Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2021-07-27 22:20:07.243203Z

  1. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link to this titan departure,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  2. Rose

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did all the members of your team get already both doses of the anti-Covid vaccination ?
    best,
    Rose

  3. Andrea Rossi

    Rose:
    Yes, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  4. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I noticed you never respond to the disparaging comments of the trolls: why ?

  5. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    “Do not answer to the fool, not to look like him” ( The Bible, Proverbs, 26-4 ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  6. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of July 27:
    Utah Power Coop Cuts Next-Gen Nuclear project By Half
    Rod Walton

  7. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  8. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    The German federal government is under great pressure when it comes to climate policy.
    A big issue is building heating.

    There are two levels there:

    1. The buildings of the federal administration which are administered by the BImA.

    The Federal Agency for Real Estate Tasks (BImA)

    In the German Bundestag, the BImA is constantly under pressure to heat the buildings of the federal government CO2-free.

    BImA is one of the most important players on the German real estate market. It looks after and administers more than 18,000 federal properties.
    This leads to a high consumption of heating energy and CO2 emissions.

    2. The privately owned industrial, commercial and residential buildings have a high proportion of CO2 emissions when heated.
    The climate policy brought about by national and European legislation forces us to act. One measure is the regulation of a CO2 fee per, which must surely be increased in the coming years in order to reduce CO2 emissions.

    It would make sense to invite various players in Germany into the business with heating systems with the E-CAT.

    There are two main storylines here:

    1. Upgrading district heating networks with the E-CAT SK
    There are great opportunities here to equip new and existing residential projects with local district heating right from the start, without this district heating having to be generated with CO2-related energy. The presence of a district heating operator is not required.

    2. Contracts with the main heating manufacturers, with which new CO2-free heating systems can be sold and installed with the SK.

    Some companies to do this:

    Viessmann
    Vaillant
    Bosch-Buderus
    Bosch Junkers
    Wolf GmbH
    August Brötje GmbH

    What do you think about?

    Many greetings

    Ulrich

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    Thank you for the suggestions. We so far sell just energy for industrial plants, but your commercial path is in our future.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  10. Prof

    @Sam,
    Very interesting link, in line with the revolutionary theoretical system proposed in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Best,
    Prof

  11. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    An interesting opinion on
    the progress in Physics.

    https://iai.tv/articles/why-physics-has-made-no-progress-in-50-years-auid-1292

    Regards
    Sam

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Since Team Rossi has made ‘substantial progress’ on the skl development, do you feel confident that it will be ready for delivery in 2022?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    I really hope so,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Weleda

    @Viktor Shipachev
    I agree

  16. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How would you describe the amount of progress you have made on the E-Cat SKL over the last few months?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Our team made a substantial progress during the last few months,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Physicist

    Dr Rossi,
    did you consider the work of Woodside in your theoretical system ?
    Physicist

  19. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,
    I think it’s good that you offer the E-CAT SK publicly as a heating service on the Leonardo website. As you have already described, there are many applications in which you can save a lot of money and CO2 with the SK.

    Why don’t you sell the SK?

    – 1) Because you want to keep the development secrets to yourself.
    – 2) Because you believe that you earn more money with the heat than with the sale.
    – 3) Because special heat exchangers are prerequisites for operation.
    – 4) Because you think that the installation is not that easy for buyers.
    – 5) Because you believe that offering heat is more successful than selling it.

    For the heating application, there is the option of district heating or direct heating of buildings. For building heating, it would also make sense to offer different outputs from 10 kW. Larger outputs would also make sense for district heating.

    6) With what services is the SK offered?)
    6.1) Can several SKs be coupled?
    7) Does the SK have a higher COP with the new controller for the SKL?

    Who implements the turbine drive application?
    8) Leonardo?
    9) the developers at the end customer?

    Who is responsible for the development and manufacture of the special heat exchangers?
    10) Leonardo?
    11) subcontractor?
    12) the customer?

    13) Will it be possible for industrial customers to share in the heat gain?

    Many greetings

    Ulrich

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    1- no
    2- no
    3- no
    4- no
    5- no
    6- see http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    7- no
    8- also
    9- also
    10- also
    11- also
    12- also
    13- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Viktor Shipachev

    Dear dr Rossi,
    It would be impressive to supply the Ecat SKLed with electricity from the Ecat SKL and not from the gris or a battery

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    We are working very hard on the Ecat SKL,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Kay

    Dear Andrea Roosi, Question 3 from Jeff: 3. Have any of your customers suggested any valuable improvements? AR: Yes! My question about this: does this customer produce the associated electronics for the ECAT or ECATLED? Greetings Kay

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Kay:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    On your list of potential experiments, if this is feasible, is there a Stern-Gerlach type experiment that will utilise Ecat technology / theoretical knowledge to examine whether the normal Stern-Gerlach type experiment spin outcome can be influenced?

    Maybe this has been done, or is in progress, or if not yet, hopefully it is being considered and is on your long (and likely very expensive) list of potential experiments.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  26. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    No, but thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Anne

    Dear Andrea,
    The Ecat SKL is probably the most important thing in fieri in this world: thank you for your sacrifice to make true this dream.
    I wish you and your team all the best,
    Anne

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Anne:
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  29. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Ernst’s question today was about the E-Cat SKL (electricity generator). Do you mean by your response (“So far I don’t see reason for a delay”) you think will be ready to demonstrate it on Nov 25th?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, I was referring to the Ecat SKLed.
    For the SKL we are still working .
    Warmest Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Ernst

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    if the e-cat SKL is not ready and presentable until 25.11.2021 what would be the next possible date?
    sometime in spring or summer 2022? (i need hope..!)
    Best regards
    Ernst

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    So far I don’t see reason for a delay.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Prof

    While your paper
    http://www.researcchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    continues to accumulate readings and is the most read paper of Researchgate on Physics of the last 2 years, I noticed that not a single scientific critic has been done, with exception of the fact that electrons, being Fermions, can’t travel at c, to which you responded that c is not the speed of electrons, but of the ZBW oscillations.
    Best,
    Prof

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    It is also very interesting the reference 17 of the paper you cited.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  35. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Will the commercial version of the Ecat SKLed have a dimmer dial to adjust the brightness of the lamp?
    2. If so, will the power consumption of the SKLed be proportional to its brightness setting?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  37. Mason Ainsworth

    Dear Andrea,
    This is to respond to your request for clarification about my question regarding the time it took for your team of University Professors to adjust to your ZPE technology.

    I am under the general impression that most if not all physics professors would be skeptical if not profoundly skeptical to the assertion of a functional ZPE technology. Therefore, it would take time and a number of experiments to overcome this initial skepticism. This is the basis for my question and the presumption that none of these physics professors would immediately say “Andrea, you are right. You don’t need to prove it to me . . . this is a ZPE technology.” Also, please note that there is a bit of humor in asking such a question because, in my lay understanding, most consider ZPE technology as “science fiction”.

    If I might ask an additional question. Is it reasonable to presume this group of physics professors has gained sufficient experience in working with you, the SK, SKLed, and SKL that when they return to their respective university labs they would be able to act as “seeded” research facilities for delving deeper into the physics of the SLRPI effect . . . therefore enhancing the development of future Bachelors, Masters, and PhD physics students for this ZPE technology? Would their efforts be perceived with good will by you and your partners? Is it part of your strategy to spread the technology, supporting your goal of broad global deployment, supporting the spread of good will towards this new technology?

    Also, thank you for your consideration over my health and those near me . . . Covid-19 D and extreme heat/drought/wild fires have hit this region hard.

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Mason Ainsworth:
    I suppose with the acronym ZPE you mean zero point energy.
    You can find, as anybody, a good supply of information to the relation between my technology and it on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E_Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  39. Mason Ainsworth

    Good Day Andrea;
    I hope this finds you, Team Rossi, and your tennis coach doing well.

    Today, you shared with Rupert that Team Rossi includes University Professors of Physics. IMO, you have affirmed what has been a reasonable assumption for several years. Right or wrong, I presume you chose to share this information because of a body of ongoing successes in the R&D of the SK, SKLed, and SKL (inductive & resistive types). It goads me to ask, if you are able to answer, some questions that the curious at ECatWorld likely have.
    1. How many are there: < 3, 5, < 10, or enough
    2. How long has the longest been with Team Rossi?
    3. How long has the newest been with Team Rossi?
    4. Are you able to share their respective specializations?
    5. How long did it take for them to get over the realization of your ongoing experimental results pointing towards the ECat being a ZPE technology based upon a revolutionary view of plasma physics?
    6. Did they act as an "internal peer review" of your initial and revised LRPI paper?
    7. What countries represent the universities for these University Professors?
    8. Are they all local to your lab and the ongoing R&D efforts, or are they dispersed and available via Skype/Zoom?

    Thank you for your openness to questions. As well, my best to you, Team Rossi, and your wife . . . the inspiration you all provide is deeply appreciated.
    Sincerely & Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Mason Ainsworth:
    We all are doing well, thanks to God, I hope the same from your side.
    Answers:
    1- enough
    2- 11 years
    3- 2 years
    4- no
    5- I do not understand exactly what you mean: can you rephrase ?
    6- one yes
    7- USA and Europe
    8- both
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Is this ECAT SKL from 2020-07-31 (noted below) still in progress?

    Warm Regards,
    Tom

    2020-07-31 12:49 Andrea Rossi
    Aleksei Savchenko and All Readres of the JoNP:
    Just finished now my job of today, started early this morning at 5.30 A.M.
    The work of today has been important, but it is important also this introduction to the information: THE TEST OF TODAY HAS BEEN IMPORTANT, BECAUSE I USED A REVOLUTIONARY CONFIGURATION OF THE ECAT SKL, BUT FIRST OF ALL I WANT TO MAKE THIS DISCLAIMER: THE TEST OF TODAY HAS BEEN MADE BY ME ALONE, NOBODY ELSE WAS PRESENT, NOT EVEN BY SKYPE, THEREFORE THESE DATA MUST BE READ WITH RESERVE ( IN ITALIAN WE SAY ” CON BENEFICIO D’INVENTARIO” ).
    In September, Covid 19 permitting, we will have an important third party nominated by a Partner that will control the measurements remaking them.
    Therefore for now you are just taking my word, right or wrong as it might be, albeit I think I am right.
    The new Ecat SKL is the masterpiece of my life. It works in closed loop and generates the electric energy to fuel itself, plus generates 4 kWh/h of electric energy. I consumed only 130 Wh/h to flow away the thermal energy that is irradiated from the Ecat ( about 1 kWh/h of thermal energy is in total emitted ).
    The volume of the Ecat reactor is in total 100 cubic cm, while the whole is contained in a heat dissipator box whose dimensions are cm 20 x 20 x 20, plus we have outside it the control box, which is extremely complex and does not dissipate heat thanks to passive cooling systems that are very efficient.

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Norma

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Among the physicists of your team is there also any woman ?

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Patricia

    Dear Andrea,
    In your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    where can I find a link between your work and the one of Tesla ?

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Patricia:
    Please go to the reference 36 of the paper you cited
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  47. Rupert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is there in your Team also the presence of university Professors of physics ?

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  49. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of July 20 2021:
    Unique solar-gas microgrid takes charge at Pittsburgh Airport
    Rod Walton

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Ron

    @Jeff
    Clearly Dr Rossi has an NDA with the customers that forbids him to give information about them.
    Best,
    Ron

  52. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    Is it still not impossible that on November 25th in Sweden you will make the presentation of the Ecat SKL, that makes electric energy, together with the presentation of the ECAT SKLed lamp ?

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, it is still not impossible, as difficult as it might be,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  54. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    I recently came across this issue with ordinary LED bulbs .

    A family member was having some issue with certain bulbs that were interfering with his Radio that went a way when he got some new bulbs from another manufacturer.

    After a bit of digging I found it’s more to do with the ballast and electronics component than the light emission components. Also that the older lamp wasn’t optimized for the European consumer where as the new one was.

    https://www.electronicshub.org/radio-interference-by-led-lights/

    I don’t know if the SKLed has a similar ballast or not or if there are other RF sources in other components. It’s not the purpose of this post to know that.

    However to ensure the SKLed release is perfect though it might be worth checking it has no similar RF issues.

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Good point.
    The certification on course has to control also these issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    1. Are any of your current customers able to provide feedback about your products and services?
    2. Have any of your customers provided feedback?
    3. Have any of your customers suggested any valuable improvements?

    Best regards,
    Jeff

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Weleda

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you suggest me a publication that can better explain the roots of the Casimir forces in the context of the theoretical system published on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Cheers
    Weleda

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Weleda:
    Please see reference 42 in the paper you cited,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Judy

    Dr Rossi,
    How is proceeding your R&D with the Ecat SKL ?

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Judy:
    We all are working very, very strongly on it every day, seven days a week,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Interesting article about
    the flooding in Europe,

    https://www.washingtonpost.com/weather/2021/07/16/weather-pattern-climate-germany-flooding/

    Regards
    Sam

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Mark U

    @Viktor,
    A reminder that we are still in an ice age, and that in the US and Canada cold kills many times more people than heat.
    https://www.webmd.com/cold-and-flu/news/20200827/what-is-more-deadly-in-the-us-hot-weather-or-cold

  65. Prof

    To complete the information, please google this:
    IOP Science- Extended Electrodynamics and SHP Theory,
    by L.M. Hively and M. Land
    Prof

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Very interesting and, yes, related to the theoretical system hypothesized in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  67. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    forgive me for this profane – philosophical question: in this universe made by means of waves that move at c speed, may we say that observing them their time does not flow? or we too are moving at the same speed, being made from the same waves? Perhaps our mind is the only observation point external to the system?

    “Slow” regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    I am not sure I understood your question, but let me try this: the Universe is made also by particles that do not travel at the speed of light: we are not made by particles that move at c… in short, our phenomenological system is limited in the physical system we make our observations from.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Hundreds of people who will die from the record heat in Canada will join the list of victims of global warming, which annually claims tens, and according to some estimates, hundreds of thousands of lives. You can save them

  70. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    Thank you for your support, but our Team is just among the many others that are working on this climate changing issue, that is getting all the more worrying after the last events in the Rhine area of Northern Europe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    here is a link to an important publication:
    https://v2020.iard-relativity.org/assets/articles/Hively_IARD2020.pdf
    This publication is a support to the theoretical system proposed in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    in particular for what concerns the EED in paragraph 3
    Best
    Prof

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I agree; in this publication there are many points in common with “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions” of Andras Kovacs, Giorgio Vassallo, Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso, Francesco Celani, Dawei Wang.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Norma

    Dr Rossi,
    is there any experience about the fact that it is possible to extract energy from the vacuum, as you say in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    ?

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Please see reference 10 in tha paper you cited,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Interesting article about
    LED light Degradation.

    https://lamphq.com/led-degradation/

    Regards
    Sam

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Henrik:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. LilyLover

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    In your estimation, what wii be the variation in luminosity of those 100 lamps? Say +/- 2.36%?? 0.1%???

    Q2. Can this lamp be somehow modified by say, “Sony/Epson/etc.”, with your assistance, in making the projector lamps for offices/homes/drive-in movie theaters/neighborhood outdoors movie night? If this high luminosity of SKLED rivals the existing projectors used at drive-in movie theaters but at a home-projector cost, and amazing reliability, then, you’ll be instrumental in bringing the high quality, community movie-watching (few to several families), on weekends / Sunday outdoor brunches etc., thereby strengthening the communities, giving a feeling of belonging and purpose to the youth, reducing suicides and murders, and developing healthy communities.
    Please develop this “outdoors, afternoon-capable, projector lamp”. In the next question I’m gonna ask you another possibility; I’m still formulating in my head.

    Thank you for all your efforts.

    Sincerely,

    `LilyLover

  79. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Q1- 1-2%
    Q2- thank you for the suggestion
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  80. Jorge

    Are increasing the chances to see also the SKL at the presentation of the SKLed ?
    About
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_sk_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is very interesting the new model of electrons, that can explain the gains of energy independently from nuclear reactions.
    Best
    Jorge

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Jorge:
    Premature
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  82. Darko

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Do partners of yours manufacture floodlights (used in stadiums, airports, construction sites, etc.)?
    Best regards,
    Darko

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Darko:
    No
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  84. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    A Creative LED Light
    Build.

    https://youtu.be/fwVxTm7bgqs

    Regards
    Sam

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. Ruby

    Dr Rossi,
    do you think that an expert of the art studying carefuly your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and your US patent can make an at least rudimental reproduction of the Ecat ?
    Ruby

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Jane

    @Sam:
    the link in your comment 2021/07/2021 at 7.30 pm is very interesting: a nice professoral lesson on vegetables artificial illumination.
    Thank you,
    Jane

  89. The Quiet Wine Guy

    Dr. Andrea,

    You said, that the ECAT-SLED is currently in the phase for certification.

    Can You tell us, why a lamp would need a certification at all and which kind of certification this should be ?

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    The Quiet Wine Guy

  90. Andrea Rossi

    The Quiet Wine Guy
    If you watch any lamp you have, you will find te mark of the safety certificatin. It is necessary by law.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of July 13 2021
    Major Hydrogen Initiatives Under Way at US DOE
    Rod Walton

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    After the 25th November presentation in Sweden, the Nobel Week Lights takes place from 4th to 13th of December in Stockholm, maybe a way could be found for Ecat SKLed’s to be displayed / showcased in some way to contribute to the event.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  94. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. The Quiet Wine Guy

    Good Day Andrea

    This is to clarify some of your recent statements on the existing certification efforts projected to be completed prior to the November 25, 2021 presentation of the SKLed. At this time, there is no plan and little probability that the SK and SKL will be included in the presentation. Further, as a man and team which has been running a 24 hour marathon since 2011, misstatements and typos occur.

    As of this morning, you have indicated two divergent things: the certification effort is for the SKLed and the certification effort is for the SKL.

    To clarify, which of the following is being certified
    1. SKLed
    2. SKL (presumably the “resistive load” SKL model for charging batteries, not the “inductive load” SKL)
    3. SK (upgrade version)

    As always, my best to you, Team Rossi, and your wife.

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    The Quiet Wine Guy

  96. Andrea Rossi

    The Quiet Wine Guy:
    The item under certification process now is the Ecat SKLed.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Gerrd McEk:
    All I said is that the certification is on course and that it is taking its normal time.
    It is not proper to congratulate until we hold the certification.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    In your answer to George Prazak, you said that nothing is holding up the certification of the E-cat SKL.
    Does that mean that now all issues, especially the reliability as the only one we know of, have been solved?
    If so, then I congratulate you with this great achievement!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  99. GEORGE PRAZAK

    what is delaying certification of the SKL?
    1.Reliability?
    2.Safety issues?
    3.Other
    4.If other-can you explain?
    When do expect acceptance by the certification body?
    1.Before Nov.25?
    2 Never?

  100. Andrea Rossi

    George Prazak:
    Nothing is delaying the certification process: it just takes its time.
    Surely it will be completed before November 25th.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea, dear Readers,
    My congratulations to all those who supported Italy in the European Football Championship. Despite the fact that the game was held in London, the strange refereeing and behavior of the English fans Italy once again showed that not everything in our world is decided by money (the cost of Italian players is half the price of English players).
    Strength of mind, moral and ethical aspects play a major role in our world, since they are based not on monetary gain, but on higher ones, including religious. This applies to all areas, as well as scientific ones in which we are engaged.
    I think that it was sign to all world from God that humanity needs to be changed and gradually move from the commodity relationships to morality and humanity.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    These European soccer games gave evidence that a great team can beat great singles.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Heating and cooling are the largest loads in a residence, water heating, cooking, space heating and cooling. To supply all of the power for a typical all electric home with 200A service in an offgrid scenario would require a high powered ecat or a small ecat with sufficient battery backup to handle the short term high power loads, probably the equivalent of three tesla powerwalls. An alternative scenario would be to use A/C, cooking range and water heater that operate from dedicated SKs and a small SKL and battery to handle the remaining loads. With that in mind I have some questions about the SK.
    1. Is the SK certified for domestic use?
    2. If not, do you plan to have it certified?
    3. If you plan to certify it what is your guess for when it might be available for production?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- premature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Have you looked into the application of SKLed for mariners navigation at sea using lighthouse-illuminated shipping lanes and coastal navigation. Lighthouses are often located at remote places where electric power supply is difficult or may not be possible at all. The first lighthouses in modern times used the bright light from acetylene gas flame. But replacing the acetylene bottles was cumbersome. Today’s lighthouses are electric with LED. Same with light buoys in harbours and shipping lanes. If electricity supply from shore is not possible solar cell with battery is the preferred solution. Radioactive isotopes was tried years ago but removed for obvious reasons. With the SKLed the solar panels could be made much smaller (less wind and wave catch) and the battery pack smaller (weight saving). Marine navigation is important in our society where a technical improvement like the SKLed would be much welcomed and highly respected.
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    I didn’t think about that.
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You confirmed to Frank Ackland that you are taking orders for the Ecat SK.
    I hope you can give us some details which customers you might consider.
    1. Do you require some special abilities of the customer?
    2. If so can you mention some?
    3. What is the minimum level in KW heat you would consider?
    4. What is the temperature range of heat?
    5. What can the medium for heat transfer be both gas and liquid?
    6. What would be about the delivery time for a minimum size system?
    7. Has your strategy regarding the SK changed recently?
    8. If not, you may have a number of customers to whom you deliver heat at this moment. Is that the case?
    Thank you if you can answer!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- depends on the situations
    3- as in 2
    4- as in 2
    5- yes
    6- as in 2
    7- no
    8- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Ernst

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    when there will be a small E-Cat SK heat, f.e. oil-filled radiator, with about just 2 KW to heat rooms?
    You once wrote that you can produce E-Cats in every needed size..
    Best regards
    Ernst

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    Premature,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is an interview with
    DR Bruce Bugbee grow
    Light expert.

    https://youtu.be/X1O3OD-dI20

    Regards
    Sam

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you also for this link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the sale of SK heat still available only to industrial customers?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I think these Scientists would
    be interested in the SKLed
    Green House research.

    https://youtu.be/PbDBSsuNdyc

    Regards
    Sam

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,

    Tampa Bay in Florida has won the Stanley cup.
    Italy has just now won the Euros.
    The player who scored for Italy has the first name Leonardo.

    I’m not implying the Ecat has anything to do with altering the Timeline as vacuum energy is mixed with human intent. Not at all.

    amused regards,
    Mark

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    he,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you currently taking orders to sell heat to qualified customers from the E-Cat SK?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Ernst

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    please consider to introduce also the E-Cat SK with heat output on 25. Nov.
    I would like to order several of them.
    Best regards
    Ernst

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    The SK is not for sale yet, we sell the energy.
    Please see
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Jaroslaw Bem

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You wrote, you are focused on the ECAT SKL.
    What about the ECAT SK with heat output?
    It is much simply to utilize than SKL.
    I assure you, of the large market for heating devices.

    Best regards,
    Jaroslaw Bem

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Jaroslaw Bem:
    You are right,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Roberto

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I understood that the thermal energy described in paragraphs 6 and 7 is generated by the electron transition from a coherent to an incoherent state; assuming an electron distance in the coherent state equal to the electron Compton wavelength, it is gained a power output of 150 W.
    Is that correct ?
    Thank you if you can answer,

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    The concept is correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Jaroslaw Bem

    Physicist and Calle H,

    Dear Sir,

    I understand your expectations, but take into account that any energy exchange involves some energy loss.
    The ECAT reactor in the ECAT SKLed converts the plasma energy into electricity that powers the LEDs.
    This is where electricity is converted into light energy.
    If someone would like to use light energy to illuminate photovoltaic panels, another conversion of energy into electricity in PV panels will take place.
    Such a sequence of energy conversions leads to a very low efficiency of the entire process.

    Best regards,
    Jaroslaw Bem

  128. Giuseppe

    @Prof:
    I am not surprised from the enormous success of the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    because this apparently simple paper has introduced a revolutionary concept of the electron and it is quite important that this theoretical evolution has improved the realization of the Ecat SKL.
    Best,
    Giuseppe

  129. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,

    A couple of questions.

    If you able to share, about how many patent applications have you filed in the last two years?

    Is your method of harvesting electricity from plasma also applicable to other plasmas generated by other means?

    Thanks for your time!
    Mark in Toronto

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    1- two
    2- I don’t know
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Physicist

    @Calle H
    To illuminate solar panels with the Ecat Skled is not a weird idea, it is a good idea.
    Cheers
    Physicist

  132. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you say the SKL lamp is “all ready” does that mean the certification is complete also?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, the certification process is still on course, but the work connected to it is not a work our Team has to be engaged for.
    Our Team now is all focused on the SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I may seem as a weird idea to illuminate solar panels with SKLed lamps for trying to get a net power out. My opinion is that it may not be weird at all. The route to success may be that solar panel arrays, like the one I have on my house roof in my country, has only a 10.5% yield. 10.5% yield computes as 4800 kWh recorded annual production in the nominator and 5200 Wp (Wpeak installed capacity) times 8760 hours in the denominator. Yet the investment gives me an acceptable 8 years payback.

    Doing the homework of computing 10,000 lm cold or warm LED spectral illumination on panels of selected cell technologies at different luminance, beam angles and cell coverage, etc, I find that it may be doable. Doable because the panel output is much more than the 3.9 W/lamp input. Doable because 8760 hrs continuous illumination is so much more than the actual roof cells which suffer from nights, overcast daylight and snow coverage in the winter.

    What may be a problem is if the SKLed light characteristics is not like commercial LED lamps. My question is: is there any difference in the SKLed light characteristics compared to common LED?

    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    A few weeks ago you wrote that you thought there was a 10 per cent chance that you would introduce the SKL at the November 25 presentation. What do you think your chances are now?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The same.
    Fot the lamps it’s all ready, now we are focused on the SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    I think you should show at least a working SKLed cut open on the shelf during the 25th November demonstration, because otherwise the skeptics can always say that there is a battery inside the SKLed…

    Regards,
    Marco.

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Too bad,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Here are the stats of your papers I read today on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Readings: 72000
    Total Research Interest index: 1393
    Citations: 24
    Reccomendations: 5147
    And counting…
    Congratulations,
    Prof

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper “Antiferromagnetic nucleus of Cr” by Alan C. Folmsbee ( Hawaii, USA ).
    JoNP

  143. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    How many SKLed are being
    used for your Green House Testing?

    Regards
    Sam

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Three
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    As there will be 100 SKLed in the November 25 presentation, this means that there is some fabrication already going on. Is it a good guess they are “hand made”? In case the 1 million orders at the $25 price will not be reached would you consider selling hand made SKLed at a higher price? If so do you have a price indication?
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Yes, the first 100 Ecat SKLeds havw been hand made. About what will be decided in case 1 million pcs ordered will not be reached, we’ll see what we can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. arjen

    Dear Andrea

    interesting “electrons do not spin”

    https://youtu.be/pWlk1gLkF2Y

    ( I don’t understand Sh#t but probably interesting for you)
    qoute wolfgang pauli “surfaces moving faster then light” creates a problem
    pauli rejected the spinning calling it classically non describable two valuedness

    probably you are already totally aware but its a nice explanation of this theory.

    I hope your hard work will pay off soon for our transition to a better world

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Thank you for the link and for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Greg Leonard

    Drew G,
    Your interesting suggestion might not be worth the effort involved.
    I would imagine the lights to be distributed over the whole auditorium, using standard power sockets. Bringing all those power outlets back to the one power meter on the desk would not convince any of the sceptics – they would claim it was ‘rigged’. A single lamp on the desktop, with all connections to the power meter clearly shown, would be a far more convincing case. “Oh, and by the way, all the lights in this auditorium are SKLeds”
    Greg Leonard

  150. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    You stated that 100 SKleds will be used in the upcoming November demonstration. Will all 100 SKleds be powered by a single power supply where all electrical parameters can be measured and displayed? If not, How many power supplies will be utilized?

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    These particulars will have still to be defined,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,

    Today there was a lot of cheering in a section of Toronto called Little Italy.
    Italy defeated Spain in the Euros and advances to the finals against England on Sunday.
    You may also know that the Tampa Bay Lightening are in the Stanley Cup Finals.
    Each team is within one game of winning it all.
    Each team is also based in a country or a state where you reside.
    Is this an unforeseen Ecat Effect or just coincidence? 🙂

    The Ecat may not have as many cheering fans as those two teams, but that may soon change.
    I hope so,
    Godspeed,
    Mark in Toronto

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    He,he,he…right !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    May I ask a question related to the SKLed lamp: Assuming that the lens gives a circular projected beam from a focal point, will there be an option with lenses that give other beams? such as an ellipsoidal beam or a Fresnel lens for a more parallel light beam. If the lamp supplier does not provide alternative lenses, can a user replace the lens without jeopardizing guarantees or function?
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Good point: we can do it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Following on Iggy’s question:

    Someone may ask me, what is the energy source of the E-Cat? Most people won’t want to read your paper, and I can’t explain it, so if I answered simply, ‘zero point energy’, would I be correct?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, that would be correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Salvatore Boi

    Dear Andrea Rossi, in order to aid for fix the problem explained by Alfonso David Troisi Lopez, what you think about my previous idea about the lens screw for different focus cases, for a broad beam or vice versa for a strict beam. To help your memory, my previous idea was to modify the chromy gear that close the lens, in order to achieve easy this screweing gear for chosing the amplitude of the beam cone.

    Thank you and have a nice day.

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you for your suggestion, we are studying all these issues, alaso thanks to all the suggestions we are receiving,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  160. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You say that you do not think that the SKL works via Cold Fusion or LENR.
    Could give a one or two word title to the process that the SKL’s operation is based?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  161. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of July 6 2021:
    Wood latest global energy company to embrace hydrogen future: hires expert Carmichael to lead global hidrogen efforts.
    Rod Walton

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. Alfonso David Troisi Lopez

    Hello Mr. Rossi and all,
    Please let me express my opinion on your decision to start production only when you have reached 1,000,000 pieces. I agree with this but I think that you should also promote the product. At the moment all we have is a picture and a sheet with some technical specs. What about the model for street illumination (5-8 mt), what about a model for low walkways and park illumination (2,5 to 3,5 mt). Etc.

    When do you think you will be ready to come out with pictures and specs for other types of illumination?

    This would certainly boost the orders

    I’m grateful for what you’re accomplishing. It will be a big step towards a balanced world. I pray that sooner rather than later, we live by the idea that nobody has to be left back in poverty and ignorance.

    Warm, Lightful and AC Regards

    Alfonso Troisi

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Alfonso David Troisi Lopez:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Last week you did some important tests on the SKL.
    1. Were you pleased with the results?
    2. If so, did it make it more likely that you may show an E-cat SKL on the 25th of November?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- premature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    If you need a Lamp Factory.

    https://youtu.be/Hwu-h2rouGE

    Regards
    Sam

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Norma

    Dr Rossi:
    Which is the link between the reference 32 in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and the theoretical system proposed in the same paper ?

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    One link to
    A.Kovacs et Al. “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions”
    is in the fact, exposed in the reference, that the derivatives of the four potential can be viewed as an operator that rotates in the four dimensions of space-time , the unit vector giving space to a four vector, that has the time component equal to the Vacuum energy density U and the three space components equal to the energy density flux vector P; the other is in the pure electromagnetic, ZBW model for the electrons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your response to my previous question. Does this mean that if one million pre-orders are achieved, all of these one million units will be delivered within six months?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Noriyuki Kodama

    I published my paper on cold fusion mechanism.
    the title is Novel Cold Fusion Reactor with Deuterium Supply from Backside and Metal Surface Potential Control
    https://ijisrt.com/novel-cold-fusion-reactor-with-deuterium-supply-from-backside-and-metal-surface-potential-control
    This mechanism was proved by the experiments.

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Noriyuki Kodama:
    I want to add that after all my experiments and work I am convinced that the theoretical ground of the Ecat systems is not based on cold fusion or on LENR.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Sture Andreasson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Can your licensees participate in displaying their E-Cat products at your demonstration on November 25th? Do you know if any of them will have a finished product by this date?
    Warm Regards
    To you and your team
    Sture Andreasson

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    As I said we will distribute the products only after receiveng orders for a global amount of at least 1 million unists.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Rudy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I think that the paragraph 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the most interesting of your paper.
    Rudy

  178. Rudy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you consider that your enemies could create accidents with the Ecat SKLed ?
    Rudy

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Rudy:
    As a matter of fact the Vacuum plays a fundamental role in the theoretical system proposed in the paper you cited.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  180. Roberta

    Dr Rossi,
    Here is a paper by the Istituto Nazionale di Astro-Fisica that could be of interest for you:
    https://www.media.inaf.it/2021/07/02/ristretto-divario-litio-mancante/
    Cordiali saluti
    Roberta

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Roberta:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Happy 4th of July to all our American Readers !
    Andrea Rossi

  183. Noriyuki Kodama

    Review my paper of
    Novel Cold Fusion Reactor with Deuterium Supply from Backside and Metal Surface Potential Control
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/352106756_Kodama-LENR-20210412

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Noriyuki Kodama:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Noriyuki Kodama

    I do not agree with the theory of Nucleon polarizability and long range strong force fromσI=2 meson exchange potential Carl-Oscar Gullström and Andrea Rossi. It is so complicated and no experimental data.

    Please review this paper of
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/352106756_Kodama-LENR-20210412
    The title is “Novel Cold Fusion Reactor with Deuterium Supply from Backside and Metal Surface Potential Control”
    The cold fusion can be caused by the small hydrogen theory which is proved by the experiment.

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Noriyuki Kodama:
    Thank you for the link to RG,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Noriyuki Kodama:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    I am worried about one thing that will arise after November 25th. This is about purchased ECAT SKLed devices that some persons will try to make reverse engineering.
    In your response to Roberto 2021-03-28 09:24 about this issue your answered, “that they will be VERY, VERY, VERY, VERY disappointed” as it is impossible to recombine device with broken parts after opening the device.
    Unfortunately, this is not entirely true. Firstly, many people believed in your success and therefore began to work in this scientific direction as well. Secondly, a lot of scientific and technical information can be found on your forum from your answers to the Readers. Although you tried to hide many technical details, but even your answers as «confidential» already provide some information.
    In this respect I could advise you to add a lot of unnecessary parts, details and connections to the device that do not carry a useful function, in order to confuse curious specialists.
    But on the other hand I remembered a science fiction story I read in my distant childhood.
    In an atmosphere of super strict secrecy, the military gathered a group of the most talented and extraordinary scientists and showed them a short two-minute film. In it, a young man puts a backpack over his shoulders, turns the lever and flies off the ground. Then something happens and he falls from a great height and is smashed to death along with the flying device.
    The military explained that this brilliant scientist invented an anti-gravity device, turned to them, and an accident occurred during its testing. There is only a bunch of broken parts left in the backpack. They asked them to try to understand the device and restore it.
    As a result, six months later, this group of extraordinary scientists made a similar device and successfully tested it in flight. After that, the scientists were explained that all this was a theatrical production and video editing, so that everyone would believe that this was possible. And they simply threw all sorts of various details into the backpack for truthfulness.
    I remembered this story in connection with the fact that Andrea Rossi has already done the main thing – removed from us the psychological limitations that a scientific miracle is possible. And it is quite possible that by disassembling the device along with the parts and details unnecessary there, someone will be able to create something different, no less remarkable. But on the other hand, the decline of the existing scientific paradigm and the degradation of physics and traditional scientists are unlikely to allow them to make such a quick reorientation to fundamentally new discoveries and create serious competition to Andrea Rossi and his Team. Especially if the series of ECATs for various purposes will be continuously updated and supplemented with new scientific breakthrough inventions.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Thank yu for your intelligent comment and suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Let’s say by the end of this year you have 1 million pre-orders for the SKLed. How long will it take to manufacture those million units?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Within max 6 months we will deliver.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Joseph

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is there a role of Vacuum in your technology ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Dr Joseph

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph:
    For a detailed answer, please go to paragraph 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    See also there the references 2, 39, 40, 10, 41 and 23.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi, Iggys idea sound like one of those applications that has a particular need that can be helped slot with your technology.

    I suppose weight and available power are not but obvious real constraints with existing technology.

    I wonder though given the light weight of the SKLed and the low input power required. could a small blimp or balloon with a small light weight power-pack an an SKLed do the job . I suppose that would be less maneuverable than a helicopter bug it would also be a simpler quieter and safer solution for some needs.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your idea, after the suggestion of Iggy Dalrymple,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    A number of SKLed lamps mounted on a helicopter (for crime scene investigations or for military reconnaissance) would make a dramatic presentation. Always good to tweak the interest of government.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    I think that your idea is very good,
    Best,
    Norma

  198. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You mentioned to Frank Acland that it was premature to speculate whether the SKL electric generator would be available for home use. A large home SKL gen-set might meet with massive opposition from the energy establishment. Perhaps a better strategy would be to introduce a small generator suitable for powering a single essential appliance such as a fridge or freezer? Or an even more stealthy approach would be an appliance with a factory installed SKL gen-set. To assuage the “Big Energy” watchdogs it could have an electric plug to power the controller.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the suggestion, but this could project the image of a limited and sophysticated field of application, while we want to show a popular product in a normal application.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    May I ask if the the November 25 presentation will show
    a. a practical use of the SKLed in the daily life of humans?
    b. an industrial use of the SKLed?
    c. a surprise by a new not yet considered application?
    d. or is it just an impressive light show?
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    To be defined,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,

    Wow, 100 lamps x 10,000 lumens!

    That brings to mind the song, “The Future’s So Bright, I Gotta Wear Shades”. (You might want to hand some out to your in-person audience!)

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8qrriKcwvlY

    Bedazzled regards,
    WaltC

  203. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for the musical link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. Gerard McEk

    ….’About one hundred lamps will be installed’…

    Dear Andrea,
    Will you ware sunglasses during the introduction and demonstration of the SKLed on November 25? 😉

    I hope the work on the SKL is progressing well. Lotts of inspiration and success!

    Kind regards, Gerard

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Obviously the lamps will be distributed in different rooms,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  206. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    Do you plan to use more than one SKLed during your October demonstration? If so, how many will be used for the demonstration?

    Drew

  207. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    1- the presentation will be made on November 25th
    2- about one hundred lamps will be installed
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  208. Albert Ellul

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I have been following your sterling work since January 2011. The SKLed will be you first great achievement as a rollout of a product based on the Rossi ‘effect’. Big things commence from a little thing, a small step leading to a great journey. I am always hoping that one day I will have a unit providing me with electrical energy independent from any government, Big Oil or Big Grid Provider or any other Big Entity that controls me through my energy requirements. The E Cat SKL will hopefully fulfil my dream. Wil this be in 2012?

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    You have no idea about the intensity we are working on it in this period. We are close, but not there, yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I believe that Dieter Wagner has a point: “The Led market is dominated by light colors between 2700k and 3000k because the warmth that this light emits makes us feel comfortable.”.

    But on the other hand I believe that 5000K is the best choice for the SKLed. I think the main target is the industry because of the high amount of light and the low electricity consumption. This is LED is very appealing to places where you need lots of light where cutting costs makes the most sense: workplaces, offices, warehouses, shops, construction sites, outdoor… At those places they don’t use LEDs of 2700K because warm light makes you more relaxed indeed, while cooler light makes you more awake, sharp and productive with less accidents. This is confirmed by many studies.

    Because 5455K is the most neutral white light (illuminant EE) that is possible, 5000K is even a little bit warm light. I think just perfect for most cases.(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_illuminant#Illuminant_E). And at home as you’ve already mentioned one could put a filter in front of the LED.

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    I too think that Dieter Wagner made a good point.
    I agree with all you wrote.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Andre

    Does the light intensity of 10,000 lumens concentrated in one small area pose no danger to the eye? I think one will be at least blinded for a while.
    Regards Andre

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Andre:
    We are using it without problems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you continue to develop the Ecat SKLed prior to the November presentation? Or have you settled on the final design?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The SKLed is a done thing. We are just waiting for the final modifications that the certification company will impose us, but the main issues have already been assessed. The 90% of my work now is on the SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    An interpretation of the process described within the Josef Papp patent may be; short period high voltage DC electrical pulses (possibly high dV/dt) accelerating electrons from a cathode into an ionised gas mixture, mixture consisting of a small percentage of a halogen gas mixed into noble gases and water, mixture ionised before pulses applied, the halogen gas addition leading to a narrower electron energy distribution function than that of a pure noble gas, so electron energy concentrated over a narrower eV range, this narrower range with increased uniformity, therefore an input of strong pulses of longitudinal scalar electromagnetics aligned to the axis of electron travel, (ZBW electron model), applied to a sufficiently high density cloud of electrons, leads to formation of coherent electron clusters. The consequent energy release leads to thermal heating of the gasses and rapid pressure rise. The interesting aspect being that there must be high density clouds of free electrons surrounding specific atoms in the moving ionised gas mixture, at moderate pressure and temperature, with no solid structure required.

    A cathode / anode arrangement and accelerating electrons may to be the basis of some working LENR experiments, perhaps the formation of electron clusters is the initial step for these widely varying experiments, the same initial step within a variety of multiple stage processes, leading to a variety of outcomes and a wide variety in energy outputs.

    Hopefully ongoing experiments lead to conformation of theories, new insights, and future products, wishing you and your team success in your Herculean endeavours.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  217. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your theoretical comment to
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I am more oriented toward the point zero energy than LENR as aprimary sourse, though, but I respect your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Chuck Davis

    Dieter Wagner

    I agree that the energy establishment is going to be unhappy with the ecat but I believe that the political pressure to adopt the ecat due to its clean energy will overcome any resistance once the ecat is ready for commercialization. Once the ecast is reliable and ready the establishment won’t know what hit them!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  219. Dieter Wagner

    Dear Doctor Rossi,
    first of all, I have one more comment about SKLEd in relation to your announcement that SKLed will have a light color of 5000 Kelvin. The Led market is dominated by light colors between 2700k and 3000k because the warmth that this light emits makes us feel comfortable.
    This has led to the production of even full spectrum plant lights with a light color of 4000k, as this gives a good synthesis between comfort, available light spectrum for photosynthesis and natural appearance of the plants. 5000k is actually rarely used in the home and this is the largest market that should be considered.

    Regarding SKL:
    It is to be expected that existing energy producers will not be very happy about SKL. Any decentralized energy feed-in reduces their importance. In this respect, considerable resistance is to be expected. It might make sense to find a market access that is not controlled by the energy producers or fossil economy in order to spread quickly.
    One such access could be via electric car batteries. Bidirectional charging is already available on vehicles from various manufacturers and will soon be standard.
    Upgrading many garages and especially outdoor parking spaces with high-power charging points will require gigantic amounts of copper, driving its price to astronomical heights and additionally polluting the environment.

    The following approach could be sustainable:
    Production of a SKL in combination with a battery as a buffer for 24/7 power production and a wallbox for multiple vehicles. Why multiple vehicles? Based on 5 KW production by SKL 5x24h = 120kWh corresponds with an average of 15 kWh per 100km to a driving performance of 800km. On average, a vehicle in Germany is driven 39 km per day. So it will be a matter of loading electric capacity into several accumulators.

    One entrance through the back door into the power grid could be bidirectional charging.
    Energy charged during the day in the company parking lot could be taken home to supply the household ( via a wallbox for bidirectional charging ) or energy charged into the car battery at home can charge other batteries elsewhere.

    An interesting vehicle concept here has Sono Motors in Munich with bidirectional charging, PV on the body as well as a concept for sharing.
    By the way, this startup will be the first electric car producer to use a new battery technology that does not require cobalt or manganese.

    Kind regards
    Dieter Wagner

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Dieter Wagner:
    Thank you for your many and interesting suggestions.
    By the way, in my house I prefer 5000 K, but maybe you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Austin

    Dr Rossi,
    How is going the test with the SKL ?

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Austin:
    We are working very hard on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Rosemary Ann Ainslie

    Dear Andrea,

    Can I please ask you to email me. I believe you have my address. I would be glad to share some information.

    Kindest regards
    Rosie

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Rosemary Ann Ainslie:
    If you want, you can email me here
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering of July 29 2021:
    Hot functional testing successful at Vogtle Nuclear Expansion plant
    Rod Walton

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Prof

    @Tom Conover,
    I totally agree with you,
    Cheers
    Prof

  228. Tom Conover

    RE:
    2021-06-27 03:17 Andrea Rossi
    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you for your choice !
    While writing this, we are working hard with the SKL,

    Dear Andrea,
    The SKL can bring mankind into a new epoch of creating electricity, allowing us to clean and restore our planet, instead of choking ourselves to death with carbon monoxide.
    Thank you restoring the priority. We need
    clean electricity, not smog.
    I fear that the skled is a distraction rather than a mission. Almost every volume of the over 4000 science fiction novels that I read in my youth pray for a future with unlimited clean power that saves mankind and allows us to bloom and prosper in many solar systems.
    Godspeed, kind sir.

    Warm regards,
    Tom

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your empathy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You mentioned “We always try to replicate all the patents directly or indirectly related to our work”, your ResearchGate paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    cites in reference 38 the Josef Papp patent US3670494 of 1972, do you or your team feel it is possible that a particular aspect of this patent may be physically investigated / tested / replicated?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  231. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    It has been introduced the reference to the US patent “Method and means for converting atomic energy into utilizable kinetic energy” of J. Papp in paragraph 3 of the paper you cited because an appropriate choice of the parameters related to the EEDF ( Electron Energy Distribution Function ) may favor the formation of coherent clusters and, consequently, an entropy reduction, with a consequent energy gain. Yes, we are working on this concept and the Papp patent is in the list we want to replicate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Maurice

    @Jean Pierre,
    very interesting point,
    All the best,
    Maurice

  233. Jean Pierre

    Hi, Andrea. Maybe my following comments will be well off the mark, but I offer them just in case they have some relevance. Bear with me,please.
    Let us assume for the moment that the inductive load of the SKL is sending back conditions that disrupt the stability of the plasma. Let us also assume that the AI is sensing this but cannot get the necessary instructions to a site to negate this quickly enough. Graphene is the best conductor of electricity , easily beating copper ,silver and gold. It also has a number of other attributes; eg ultra thin, transparent, light weight and the strongest material of all. Even very small amounts of it has been used to solve problems.It is useful in electronics. Perhaps this material could be used to help solve the above difficulty? It is also of interest that boron nitride has some of the properties as graphene but is a good insulator. Perhaps a combination of these two materials could be used in the SKL? Molybdenum disulfide with properties midway between the other two is another ultrathin material that may be useful.

    1) Have you tried any of these with the SKL and its inductive loads?
    2) Have you even considered these in this context?

    Admittedly, this ultra thin technology is pretty new but is gaining huge worldwide interest because of the amazing properties and what they can accomplish. I have just finished reading a book on these ultrathin sheets and I am astonished. Sorry to have wasted your time if these thoughts are not applicable.

    All the best. Jean Pierre.

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    Thank you for your suggestion:
    1) no
    2) yes, after your comment
    Warm Regards
    P.S.
    Your comment is the number 57000 of this blog

  235. Salvatore Boi

    Dear Andrea Rossi and Ecat SKLed Team, now I’m happy to write you that I’ve ordered 20 EcatSKLed and I’ve received the confirmation mail from Leonardo Corporation.
    My personal hope is to order soon other EcatSK versions, for eletrical energy production for domestic porpuse.

    All the best, thank you.

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you for your choice !
    While writing this, we are working hard with the SKL,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Do you or a client propose to market a small (2-5 kW) space heater for domestic use some day? They would be great for heating rooms in a house or a greenhouse. With open design homes one could be centrally located to maintain the temperature. We all hold our breath for the next positive news in the development of the ecat!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As I was very busy, I didn’t follow your JNP for a month or more, but this evening, on Belgian television, I saw a documentary about Greta Thunberg, and that brought me up an idea: Why not invite her on your presentation of the E-Cat SKL in november of this year? In the documentary, she visited several companies that work on solutions (like carbon capture and so on), and therefore, if everything still is going well with the development of the E-Cat SKL, I think it would be legitimate to invite her on your presentation. The reason is simple: if everything still is going well, you really have an important solution, and therefore you deserve the publicity that would come by inviting Greta Thunberg on your presentation. It also would give her hope.

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. Chris

    Hello Mr Rossi,

    I have two questions:

    1. Did you modify the LEDs to increase PPFD (Photosynthetically Active Photon Flux Density) for agricultural specifications? If I remember correctly the early days of SKLed you said that the SKLed is not suitable or plant growing…

    2. Are you planning to release a version of the SKL(ed) which can power any LED the user wants to use?

    Best regards,

    Chris

  242. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you tell us how close you are to obtaining the 1 million pre-orders for the SKLed?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    Sad News from Florida.

    https://apple.news/A-oYrznZ_TAq9EAY14IiyQw

    Regards
    Sam

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    What a tragedy !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.