putting on the net)
    Can I order this 100 W. – 120 V.DC output in 1 piece ?
    Or do I have to order 10 x SKLep 10 W. and place them myself in parallel for reaching 120 V.DC. ?
    Or is that not possible?

    When this 100 W.-120 V.DC Works , i can multipli to 300 W. with placing 3 x 100 W. In series (= 360 V.DC and the best Voltage input for an inverter)
    And this x 2 or 3 for reaching 600 or 900 W.DC.

    Does anyone else have something similar in mind ?
    And how you will do it ?

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Martin:
    We estimate 100000 hours, theoretically the statistic projections do not forbid a factor 2, but I think it is impossible to consider it more than just a hypothesys that can absolutely be wrong. I wouldn’t take it in consideration now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Martin

    Wilfried Babelotzky says :
    If it is only an estimate and not a shutdown, wouldn’t factor 2 be statistically expectable?

    Your answer :
    I think so

    What do you mean with that factor 2 ?
    Do you mean it will probably 200.000 h. instead of 100.000 h. ?

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Martin:
    Both combinations are possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Maico

    Dear Dr Rossi

    Can you confirm that the Mini SKlep SSM while not consuming anything at the input ( SSM ) is still able to generate 10W at the output?

    Regards Maico

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Maico:
    Yes,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  53. Claudio Varotto

    Good morning Dr. Rossi
    The question posed by Maico in my opinion is of fundamental importance in the design of a versatile configuration that produces electricity.
    Maico in the third point of the post asks if there are contacts that can be managed externally to the module: that aspect is basic since replacing the switch included in the module precisely with 2 contacts that can be managed by relay according to the particular needs of the user would help to make the various designs much more flexible.
    Thank you for your attention and kind regards.

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Claudio Varotto:
    Please see my answer to Maico,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Joe

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you still think that we’ll see the streaming of the Ecat SKLep SSM within the end of february ?
    Best
    Joe

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Joe:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Dear Dr. Rossi,
    we, as in our possibilities, have tried to sustain the ecat since many years.
    Two questions, the second one more complex and delicate, and I’ll expand it.
    1. In my knowledge in december 22 there were 800000 preorder placed. Are we over now the 900000 or so, or more?
    2. The qestion is: have you ever had the suspect that some kind of external organization has ever infiltrate the working group? The posticipation of the public release, let me humbly say, seem to corrispond to some not so identifiable tactics, even not known to you Andrea (I declare that I have personally no doubt in the reality of the technology/ecat, and in your full dedition to it).

    Further considerations and explanation:
    We have seen in the past many suspect, if not verified, intromissions of secret services in the “nation security” posed by the energy production.
    I refer to possibily the Pons-Fleischmann experiment, the more exotic Ettore Majorana machine, and so on, also non-energy related but world-changing ideas.
    The tactic is well known, or a direct sabotage of the tecniques, or a posticipation infinite of the relase to the masses, due to a sequence of reasons all plausible, that end in disaffection and delusion of the enthusiasts followers, (the well known DDT, decoy, deceive and trash), that we have seen in many non energy related project (frequently humanitarian or “change the world”-like organizations).

    If the device will be released to the masses, it WILL be a very significant sign of a real change in the ruling structure of your world. Let’s hope.

    Please some your considerations about.

  58. Andrea Rossi

    EcatNews:
    1- We will disclose only the reaching of the necessary target, because many times we receive pre-orders that eventually we will have to cancel because during the vetting we discover that the Buyers do not have the corresponding funds, or because of other reasons.
    2- I am not able to answer the issues raised in the other part of your comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. SALM Kurt

    Sehr geeherter Herr Dr.Rossi.
    Wie kann ich meine alten Bestellungen nachsehen die innzwischen schon viele Jahre zurück
    liegen? ich habe langsam den überblick verloren! ( bin inzwischen auch Ausgewandert!)
    Viele Grüsse Kurti

    Dear Dr. Rossi. How can I look up my old orders that are now many years old? I’ve slowly lost track! (I’ve also emigrated in the meantime!) Many greetings, Kurti

  60. Andrea Rossi

    SALM Kurt:
    All the pre-orders have been registered. If you made orders before we started the pre-orders collection for the Ecat SKLep, you must remake the pre-order, conserving the priority date for the delivery, as we already said. You should send the new pre-order form you can find here:
    http://www.ecat.com
    specifying the date of your original order, to make for us easier the control.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the standard SKLep unit a DC input/DC output only, with additional components available for AC input and/or AC Output? Such as AC to DC wall adapters or power supplies and a DC to AC inverter separate from the standard SKLep unit?

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    It is possible to apply for a remote control upon request,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Reviewing current literature on Commercial Aviation jet engines, it appears that there is a preference to ultra-high bypass ducted turbine and unducted turbine or prop engines, primarily to reduce fuel consumption. Current designs will support Mach 0.8 and 0.85 performance.

    The eCat SKLep technology might be well positioned to support these two approaches, where the fuel-burning engine is replaced with electric motors powered by a combination of battery and SKLep power sources.

    The airline aircraft energy usage is typically: maximum power for take-off; then reduced power for the climb to altitude; then low power while cruising at altitude; then descent also using lower power; with enough energy reserve for a miss-approach climb and reattempted landing (plus usually a 45-minute reserve is usually required).

    I suggest that the optimum combination is sufficient battery capacity to accommodate take-off and landing with a 45-minute reserve, coupled with a sufficient SKLep capacity to completely recharge the battery system during lower consumption portions of the flight.

    In the rare case where there is little or no cruise at altitude time, then the aircraft could be recharged at the Gate by the SKLep and supplemented by ground electrical power (an aircraft supercharger). This would be done during the passenger unloading, cleaning of the interior, and passenger reloading times.

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for the information and your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In your response to Maico, it appears you said that the gridless SKLep module has a mechanical switch on the side of the SKLep to turn it on or off but no control line or contacts to activate or deactivate the SKLep module.

    1. Please verify or correct.
    2. If true, then that suggests that the SKLep cannot be remotely turned on or off. If so, then the SKLep, once activated will burn through the 100,000 hour operating time more quickly than it would be if remotely turned on and off. Please comment on this.

  66. Maico

    Dear Dr Rossi

    if I understand correctly the Mini SKLep SSM has no connection to the Network.
    Two questions if I may:

    1) Is switching on and off via a switch?

    2) If yes, is the switch positioned on the Mini SKlep SSM?

    3) or are there 2 contacts that must be closed from the outside thus successfully piloting an SSM MiniSklep array via an external customer electronics?

    Regards Maico

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Maico:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Barry Mead

    Dear Andrea: Are you getting any pressure from the elite power brokers of the world to HOLD UP your technology until such time as they can impose more stringent tyranny on the public? Perhaps after robots are able to replace most human jobs? Or perhaps after the Central Bank Digital currencies control all money? The holdup does seem unnecessary and arbitrary.

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Barry Mead:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. Simon

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    i suggest to make it the other way round.
    You change all orders to SSM-ecat and those who want to have the gridbound ecat should write you.
    I guess 99% want the SSM-ecat anyways.
    Best regards
    Simon

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Simon:
    We’ll see,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    1) Is the 100,000 operating hours for the ECAT an estimate or a technical limit beyond which the ECAT switches off?

    2) If it is only an estimate and not a shutdown, wouldn’t factor 2 be statistically expectable?

    3) If it is a shutdown, do you reserve the right to deactivate this shutdown at a later date?

    It would be nice if you can/are allowed to answer.

    Continued success and best regards
    Wilfried

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    1- It is an estimate
    2- I think so
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    I am happy to hear that the development of the E-CatSKL SSM 10 Wh/h is going well.
    Most of your early orders for the grid version are from non commersial, enthusiast costumers that all have their individual ideas for what purposes they want to use the product.

    The grid 100Wh/h version was originally offered in 4 versions: DCin-DCout, DCin-ACout, ACin-DCout, ACin-ACout. Now there is no need for an input and the costumer has to take care of the DC-output himself/herself.
    The SSM modules can be put together in hundreds of ways. In order for your support team not to drown in tens of thousands of costumer questions it would be easier to offer just a few standard versions. Enthusiast costumers are price sensitive and many want to convert to an AC-output. The cheapest standard inverters have 12 V DC input and a couple of hundred to a couple of thousand Watts AC output. My suggestion is to include these 4 stacked versions:
    100 Wh/h 12 volt DC output (10 units put together in a stack with one DC output)
    200 Wh/h 12 volt DC output (20 units put together in a stack with one DC output)
    1000 Wh/h 12 volt DC output (100 units put together in a stack with one DC output)
    2000 Wh/h 12 volt DC output (200 units put together in a stack with one DC output)

    and of course individual 10 Wh/h units that the costumer can put together as wished but with limited technical support.

    When you put the 10Wh/h units in parallel the current will be big so by offering stacked versions with appropriate connection poles it will be easier for the costumer to connect to an inverter.

    Please take the above into consideration when you will update your orderform and change of order form.
    I myself have ordered two grid 100 Wh/h Dcin-DCout, but would if possible like to change to one 200Wh/h SSM 20-stacked version with 12 V DC output.

    Best regards,
    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist, Sweden

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist,
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Steven Nicholes Karels

    To All,

    Interesting video on electric jet engines:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HetgeOjq5m8

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If I wanted to build ten systems and each system contained three SKLeps, would I need to order a total of 30 SKLeps and 10 control units? Do I need to order 3 SKLeps in 10 different orders?

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. MaBi

    Dear Dr. Rossi.

    How can I change my orders from the grid-connected E-Cat to the SSM-version?

    Best regards, MaBi

  81. Andrea Rossi

    MaBi
    Please see my answer to Motu 1 minute ago,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. Motu

    Dearest Andrea,

    In response to the questions about grid vs ssm versions you reply “many pre-orders have not been changed, means there is a demand for both types.”

    I don’t know how to do this, and in fact on the pre order form there currently is no mention of the SSM version.

    So there is no way to order the SSM version, or to change an old order.

    In this case your reply seems a little odd.

    Love and Cuddles,
    Motu

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Motu:
    To convert a pre-order to the SSM version you can send a conversion order here:
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Somebody already did it, but I suggest to wait that we publish its order form, which is premature.
    The price will be the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are still working (or involved with a partner/other party) on jet engine development using eCat technology?

  85. @Steven Nicholes Karels:

    “I foresee a possible use for your gridless SKLep units. Military aircraft. ….”

    And, of course, essentially unlimited range, and negligible weight of fuel.

    Rodney.

  86. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I foresee a possible use for your gridless SKLep units. Military aircraft. An aircraft made of non-radar reflective material (or of stealth design), the SKLep units produce no heat, so, no heat trail for missiles to lock onto. Electric motors could provide propulsion with the electric motors surrounded by radar absorbing materials. This type of aircraft would be difficult to detect, track, or engage with conventional weapons.

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Simon

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    could you mention in which specific situation a grid connected ecat has an advantage vs the SSM-ecat?
    I can not believe that there is such a situation. And Leonardo could also save the costs for the connector and transformator in case of 230V input.
    I reckon you can produce just the SSM ecat. Less versions – less costs.
    Best regards
    Simon

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Simon:
    We are ready for both versions, it will be a choice of the Customers: many pre-orders have not been changed, means there is a demand for both types.
    The price will be the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Albo70

    Dear Andrea,

    can you explain this answer better?

    I can’t imagine a situation were the grid connected version may be better tha the off grid versione.

    Perhaps I understimate something.

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Albo70:
    Same answer as to Simon minutes ago,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Norma

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Still working well the Ecat SKLep SSM ? Do you confirm that we’ll see its streaming in February ?
    Cheers
    Norma

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Christo

    Hello Dr. Rossi,

    Is there any advantage of the grid connected SKLEP versus the SSM version?

    Kind regards,

    Christo

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Christo:
    It depends on the specific situations,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Today the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    reached
    Total Readings: 114000
    higher than the 99% of 15 millions papers published on Researchgate.
    And counting…
    Prof

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    I would like to make a suggestion as to how you can possibly start production immediately.
    Make the manufacturer of the ECATs the proposal that he may produce as many ECATs as he needs at his own expense, i.e. without your margin, in order to convert his production completely to CO2-free production.
    The ECAT would then be the very first energy source that really works CO2 free and the manufacturer would have a gigantic marketing advantage for his other customer. You would have no costs for it and the manufacturer has an energy source that is certainly cheaper than what he has been using so far.

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Rosa:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Italo R.

    If the energy supply was truly infinite, then no matter how much was harvested, no effect would occur. Otherwise, nice story.

  102. Italo R.

    @ Gerard McEk

    I have asked to ChatGPT:

    Write a fictional story that contains the following elements:
    1) – on earth a scientist managed to extract infinite energy from vacuum (ZPE)
    2) – all this energy extracted from the vacuum is creating imbalances in the space-time fabric of the universe
    3) – extraterrestrial civilizations take measures against the earthlings to avoid a universal catastrophe

    It is interesting to note how ChatGPT has added particulars and details that were not part of the input

  103. Gerard McEk

    @Italo R
    Interesting story Italo R!
    If you really asked ChatGPT, what did you ask it to write?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Gerard

  104. Italo R.

    It was the day that Earth science had taken an unprecedented step forward. A solitary scientist, after years of research, had managed to extract infinite energy from the vacuum, known as Zero Point Energy (ZPE).

    This discovery had immediately changed the world, providing an inexhaustible source of clean and low-cost energy. But soon it became clear that this new energy source had an unexpected side effect: it was creating imbalances in the fabric of the universe’s space-time.

    Strange and unpredictable phenomena began to occur, such as radiation storms and gravitational anomalies. Earth scientists were alarmed and desperately sought a solution, but it was too late.

    The extraterrestrial civilizations, which had closely followed developments on Earth, took drastic measures to prevent a universal catastrophe. They invaded Earth with a fleet of advanced spacecraft, and imposed an embargo on the use of ZPE energy.

    Humans rebelled, but were powerless against their invaders’ sophisticated technology. After months of fighting, Earth was forced to submit to the conditions imposed by extraterrestrial civilizations.

    Peace was restored, but at a high price. Humanity had discovered Zero Point Energy, but had also discovered that its uncontrolled use could have disastrous consequences. The lesson had been learned at a high cost, and would never be forgotten again.

    (Written totally today by ChatGPT)

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Alex Eiskoeld:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Alex Eisköld

    Hello Dr Rossi
    Now pre orders have been opened some time it is interesting to know how popular (ratio) are the orders for 100watt and 10watt SKLep
    1) Is 100watt as popular as 10watt?
    2) Is 100watt more popular than 10watt?
    3) Is the most popular then by approx 2x 5x 10x or more?
    Thank you for your time
    Alex

  107. Maico

    Dear Dr Rossi
    If I may, I would like to try to summarize a few points to understand if I’ve missed something:

    1) Have both the Mini SKlep Wired and the SSM already obtained the Safety and CE certification?

    2) Have both the Mini SKlep Wired and the SSM already carried out the performance certification, based on the technical specification, by an internationally known certifying body?

    3) If yes, will the documentation certifying points 1) and 2) be supplied only during the delivery phase of the product so as not to give an advantage to the competition and not “complicate life” for the companies that have carried out the certification?

    4) Is the objective of the 24/7 Mini SKLep SSM Streaming to allow you to finally reach the million pre-orders and start with production and delivery? (which we are all looking forward to)

    5) If after 6/8 weeks from the 24/7 streaming of the Mini SKlep SSM the goal of one million pre-orders has not yet been reached, do you already have other “Public Actions” in mind to reach the goal?
    a) Public demos inviting Tech influencers?
    b) Advertising in newspapers and magazines in the energy sector?
    c) Other?

    Thanks in advance for your replies 🙂

    We are all anxiously awaiting the wonderful news of the start of production.

    Regards Maico

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Maico:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    3. exactly, based on our past experience
    4. also
    5. yes
    6. c
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for the stunning statistics on Researchgate: a multiple peer reviewing made by the highest international scientific echelons.
    Best,
    CC

  110. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Engineering 48:
    Entropy decreases are actually “reverse differences of Entropy”.
    The discussion with Prof Sven Kullander was focused on the issue of the paragraph 1 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Engineer48

    Dear Andrea,

    You must have become very excited when you discovered that when a vacuum polarised & virtual pair charged shielded electron forms, it’s ordering increases, entropy decreases and energy is given off.

    Was this the idea Prof Sven Kullander shared with you?

  113. Journal Of Nuclear Physics

    Dear Readers
    Today has been published on the JoNP the article “Technology Proposal to Prevent the Release of Fukushima Tritium into the Ocean”, by Dr Vitaly Uzikov and Eng. Irina Uzikova,
    JoNP

  114. George

    @Vitaly Uzikov and Irina Uzikova,
    Congratulations for your paper published yesterday on the JoNP.
    Did you receive interest from Japan for this important technology ?
    Best
    George

  115. Maico

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    1) After the start of the 24/7 Mini SKLep SSM streaming, do you expect a further increase in the number of pre-orders?

    2) Are you confident that within a few weeks you will be able to reach one million pre-orders to start production?

    3) Do you think that the Big Buyer you met in December after watching the Mini SKLep SSM stream can materialize his pre-orders and therefore help you finally reach the goal of one million pre-orders to start production?

    Regards Maico

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Maico:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- maybe
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Mez

    Dr Rossi
    Good to hear that mini SKLep SSM still enduring R&D ok
    Two questions please:
    1) Is this same design or Update from the SSM already certificated?
    2) If Update will this new one need also be certificated?
    Thank you if you can answer
    Warm regards
    Mez

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Mez:
    1- same
    2- n.a.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Martin

    Dear Andrea ,
    My question was :
    If I order an SKLep 100 W. with DC output, will it be delivered with a 12V. or 120V. Output ?

    Your answer : 12 VDC, to obtain 120 VDC you will need a step up

    New question :
    1. What do you mean with “ a step up “ ?

    2. Does this mean that I cannot connect 600 W. ( 6 x SKLep 100W.) to an inverter with input +/- 360 VDC?

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Martin:
    The Step-Up is the device that raises the Voltage of a DC flow without changing the power ( moreless, depending on the efficiency of the Step-Up ).
    Otherwise, you can combine more units in par or in ser to obtain the Voltage and the power you need.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Martin

    Dear Andrea ,

    1. If I order an SKLep 100 W. with DC output, will it be delivered with a 12V. or 120V. Output ?

    2. If this is with a 120V output, and I want to connect 3 pieces in series to get 360V to connect to an inverter: can the 3 separate ECat’s be adjusted to have the same 120V output ?

    Thanks for answer.

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Martin:
    1. 12, to obtain 120 VDC you will need a step up
    2. n.a.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Engineer48

    Dear Andrea,

    Your knowledge, understanding and application of virtual pair charge shielded electrons is very impressive.

    Anyone who doubts your work should study this subject.

  124. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    How is behaving the Ecat SSM under R&D ?

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    So far, so good,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Steven Nicholes Karels

    DrLG,

    I had previously suggested to AR to use a few of the shipping containers onboard the Container Ship to hold the SKLep units to power the main propulsion system.

    With almost unlimited power, very fast Container Ships could rapidly cross oceans and virtually never need to stop for refueling. No need for transit fossil-based fuels while at sea and no need for shore power while at port.

    Some short distance shipping ships are being built using battery technology. So, the transition to SKLep-based systems should be smooth.

    The questions are:

    1. Does SKLep technology really work?
    2. Can SKLep devices be made in massive production rates and quantities?

  127. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here are the stats of your publications on Researchgate I found now in the reference
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Total Readings: 124,000 ( more than the 99% of over 15,000,000 publications on Researchgate )
    Reccomendations: 8,675 ( more that the 97% of over 15,000,000 publications on Researchgate )
    Citations + Mentions: 70
    Research Interest Score: 2,232 ( more than 99% of over 15,000,000 publications on Researchgate )
    Most Readings by Geographic Areas: Europe, America
    Most Readings by Cathegories: A.I., Electronic Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Theoretical Physics
    Most readings by Seniority: Professors, PhD Students, Corporate Seniors
    And counting…
    Cheers
    Prof

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,
    There’s been a lot of talk about certification but it’s a little confusing. There are two types of certifications:

    1. Safety Compliance Certification – that the device is safe and compliant to use by law

    2. Performance Certification – that the device can perform and produce the power as advertised.

    We know that you have 1 already.

    How about 2, are you getting a 3rd party to do this and when?

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    I already answered: done, but we are not going to publish it before the deliveries, for obvious reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    About 80% of the commercial goods are shipped by sea on Commercial Container ships. The Commercial Container ships have the main propulsion engine and an auxiliary system, usually a fossil fuel system, to provide electricity when at port or as needed at sea. A number of countries, mostly America and Europe, require the use of shore power to minimize air pollution while the ship is at their ports.

    These shore power units are divided into two major categories: High (6.6 kV and 11 kV) and Low (240 V and 480V) systems. High systems at a port range from 0.8 MW to 16 MW.

    The High units are primarily used for Cargo ships and Cruise ships. The Low units are typically used for fishing and pleasure boats.

    An eCat SKLep-based system could provide this type of power. While existing facilities already exist in the USA ports and European ports, a number of Asian countries are considering adopting the international standard and they will require the use of such shore port for ships at their respective ports.

    This might be an attractive market to enter for the Asian countries where existing electrical system power may be inadequate to provide such power for their ports.

    Thoughts?

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels,
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    This video is about
    Live streaming problems.

    https://youtu.be/hJ4Z0yiltaU

    Regards
    Sam

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Do you still offer a shipping container version of the SKLep technology? If so, has its physical size or output capacity changed?

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Should be smaller,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Yet another application for SKLep technology

    Escalators and Moving Sidewalks

    Escalators will consume about 4 to 8 kW of electrical power when fully loaded (2 ideal persona per step). However, most of the time, they have no persons or very few persons on the escalator. In this case, the eCat SKLep provided power can be very low when commercial power is available to supplement the SKLep provided power when there is a heavy demand. Likely, a 2 kW SKLep supply of power would be continuously needed for the base level of power requirements. This could be provided by 200 Mini-SKLep units connected to 6 microinverters connected to the commercial power supplying energy to the escalator. Escalators run about 14 hours per day on the average. So, the component cost (200 x $25USC + 6 x $200 USD) of about $6,200 could be paid for in a few years.

    Moving Walkways require (roughly) 60 to 70 W per meter of travel. They may run continuously or most of the day, like escalators. A 50-meter long walkway might require 3 kW to 4 kW of power when fully loaded. Again, sizing for 1/2 power would suggest an SKLep ensemble generating 1.5 kW of electrical power running in parallel with commercial power. This could be achieved with 150 Mini-SKLep units and 5 microinverters. The component cost is about $5,000 and could be paid for by savings of commercially supplied electrical power in a few years of operation.

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels,
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you make public the name of the agency that has done the certifications on the E-Cat?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The certification reference will be attached to the Ecat at the delivery.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Dteven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    Has the Safety Certification
    been made?

    Regards
    Sam

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Yuri

    Dr Rossi,
    I suggest that the live streaming of the Ecat SSM will have the audio open and you will participate to it now and again to answer the questions we will send to EW and to this blog.
    Best,
    Yuri

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Yet another potential application for eCat SKLep technology

    Commercial Pizza machines

    There are approximately 78,000 pizza shops in the USA. Each shop has one (or more) commercial pizza machines. Each machine draws about 20 kW of electrical energy and they run an average of 12 hours per day.

    Note: There is a political movement to replace all fossil fuel devices with electric units in the USA (and elsewhere)

    20 kW electric power generation would require 2,000 mini-SKLep units which would cost about $50,000 USD.

    2,000 minim-SKLep units times 78,000 restaurants yields about 150 million mini-SKLep units. At current electricity prices, the units would pay for themselves in a few years. The ovens can last for 25 years but are typically replaced every 10 years.

  147. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    Regarding the YouTube cut out issues. One idea I read somewhere on ECW was to have two independent streams with at least the click in view. If these were started at different times it’s unlikely they would be cut at the same time.

    If from a different view point two streams could be useful in other ways too.:

    Giving a different perspective maybe from the back showing the lamps illumination of something else. Or some other interesting aspect of the test.

    Adding security by allowing blind spots to be checked when working with it remotely.

    Just an idea.

    Best regards

    Stephen

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    We decided to adopt your suggestion.
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Mez

    Dr Rossi
    If the pre-order target was reached by orders only for the 10W SKLEP SSM (therefore 10 million orders):
    1) would distribution still have wait for Certification?
    2) approx which Quarter of 2023 has certification been scheduled?
    Thank you if you can answer
    Warm regards
    Mez

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Mez:
    The certification has already been made,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Damiano

    On a possible “solution” of streaming glitches

    Use more than one service at the same time

    Youtube is not the only streaming service, twitch is another one https://www.twitch.tv/ and there are possibly others

    Yes, you need more than one webcam+computer, but I hope that you are not short of them

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Damiano:
    Thank you for this suggestion !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Franco

    hello doctor Rossi, will it be possible to become ecat dealers in the future or will you keep the exclusivity

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Franco:
    When we will be ready to delived we will be open to agree upon new dealerships,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    about YouTube repeatedly stopping your LiveStream:

    It is highly likely that YouTube secretly records all LiveStream channels on its own hard drives (in totalitarian regimes and Police states this is a common thing).

    For that reason, it is obvious that YouTube has some non-public set limit either in GB or time limit. Therefore, your YouTube LiveStream will always automatically stop after 11 days.

    It is useful to apply and test your own LiveStream solution, which will be displayed on your own website. So no YouTube secret rules will interrupt your LiveStream.

    A list of software for LiveStream (some free, some for a few dollars a month) is for example here:

    https://www.dacast.com/blog/live-broadcasting-software/

    https://restream.io/blog/how-to-choose-the-best-streaming-software/

    It is useful to apply and test your own LiveStream, which will be displayed on your own website.

    A list of software for LiveStream (some free, some for a few dollars a month) is for example here:

    So no YouTube secret rules will interrupt you

    I wish You a successful year 2023

    Ivan Samec

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    Thank you for your suggestion !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    When streaming the SSM model in effect the PSU becomes irrelevant.

    Would you be able to add some other meters to the live stream as an indicator of the output?

    NaturaIly It would be nice to see the output power, current and/or output voltage if it was possible with out distributing the larger purpose of the test of course. Would that be possible?

    But short of that a non invasive way might be to include a light meter in front of the lamp in the streaming shot. At night time it might give a good indication.

    Just an idea

    Thanks and Best Regards to you and your team for a successful 2023.

    Stephen

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for this suggestion !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Dear Andrea,

    thanks again and again for your work!

    Recently, a press release in Germany stated that due to additional major customers, production of the ECat at 100W may occur in the spring of this year 2023.
    A) Is this correct?
    B) Will a grid-connected ECat SKLep 100W version and a stand-alone ECat SKLep version be produced then?
    C) For consistency of understanding, could we refer to the ECat with 230VAC input as the grid-connected version and
    D) refer to the ECat with 12VDC input as the stand-alone version?
    E) Up to what output line has an interconnection of the ECats with 12VDC output already been tested?
    E1) 500W ?
    E2) 1000W ?
    E3) 2000W ?
    E4) 5000W ?
    E5) more ?

    Sincerely from Germany

    Claus

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Claus:
    We did not make any press release in Germany,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you confirm that within February 2023 we will see the live streaming of the Ecat SKLep SSM ?

  162. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. Saju Abraham

    Dear Dr.Rossi

    I am a regular of your blog for the last 10 years. Do you believe the evelution of your invention will reach an ultimatum in any time in future ?

    Thanks

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Saju Abraham:
    Thank you for your affection to our blog.
    Technologies evolution never reaches an ultimatum,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Roberto

    Dr Rossi,
    There are around offers of Ecats for sale not made directly from you: are they real ?
    Best
    Roberto

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    ABSOLUTELY NOT !
    NEVER GIVE MONEY TO ANYBODY THAT OFFERS YOU TO SELL AN ECAT OR THAT SAYS TO BE A LICENSEE OF US WITHOUT FIRST FORWARD TO US THE OFFER YOU RECEIVED !
    NEVER PAY FOR AN ECAT OR A PARTICIPATION TO A LICENSE RELATED TO IT AND SEND US ANY OFFER YOU RECEIVE, OR IT IS EXTREMELY LIKELY THAT YOU WILL LOSE YOUR MONEY.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea Rossi, CEO,
    Leonardo Corporation

  167. Mario

    Good morning Dr Rossi
    How much is the surge power to start the E-Cat SK SSM 100watt and 1000watt in order to know what inverter or P/S to buy.
    Thank you : Mario

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Mario:
    The transients are controlled by the A.I.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Lajos Kelemen

    Hello Mr. Rossi.

    When is the date of the
    scheduled performance test of an E-Cat SK SSM unit by a global certification company?

    What is the name of the certification conpany?

    thanks
    Lajos

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Lajos Kelemen:
    We will deliver the certification with the deliveries of the Ecats,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. George

    Dr Rossi,
    We noticed that sometimes the streaming of youtube gets frozen for reasons independent from you: this will make sceptics to think that the stops are generated by you. Can you make something to avoid such such stops ?

  172. Andrea Rossi

    George:
    Good question; we are not able, so far, to resolve this problem; for the black outs we resolved with a backup, but if Youtube freezes the video there is nothing we can do. Too bad for the sceptics.
    Suggestions how to resolve are very, very welcome,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On the gridless SKLep — is there a positive control to turn off the output? A control line to force the shutdown of the energy generation? I believe this would be a safety concern.

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Christo

    Hello Dr. Rossi,

    There have been a lot of questions concerning the start up of the SSM. Do you utilize a piezo electric ignitor or something similar to start a cold reactor?

    Kind regards,
    Christo

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Christo:
    This issue is confidential,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. DrLG

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    Re the SSM version of the ECAT, does it need some sort of initial and temporary supply of electrical power to start it up (internal or external)? For instance, does it need momentary power to initialize the AI control electronics?
    Best Regards
    LarryG

  178. Andrea Rossi

    DrLG:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Darko

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Have you scheduled the performance testing of an E-Cat SK SSM unit by a global certification company?
    Best regards,
    D.

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Darko:
    yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Damiano

    Dear Andrea

    To reach the goal of the 1M “devices”, have you considered selling electricity instead of devices ?

    People understand much better a “contract” where you will sell electricity at 1 cent each kWh than buying a device

    I would immediately buy a “contract” where you sell electricity at 1cent (euro) each kWh

    why not ?

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Damiano:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Norma

    Dr Rossi,
    During the stream of the SSM will you open the audio and talk with us ?

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    This is a good idea, I am thinking about this possibility,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Dear Andrea we are all waiting to see ECAT in SSM on your site, please don’t put the spotlight on the scale to prove that there are no hidden batteries, the less things clutter up the scene the better, and then someone could always suspect that you fixed the scale to the weight you want since you won’t be able to continuously measure weight while streaming. Just put one or two small G4 – 3w 12v led lamps in parallel, no one will be able to suspect hidden batteries. If you also reduce the round container of the ECAT as much as possible, it would be even better.
    Neri

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Neri Accornero:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Wilfried Babelotzky,

    The effective cost of eCat SKLep technology is both simple to calculate and complex at the same time.

    A $25 USD SKLep produces 10 Watts of electrical energy and can, reportedly, work for 100,000 hours. Therefore, over its expected lifetime, it will produce 1 MegaWatts of electrical power. This results in an average cost of $0.025 USD per kW-hr. This is the simple computation.

    The complex computation depends on whether there are transportation costs (generated and used locally or generated from a distance), investment costs, maintenance costs, and profits.

    Solar (PV) units obviously only work well in direct sunlight which only occurs a portion of the 24-hour day. Wind turbines only work when there is wind (not too calm and not too windy). They also have costs to convert the provided energy into a useful form – typically grid-compatible power.

    If the user application requires constant power, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, for years, then the SKLep is likely the best candidate.

    If the user application only requires power when the sun is directly overhead, then Solar PV may be the best. Likewise for wind turbines.

    I suspect your main point was you think the SKLep is priced too high. It will likely be priced at the point where competitive technologies and other producers are at as in a classic economic analysis.

    Will the price of SKLep technology drop? Possibly, either due to competitive pressures or yield improvements, or for other reasons. But for now, it is what it is.

  188. Heinz Sause

    Hello dear inventor Andrea Rossi
    I took the liberty of drawing attention to you and your inventions at an institution in Germany.
    The motto there is:
    home for
    Radical new thinkers The Federal Agency for Disruptive Innovations SPRIND creates spaces in which innovators can take risks and think radically differently.
    Best regards,
    Heinz Sause

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Jitse

    Wilfried Babelotzky

    As far as I know the ITER project in the south of France, could that the project you mean?
    That project cost more than 20 billion $, with only seconds worked last year. the project uses much more energy than can be supplied.
    The type 10 and 100 e-cat Sklep use virtually no energy but produce 10W and/or 100W per hour respectively.
    Kind regards, Jitse

  191. R.Brand

    @W.Babelotzky
    The cheapest electricity comes from PV and Wind turbines. PV can produce about 1-2 ct/kwh in the desert or 4-6 ct/kwh in Germany. But the problem is to deliver it to the consumers. In Germany just the transportation of electricity is about 10 ct plus tax 2 ct. And there are other taxes and charges above. The production now is because of expensive frackinggas about 10-20 ct. At the end the consumer has to pay about 40 ct/kwh.
    An ecat which produce electricity under 1 ct/kwh is always the better solution.

  192. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    To be more precise, it is 1.32 ct USD and it is a photovoltaic system: https://www.ewec.ae/en/power-plant/al-dhafra-solar-pv
    Is it conceivable that ECAT will become competitive on this at some point?

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  193. Gavino Mamia

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    it has been calculated that in Sardinia (an Italian region very exposed to the sun) the 100% yield of a solar system is only 800 hours a year

  194. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    to my knowledge, the cheapest source of electricity in the world is a large-scale solar thermal plant that generates electricity for $0.01 per kWh.
    Is it conceivable that the ECAT can become competitive to this by revising the design and manufacturing?

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    To my knowledge your information is wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Michele

    By chance I landed on ARPA-E Funding opportunity announcements page where it is offering 10M$ for proposals demonstrating LENR real capacity to produce excess energy. It seems Submission was closed Nov 15, 2022, but anyway probably was not of your interest.
    I’m curious about how many proposals were submitted.
    Looking forward to your products’ delivery start.
    Best wishes for this 2023 to you and all your supporters.

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Michele:
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Tom Conover

    Andrea,
    You and me in our first dance
    Our eyes are closed
    We’re lost in one sweet embrace
    Since those days the world has changed
    But our love remains the same
    God knows we’ve had our share of saving grace.

    After all these years
    You make it feel brand new
    After the fires that we walked through
    Against the odds we never lost our faith
    In our house we’ve made our home
    Where our children all have grown
    Precious moments time cannot erase
    Make a living up and down the gypsy highways
    Seasons that we’ve had to share
    The days and nights that I was gone
    After all these years
    You sacrificed, believed in me
    And you stood strong
    Cause with our love there’s nothing left to
    After all these years
    You stood by me
    The days and nights that I was gone
    After all these years
    You’ve sacrificed, believed in me
    And you stood strong

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Luisa

    Dr Rossi,
    When do you think we will see the Ecat SSM on live streaming ?

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Luisa:
    Probably in February, if not before.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    You responded to someone else’s posting that you do not know how drones (or unmanned air vehicles – UAVs) work.

    See
    https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/81581476.pdf
    An excellent engineering paper on electrical power requirements for UAVs.

    Perhaps someone could use a gridless SKLep variant for a “round the world UAV flight”? Likely a kW (or less) unit would suffice as the electrical power source.

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    would it be technically possible to develop an ECAT with 1 W?
    If so, is it then possible to realise an approximately proportional volume decrease again?

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    I think so,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  206. Jan Srajer

    Mr. Rossi
    1. Is the Ecat SKLed safe against falling from 1m
    2. Will Ecat SKLed still work at 9V?
    3. Is the Ecat SKLed rain resistant?
    4. Is the Ecat SKLed resistant to frequent switching on and off
    Warm regards

  207. Andrea Rossi

    Jan Srajer:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  208. Jan Šrajer

    Mr.Rossi
    I think that there is no need to prove SSM mode today. At the beginning of production, it is necessary to prove:
    1. Resistance of the device against bad serial-parallel connection
    2. The device’s resistance to moisture
    3. Resistance of the device against falling to the ground.
    4. To draw attention to the general conditions of operation.

    Warm Regards J.Š.

  209. Dear Dr. Rossi
    Has the physical size of the Ecat change and is the basic size still going to be 100w or will you be producing a larger system for purchase? As always thankyou

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    1- no
    2- assembling the 100 W modules we will make also larger systems,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    How is behaving the Ecat SSM under R&D ?

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    So far, so good,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Hugh Burlington

    @Jean Paul Renoir:
    Your suggestion to Andrea is the same I want to give him.
    Cheers
    Hugh Burlington

  214. Jean Paul Renoir

    Dr Rossi,
    Don’t listen to the calls to change load to the Ecat SSM that you will use to make the live streaming.
    An Ecat that keeps turned on a light like the one we are seeing in the streaming on course is perfectly convincing.
    The complete system must be weighted, so that we can compare the weight with the best possible battery in commerce with the same weight, to understand how many hours the battery could resist.
    We must see clearly that the Ecat SSM is not connected with any cable, with a top and a front view, and seats upon a plexiglas table completely translucent, exactly as we can see in the streaming on course.
    Just do this and do not lose time to find further complications.
    Best
    JPR

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Linus

    @Jean Paul Renoir,
    I totally agree with you,
    Best
    Linus

  217. Roberto

    @Jean Paul Renoir:
    I agree with you and I have the impression that whatever Dr Rossi will do, there will be somebody that will say that’s better to do something else.
    I agree that Andrea must not lose time and just put on line the same Ecat SKLep in SSM modality featuring what you suggested
    Roberto

  218. Corinne

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    If we will see the same Ecat SKLep we can see not live-streamed here
    http://www.ecat.com
    but in SSM, without any connection to any power source, with a certified scale that will show us the weight of it all included, so we can be sure that a battery with the same weight could not resist more than several days, that would be a historic moment for the planet and mankind.
    Thank you for all your efforts to reach this .
    May this year bring us the “New Fire”
    Best
    Corinne

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Corinne:
    Thank you for your support to the work of our team and for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Mez

    Dr Rossi
    On ecat.com website it says “E-Cat products will be delivered only if Leonardo Corporation collects orders for at least 1,000,000 (one million) SKLep units (10 MiniSKLelps account for 1 SKLep unit)”

    Does this mean if only (100W) SKLEPs are ordered, as example, then minimum target would be 1 million pre-orders?

    And if only (10W) miniSKleps are ordered, as example, then minimum target would be 10 million pre-orders?

    So actual minimum pre-order target will be somewhere between 1 million and 10 million, depending on the proportion between SKLEP orders and miniSKLep orders?

    Have I calculated correct?

    Warm regards and Happy New Year
    Mez

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Mez:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Maico

    Dear Dr Rossi

    I look forward to seeing the 24/7 Live stream of the MiniSKLep SSM.

    I hope this new demonstration will allow you to reach the Million pre-orders so you can start production and start delivering your SkLeps.

    If I can, I would like to give you a suggestion for MiniSKLep SSM Streaming 24/7. Make sure that the LED lamp is powered at a voltage close to the nominal value and that it consumes just under 10W and therefore produces a very strong light.

    In this way, being the MiniSkLep SSM a completely isolated system, after a very short time the whole world will be able to convince itself that the MiniSkLep SSM is the “energetic singularity” we’ve all been waiting for!!

    1) May I hope that you follow my important advice?

    Sure of your imminent “Global Success”, I wish you and your team an “Energetic” 2023.

    Regards Maico

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Maico:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    When you first offered your E-Cat SK you announced that its power output was not smooth enough for electric motors and was better used to charge batteries which would “buffer” the output.

    Has your new grid-free version overcome that problem?
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the citation !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Josh

    Have you already put in operation a network of lamps activated by one Ecat ? If yes, whith which result ?

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Josh:
    Yes, with good results,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  228. Milly

    dr Rossi,
    Do you think that the SSM Ecat could power also drones ?
    Cheers
    Milly

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Milly:
    I don’t know how drones work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. DrLG

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    Can you share the status of the “important big buyer” possible pre-order you referred to in your post
    https://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=892&cpage=743#comment-1617153

    1) have you been able to close on a big pre-order from this customer?
    2) if not, are you optimistic that you will be able to close on the pre-order?
    3) any other info you can share about this order?
    4) are you over 900K pre-orders yet?

    Regards
    LarryG

  231. Andrea Rossi

    DrLG:
    1- not yet
    2- yes
    3- no
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR. With the planned streaming of the SSM module for several years, it seems likely that a bulb failure might occur.
    I suggest showing two bulbs in parallel – they are unlikely to both fail at the same time. When one fails, the other will continue to shine while the failed bulb is replaced. No down time whatsoever!
    regards,
    Greg Leonard

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Julian Roberts

    The Ecat SSM that will be stramed will be connected also with any kind of power source ?

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Julian Roberts:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Stephen

    Dear Andreas

    Earlier in a reply to Valerie Gauriat that the Lamp is radiating 300 Lux.

    Although not directly an SKLEP data point this is interesting and welcome update for those who are curious about the light out put.

    Since lux is lm per m^2 would you be able to indicate the distance from the lamp it was measured. If we assume a 120 degrees beam angle we could then estimate the the surface area illuminated and then the Lumens at 56cm it would be about 1m^2 I think. So 300 lm.

    Anyway I think your “conservative estimate” of the W output is already a good indicator.

    Thanks and Best Regards
    Stephen

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Roberto

    Dr Rossi,
    Can an assembly of Ecat SKLep SSM be integrated in a PV system ?
    Best
    Roberto

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Jan Srajer

    Is the life time of the Ecat SKLed 100 000 hours independently from the luminous flow ?
    Warm Regards,
    Jan Srajer

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Jan Srajer:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  242. CC

    How is behaving the SSM under R&D ?

  243. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Well so far,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    When the Ecat SK SSM will be live streamed, will be put two cameras, to show all the 4 sides of the lamp, as it is in the streaming we can see now in the live streaming of the Ecat SKLep with the ground connection ? In the photo with the mini Christmas tree we can see only the front, but we cannot see the back and the sides fron a top view.
    Best regards,
    CC

  245. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Well so far,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  246. Jan Šrajer

    Mr. Rossi
    Do you have already created many E-catSKLep for testing? I mean without grounding.
    Warm Regards J.Š.

  247. Anonymous

    How much will endyre the streaming of the Ecat SKL SSM ?

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Minimum several years,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.