Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


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• Updated: 2021-04-19 00:30:07.623653Z

  1. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    On 2021-04-08 02:51, Pol Dekyvere asked you the following question:
    2. Can the light from the SKLed be converted to heat by shining the light on a black body radiator?
    You answered ‘no’ to this.

    We know that any visible light that shines upon a black object is being absorbed (not reflected) by the object, because after all that is why the object appears black. Because the photons of visible light energy are being absorbed by the object, the object will heat up and ultimately begin emitting in the invisible infrared spectrum.

    So, when you answered ‘no’, I assume you must have had something else in mind. Could you clarify for us? Thank you!

    Mark in Toronto

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    The light exiting the Ecat SKLed is almost cold. Obviously, you can recover some heat, but the question was not “can you recover some heat”, the question was if the light could be turned into heat, meaning a significant heat generation: this is what I had understood.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Urs

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    it is the right decision to sell E-Cat Skled first. So the sceptic can test your first product at a cost of just 25$ and they won’t be that sceptical with the E-Cat skl electric generator.
    Is it final that the E-Cat skl electric generator is suitable only for resistive/ohmic load or do you expect also to inductive load until 2022 when you start selling?
    Nonetheless it doesn’t really matter bc the need of ohmic load is responsible for the biggest part of the consumption of electricity.
    Best regards
    Urs

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Urs:
    Thank you for your sustain.
    Maybe the SKL will be able also to work with an inductive load, although this fact has not been achieved yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Stephen

    Hi Andrea

    A couple of questions about the future SKL.

    I think you mentioned in the past that the electrical SKL might come in a variety of sizes. Is this still the case?

    There is obviously a use for larger devices for municipal, Industrial and domestic electrical power use.

    One thing that I like about the SKLed light is it’s relatively small size and the fact it is configurable.

    2. Will you be also releasing similarly configurable small device for electrical power generation?

    Thanks and Best Regards

    Stephen

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Another big market for SKLed is the outdoor advertising business (billboard advertising).
    Commercial business watch their expenses more closely than do governments.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Chuck Davis

    @Bert Ellul,
    My 1700 ft^2 house has an electric furnace that uses 16.6 kW. That is the reason that I think the most effective use of the ecat would be to grid tie it so that high power usage can be supplied by the grid and the ecat chugs along at a low, < 1kW rate to reimburse the grid.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  10. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Which product do you think will come first, the E-Cat SKL heater, or E-Cat SKL electricity generator?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The electricity generator
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Dear Andrea,
    Were there any unusual effects or data accumulated that you can share with us?
    Experimental regards.

  13. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    All I could publish is here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Everything not published here is restricted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the selection of the Lumen level of 10,000 Lumens designed specifically to compete in the streetlighting business area? I see that most conventional streetlights are in that level of illumination, although their electrical power input range from 100W to 400W.

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Not necessarily,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. Bert Ellul

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As I see it, considering that:

    1. the high CoP of the ECat-LED system, (which is powered by an electric current directly sourced from the Rossi Effect),

    2. the inherent safety and reliability of the electrical power harvested from the Rossi Effect as it has been adapted to the ECat-LED,

    and

    3. The versatility in the use of electrical power be it DC or AC,

    I am predicting that the Home Heater unit will be an electrical generator which can be hooked up to the main electrical supply feed to the home, by-passing the metering unit of the service provider. A 10 kW unit will be sufficient.

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Bert Ellul:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Have you tried operating an electric motor with a grid tie inverter between skl and the motor as a buffer?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    No.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  20. Dear Andre,
    In my experience with imposing crossed magnetic fields on free electrons, I found that they could influence their spin, angular and polar flip orientations as well as their precession frequencies and energy adsorption and emission properties. Have you performed experiments on your plasmas with these fields and have you observed any unexpected effects?
    Influential regards.

  21. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    I did. Also with experiments connected with par. 2.1 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Pol Dekyvere

    Dear A. Rossi,
    the reactor is a rectifier (diode) that is working in the negative resistance mode so the reactor himself is emitting the light of short wavelength? The reactor himself is then the Light emitting Diode (LED)
    Is this statement right?
    I´m sorry for my bad english…

    Greatings,
    Pol Dekyvere

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Pol Dekyvere:
    Sorry, I do not answer to questions related to what happens in the black box of the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    I do not know if my question disappeared or was a bad question.

    What went wrong with the promising E-catSK, 22KW?
    Was it hard to drive, overheated parts or sudden stops?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    The R&D on the Ecat SKL is continuing and, as said, I think in 2022 it will be launched in a way similar to the Ecat SKLed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    It is not a bad question, your former comment just didn’t arrive, probably lost in the spam. I take advantage of your case to remind to our Readers just to resend your comments if they are not published, unless the comment contains something offensive or if it comes from a troll, because in this case the comment goes in the trash.

  26. Pol Dekyvere

    Dear A. Rossi,
    could it be that the reactor is a rectifier (diode) that works in the negative resistance zone so that it itself emits the light of very short wavelength? The rector himself is then the Light emitting Diode (LED).

    Greatings,
    Pol Dekyvere

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Pol Dekyvere:
    I do not answer to questions related to internal part of the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    As the SKL can handle resistive loads, is there an SKL home heating system in the works.

    Regards,
    Dan C.

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Benjamin Carrera

    Dr Rossi,
    How do you determine the Zitterbewegung angular frequency ?
    Thanks,
    Ben

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Benjamin Carrera:
    The ZBW angular frequency is equal to the electron relativistic mass-energy m in natural units: see paragraph 3 on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  32. Rossi Fan

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi
    Is it possible that in 2022 you will launch the Ecat SKL to generate electricity with the same system you started with the sales of the Ecat SKLed ?
    All the best,
    Rossi Fan

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Rossi Fan:
    Yes, it is likely,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In terms of a commercial product, how far behind the SKLed (light) do you think the SKL (electricity generator) will be?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Probably in 2022
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  37. Rod

    Dr Rossi,
    Did you abandon the R&D of the ECAT SKL to make electricity, no light, to pursue the launch of the SKLed that generates light ?
    Rod

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Rod:
    Absolutely not, the Ecat SKL is on his way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Christian SCHOLL

    Dear Andrea,

    If you add an adjustable optical lense (and a battery) you will have the most energy efficient tactical lamp ever made.
    Best regards

    Christian

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Christian Scholl:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Quinto

    What do you think of the article of Mr Z. “The cynics vs. the marvellous self organizing structures of the big three” published on E-Catworld ?”
    Quinto

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Quinto:
    Intelligent,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Cornelia Litscmann:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Sam

    This is a link to the safety
    Consultant in the video if
    you are interested.

    https://www.productsafetyinc.com/contact-us/

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, but we already have our safety conlultants; maybe our Readers can be interested, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Cornelia Litschmann

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I think the idea to launch the SKLed as a Troy horse of your technology has been genial,
    Best,
    Cornelia

  47. Norma

    Is the spectrum of the Ecat SKLED equal to the normal Maxwellian of the visible light ?
    Thanks
    Norma

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    No, it is different.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia :
    HA,HA,HA,HA !!!
    Great !
    Thank you, very funny: better than plasma for sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  50. Pierino Sacchero

    Can the Ecat also play music ? As you know, plasma can emit notes.
    Cheers
    Pierino

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Pierino Sacchero:
    He,he,he: yes, the plasma can emit sounds whose frequency can be modulated, but, honestly, I never thought about music. Never say never, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Jeff

    Is it possible for you to show a countdown until order fulfillment?

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    After the presentation
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  55. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I suggest “St Elmo’s Fire” as trade-name for your SKL heater because it refers to plasma phenomenon.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  57. Koen Vandewalle

    Andrea, does the 220VAC – 12VDC with removable power cord remain IP 65 ?

    Some industrial relays come with the ability to use the range 8 – 220 VDC/VAC on the same connection. Is that feasible ?

    https://mijneltako.be/index.php?page=shop.product_details&category_id=21&flypage=flypage.tpl&product_id=89&option=com_virtuemart&Itemid=18&vmcchk=1&Itemid=18&redirected=1&Itemid=18

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    1- the certification is on course
    2- I have to verify
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  59. Jaroslaw Bem

    Will ECAT SKLed be CE certified?

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Jaroslaw Bem:
    yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  61. Koen Vandewalle

    For more than 6 years we have been monitoring electricity and gas consumption in our family from week to week.

    I have noticed that more than three quarters of our energy is used to heat water to a maximum of 45 ° C:
    The small electric boiler of 2000 Watt, which has a capacity of 15 liters to do the dishes. The condensing gas boiler that only serves to heat water for the shower and bath between April and October. The washing machine that heats most of the water to 35 ° C. The dishwasher that uses water at 65 °. And don’t forget: our waterbed that produces water at 28 ° C.

    Since the ECAT SKL is well suited to power an electrical resistor, I think all of the above devices are ideally suited to keep working correctly with slightly intermittent power supplies and transients, eliminating the need for expensive inverters or buffers.

    An electric radiant heating system could also be built to replace our natural gas fireplace. Although then I will have to miss the dance spectacle of the flames.

    If possible, I would also like an electric cooking stove and electric convection oven with your ECAT SKL technology. There, temperatures of up to 250 ° C are desired. This may be more difficult due to the intermittent operation of a thermostat. An induction plate is not immediately necessary, I think, but that would be even better.

    Those devices are more than urgently needed. Our local government has decided that from January 1, 2022, users will have to pay a so-called peak tariff for purchasing electricity. Major shortages or instability of the grid is expected, now that electric cars are increasingly becoming available. We will therefore not only have to pay the electricity, but a distribution tax on a monthly basis, whereby the rate will be based on the highest measured electricity consumption during one quarter of an hour (in that month). So even a brief peak consumption – all of the above devices together can easily take 10 to 15 kilowatts – will make the electricity very expensive for many.

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for this information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Fine, no UV frequencies; but, one more question: how about I.R. and RGB? And if these are possible to obtain, would the lighting bodies be little and compact like ordinaly led?
    Thanks, LP

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Lorenzo Persello:
    No, our spectrum is limited between 420 and 700 nm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Chris

    Hello Mr Rossi,

    you wrote:

    “April 14, 2021 at 4:46 AM
    Chris:
    No, it must be available for both options,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.”

    I think you misunderstood me. Of course both options should be available. But if a user wants to use the SKLed in battery-mode as a flashlight, the cable should be detachable. Otherwise it would be very unpracticle to carry the cable, too.

    Best regards,

    Chris

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    Understood: yes, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. stephen swatman

    Dear Dr Rossi a quick 2 questions if I may.

    1, have you yet tested for PPF, PPFD, DLI, and Moles?
    Photosynthetic Photon Flux (PPF)
    Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density (PPFD)
    Daily Light Integral (DLI)

    2, if so, will you release the data soon?

    many thanks if you can reply.

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen Swatman:
    1- yes
    2- we will publish only the data related to the certification at the presentation of the product on November 25th in Stockholm
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. P

    Dear Andrea,
    You mentioned earlier that you have a partner that is a multinational company with over 100,000 employees.
    1. Is this collaboration mainly focused on ECAT SKL?
    2. Is the collaboration with the multinational company affected/delayed due to the launch and development of ECAT SKLed?
    The idea of “sneaking” your fantastic invention on the market “covert” in a lamp as a first step is smart. But I agree with all the views that Neri Accornero describes in his post.
    /P

  70. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  71. Gavino Mamia

    Salve!
    La Protezione Civile quando fa le ricerche dei dispersi nelle ore notturne usa dei fari alimentati da piccoli gruppi elettrogeni caricati in zaini a spalla.
    La tua luce alimentata da una piccola batteria sarebbe molto utile.
    Buon lavoro

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Hugh Maguire

    Dear Andrea,
    Actually, instead of a 12-Volt CC port for the EcatSKLed, a 5-Volt Android Micro USB-B, or even the newer USB-C port, would be even better. In fact, USB-C is rapidly becoming THE standard for charging telephones and some computers, and almost everyone has a phone charger somewhere around that delivers 5V at 1 or 2 amps of current, or phone backup batteries with 5 V outputs. Check out the specs, see if it would work. It would make the the SKLed lamp universally accessible, much more than a 12-Volt port, which is fine for cars, but not that much used around the house.
    Hugh

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Hugh Maguire:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Tip: Have a flashlight with rechargeable 18650 batteries. This would make it portable with a very long autonomy.
    Each 18650 has 3.7V; three of them in series develop 11.1 V.
    Furthermore, if it could also have the strobe function, it could serve as a self-defense or be used by the police to thwart the turmoil in the crowd. The remarkable brightness with the strobe function would temporarily blind others and prevent them from doing damage.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    The market today offers “millions” of LED lamps that provide 10,000 lumens.
    These cost twice the price you operate with.
    The power requirement for these is 100Watt. E-Cat SKLed requires 1/25 part of this. With a deduction for the power that goes to charge your own battery, the net power will be 96 watts.
    By combining 21 SK 12 volt units, you get 240 volts and probably an output power of 20 x 100Watt = 2kW. Such devices can be combined in a desired number.
    With a price of 21 times the SKLed price, the market will be at least 100 million such units a year, for the next 50 years.
    Creating your own battery factory will significantly increase your sales volume. Put your effective LED light on this opportunity!
    Best Regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Mardo:
    No, it is not idoneous: headlights have a completely different kind of light,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I think that to sell 1,000,000 SKLed you would need to hire professional industrial salesmen that specialize in selling to municipal, state, and federal governments, and to businesses with large parking lots and/or large buildings. Alternatively you could delegate such sales to a “middleman” that caters to that market.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple,
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A mind experiment…

    Envision an eCat-SKLed lamp with a 50% reflecting surface (a beamsplitter).. The eCat-SKLed lamp outputs about 10,000 Lumens. 50% of the produced light goes to the exterior and the remainder is focused on a photovoltaic solar cell. The solar cell is likely 15 – 20% efficient. DC electrical energy is produced, smoothed by a battery or a large capacitor. The DC output is fed to an inverter with a conversion efficiency to AC voltage of above 90%. The AC power drives the input to the eCat-SKLed lamp. Recall about 3 – 4 Watts of electrical power is required to operate the eCat-SKLed lamp.

    Is there any technical reason this would not work?

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The efficiency with solar panels is very low, due to the different light spectrum between the SKLed and the sun,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Donal G Chandler:
    The current consumption is almost the same as the consumption from the plug.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Chris

    Hello Mr Rossi,

    now that the SKLed can be powered with a 12V battery, you should make the device being able to be fully unplugged from the cord, because then the SKLed it is the perfectly usable as a flashlight.

    Best regards,

    Chris

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    No, it must be available for both options,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    This comment posted by Neri is well thought out and I totally agree with him. It is faster to sell your quantity needed with a generator than with “lamps”. I want you to succeed too. Neri proposes what I had hoped you would propose. I would be happier placing a $2000 order than a $50 order.

    —————
    I remain of the opinion that by proposing a small electric generator of 3-5 Kw “all purpose” self-powered with a buffer battery even at the cost of one or two thousand dollars, you would reach the target of one million bookings very quickly and all of humanity would be really grateful. Then, as you have repeatedly said and shown that energy is not produced by any nuclear fusion, but by new electronic properties of plasma, make it clear once and for all, even on your site, that yours is a plasma generator and call it as it is, like(plasmagen, plasmaenergy plasmalamp, or whatever you want). Avoiding talking about “nuclear” certainly paves the way for certifications and “mental” opposition by many.
    Excuse this frank intrusion, but you know how much I care to see your invention globally recognized.
    Neri
    ————–

    Warm Regards,
    Thomas Conover

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I totally respect your opinion, as well as of Neri. But the lamp is ready for mass production and it has a massive market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    I support Nero Accornero opinion 100%.
    This must be what everybody is looking for.
    Best regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal.

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal,
    Thank you for your opinion: the time of it will arrive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    the fact that the SKLed can be powered with 12V DC, gave me an idea: could it be shaped like a standard H4 headlight? The potential market would be enormous.

    Luminous regards.

  92. Donald G Chandler

    Dear Mr Rossi

    Good to hear that the latest Ecat SKLed can be powered from 12VDC.
    1. What is the current consumption in this configuration?
    2. I’d expect about 325mA (12V x 0.325 = 3.9W) but are there losses that make it significantly more?

    Kind regards
    Donald Chandler

  93. Kevin Evans

    Hi Andrea,

    As a keen tennis player, have you thought about the tennis court/sports arena floodlighting market?

    Regards,
    Kevin Evans

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Kevin Evans:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    One more suggestion.

    Make certain that if a battery is accidentally connected to the E-Cat SKLed with reverse polarity that nothing bad happens.

    The best solution is no current is drawn.
    Is this a problem?

    Best Regards

    Dan Galburt

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    That is easy, but thank you for continuing to give suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Dear Andrea
    As soon as the description of the ECAT SKled appeared on your site, I informed the thirty interested colleagues and friends, that for more than 10 years I have periodically did, about the progress of your discovery, but I must tell you that this time I received more negative than positive comments or even zero comments! Most are wondering why to book a lamp that is much more expensive than others, although 10 times more efficient? and many doubts that it is possible to reach one million bookings by the year. Although I have explained that this lamp is just an attempt to cautiously introduce your overwhelming technology to avoid exposing yourself suddenly to strong contrasts, the negative responses remain. I think it would be useful for you to check the number of bookings you have obtained in three months; this could give you good information on the market you plan to reach and give you the possibility of changing the strategy. As some other reader said, your lamp has an indefinite design, it is not a home lamp (you do not put a 10K lumen 5000 kelvin lamp on your bedside table or living room!) And it is not an industrial or street lighting lamp, this limits its interest only for those who want to open it to explore its contents or, worse, to try to copy it. Of course, now the possibility of a battery operation greatly increases its potential and if it could then be maintained in charge with excess energy in addition to the luminous one … ok a solar panel can do the job but…..!
    I remain of the opinion that by proposing a small electric generator of 3-5 Kw “all purpose” self-powered with a buffer battery even at the cost of one or two thousand dollars, you would reach the target of one million bookings very quickly and all of humanity would be really grateful. Then, as you have repeatedly said and shown that energy is not produced by any nuclear fusion, but by new electronic properties of plasma, make it clear once and for all, even on your site, that yours is a plasma generator and call it as it is, like(plasmagen, plasmaenergy plasmalamp, or whatever you want). Avoiding talking about “nuclear” certainly paves the way for certifications and “mental” opposition by many.
    Excuse this frank intrusion, but you know how much I care to see your invention globally recognized.
    Neri

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Neri Accornero:
    We will do also the electricity generator. I strongly respect your sincere opinion, but I do not agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Excellent news, that the ECAT SKLed can also be powered with a 12 V battery.
    So I imagine that what will be sent to us will also have this characteristic.

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Interesting Video about LED.

    https://youtu.be/yvcITqw5iDY

    Regards
    Sam

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt (second answer of today):
    Our team worked today on your suggestion: all the the Ecat SKLed will be able to be powered either with their plug connected to the grid at 110-240 V, 50-60 Hz, OR with any 12 V battery, and it will be the undisputed lamp with the longest autonomy of the world, at parity of battery Ah.
    You gave us a great idea. We got it. The DC connection will poke out from the rear face of the Ecat’s body.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Norma

    @Jorge:
    The Navy did not just replicate the Rossi effect, as you correctly write: they are trying to plagiarize it with their patent application. The usual story of David versus Goliath
    Norma

  105. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering of April 13 2021
    Marriage of CHP and Hydrogen: sounds heavenly, but expensive and uncertain
    Rod Walton

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. SvenB

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The possibility of adding a 12V DC input to SKLed is really excellent news.
    It would allow SKLed to be added to all existing 12 V LED installations as well as
    in many non-grid solar-powered and mobile applications.
    I really look forward to when you can confirm this very positive extension of SKLed specification.

    Kind regards
    SvenB

  108. Jorge

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for the replication made by US Navy of your patent. I have been impressed by comparing the claim 3 of the patent application of the US Navy with the claim 1 of your patent.
    Allow me to put these questions:
    a. did you collaborate with the US Navy laboratories during their experiments ?
    b. have their experiments been done in your laboratories ?
    c. have they informed you that they were going to replicate the Rossi effect ?
    Again congratulations,
    Jorge

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Jorge:
    a. no
    b. no
    c. no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    In one of your responses you indicate the E-Cat SKLed could be made to run on a battery.

    I hope you’re considering this option and if you are, I suggest that the input voltage spec be 12 +/- 3 VDC which would cover automotive batteries and readily available Li ion battery packs. Based upon your input power consumption of 3.9 watts I would expect the nominal current drain from the battery to be 3.9 watts/12 volts = .325 amps.

    I hope you’re not considering integrating a battery directly into the E-Cat SKLed. Give the customer the option to select the size and type of battery he wants to use including automotive batteries, or a grid fed adapter.

    A peak current drain needs to be specified, but you have given no information that would allow me to estimate it.

    I believe there is good reason to believe that there may be more interest in the E-Cat SKLed as a light weight battery powered light source then as a grid fed unit.
    For example a 12V, 3 amp-hr Lithium ion Battery Pack sold through Amazon for $24 would be able to run the E-Cat SKLed for more than 6 hours. The combined weight of both the E-Cat SKLed and the Li ion battery pack would be 380 grams.

    Question 1
    Are you considering doing a survey to establish the market for battery powered E-Cat SKLed relative to grid fed units?

    Question 2
    Is making a E-Cat SKLed that runs on 12 VDC more difficult than making a unit that runs on 120/240 VAC?

    Question 3
    Until a significant number of E-Cat SKLed units are sold and tested by users, some doubt will remain about its performance. Key specifications associated with grid fed units are luminous flux, input power, and life. Luminous flux is difficult to test beyond visually comparing the E-Cat SKLed with a similar LED source. Most customers will not even have access to a suitable watt meter to measure input power. Life takes time to verify and has to be taken on faith in the near term.
    Key specifications for a battery powered unit are luminous flux, weight and battery life. These specifications are all testable in the near term and no watt-hr meter is needed.

    E-Cat battery powered SKLed applications such as portable and emergency lighting require no investment in mounting and wiring and therefore have minimal risk if they don’t work as expected.

    Do you agree that from a sales point of view that offering an option for connecting a 12 VDC battery power source to the E-Cat SKLed has merit?

    Question 4
    Would you consider running a battery life test on an E-Cat SKLed connected to a commercially available battery?

    Best Regards,
    Dan Galburt

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    Thank you for your very intelligent suggestion.
    Answers:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- yes
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Dear Andrea,
    What happens if you do not reach 1×10^6 orders by the date you gave for the presentation? Will you extend the date, offer a lower price, or offer a different device for sale? Will you still hold the presentation? Ignore these questions if they have already been answered and I have just missed your replies.
    Marketing regards.

  113. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    The presentation date has nothing to do with the date we will reach 1 million units ordered.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Heinz Sause

    Hello Dr, Rossi,
    In Germany there has recently been an innovation agency.
    I’ve already made them known there.
    How about if you would present your projects there?
    With best regards .
    https://www.sprind.org/en/
    Heinz Sause

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    Interesting, but I prefer to serve directly our Clients. I prefer to stay away from anything that smells politics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Johnny

    Dr Rossi:
    Why do you need to sell one million units before starting the deliveries ?

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Johnny:
    because that is the amount of units we must produce to make that price.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. Lisa Catlover

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I know you are the CEO ( Chief Executive Officer ) of Leonardo Corporation.
    I ordered an Ecat SKLed and sending the order form I found here:
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    In the order form it is written that the deliveries will begin only after you will reach one million of orders and that if such amount of orders will not be reached the orders will be void. There is also written that the payment will be made only at the delivery and that before that moment no money will change hands.
    All this is clear and good.
    I have a question, though: if one has to pay before the delivery, what happens if he will not receive the Ecat SKLed ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Lisa Catlover

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Lisa Catlover:
    Good point.
    Among the forms of payment we will accept, there will be also Paypal. I suggest that the payment is made through Paypal, because they guarentee the refund if the merchandise is not delivered.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m currently working on a case study on using the SKLed to illuminate streets. According to my calculation in the case study, the replacement of street lamps with the SKLed pays for itself in 3 – 6 months, while the saving of electricity and the saving of CO 2 emissions play a role.
    The CO 2 levy in Germany is € 25 and in Switzerland and Sweden around € 100 per tonne of CO 2.

    Of course, this calculation only applies when replacing lamps with conventional bulbs that consume a lot.
    Since the replacement for LED is already in full swing, the amortization time increases.

    Traffic-dependent control and dimming based on time and brightness are used in street lighting today. The control is carried out via the Internet. There are various standardized connection elements for lamps on the power poles.

    Solar panels with batteries are available for newly installed lamps to which the lamps are connected directly.

    I have questions about this:

    1.) Can the dimmer in the SKLed be controlled via the Internet?

    2.) Can the SKLed also have a DC connection so that it can be connected directly to the battery?

    The street lamp distributors offer various connection elements for masts.

    It would be beneficial if Leonardo could use a lamp connector as standard for the SKLed, or even better if Leonardo included a connector.

    This would make it easier for Leonardo to win over the specialist companies for the lamp market to sell the SKLed.

    Especially when it is calculated how much electricity and CO 2 emissions can be saved by your customers compared to lighting with conventional LEDs.

    Warm regards
    Ulrich

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions.
    Answers:
    1- maybe an idea
    2- could be made
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Jurgen Jager:
    We are studying on this issue, albeit the Ecat SKLed does not emit UV, as I already explained.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I think you decided to start with lamps because they will be a troy horse for wider applications, am I correct ?

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The new starts as a superficial form before becoming the new ground of reality,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Jürgen Jäger

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    10000 Lumen is a very bright light, so my question is: could the ECAT SKLed power a photovoltaik cell…what would be the output?
    best regards
    Juergen

  126. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    How is your progress towards the certification ?
    Regards
    Sam

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    It is in progress,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I am simply an Italian craftsman and I work in the sector of beauty. I would like to know, if possible of course, if in a near future E-cat could allow to obtain also UVB tanning frequencies, infrared frequencies and RGB lights, to equip chromotherapy devices.
    Many thanks, LP

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Lorenzo Persello:
    No: our lamp does not emit UV.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    In a book that my wife gave me for my 50th birthday, two inventions by Nicola Tesla are mentioned.

    The book, which dates from 1899 and is called

    “Electricity, its generation and its use in industry and commerce”

    Fourth, improved and increased edition
    With 11 plates and 824 text illustrations

    by Arthur Wilke, electrical engineer.
    Publishing and printing by Otto Spamer in Leipzig 1899

    The book describes inventions by Nicola Tesla, one is the induction motor, the other the invention of the cold light lamp.

    What is interesting
    the author of the book about the cold light lamp writes:

    “The light emitted by the lamp is not very intense, however. However, it is not the current practicality that gives the lamp its significance, but the fact that it generates light without heat and that it is only connected to the electricity generator by a wire.

    The beginnings are given here, but a beginning is made, and we can hope that the near future will bring us heatless light in a form that can be used in practice.

    And what advantage does it promise us? Perhaps a reader asks; Now we can expect that with the same expenditure of energy we can operate about 10 to 20 times the power compared to today’s incandescent lamps and with every horsepower expended about 200 sixteen-candle lamps.”

    That was more than 122 years ago.

    Together with its investor Westinghouse, Tesla had won the project to supply the 1893 World’s Fair in Chicago with electricity and lighting. That was a big breakthrough for Tesla’s AC technology.

    Now you have invented the E-CAT SKL that generates electricity and the E-CAT SKLed that generates light and is also “cold”.

    I also wish you such a breakthrough with the E-CAT SKL and the E-CAT SKLed!

    With warm regards

    Ulrich

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    Thank you for this very interesting reference,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. Jitse

    Daar Andrea,

    In addition to your patent, it is possible to register INTUAL PROPERTY of hardware products, if that is not yet registered (especially the ecatskl series) then it makes sense to register this everywhere in Europe, US and all other countries.

    I wish you a lot of success with your ecatskLed and the energy ecatSKL versions and hope that you can also bring the energy related products to the market soon.

    with kind regards, Jitse

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Muzard Francois:
    Thank you for your very kind support,
    Merci Beaucoup !!!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. larry

    Please understand that the following comments come from someone who believes strongly in the future of LENR. And one who believes strongly that disruptive technology such as LENR is needed to help the world survive global warming (just look at how the world has handled COVID…there are too many people putting their own feelings/wealth ahead of the personal sacrifice needed to minimize the death and permanent side effects of COVID to believe the effort to reduce global warming will be any different.)

    The first ECAT product is a technology wonder. But how much can it really contribute to making the world more green? There are probably at least 5 billion lights used every day in the world. A one million piece production run will have essentially negligible impact on the lighting industry and even less impact on global warming.

    Lamps are not just light sources, they are an interior design item. A technologist such as myself and many bloggers here will look at he image of the SKLed and be amazed a product is finally here, but, frankly, it is not an aesthetically pleasing lamp. Also if you look closely at the prototype, it is not a polished housing…rough surfaces, crude base, ugly chrome plated screw on the side etc. I strongly suspect that the true production version will have better finish, but this one is not pleasing to the eye no matter how pleasing its technological achievement. Its market penetration into homes is going to be very small. Industrial lighting is probably the best market for the technology, but the current lamp is not suited for easy retrofit into large area lighting fixtures. Market penetration through new builds will be very slow.

    I think the true short term value of the SKLed will be marketing of LENR. This lamp, with proper publicity, will help make LENR and ECAT into household names. This will help force industry and governments to respond and move to LENR much quicker than if the consumers remain largely unaware of the technology.

    Considering the size of the markets, this production run is a very small investment. Since volume pricing for 1K pieces is $20, we can assume a production run of 1million pieces will be less that $20 million. For comparison, a new wafer fab costs 10 billion dollars. I strongly urge Leonardo Corporation to find funding for this production run and just do it, don’t wait for orders. If Leonardo Corporation cash position is not enough to handle this cash flow, then reach out to large philanthropic organizations such as the Gates Foundation to get the funding as a grant, or as a low interest loan (0%?). Or get gofundme to sell the first units. Find a way to get the money and just do it! I assume getting startup funding from people who would want a piece of the pie is out of the question.

    Then deliver samples to all major movers such as tech blogging influencers, government officials (probably target their aids), industrial leaders etc. If they see the product on their desk, they will be more likely to overcome the bad history of LENR that put in in the minds of many people as a fraud the likes of making a perpetual motion machine.

    Think big…the ultimate long term goal would be to legislatively ban any light source that is not as efficient as the SKLed technology unless the light source needs specific technology such as being a true point source, deep UV light source, specific shape for illumination needs (such as pumping laser fibers) etc. Then maybe after ten years the SKLed will be the “go to” lighting method…except for the home unless you can make it small enough to fit into a designer lamp or ceiling fixture, offer different color temperatures etc.

    Shorter term goal will be to penetrate industrial lighting by working with experts in the field to develop a product line to make retrofitting into warehouse and office ceiling lighting relatively easy, with short period investment payback on behalf of the consumer.

    But I fear that the SKLed will remain a novelty item, and only LENR devices with electrical power output will truly be sold in volume and change the world. Imagine a smaller power unit that can be easily attached to a wall beside the circuit breaker panel of every building and home, similar to UPS whole house units. Installed by an electrician. Bypass the industrial giants who have a vested interest to make LENR fail, or who are horribly slow to react to new technology and instead go straight to the consumer. Rossi’s idea about owning the units and selling the power so that there is limited capital equipment costs for the buyer will make this happen faster, but this has HUGE investment costs in the billions, not millions. But even that can be obtained.

    I look forward to a new brighter world once LENR takes hold. (no pun intended :))

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Larry:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    I want to precise that:
    1- I do not think that my technology is based on LENR, as I said many times. Its theoretical principles have been explained on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    2- 1 million lamps are the beginning, not the end
    3- we are pursuing also the line of electricity and heat production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. MUZARD François

    Cher Docteur Rossi,
    je soutiens totalement votre thèse concernant la nécessité d’un prix très bas obtenu à l’usine, grâce à la fabrication programmée d’une grosse quantité d’appareils ,et aussi j’imagine grâce un gros effort de la part de votre société.
    Ce prix va permettre de diffuser plus facilement ce produit parmi les gens incrédules malheureusement toujours influencés par tous ces trolls bien maléfiques !
    J’ajoute que nous, vos fervents supporters, devons maintenant être très présents sur le terrain pour assurer la promotion de cet extraordinaire projecteur, et vous permettre de réaliser cette quantité.
    Nous pourrons prier pour que la communauté scientifique ne reste pas dans ce silence assourdissant lorsque toutes ces lampes seront allumées !
    Salutations chaleureuses.
    François

  138. Sam

    Is Amy Akasaki passed
    away recently.

    https://youtu.be/n_9ymoYxrTY

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    Interesting video on Blue LED.

    https://youtu.be/idwKHQEw78g

    Regards
    Sam

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Prof Amy Akasaki, Nobel Prize laureate in 2014 for his invention of the LED, made one of the most important inventions of the last 100 years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Roberto

    @Vinny:
    Yes, the US Navy has replicated the invention patented by Andrea Rossi, and this is good, but they forgot to cite the prior art of Dr Rossi in the patent application of theirs, whose Claim 3- the most important of their application of 2019- is the photocopy of the claim 1 of Rossi’s patent granted by the USPTO in 2015.
    Best,
    Roberto

  143. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    You propose the concept of network selling. Half a life ago I also dared to do this, and indeed such a system works on a human scale. A fixed characteristic of products that go into network sales is that the official sales price is multiplied several times. This is to cover the costs for driving around and the palaver.

    I don’t know if there are enough enthusiasts to get to a million copies sold. Wouldn’t it be wise to also set a price so that delivery can be made anyway? Some electronics can also be made to order in small quantities.

    If we already had a few models to take to the streets, it would be easier. At the very least, we can then fine-tune some concrete applications in growing and flourishing markets where we know cheap artificial light has a huge competitive advantage, and where no whole boards of directors need to decide on the purchase. These tests can take several months to even a year.

    Maybe you can think of this as plan B.

    Kindest regards,
    Koen

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your opinion, but only if we reach that order of magnitude we can offer that price. With a minor order of magnitude, the price would be much higher and nobody would buy the product, with exception of several hundreds of subjects aiming only to a reverse engineering. For obvious reasons, we are not interested to follow this path, as difficult as the reverse engineering might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    https://rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    27 years of duration is a long, long, very long time.

    Many of us will already be dead.

    I don’t think there is a need to worry about replacing the cartridge.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Why not ? I wish all our Readers a very, very long life.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea and blog readers:

    The US DOE worked closely with Andrea for many years, and perhaps continues to this day. Here is some interesing information regarding the research that the US DOE has been working on, most of which is over my head but still interested me, so I thought I would share it with you all on the blog. Please visit the web site URL in this post to find out more.

    Thank you Andrea, for your persistance in your research, I enjoy reading your blog almost daily.

    Warm Regards,
    Tom Conover

    US DOE posted some results recently. The long-awaited first results from the Muon g-2 experiment at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.

    Details can be found at:
    https://news.fnal.gov/2021/04/first-results-from-fermilabs-muon-g-2-experiment-strengthen-evidence-of-new-physics/

    First results from Fermilab’s Muon g-2 experiment strengthen evidence of new physics

    April 7, 2021
    Media contact
    Tracy Marc, Fermilab, media@fnal.gov, 224-290-7803
    The long-awaited first results from the Muon g-2 experiment at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory show fundamental particles called muons behaving in a way that is not predicted by scientists’ best theory, the Standard Model of particle physics. This landmark result, made with unprecedented precision, confirms a discrepancy that has been gnawing at researchers for decades.

    The strong evidence that muons deviate from the Standard Model calculation might hint at exciting new physics. Muons act as a window into the subatomic world and could be interacting with yet undiscovered particles or forces.

    “Today is an extraordinary day, long awaited not only by us but by the whole international physics community,” said Graziano Venanzoni, co-spokesperson of the Muon g-2 experiment and physicist at the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics. “A large amount of credit goes to our young researchers who, with their talent, ideas and enthusiasm, have allowed us to achieve this incredible result.”

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    This research of the Fermilab is very interesting.
    Thank you for the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Leo Kaas

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you ever used POE (Power over Ethernet) to Power the E-Cat SKLed? Type 3 POE++ supplies 60W and Type 4 High Power POE supplies 100W.

    Best Regards,
    Leo Kaas

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Leo Kaas:
    No, but thank you for your information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Salvatore Boi

    Gentilissimo Dott. Rossi, alcune domande e considerazioni per Lei:

    1. Non sarebbe il caso di considerare la possibilità di poter produrre e mettere in vendita una versione sommergibile del E-CAT SKled, per i sub e per i sottomarini a scopo turistico?

    2. Quando Lei è partito per venire in Italia avrà subito i controlli del bagaglio con raggi gamma, non ha avuto paura di un pericolo di visione della componentistica interna?

    3. Si trova ancora in Italia? Lei ha ancora la sua potente Alfa Romeo?

    4. Non esiste il pericolo, dopo la commercializzazione dell’E-CAT SKled, di una ingegnerazione inversa via raggi gamma, tac, raggi x, ecc.?

    5. In genere i LED per illuminazione hanno una vita stimata da 30,000 a 50,000 ore di funzionamento, ma invece l’E-CAT SKled offre addirittura 100,000 ore di corretto funzionamento, giusto?

    6. Come fare per poter dimmerare la luce? Esiste una manopola dietro o lo si fa sulla linea di alimentazione attraverso un dimmer elettronico a tecnologia PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) con una frequnza intorno ai 400 Hz?

    7. Come fare a sostituire la cartuccia del combustibile? Non si era detto che sarebbe stato facile come sostituire le cartuccie d’inchiostro delle comuni stampanti domestiche?

    Perdoni le troppe domande, ma le Sue risposte saranno utili a tutti i lettori, grazie in anticipo.

    English version:

    Dear Dr. Rossi, some questions and considerations for you:

    1. Wouldn’t it be worth considering the possibility of producing and selling a submersible version of the E-CAT SKled, for divers and submarines for tourism purposes?

    2. When you left to come to Italy, you will have undergone the gamma-ray baggage checks, were you not afraid of a danger of vision of the internal components?

    3. Are you still in Italy? Do you still have your powerful Alfa Romeo?

    4. Is there no danger, after the commercialization of the E-CAT SKled, of reverse engineering via gamma rays, CT scans, x-rays, etc.?

    5. Lighting LEDs typically have an estimated life of 30,000 to 50,000 hours of operation, but the E-CAT SKled offers 100,000 hours of proper operation, right?

    6. How can I dim the light? Is there a knob behind it or is it done on the power line through an electronic dimmer with PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) technology with a frequency around 400 Hz?

    7. How do I replace the fuel cartridge? Didn’t you tell yourself it would be as easy as replacing the ink cartridges of common home printers?

    Forgive too many questions, but your answers will be useful to all readers, thanks in advance.

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    1. maybe a good idea
    2. I travel with the confidential parts disassembled and put in different bags
    3. he,he,he..yes, waiting for the second dose of my Astra Zeneca Covid vaccination. I made the first one on April 4th, the second should be at the end of May
    4. it will be very, very, very difficult
    5. yes
    6. there is an intelligent system that maintains in your place the Lumens you want. But there is also a manual dimmer vulgaris
    7. after 100 000 hours of operation, assuming 10 hours of operation per day, it lasts 10000 days = 27 years. You send us back the old one, that we recycle completely, and buy a new one with a discount of 10%
    Thank you for your kind questions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. Gennady Teplitsky

    Dear Andrea,

    The SKLed device sounds like a very interesting proposition. Although, I am sure all of us are in a great anticipation for a self sustaining eCat SKL that produces 10 to 20 kw that we can use in our homes. Are we expecting such a device to be also presented on 25th of November and being offered on sale in 2021? If not, then when?

    Kind Regards,

    Gennady

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady Teplitsky:
    Premature,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I forwarded your order form to the county of Los Angeles to help you reach your 1M order threshold. Maybe other readers could do the same for their areas to broaden the skled awareness.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Josef

    Dr Rossi,
    reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I wonder how you calculate the entropy ratio between non coherent and coherent configuration of particles

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Josef:
    It is approximately equal to the number of interacting particles, considering that the coherent state can be described by a single wave function , as in Bose Einstein condensate; please see paragraph 2.5 of the cited paper,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  161. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    Would it be possible to, now and then, post the number of ECat-SKLed devices pre-ordered so far?

    Similar the Kickstarter and Indiegogo type sites (which help launch new products), it would be fun to know how we’re progressing and it might generate added enthusiasm to get in on the first run production of a groundbreaking new device.

    Best regards, WaltC

  162. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Premature,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    It is obvious that you have tested that the E-Cat SK can deliver the necessary power to make a 12 volt LED emit 10,000 lumens.
    Have you also tested whether the same E-Cat SK can charge a regular 12 volt lead accumulator?
    Have you thereby figured out the magnitude of its charging effect?
    Finding out this is far more interesting than getting an LED light to function, since an accumulator can easily deliver 4Wh/h to drive the E-Cat.
    Regards.
    Svein H. Vormedal

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Robin

    Dr Rossi,
    how can I buy an Ecat SKLed ?
    Robin

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Robin:
    you can find the form to fill up and send automatically on
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    http://www.ecat.com
    http://www.e-catworld.com
    or ask to receive the form emailing to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  167. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Could you create a “reseller’s order form” on Leonardo’s website with space for customer’s address and space for seller’s name? You could allow seller to remit purchase price less the 10% commission.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    If this issue will have a follow up, we will organize it better. For now, every buyer can buy with a disciunt of 10% and resell giving us the names of his new buyers and obviously they will be in line based on the date of their order. Also the new buyers will be allowed to do the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    Possible new Physics Discovery.

    https://youtu.be/ZjnK5exNhZ0

    Regards
    Sam

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    there are many countries (America is one of them) in which it’s easy to issue lawsuits for even silly matters (I remember a woman who sued a microwave oven producer for not specifying in the user’s manual that a dog can not be dryed in the microwave oven…).
    For this reason a good idea can be to explicitly state that the LED acronym in your product is Light Emitting Device and not Diode, to be safe with legal matters.
    This because you can not confirm or deny if your device contains actual LEDs or not.

    What do you think?

    Luminous regards,
    Marco.

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    thank you for your suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Dear Andrea,
    Those who have preordered have an incentive to spread the word, because they know that they will get their devices only once the preorder count reaches one million, and because they know that newcomers do not displace them in the queue.

    In my opinion, offering in addition a 10% fiscal reward sounds an unnecessary complication, and such strategy, if done before official performance measurements have been published, might also backfire by decreasing the credibility of the device. You probably look at it from the justice and fairness points of view, which I respect, but I think that the fairness comes from the first-come-first-served principle of the queue.

    regards, /pekka

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Obviously the order in queue will be respected. If a buyer will senf subsequent orders, the new orders will have their own arrival date. Besides, the deliveries will not in any case begin before the presentation
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Ron Stringer

    In your response to Gerard McEck, you say “it would be beautiful if all the buyers of the SKLed become sellers of the SKLed earning 10% for every Skled they sell.”
    How do you see this working? Do you think current buyers should become resellers, marking up resales by 10%? Or do you foresee some other arrangement?
    You keep managing to surprise me.
    Ron Stringer

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Ron Stringer:
    Any buyer can become a reseller getting the 10%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. ken kocher

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    IF you get your 1,000,000 pre-orders, how long do you anticipate, after November, it will take to deliver those orders? 1?2? 3 months?

    Yours,
    kenko1

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Ken Kocher:
    yes, several months
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Pol Dekyvere

    Dear Andrea,
    I am very enthusiastic about your most wonderful and very useful invention.

    Please may I ask you to answer this two questions:

    1. Does SKLed stand for SKLight emetting Device instead of SKLight emitting Diode? So there is no Light emitting Diode in the SKLed? In this case, the light from the plasma is directed directly to the lens.

    2. Can the light from the SKLed be converted to heat by shining the light on a black body radiator?

    Thank you very much. I wish you every success in the further development of the ecatSKL and, above all, good health.

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Pol Dekyvere:
    1- no
    2- no
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Would you consider a pre-demonstration just for resellers in advance of the presentation?
    If so, when could that take place?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    today your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached 63000 readings…and counting
    Prof

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In your reply to Rinus you mentioned November 25th as the presentation date. You have previously announced November 30th. Is the 25th now the confirmed date?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, sorry, my mistake not to inform our Readers yet: the date of the presentation has been anticipated to November 25th upon request of the CEO of the Swedish company in whose facility the presentation will be made, because he wants to be present and the 25th is better for him. Obviously for us is very important his presence and we followed suit.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    What is going on with E-catSKL to the industry, when all your time
    goes to E-catSKLed?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    We are working also on the SKL,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Engineer01

    Dr. Rossi,
    Are your Partner(s) independently researching a product beyond the E-Cat SKLed?

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Engineer01:
    We are continuing to develope the SKL,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  191. Mark U

    Dear Andre,
    Like Art, I too filled in the form on the website (ordering 3 SKLeds) but have not received a confirmation email. (I checked my spam folder as well.)
    Also, when I go to http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    it immediately redirects me to ecat.com, which is where I filled in the online form originally.
    I shall take it on faith that my original order has been received, despite not receiving a confirmation email.

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    I forwarded also your comment to our webmaster,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding light without heat, “Fireflies produce light without heat by a chemiluminescent reaction. Chemiluminescent reactions that occur in living organisms are called bioluminescent reactions.”

    Hoped you would enjoy this quote. We have fireflies during the summer and it is very impressive.

    Warm regards,

    Tom

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    True !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Don Zucchiatti

    Dear Andrea
    When I first hear of the Ecat SKLed, I immediately thought the best use would be for municipal street lights. I imagine New York City could use 1 million lights, and once this gets widely accepted I imagine every municipality on the planet would want to switch over to your product. There seems to be very little emphasis in this area, so if may ask a few questions

    1. Would it be an issue to have a unit cover the area like a street
    light or is your light more directed like a spot light?
    2. Would it be an issue to make a unit that could be swapped out as
    easily as a light bulb?
    3. In northern communities would it be an issue to have
    temperatures of 40 below F?

    Thank you for your consideration;

    Don

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Don Zucchiatti:
    1- the Ecat SKLed can be used for public illumination
    2- not an issue
    3- not an issue
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  197. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,
    I also did not get the automatic email after I submitted the online form. I tried twice with no result. Kindly check with your IT department.
    Regards
    Patrick

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    I forwarded this comment of yours to our webmaster,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your unexpected switch to introduce a new light source has surprised many of us some weeks ago. We were all in the expectation that you were testing and developing the electricity producing Ecat SKL and preparing the production for an energy source that could safe the world.
    I know you were very enthousiast about the QX some years ago and especially the light it produced. It must have taken quite a while to develop the SKLed from it and maybe you use still components of the QX.
    1. Have you all the time been developing this SKLed in silence since you discovered the QX?
    2. Was it always your aim to develop the light emitting Ecat, since the QX?
    3. Does your step to start producing in due time the SKLed delay development and production of the Ecat SKL?
    4. Can you tell us wat the status is of the Ecat SKL?
    5. Do you expect that the pre-orders of the SKLed will reach the quantity of 1M before the presentation?
    6. Will you and your industrial Partner both invest in the production of the SKLed?
    7. Will you and your Partner jointly develop the Ecat SKL to a practical device?
    8. Can we do anything to help you speeding up the developments and/or pre-sales?
    Great success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- no
    4- advanced
    5- no
    6- yes
    7- yes
    8- it would be beautiful if all the buyers of the SKLed become sellers of the SKLed earning 10% for every Skled they sell
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    If an arrangement that the LEd-part of SKLed is disconnected and then connected to a separate power supply can not be carried out,
    several different brands of Led lamps can be arranged that provide identical light amount as E-Cat SKLed and easily measure their energy consumption which is then compared with E-Cat SKLed.
    This will show the savings.
    Regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On your new product, the E-Cat SKLed, Question:

    1. Does the E-Cat SKLed contain an LED or LED array?
    2. If not, would not the name E-Cat SKLed be misleading to the purchaser?

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- confidential
    2- I think Purchasers will be absolutely not interested to this question, unless they are competitors fishing for information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Dear Andrea,

    I assume that you want to achieve the desired number of pre-orders as quickly as possible.
    I assume that your industrial partner also want this.
    1. is there an advertisement strategy planned for other sites than the presents?
    2. will there be more informative pictures, like working leds in the dark, showing its capabilities?
    3. is it thinkable that when you have a better insight in the demand, you start production before the magic number of orders is reached?

    Thanks for the information,

    Rinus

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Rinus:
    1- yes, after the presentation of November 25th
    2- same as in 1
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Art B

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I completed the form on your website to order 10pcs. But did not receive confirmation of the order. Is the confirmation sent out later to my email address, which is the same as the one attached to this post? Sorry to bother you with such a small thing.

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Art B:
    Please resend your order going here:
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    Fill up the form , click send and you will receive the receipt.
    Anyway, the order you already sent has been received, even if from
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    during the first 3 days the receipts have not been sent: but we received all the orders from the forms we sent, do not worry.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Dr Rossi:
    I want to comment on the phenomena which issues from your light which I will name “RossiLight.”

    There is no such thing as light that does not make heat. If “RossiLight” does not do so, it is not ordinary light, but something new. Your discovery of Rossilight, if verified, is of huge importance. Since RossiLight has a new and untested source, it may well be a new phenomena.

    Please test Rossilight to determine whether:
    it travels at speed “C”,
    to determine whether it can be used to pump a laser,
    to find whether it reflects off a mirror surface with the angle of incidence equal to the angle of reflection.
    If it does not heat a surface, does it cool that surface?
    If a beam of Rossilight passes through a beam of ordinary Light, do they annihilate?
    Does a beam of RossiLight interact with magnetic, electrodynamic, or gravitational fields? Does RossiLight make diffraction patterns with itself or with ordinary light?

    Regards, Ken Bowers
    KBowersJr@cox.net
    April 5, 2021

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Ken Bowers:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you explain how the Ecat SKLed of which we watched the photo is done inside and exactly how it works ?

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    In the event that you quickly receive 1,000,000 pre-orders, could you initiate mass production of SKLed BEFORE end of November, 2021?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  214. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering April 6 2021:
    Gas-fired capacity growing on South East US, Mexico, Thailand
    Rod Walton

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thanks for the update,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  216. Salvatore Boi

    Just a thought, since a commercial LED that emits 10,000 lumens costs at least much more than the whole E-CAT SKled, this leads me to consider that in the E-CAT SKled there is no real LED as we know it. but a way to use the light emitted directly by the plasma inside the device, improved and modified by the lens. May be?

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    I prefer not to answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    Since your Led light source is based on 12 volts, the easiest way to demonstrate the effect in E-cat SK is to connect this same light source to another 12 volt energy source and then measure the Amper consumption to achieve the same amount of light.
    If the Amp consumption there is higher than 0.33 Amp, it shows that the E-Cat SK delivers energy.
    (12V x 0.33A = 4W)
    How much larger Ampere consumption becomes shows the gain of the E-Cat SK.
    Regards,
    Svein H. vormedal

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    It is not possible,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    The largest municipality in Norway with approx. 500,000 inhabitants is responsible for approx. 70,000 street lights.
    This will be close to 140,000/million inhabitants. This is reasonably the case in most countries.
    There is now a significant replacement here due to several reasons.
    Energy consumption and service life of the installations are some important reasons for the replacements.
    This market is now on the rise. Phillips is betting heavily here.
    Local environmental groups have a great deal of influence in this area. Here you are a supreme winner. Many of your followers can help with marketing if the right product is available.
    regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal,
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  222. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,

    You probably have it already but here is a reference to the “Handbook of LED and SSL Metrology” by Günther Leschhorn, Richard Young et al.
    https://www.amazon.com.au/Handbook-LED-Metrology-G%C3%BCnther-Leschhorn/dp/3864606438

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.:
    Your comment is the No. 56000 of this blog.

  224. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When asked how much heat the eCat LED lamp dissipated you posted “The heat dissipated is about 2 W”. Does the 3W include the heat dissipated by the LED lamp or just the eCat portions?

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Good question.
    It does include the dissipated heat, the electric energy consumed net of the dissipation is about 1 Wh/h
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Salvatore Boi

    I have some questions to ask:

    1. Could the light beam be adjusted by changing the focus with the ring (screw?) that surrounds the lens?

    2. Could the E-CAT SKled be turned on and off by a twilight switch or a passive infra red (PIR) sensor?

    3. Also, how long does it take from power supply to light output of at least 1000 lumens?

    4. Is it possible to regulate the luminous power emitted, perhaps dimming it?

    5. The request made by others regarding the non-loss of guarantee in case of removal of the C-shaped support, makes sense considering a ceiling with plasterboard in which a round hole of the same diameter as that of the E-CAT SKled can be drilled, which if I’m not mistaken it should be 100mm, all in order to make the volume of the E-CAT SKled disappear inside the gap between the ceiling and the plasterboard. In this case the C-bracket would be wider than the hole. Do you agree now?

    Thank you in advance for the kind answers that are useful to all.

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    1- not so far, but could be an idea
    2- yes
    3- < 1s 4- yes 5- obviously the loss of guarantee does not involve the support ! Warm Regards, A.R.

  228. Brad

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What can I do to order an Ecat SKLed ?
    Thank you,
    Brad

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Brad:
    Now you can also go to
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    fill up the order form you will find there, click “send”
    You can also buy it through
    http://www.e-catworld.com
    It is also possible, but no more necessary, to ask the order form by email to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Albert

    Dear Andrea

    Can you kindly bear with my curiosity and answer this maybe stupid question of mine?: What is the energy equivalent in Watts-hour/hour of the 10,000 lumens light produced by the Sk-LED lamp which is being rolled out for production?

    Thanks and congratulations for your great paradigm-changing success.

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Albert:
    10000/683
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  232. Gavino Mamia

    Salve!
    Ho fatto un preordine, non dovrebbe arrivarmi un email di conferma?
    Non ho ricevuto nulla, devo rifare la richiesta?
    Saluti

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Your order has been received. You will be contacted when we will be ready for the delivery.
    By the way: all the Readers that have send the request to receive the form to make the order have been served.
    If some of our Readers has asked to receive the order form and did not receive it, this means his request has been lost in the spam for error: if so, please go to
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    fill up the order form and send it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Does your warranty permit removal of the mounting bracket so the lamp can be inserted into a round hole cut in the ceiling?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Yes, but the mount has been designed to be fit also to be put on the ceiling.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    1. By the end of this year do you expect to announce one or more prototyped products based upon the Rossi Effect?

    2. If so, will one be another variation of the SKLed?

    3. If so, will one be a product that does not produce light (e.g. only heat or only electricity)?

    Warm regards,
    Greg

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Daigle:
    1- I don’t know, now we are focused on the SKLed
    2- n.a.
    3- n.a.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. ernesto Seligardi

    dear dr. Rossi
    congratulations for the goal achieved and which I hope will soon brighten my days too …
    but I have a question, if you can answer …:
    I understood that the heat dissipated in the ECATskl was only about 5% of the output energy.
    Does this also apply to ECATskled?
    Does the 2 W of dissipated heat always represent this percentage?
    Is it correct to say that the 2 W of dissipated heat is equal to about 50% of the input power?
    (power in): consumption 3.9 Wh / h +/- 10%
    best regards and thanks

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Ernesto Seligardi:
    Moreless yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    Most people who live in northern areas that need lighting during the time of day when it is dark, also need heating indoors. A super-efficient lighting then creates a greater energy need for heating.
    When it comes to official outdoor lighting, the situation is totally different.
    I would then recommend that you equip SKLED with a screw/twist connection of the type used on such.
    The marked here is great.
    I have two questions:
    1. When do we get information about volts supplied to the SKLED?
    2. Do you now have negotiations with one or more suppliers of accumulators?
    Regards,
    Svein H. Vormedal

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for the suggestion. Are you interested to help ? If yes, contact me here:
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  242. Would this device, if it works as specified, have any value in the digital projector market? High lumen output combined with very low heat output and long operational life might make home theater projectors and commercial movie projectors less expensive to build and operate. Barco, Panasonic, JVC, Digital Projection, ViewSonic, Epson, and Sony are just a few of the companies that might be interested in the E-Cat SKLed.

  243. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    If you are looking for a
    Good Sales Person.

    https://youtu.be/ePFPnRVJ_gY

    Regards
    Sam

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thanks,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  245. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    https://rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  246. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    With “the world’s best LED-lamp”, the COP in the E-Cat SK becomes 12.
    By using 100 units with the size you now produce, the performance will be 5kWh/h.
    The price will be $ 3000.
    It will then provide this effect for 100,000 hours. INCREDIBLE!
    Best regards
    Svein H. Vormedal

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    Answers:
    1- 12 V
    2- we have contacts
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.