Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2022-12-01 06:20:08.929699Z

  1. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think that the target of orders for at least 1 million units will be reached within the year 2023 ?

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Michele

    “There is not the term of December or of any date to reach the target” Mr. Rossi you know that is the end of our hopes, did you start the plan B? or others?

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Michele:
    There is no end of any hope, and probably you have misunderstood what I wrote, or maybe I have not be sufficiently clear: so, I repeat: we cancelled the term of December 2022 to reach the targeted amount of pre-orders, therefore all the pre-orders that we already received and all the pre-orders that we will receive from now on will maintain their validity also after December 2022.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    In the pre-order form there is written that the target of obtaining orders for 1 million preorders has to be reached within December 2022

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, that clause has been cancelled. We do not put any time limit now, and we corrected the pre-orders form. Obviously the elimination of this time limit is valid also for all the pre-orders that have already been received.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Thank you very much for your work.

    In some of your answers you mention again and again that it is important that the Ecat is powered by a power supply that is connected to the electrical supply network.

    a) Does the ECat need the electrons that are available through the ground connection of the electrical supply network?

    b) If a) is correct, would it not be sufficient just to connect the ECat to the earth connection, i.e. to the neutral or protective conductor?

    c) Does this connection simply serve to protect the user?

    d) If inductive loads – motors, pumps – are connected to the ECat – does it have anything to do with the reactive power, which is then compensated via the electrical supply network, for example?

    e) If this connection to the electrical supply network is so important for the functioning of the ECat, is an application of the ECat in cars possible at all?

    f) Are you not allowed to answer this question exactly?

    Cordially from Germany
    Claus

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Claus:
    Thank you for your support to the work of our Team.
    There is not the term of December or of any date to reach the target.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Dear Dr. Rossi,
    thank you again for your great work!

    Every pre-order contains the clause that if the 1,000,000 pre-orders are not reached, the pre-order becomes void and legally all orders worldwide are also void.

    If this would happen, the motivation of the ECat supporters to start everything all over again would most likely decrease a lot.

    In 2 days we will start December 2022.

    So we have 31 days left to start delivery.

    So I ask very kindly: What is the state of things regarding the pre-orders? Will Leonardo be able to deliver in December? Are there enough ECat SKLep 100W and Ecat Mini ready for delivery? Can the first packages already be shipped?

    Can we together start the era of decentralized, earth-friendly energy supply with the help of the ECat still in 2022?

    Will there be a big pre-Christmas surprise?

    Please Andrea, take a little time and give us clarifying answer.

    Friendly Greatings from Germany
    Claus

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Claus:
    Sorry, this issue is confidential. I cannot answer in positive or in negative,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Mez

    Dr Rossi
    Now that you have some initial results from multiple assemblies of miniSKLEP what in your opinion is likely to be first to market:-
    1) the miniSKLEP?
    2) the SKL EP (assembly)?
    3) both available from the start?

    Thank you if you can answer
    Warm regards
    Mez

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Mez:
    3
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,
    I ordered 40 Ecat SKLep 100W with 12VDC in/out and 2 Ecat SKLep 220VAC in/out.
    This has happened on 4 different dates.
    Sometimes I didn’t get confirmation. I only have confirmation of 10 VDC and 2 220VAC models.

    Those orders may be fulfilled in any combination of product versions you have available.

    Do you already know if production would start in 2022?

    With thanks,
    Koen

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    All your pre-orders have been received.
    Answer: I hope so,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Bedy

    Dr Rossi,
    when more Ecats are assembled is the consume per unit the same as when the unit is single, or does it change turning more or less ?
    Bedy

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Bedy:
    Good question: we are making measurements with assemblies to check this issue precisely. Theoretically there should not be differences, but the Ecat is an anomalous thing. We will have soon a precise answer. We think the consume/unit in the assemblies is less, but we are trying to determine a consolidated formula.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Ludwig:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Claudio Varotto

    Good evening Dr. Rossi, I ask you this question because it seems to me that the subject has never been discussed so far
    treaty:
    Personally I opted for 30 SKLep with input and output in direct current 12 volts and therefore for
    me the problem does not arise but I think I intercept the need of those who opt for the exit in
    alternating current 220 volts asking how do you think or have you already proceeded experimentally to realize the synchronization of the phase of
    2 or more modules ( in my case it would be 300 mini SKLeps ) .
    Without error, the mini SKleps with alternating current output can be compared to inverters connected in parallel electrical configuration and I am aware that normally the inverters can be paralleled at the input but not at the output, except for the predisposed models, and in any case in limited numbers.
    Thank you for your reply and best regards

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Claudio Varotto:
    The Ecat put in parallel will have a Vo of 12 V; then the assembly is connected to an inverter, as it happens with the P.V. systems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Cyrus

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched carefully the video of the live streaming in
    https://twitter.com/leonardocorpor3
    and observing it, mainly during the night , when there are not other light sources, it seems to me that it should be around 2-300 Lux and 2-3 W: am I in the ballpark ?
    Cheers
    Renè

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Cyrus:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Here is a link to an article on ECW today written by a reader who has created a spreadsheet that people can use to make simulations of different conditions using E-Cat for making domestic electricity.

    https://e-catworld.com/2022/11/26/financial-simulation-of-e-cat-in-a-domestic-grid-system/

    You and your readers might find it useful.

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Ron Stringer

    Dr. Rossi, a small question. Assume I have an E-cat unit which takes input power from the grid, and stores some power in a battery system. When the grid power fails, the switches are still open to the inoperative, but grounded grid.
    When the power fails, the E-cat could draw power from the battery system, and is still connected to the grid…
    Would the system continue to function with battery power, but grounded to the grid?
    Thanks!
    Ron Stringer

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Ron Stringer:
    With a battery it cannot work, but with a backup connected to the grid yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Weleda

    @Engineer48 and Prof,
    I agree with you both
    Weleda

  27. Prof

    @Engineer48
    That is right, cannot be confusing, is pretty clear, and corresponds exactly to what I said

  28. Engineer48

    @prof

    To be clear the Watt (abbreviated W) is the International System of Units’ (SI) standard unit of POWER (energy per unit time), the equivalent of 1 Joule of energy used in 1 second.

    A Watt-hour (abbreviated Wh) is a unit of ENERGY, equivalent to 1 watt of power used over 1 hour.
    A Wh represents 3,600 Joules of energy.
    A kWh represents 3.6 megajoules of energy.

    Watts are power.
    Whs & kWhs are energy as the Watt value and time base are supplied.

    Yes it can be confusing.

  29. Jean Paul Renoir

    @Prof
    You are right
    JPR

  30. Prof

    @ readers of the JoNP
    I am reading around comments comparing the convenience of solar panels vs Ecat SKLep, but it seems to me that there is a remarkable lack of knowledge about an elementary fact, that is the difference between power and energy, which means between the Watt and the Watthour, that is what really counts. In fact, the bill we receive from our electricity provider is not based on the Watts ( power ), but the Watthours ( energy ).
    An Ecat with a power of 10 Watts, actually generates 10 Whatthours per hour, so its power is fully turned into energy 24 hours per day,360 days per year. A completely different situation is that of the solar panels: they turn all their power into energy only for max 2 hours per day, as a yearly average.
    We must consider the during 12 sunless hours per day solar panels’ production of energy is zero and during 12 hours per day they average, at the most, 10 to 20% of efficiency in generation of energy respect their power: for this reason, it is obvious that the Watthour generated by the Ecat is much cheaper, almost by an order of magnitude.
    Not to mention the fact that the efficiency of solar panels decreases every year, while the Ecat SKLep is assumed not to decrease in efficiency for 100000 hours.
    All the best,
    Prof

  31. Weleda

    @Steven Nicholes Karels- Thank you for your answer; you are right, solar and wind do not give energy 24 hours per day, 365 days per year.
    Best
    Weleda

  32. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Koen Vandewalle and Weleda,

    Thank you for your respectful comments on my original posting. I agree with your comments. The first applications of SKLep technology will likely be in long duration, continuous electrical power generation. Obviously, there are other costs and factors which make a comprehensive comparative analysis beyond the scope of this brief posting.

    IMHO, AR will eventually need to lower the cost per Watt figure to gain acceptance into additional marketplaces. I would guess he has priced it to be more competitive as compared to Solar Panel technology – keeping in mind that Solar only works for a small portion of the 24-hour day.

  33. Andrea Rossi

    To the US Readers of the JoNP:
    Happy Thanksgiving Holidays to you all and your families,
    Andrea Rossi

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Don Zucchetti:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. Koen Vandewalle

    @Steven Nicholes Karels,

    Thank you for your clear calculations. The figures for Europe are now somewhat different:

    The European Commission proposed this week to cap the maximum price for gas on the wholesale market at €275 per MWh. (27.5 cents per kWh)
    If that gas has to be converted into electricity or another energy carrier and transported to the end users, you can roughly calculate that this price times six will be charged to the end users.
    This is 1.5 €/kWh. EUR vs USD is not that different these days.

    At that price, the ECAT is more competitive, but probably not yet for short-term, very large consumption peaks, such as preparing a hot meal on a stove for an hour a day. Certainly not here in Belgium where we have a real food culture with rich meals in several courses.

    For myself, I have calculated that it is possible to get by with 4kW without having to plan very much, whereby the constant consumption of refrigerators, computers, ventilation, lighting and waterbeds can be turned on indefinitely, and there is also always room for one device of 2200 Watt, or, when no such devices are in use, for heating a boiler via resistances that keeps the underfloor heating at the right temperature or maintains a rational amount of hot sanitary water.

    Cooking is done on a propane stove and the (future) electric car will have its own ECAT system, but for me that will only happen once mass production has started. I can continue to use my current fleet with thermal engines for another five to ten years because I am very committed to maintenance and repairs. As soon as Leonardocorp. starts to deliver the devices, the interested companies will integrate that technology en masse for mobility applications. We, as individuals, do not have to invest time and energy in those matters.

    In terms of technology, I would define “sustainable” as: techniques that can be repaired indefinitely with easily replaceable parts that are in turn recyclable. Because many of the appliances that we are used to throwing away when they are a few years old, and replacing them with new ones, are made for their production at an energy cost of barely 1 or 2 cents per kWh, or even less if they are made in a country where gas or coal are extracted. And I don’t think the ECAT will reach that price per kWh anytime soon.

    Finally: I hope that the combination of a large ECAT with a resistance heater is more sustainable than a small ECAT with a heat pump.

    Kind regards,
    Koen

  36. Don Zucchiatti

    Dear Rossi
    I imagine in a few years when a grid connection is not essential, of having a portable 10kw ecat or whatever is needed, unplugging it from the house, connecting it to the electric car, towing a boat to the lake and launching the boat, then connecting the portable 10kw ecat to the electric boat and spend the day on the lake. After realizing it didn’t cost one two or three hundred dollars in gas, I could go out the next day without worrying about the cost. Or even just when going on a long trip adding the portable ecat to the car when needed.
    Donz

  37. Weleda

    @Steven Nicholes Karels:
    Assuming your math is right, which I doubt, you forgot the environmental costs of the other energy sources.
    Respectfully,
    Waleda

  38. Darko

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Do you want potential investors to contact you?
    Best regards,
    D.

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Darko:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Maico

    Dear Dr Rossi

    do you think it is still possible to reach the million pre-orders by 12/31/2022?

    Regards Maico

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Maico:
    Never say never
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Koen Vandewalle

    Hi Andrea,
    0- if I order 4kW worth of ECat SKLep, can I connect it all at once to a similar DC source (lab power supply), and in the same way as the live stream instance?

    I would like to cut the wires in the distribution box in my house between the main RCD and the fuses of the various circuits. Then place one more fuse between the RCD and one socket, and finally plug the lab power supply into this socket.

    The Lab Power Supply then supplies continuous voltage to the Ecat SKLep array.

    To the combined output of the ECATS I would like to connect a pure sine wave inverter (12VDC or 24VDC or 48VDC input) and then power all fuses of the house circuits from this inverter.

    I can organize my power consumption so that I always have enough with this configuration.

    The intention is never to feed energy back into the grid.

    When I move, I want to be able to take all this with me and restore the original connection of the house to the electricity grid.

    Apart from the ECat, I only want to be able to work with common materials that are standard for sale in the shop. I count on a total budget of 12,000 to 15,000 €. This budget is immediately available.

    1. Do I need anything else between the ECatSKLep array and the inverter, eg a battery or capacitors and a controller to ensure that the intermediate circuit always has the correct input voltage from the inverter by controlling the operation of the ECatSKLep devices?

    2. Are there readers of this blog or Leonardocorp customers who have developed and tested such configurations and from whom I could order the whole? I could do all of that myself, but I’m afraid I’d get into a fight with my wife if she even thinks her sewing machine broke from being hooked up to “my” crafts.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    0- yes
    1- depends on the situations and the type of components
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Steven Nicholes Karels

    To All JONP Readers,

    It has been fun reading the various ideas and concepts proposed on how the Mini-SKLep technology might be used. But it is time for a dose of reality.

    The SKLep units have consistently been priced at the $2.50 USD per Watt of output electrical power. Unless an application can run nearly constantly for a number of years, the application will not be cost effective compared to normal electricity usage.

    For Example, let us assume the cost of electricity is $0.20 per kW-hr.

    A 1kW electrical output SKLep device (without considering surrounding required interfaces) would cost $2,500 USD. The SKLep has an advertised lifetime of 100,000 hours. Therefore, the cost avoidance by using the 1 kW SKLep over electricity would be $20,000 at a cost of $2,500. This assumes that the SKLep device is working all the time.

    100,000 hours is about 11.4 years. If the application only uses the SKLep 1/10 of the time, then over the 11.4-year lifetime, the cost avoidance would be $2,000 with the acquisition cost of the SKLep still at $2,500. True, the SKLep 100,000 hours is operating time, but would you want to wait 114 years for the 100,000 hour lifetime to be reached?

    Another example. Suppose you wanted a 300 W “hand warmer” for hunting or fishing trips. The electricity produced could be used to warm outer garments that could accept and use electricity for heating purposes. The acquisition cost is about $750. You plan on going hunting or fishing 2 or 3 times per year. Does a $750 SKLep make economic sense? Perhaps, or maybe a simple fuel-based unit that is 1/10 the cost would be acceptable.

    A counterargument is that we can sell the excess electrical power on the Grid. Assuming the Electrical company and local authorities allow you to do this – a potential problem.

    The aforementioned $0.20 USD per kW-hr is usually divided into supply ($0.10 USD per kW-hr) and distribution costs ($0.10 USD per kW-hr). The Electric company will only credit you with the supply cost ($0.10 USD per kW-hr) of energy supplied, and usually 70-80% of that value. So, providing 1 kW-hr of electricity back into the Grid, if allowed and metered, will generate on $0.07 to $0.08 USD per kW-hr of excess power produced. Therefore, under a 100,000 hour lifetime, the 1 kW SKLep would be credited with $7,000 to $8,000 USD, this is equivalent to $about $600 to $700 USD per year. So, it might take several years to pay off the acquisition cost. Longer, if the SKLep were not used continuously.

    My point is – consider the life cycle costs of the application. This would include acquisition, surrounding required interfaces, maintenance, and removal costs. Then compare it to what you are trying to replace with the SKLep technology. Generally, continuous, long-term applications will make economic sense.

  45. Darko

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Is there a chance that you will soon find a risk-taking investor who will not insist on pre-orders?
    Best regards,
    D.

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Darko:
    I do not know,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Rod Carbuncal

    Hi Andrea,
    Thanks for the info on the change in the video,
    Good luck,
    Roddy

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Carbuncal:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team; Monday December 5th at 11:30 Rome time the same operation will be repeated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the standard SKLep unit a DC input/DC output only, with additional components available for AC input and/or AC Output? Such as AC to DC wall adapters or power supplies and a DC to AC inverter separate from the standard SKLep unit?

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Good ideas,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Tesla will start the sales of their Tesla Semi – to replace diesel power Semis used to transport the “18-wheel” trailers for commercial shipping. The Semis will be charged at Tesla Supercharging stations with a new Mega Charger. The Mega Charger is estimated to have an output of 1 MW – 4 times that of the current V3 Superchargers.

    These will be installed at existing Tesla Supercharger sites or at new dedicated Seni Mega Charger sites. This might be an application for your 1 and 2 MW shipping container units. Conceptually, when not in use charging a Tesla Semi, the unused generated electrical power could be sold to the electrical Grid. Typical Tesla automobile Supercharger sites have 6 or more Superchargers. The Mega Chargers would require a greater separation because of the Semi size and trailer issues. But similar multi-Mega Charger stations would be likely. 100 such 1MW units would reach your required goal of 1 million 100W units.

    Assuming 10 Mega Chargers per Semi Supercharging location and 10 such stations, you would reach your goal. When the Semi becomes available, a much larger network of Mega Chargers would be required.

    When not in use, these 1 MW and 2 MW electrical output units would act as decentralized power generation units, decreasing the transmission loss to local users. Thoughts?

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Heinz Sause

    Hello Mr. Rossi, the live video shows an object between the lamp and the power supply. what is that ?
    Greetings to Rome Kindly, Heinz Sause

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    It is a 1 Euro coin, put there to give a first sight understanding of the dimensions of all the components.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    instead of deploying recharge columns on the territory, you could propose to Tesla an eCat based charger directly mounted on each car.

    In this way the driver would need only a common grid connection to recharge for free almost everywhere…

    In order to avoid a price increase many pay per use solutions could be adopted.

    Best Regards,
    Riccardo

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    Thank you for your intelligent suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Wilhelm

    Dr Rossi,
    Will you show us on December 5th at 11:30 the measurement with the Peak-Tech 3430 in live streaming ? So we too will read the 4th, fifth, and sixth decimal of Ampères of current consumed by the Ecat SKLep ?
    Best Regards,
    Wilhelm

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Wilhelm:
    Yes, the cameras of the live streaming will see the operation, as they did on November 20,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. Dan Woodward

    I have preordered one miniSKLep with DC in and DC out. (have also preordered a 100 watt version). For the miniSKLep, I will construct a rectifier to filter the output of my transformer to achieve ten volts. What is the maximum ripple that the miniSKLep can tolerate?

    Dan Woodward

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Woodward:
    +/- 1 V, but with a good and certified rectifier the ripple derived from the conversion of AC into DC should not be an issue,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Greetings Andrea,

    Nice to see you are reaching out to Elon Musk on your Twitter page. I wonder if you might also contact Tesla via their contact page and invite their technicians to visit you and see the E-cat in action? Here is their contact website.

    https://www.tesla.com/contact

    Best wishes,

    Steve

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Steve Albers:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Daviid - UK

    Dear Andrea, it appears that Albert Eistein was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921 and actually presented with the award in the year 1922. It would be fitting and appropriate if this same Nobel prize was in the near future awarded to yourself, and curiously unjust if it was not.

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Daviid- UK:
    You are over and over estimating us, but we are grateful to you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Rod Carbuncal

    Hey there, Roddy here.
    Just seen a post on LENR forum. It shows that the SKLep has moved in the video and leads are connected at different angle.
    Please explain,
    Thx,
    Rod

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Carbuncal:
    Good point !
    Sunday November 20 around 11 A.M. Rome time we connected in series a Multimeter Peak-Tech 3430 to the circuit to know exactly the fourth decimal of the Ampères, because, as you see, the UPS arrives only to the third decimal. The Peak-Tech is probably the most precise multimeter of the world in commerce and in the microAmperes scale has a resolution +/-1%, so it arrives to the sixth decimal with very high precision.
    The multimeter has worked for some minute. The operation of connect and disconnect the multimeter has taken 2 seconds. During this operation the cable and the lamp have been slightly moved. We will make the same operation on December 5 at 11:30 Rome Time
    The streaming, obviously, has never been stopped.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Jean Pierre

    Dear Andrea. Electrical charging cables running along the ground to an EV from peoples’ houses or other buildings present a possible trip hazard for pedestrians. They would also be unsightly were there to be many of them in one small or inconvenient area. Outside parking is very common in many places these days and also necessary in some cases.

    Provided the EV had a special device that would be capable of receiving EM radiation and delivering charging current to the batteries within the EV, do you think that the following situation would be practicable?

    My house has its garage attached to its gable end and has a grid-connected 13A 240 V a.c. socket just inside of the garage doors. A short, concrete and level driveway is immediately outside these doors.

    If a suitable number of SKLeps had their inputs correctly connected to this socket, and an underground cable from their output were to pass just under the concrete driveway and terminate at a recessed and waterproofed inductive device in the center of the driveway and under the EV, can you see any problems that would make for an impracticable solution for tidy charging of an EV using the SKLeps?

    The EV receiver should be right over the inductive transmitter. I would carve out two,short shallow, concave depressions where the car wheels should be for maximum energy transfer. Just drive into them.

    I wish to buy a 100% EV . I do not use my existing ICE car every day, so charging time for an EV is pretty irrelevant. At my age this would be my last car and so the depressions in the concrete would never need changing. Also the car normally lives outside the garage.

    This idea could be incorporated into the streets close to the curb outside of long rows of terraced houses and fed from a local , suitably -powered, central bank of SKLs connected to a grid position. The tripping and unsightly problems would be eliminated, and local authorities would be used to set it all up. Correctly positioning the vehicles in this case would need some more thought,however.

    All the best. Jean Pierre

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    Good insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. riccardo pompili

    dear Andrea,

    It’s impressive to see how far did you get with your e-cat project, I’m following you since 2009… you did great.
    I’ve already place my order and, as many others your followers, I’d really have liked the idea of having my own energy from the e-cat off grid but I understand that so far it is not possible to have it. However, I came to believe this is not a bad news… a form of portable energy that can “feed” itself without any connection with the universe hardware could be misused in scary applications; beside the fact that it seems contradicting,in my my understanding, the harmonious view of the creation as a wed of infinite interconnection.
    Leaving aside my naive speculations and coming back to the grid connection issue, I’d like to suggest a way to partially overcome this problem without contradicting the principle of “interconnection”: I imagine a micro grid that can serve 20 or more houses powered by an Hydrogen cell generator, with ground connection, to supply the “background” energy necessary (how much should this be assuming the 20 houses consumes 30 KW a day each?) to make the domestic sklep ecats works; and another generator powered by the e-cat to produce the hydrogen fuel needed to make the grid run.
    Could this setting works and be economically viable?

    with much admiration

    Riccardo

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Riccardo Pompili:
    It depends on many factors, but still this is a useful suggestion.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Dear Andrea,
    I suggest to insert some words such as “Peak” that explains away the ambiguity between the given power spec and the product of the current and voltage specs, to improve the product sheet, although in other respects it is already good.

    regards, /pekka

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your suggestion, I passed it on to the IT guy,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here are the stats of your publications on Researchgate I found right now on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Total Readings: 121000 ( higher than the 99% of all the publications of Researchgate
    Recommendations: 8261
    Citations + Mentions: 56
    Research Interest Score: 2153 ( higher than 99% of Researchgate 15 million publications )
    Most Readers Geographic Areas: USA, EUROPE
    Most Readers Institutions: Universities
    Most Readers Disciplines: Theoretical Physics, Electronic Engineering, Artificial Intelligence
    Most Readers Seniority: Post Doc, Professors, PhD Students, Senior
    And counting…
    Best,
    Prof

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the stats detailed update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. >0.2 W is not 2 times higher than 10 W indeed !

    0.2 W is 2 times higher than 10W/COP=10W/100=0.1 W, is what I meant.

    r:/pekka

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    My answer stays,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Since there is interest in electric cars and now electric trucks, you may have already considered the idea of Electric Vehicle recharging stations.

    Recharging Electric Vehicles (Cars, Trucks, Buses, Emergency Vehicles) seems like a possible application for multiple Kilowatt SKLeps.

    The electrical output of a set of multi-kW SKLeps can be used to maintain a bank of Batteries as well as supply a percentage of power ‘directly’ to recharge electrical vehicles.

    https://www.seattletimes.com/business/electric-truck-stops-will-need-as-much-power-as-a-small-town/

    The design of an prototype recharging station, as the saying goes, is “Just Engineering”.

    Nevertheless, it seems like a good solution to the problem of how to recharge electric vehicles.

    Joseph Fine

  79. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    what is the reason for the necessity of a grid connection to operate the SKLep?

    1) Regulatory in terms of licensing and certification.
    2) Technical reason
    3) Contractual reason
    4) Operational reason (control, service, optimisation)
    5) Several of the reasons 1 to 4
    6) Confidential

    If it is confidential, you could exclude one of the reasons as a small hint 🙂 ?

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    6
    I prefer not to answer in positive or in negative to all the other points.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Dear Andrea,
    In the data sheet you have:

    “Operational Input Power Pin 0-0.2 W”

    The upper limit (200 mW) is 16 times higher than the product of the max input current (1 mA) and nominal input voltage (12 V). It is also 2 times higher than the output power (10 W) divided by the minimum promised COP of 100. Does the 0.2 W represent a peak value? If yes, I suggest writing “Operational Input Peak Power” in the datasheet, so that the potential buyer does not wonder why the power is not equal to the product of the current and voltage.

    regards, /pekka

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    0.2 W is not 2 times higher than 10 W indeed !
    0-0.2 are the limits of an integral.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Greetings Andrea,

    Thanks for all the recent information on the SkLep. I wonder if I could ask about the output measurements for either a single or multiple SKLeps. Can you say what instruments were used and anything about voltage, current, or load resistance?

    Take care,

    Steve

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Steve Albers:
    The instrumentation for the measurements is the same we use for the input, the output is described in the datasheet you can find here:
    http://www.ecatthenewfire.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the reason that the mini-SKLep is a circular shape is because the active area which converts Zero Quantum Energy to electrical energy is circular?

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Mez

    Dr Rossi
    Is the reason that the miniSKLep is a circular shape at the moment because you first fitted the SKLep inside the SKLed?
    Thank you if you can answer
    Warm regards
    Mez

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Mez:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    today the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    reached the stunning number of
    Total Readings 111000
    With this number this paper has more readings that the 99% of the 15 millions papers published on Researchgate.
    And counting…
    Prof

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Julian

    Dr Rossi,
    Which instruments did you use to measure the microAmperes of current consumed by the Ecat SKLep shown in the live stream we can watch on
    https://twitter.com/leonardocorpor3
    In the display of the PSU we can read 0.000 A, but we cannot see the following decimals.
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Julian

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Julian:
    We use a certified multimeter Peak Tech 3430 that has a high precision to the single microAmpère if the uA gate is chosen. The complete measurement is
    A = 0.000255 V= 10.0000 and it is stable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Jean Paul Renoir,

    In the major US cities, Tesla charging sites are almost always busy, so the utilization is very high. Along major roadways and smaller cities, the demand is infrequent.

    The capacity at the Tesla V3 Supercharger is 250 kW. At $2.5 USD/W, that suggests a minimal cost of $625,000 USD per charging column. At that cost, it makes sense to only outfit the high-demand stations.

    The alternative is to add SKLep-based Baseload electrical power generation systems (or replace old fossil fuel burning stations) with Gigawatt capacity power generation plants. The Baseload plants run continuously, 24/7 for months, although there is a transmission loss to the end user. They too must detect and synchronize to the Grid power.

    Bottomline: SKLep technology, IMHO, should be first used where the demand is continuous with a constant load unless AR can drastically reduce the cost of the SKLep units. If the application is not a continuous, constant load application, then a Controller is needed.

  94. Jean Paul Renoir

    Dr Rossi,
    The columns that recharge the electric cars draw the current from the grid: do you think the Ecat SKLep’s assemblies coud be connected in series between the grid and those columns ?
    JPR

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    This is a very interesting idea,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Caro Dr. Rossi,
    Posso chiedere se hai risolto il problema della massa che ti preclude il funzionamento a batteria?
    Se c’e ancora questo vincolo di rete, la massa è collegata solo al circuito covertitore che alimenta l’ E-Cat o tutte e due.
    Con una efficiente massa e una batteria , l’E-Cat funziona?
    English synopsis:
    connecting an efficient mass to the battery can the Ecat work ?
    Saluti
    erosb

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Erasmo Bardelli:
    Thank you for trying to help us, but, unfortunately, the answer is no.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    With respect to the form-factor of the MiniSKLep, just a few thoughts:

    1) If the form-factor (shape) of the device is rectangular and the connection pads are all on one side of the device, then the device can be added and removed from a slotted carrier relatively easily. (Do an image search (google or bing) on “NB-10L Battery” to see a similar form-factor with multiple connection pads.)

    2) If the slotted carrier has integral bypass diodes, then removing and reinserting MiniSKLeps can occur in a live system with minor perturbation of the output power of the entire assembly.

    3) If the contact pads are all on one side then an LED (on the opposite side) can indicate the fault/no-fault status of the device.

    4) The devices could be inserted and removed similar to the way camera batteries are inserted and removed. This makes removal and replacement a simple one-handed operation that takes only a few seconds.

    5) Also since, unlike batteries, the SKLeps are unlikely to all fail at roughly the same time, it’s desirable to be able to replace single SKLeps in a live system rather than a large stack of SKLeps in a system that needs to be shut off.

    Best Wishes,
    WaltC

  99. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If I wanted to build ten systems and each system contained three SKLeps, would I need to order a total of 30 SKLeps and 10 control units? Do I need to order 3 SKLeps in 10 different orders?

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight. I confirm my former answer to your comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In response to the question on Status Indicators, you posted:
    “The troubleshooting will be described in the manual and obviously it will be differentiated along the complexity of the assembly.”

    Interpreting what you posted – I believe you are stating that the more complex available assemblies (100W SKLep; 2kW SKLep units) will have status indicators (test points, visual indicators, etc.) while the Mini-SKLep will not have them.

    For users buying individual Mini-SKLep units, the user will be responsible for status indicators, if any.

    Is this an accurate statement of your intention?

    If the above is a correct statement, for example, given a chain of 10 Mini-SKLep units, all tied in parallel to an output buss, then to have individual Status Indicators for each Mini-SKLep – tie each output to an LED indicator, with diode isolation with the output buss?

    This is a lot of work and complexity, which might be better handled within the Mini-SKLep, given that you have a Controller unit within the Mini-SKLep. A simple tri-color LED indicator would be very valuable to have in the Mini-SKLep design.

    Even in more complex units (100W and 2kW) troubleshooting which Mini-SKLep has failed (or has not failed) would be greatly aided by individual Mini-SKLep status indicators.

    This is an area often overlooked by designers. Logistics support, too often, is added later after user complaints force a design change. It is more cost effective to make the change now.

  103. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    What numbers should I be using?

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You are right, this is an important issue.
    The troubleshooting will be described in the manual and obviously it will be differentiated along the complexity of the assembly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    If one is using an application of multiple Mini-SKLep units (series or parallel), how does one detect when a particular Mini-SKLep has failed?

    1. Will there be a visual indicator (e.g., an LED) that shows correct operation?
    2. Will there be a colored LED that would indicate power applied, correct operation, failed operation?
    3. Will there be test points (other than cabling)?

    Troubleshooting can be quite a problem if you have dozens, or hundreds of Mini-SKLep units interconnected – think of the old serial Christmas tree lights that one had to replace one bulb at a time to find the bad bulb.

  106. Jordan

    Dr Rossi:
    I bought the book “Unified Field Theory and Occam’s Razor” of Andras Kovacs, Giorgio Vassallo, Paul O’Hara, Francesco Celani, Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso ( World Scientific- 2022) and I think this publication is very important.
    Do you think there is something in agreement with the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    ?
    All the best,
    Jordan

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Jordan:
    Just look at the cover of that book: it is not just a cover, it is an image that contains the key point of the book: look at it carefully ( I mean: study the image and the logic of it ) and read the paragraph 4 of the paper you cited.
    Warm Reagrds,
    A.R.

  108. Yuri

    Dr Rossi,
    I would like to inform the readers of the JoNP that from the 3rd through the 7th of October 2022 has been made the XXVII Russian Conference “Cold Transmutations of Nuclei of Chemical Elements and Ball Lighting”.
    More information can be found here:
    http://www.lenr.seplm.ru
    Thank you if you can publish this comment
    Yuri

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    Thank you for the information and for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    1.8 cubic meters per megawatt ( if I understand correctly) is truly impressive but, of course, we cannot imagine 100k Mini Ecats piled on top of each other. How much space is it reasonable to think it takes for a megawatt plant, including connections, control systems and cooling systems, can a classic 20-foot container be enough?
    Regards, Giuseppe Censorio

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Gberra

    Dear Andrea. The current 10 W Ecat is quoted as weighing 30 g – ie 3 g / W. You just stated the limits are 5 g / W. Did you mean 0.5g / W ? Please clarify. Kind Regards. Gberra

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Gberra:
    Dimensions and weight can be changed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Gordon McKay:
    This is weird: in my computer there are no typos: odd, isn’t it ?
    Anyway, sorry with you and Steven N. Karels for the typo,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Khashayar Shatti

    Dear Andrea Rossi
    Subject: strategies
    While you are demonstrating the workability of your device, I would like to be optimistic and see what your strategies would be for this new source of energy.
    You see, on one side, I’m concluding that within the last 10 years of your development and on the other side within the last 10 years of development of multibrain/multiscale governance, the safest strategy would be to have production based on 51%/49% domestic/foreign share holders widespread.
    Please let us know about your strategies for this new source of energy for the next 10 years from production of raw materias to final assemblies and marketing that also keeps the other energy sources intact of loss. Please don’t forget that even now, we can see that infrastructures of concentrated strategic energy sources could go under attack.
    Best wishes
    Khashayar Shatti
    Research scientist

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Khashayar Shatti:
    At the moment we do not foresee incoming issues concerning our raw materials and our supplying lines. Our strategy is very simple: to sell our products to whomever wants to buy them. If issues will arise, we will react consequently.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Addy Bianchi

    Dear mr Rossi,

    I’ve silently but fascinated been following your work with the Ecat for more then ten years. Although I am a nurse with no relevant science knowledge I instinctively know that you are on to something huge and worldchanging.
    I ordered a SKlep as soon it was possible, but am struggling with what practical thing I can do with it. As a ordinary user I would like to use it with one of my electrical appliances in my house, but which appliance can I use? Could I use it with my medium sized LED tv, or could I even use it on the refrigerator? Or do you have another suggestion so I can make use of it to the fullest.

    Thank you for ever enduring efforts to make our lives and the world a better place

    Addy Bianchi

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Addy Bianchi:
    Thak you for your attention to the work of our Team and cthank you for your profession, so precious in this period.
    The Ecat SKLep has a power of 100 Watts, therefore you can use it for any appliance that has a power not over 100 W.
    All your appliances surely have a label where is indicated the power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. RL

    Good day Mr Rossi,

    According to my ideas, 20.3575 cm^3/10 W would be advantageous.
    Then screw terminals could be fitted instead of cables. The grid dimension of 18mm height allows the connection of fork-shaped busbar combs for MCB 1P. Then a heat-shrinkable tube over it and that’s it.

    Best regards RL

  120. Andrea Rossi

    RL:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Gordon MacKay

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I believe that Steven N. Karels was confused by the typo of the cm^3/W specification in an earlier message (responding to Anthony). You used the literal 18 cm^3/W value but in a subsequent message referred to the 18 cm^3/10 W which corrected the value. I was trying to wrap my head around the typo as well. It looked like the Mini SKLep specs were well below the typo value… and, as you subsequently clarified, they were. Even better, the new theoretical reverse energy density is 8.482/1.8 or 4.71 times better than the current Mini SKLep value. That’s great if you can approach the theoretical. We are all pulling for your success.

    Sincerely,

    Gordon MacKay

  122. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A Point Design for a Home SKLep System

    Most homes in the US have 2-Phase AC power (nominal 240VAC).
    In a residential home, there is a Main Panel (breaker box) which have multiple single phase and 2-phase breakers. Typical breaker values are 15Amp, 20AMP and larger.

    Assumptions:
    1. A single SKLep will be capable of outputting about 30W of power, can output 24 VDC, with an efficiency of 95%, and can accept grid power of 120 VAC nominal input voltage. Input power is therefore assumed to be about 1.5W per SKLep (5% of 30W).
    2. Assume an SKLep cost of $30 USD each.
    3. Multiple SKLeps can be tied in parallel together to increase the available power – up to at least 10 units.
    4. An Enphase micro-inverter costs less than $200 USD.
    5. It is assumed the multiple SKLep units, tied together in parallel, can drive a single Enphase micro-inverter (as though the micro-inverter was connected to a single solar panel).
    6. Enphase micro-inverters can be tied in parallel to another Enphase micro-inverter to couple at least 10 Enphase units. This ensemble of micro-inverters would connect to a single 20Amp 240VAC circuit breaker.
    7. The SKLep can run 24 hours per day, 7 days per week continuously.
    8. The average US home consumes about 30 kW-hrs of electrical energy per day.

    Proposed System:

    A System contains N subsystems, where N is an integer between 1 and 10.

    A Subsystem consists of 9 or 10 SKLep units and one Enphase micro-inverter (IQ7-60-2-US or IQ7PLUS-72-2-US).

    Each SKLep receives grid electrical power from a single 15AMP 120VAC breaker (one 15Amp 120 VAC circuit breaker feeds all 90-100 SKLep units in the System). 10 Subsytems, each consuming 15W of input AC power, will require 150W of AC input power or about 1.25 Amps of 120 VAC power coming from the 15 Amp 120 VAC circuit breaker.

    The 9 to 10 SKLeps in a Subsystem feed a single Enphase micro-inverter (9 or 10 x 30W = 270 W to 300 W of input power to the micro-inverter). The Enphase will output 250W to the 2-Phase (240VAC) circuit. This is approximately 1 Amp of 240 VAC per Enphase micro-inverter. So, for 10 Subsystems, in parallel, the current will be about 10 Amps going to the 20 Amp 240 VAC circuit breaker. The Subsystems are tied in parallel to a single 20AMP, 2-Phase circuit breaker in the Main box.
    The Enphase units provide the grid protection/compliance when grid power stops or is outside of specification.

    Example System:

    N = 10 units.

    10 Subsystems, each consisting of 9-10 SKLeps and one Enphase micro-inverter. Subsystem components cost is $470 to $500 USD. Each Subsystem can produce about 250 VA of power going to the grid while consuming about 15W of power for a net gain of 235W per Subsystem.

    System: 10 Subsystems will cost (component only) about $4,700 to $5,000 USD + about $20 USD for 1 20AMP, 2 phase circuit breaker.

    The System will produce a net power of about 2.3kW on electrical power flowing into the grid. In one day, this will produce about 56 kW-hrs of energy.

    At a typical cost of $0.20 per kW-hr, this represents an electrical cost savings of about $11 USD per day or about $4,000 USD per year. Therefore, the proposed system should pay for itself in less than two years.

    Thoughts?

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We are continuing our tests and experiments and the design continue to change, as it will for ever. So we reserve to change the dimensions anytime for better.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you finalized the specifications for the SKLep?
    1. Output power?
    2. Output type (DC, AC, voltage range?
    3. Dimensions?
    4. Weight?
    5. Inputs (AC and/or DC; voltage range)?
    6. Controls (analog voltage, digital, communications)?

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Wrong.
    Please read my answer to Jan Srajer minutes ago,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Jan Srajer

    Mr. Rossi
    1. Is the Ecat SKLed safe against falling from 1m
    2. Will Ecat SKLed still work at 9V?
    3. Is the Ecat SKLed rain resistant?
    4. Is the Ecat SKLed resistant to frequent switching on and off
    Warm regards

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Jan Srajer:
    1.8 cm^3/W = 0.555 W/cm^3 ( approx )
    Weight: 5g/ W
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Jan Šrajer

    Mr. Rossi
    Can you please convert the volume calculation to a weight calculation?

    Warm Regards J.Š.

  129. M.elshoff

    Der Andrea Rossi,
    than it will be 1800 cm³ for a 100 W e-cat ? ( 1,8 cm³ for 1 Watt is 18cm³ for 10 Watt for the mouse-cat )

    Andrea Rossi
    November 19, 2022 at 5:34 AM

    Anthony:
    Theoretically we should reach 18 cm^3/W
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Andrea Rossi

    M.Elshoff:
    I am afraid your mouse has eaten all the cheese of your math…
    Let us make a more exact and extensive calculation:
    1.8 cm^3/W
    18 cm^3/10 W
    180 cm^3/100 W ( AND NOT 1800 !!! )
    1.8 L/ Kw
    18 L/ 10 kW
    180 L/100 kW
    1.8 m^3/ MW
    This is the ratio between volume and power we think we can reach, based on out R&D in course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For the theoretical density, perhaps you mean to write: 0.118 W/cm3?

  132. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted a possible inverse power density of “Theoretically we should reach 18 cm^3/W”

    The specified dimensions of the current 10W Mini-SKLep are a diameter of 60 mm (or 6 cm) and a height of 30 mm (or 3 cm).

    The volume of the present specifi3ed Mini-SKLep is 84.82 cm3. Given an output power of 10 W, an equivalent density would be 8.482 cm3/W. Please clarify.

  133. Weleda

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    About the video of the direct streaming
    https://youtube.com/@ecatthenewfire
    can the PSU we see there be used for many Ecat SKLep in parallel ?
    How many Ecat SKLep can be powered by a PSU ?

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Weleda:
    1- yes
    2- depends on the power of the PSU
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Anthony

    Dr Rossi,
    I appreciate the idea of producing a small unit like the mini Ecat SKLep, able to be assembled theoretically without limits to combine any needed power, just like a molecules that can be combined to compose anything. You wrote you are further shrinking the dimensions of the mini SKLep: which dimensions do you think will be reached ?

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Anthony:
    Theoretically we should reach 18 cm^3/W
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Juliana and all Readers:
    The easiest way to watch the Youtube video is to go to

    https://youtube.com/@ecatthenewfire

    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Juliana

    Dr Rossi,
    Which is the easiest way to watch the youtube streaming of the Ecat ?
    Best
    Juliana

  139. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossia,

    We have previously discussed the electrical combinations for the Mini-SKLep units. What about mechanical considerations? Will a “stack’ of 10 or 12 Mini-SKLep be structurally secure so they can be treated as a standalone unit? Would this be accomplished by bolting them to each other? How should they mechanically be supported? Please elaborate on how the modules are mechanically combined.

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    We will give instructins for the specific situations. By default the assembling will be made by bolting making a standalone unit.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Mario

    Good morning Dr Rossi
    Is it possible to order 3 x 1KW close-box (used as heater) + 2 x 360w close-box all with an output voltage of 28v DC adjustable with a pot/knob ? Or i have to buy single SKLeps and
    then build my own array ? Does the price vary a lot?
    Thamk you : Mario

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Mario:
    Better buy single SKLeps and combine as you want. We will give instructions to make assemblies.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    For the 2 kW assembly of E-Cats you have been testing:

    a) Have you been running it at full power?
    b) What load have you been using?
    c) How long has it been operating continuously?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    premature . Just R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Daviid - UK

    Dear Andrea, not a technical question, but a hopeful comment. If the E Cat orders can be delivered to the first customers by Xmas, it will be a wonderful Christmas gift or the entire world and every person in it.

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Daviid- UK:
    We are working to get it asap,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Khashayar Shatti

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    Ref: https://arxiv.org/abs/2104.02752
    It is interesting to note that your approach is fulfilling the plus bottom-up approach in a Multiscale governance that is evolving gradually, focusing on decision making based on signals and connectivities you receive and have everyday from scientists, engineers and the rest of the people who are interested in development of ecat.
    I’m not exactly sure when, as an example, a mobile set is being developed, or a car is being developed, how far the big companies have chosen this approach of top-down added to bottom-up multiscale governance, however this approach seems to be the future generation’s decision making approach in all aspects of a much more intelligent Multiscale governance.
    Best luck
    Khashayar Shatti
    Research Scientist

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Khashayar Shatti,
    Thank you for the link and for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Testing a unit capable of producing 2kW of electrical power likely requires some special considerations. Given a nominal Mini-SKLep of 12VDC, a 10W output from a single Mini-SKLep would output about 0.833 Amps. So, placing them all in parallel would have a current of about 167 Amps. On the other hand, placing them all in series would generate an output voltage of 2400 Volts.

    In your specification, it suggests a limiting voltage of 240 volts. Using this, I suspect the actual performance of the 2kW combined unit would have an output voltage around 200 VDC and an output current of about 10 Amps. Is that approximately correct?

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    It depends on the combinations of series/parallels,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    It’s highly likely that you would have taken some pictures of the 2kW setup. Is it possible to share that with us? It would be the first time we have seen >1 MiniSKLeps combined and would help with preorders, especially if you could show a 2KW output. At the very least it would give us all some interesting conversation points to keep us happy for the next few weeks 🙂

    Please do this, it will help.

    Kind Regards

    Mark Saker

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    We will do it when the tests on course will be completed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Physicist

    Dr Rossi,
    About the 200 Mini-SKLep units in parallel you are testing in your US lab: can you say which is the consume of each lamp ? I mean: do the specific consume per lamp increase, remain even, or decrease in a parallel assembly of more lamps ?
    I hope this is not confidential,
    Best
    P.

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    With our surprise, the specific consume per lamp decreases : the derivate of the integral of the energy consume in function of the number of assembled units is slightly negative: this observation is related to a maximum of 200 units. Surely an eventual increase of units should go toward a constant value.
    The 200 units show a consume of 245 uWh/h (microWatthour/h) per unit.
    We are using a multimeter PEAK TECH 3430 that has a resolution of +/- 1% down to 10 uA ( ten microA )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You mentioned in another post that 200 Mini-SKLeps had been connected.

    1. Were these in parallel, series, or combinations of serial and parallel?
    2. Did you observe a total of 2 kW of output power?
    3. What Amps and Volts did you observe?

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    1. all
    2. yes
    3. depends on the combinations- the data of R&D phases are confidential
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,

    In solar panels, they use bypass diodes in parallel with a sub-string of solar cells so that if a cell fails (or becomes temporarily shaded from the sun) current can bypass the sub-string and the full panel can still produce voltage and current.

    Similarly the solar panels also utilize a blocking diode connected in series with the entire string of cells to prevent reverse current from leaking back from the battery at nighttime when the cells are not generating current and voltage.

    1) Is this something that MiniSKLeps, or assemblies of MiniSKLeps, do, or could, utilize?

    (For those interested, Wikipedia has a diagram of solar panel bypass and blocking diodes.)

    Best wishes,
    WaltC

  158. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Yes, but it depends on the specific situations,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is the largest number of 10 W MiniSKLeps you have combined together successfully so far?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    200, in our US laboratory.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri Evdokimov:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    I am sorry to observe that the topics of your comment are entirely confidential, therefore I cannot give answers in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Yury Evdokimov

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I have been watching your noble work for many years with great admiration. I was prompted to write this note of ambiguity and reticence regarding the current consumption and the required source power for the ECat Mini SKLep. Members of the site are interested in this issue. Including me. Therefore, I decided to share my thoughts here and get your opinion from you. ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​​ ​
    ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ Of Of course, large current pulses are required to initiate and run the ECat Mini SKLep. Therefore, the pulse power of the power supply must meet these requirements. With pulsed current consumption ​ECat Mini SKLep from the power supply, the amplitude of the current can be much higher than the consumed average current ​Iaver.​ The readings​of the average current meter​Iaver are obtained over some averaging time​Taver.​When ​pulsed current consumption​​ECat Mini SKLep ​average current ​Iaver estimated from a simple ratio​ Iaver=IpTp/Taver. Here Ip is the amplitude of the consumption current pulse; ​ ​ ​ Tp is the duration of the consumption current pulse. ​ ​

    ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ In this case, the average current of ECat Mini SKLep (SKL-10) is Iaver=1mA=10-3A. For the power supply used, the duration of the Taver averaging is determined by the update time of the digital display (seen in the video) and is approximately ​0.5 s. We will consider Taver=0.5 s. Let’s consider two examples. For example, if the pulse duration is Tp=20 µs=20 10-6 s, then the amplitude of the current pulse reaches Ip=25A. If Tp=50µs, then Ip=10A. In this case, the average current consumption does not exceed 1 mA! The same average current Iaver=1mA will be, for example, in the first case, if the current consumption includes a sequence of 10 pulses with a duration of 2 μs and an amplitude of 25A.

    Sincerely,
    YuEvdokimov

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Lars Olov

    Dear Andrea,
    have you heard of the Casimr light effect that you can produce photons from vibrate plates very close to each other?

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Lars Olov:
    We studied and hypothesized connections with this effect in paragraph 1 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    See also in the bibliography of that paper the references 42, 46, 33, 34 ( Fig. 1 ), 4, and 17.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    I was very skeptical about the Ecat, but I must admit what follows.
    I watched the video on Youtube from the Twitter address
    https://twitter.com/leonardocorpor3
    I must say that like it, because all the components are clearly connected and we can watch perfectly a light clearly much higher that the light of a 1 W lamp, in a live perpetual streaming, with a PSU clearly measuring 10 V, 0.000A and 0.0 W. It is obvious that even if we assume that the fourth decimal of the A is 9, we should obtain a consume of 10 V x 0.0009 A = 0.009 W, from which derives an electric COP of 1/ 0.009 = COP 111.1, even assuming that the lamp has only a 1 W of power. Ihis is a revolution.
    Very “Unexpected”

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. Darko

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    It is obvious that the dimensions of the blue object are not 7×7×9 cm as the height is much greater than the length.
    Best regards,
    D.

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Darko:
    We are continuing to reduce the dimensions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,

    When you pass the 1 million SKLep order threshold and begin ramping up shipments, is your plan to–

    1) Ship as many units as you can, and as quickly as you can, without concern for design, component or production flaws that could be discovered in the field and require large-scale warranty replacement? Or,

    2) Ramp up shipments somewhat cautiously, and in batches, so that problems that show up with early batches, can be addressed before later batches are shipped? Or,

    3) Have a staged release program where a small number of select customers perform the initial shake-down (or beta) testing before large-scale shipment begins? Or,

    4) Something completely different that you think will work better?

    Best Wishes,
    WaltC

  171. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    4
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Julia

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for the convincing video I saw on
    https://twitter.com/leonardocorpor3
    Best,
    Julia

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Julia:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. DrLG

    Dear Iggy Dalrymple

    Building ECAT directly into an electric “module” such as a hot water heater is probably not a good idea unless the “module” is expected to have a very long lifetime. You don’t want to have to through away the ECAT before it has reached its end of life, and there are a lot of items that will not last as long as the ECAT, eg hot water heaters.

    So I think the best configuration remains the ECAT being a general power supplier to which “modules” are connected.

    Best Regards
    LarryG

  175. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    There are so many great ideas for the use use of the Ecat SKLep I hope you reach the one million orders soon. Can you give us a hint about how close you are.
    Bernie Morrissey

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    We are striving to get the target,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Jan Srajer

    Is the life time of the Ecat SKLed 100 000 hours independently from the luminous flow ?
    Warm Regards,
    Jan Srajer

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Jan Srajer:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Ron Stringer

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Fascinating to watch all of this play out. I have two questions, if you don’t mind.
    1) Why have you chosen a disk as the form factor? A circle seems much less space efficient that a rectangle or hexagon.
    2) Will the new, smaller mini-SKLep be harder to reverse engineer, do you think? It seems like you must be approaching a solid-state device!
    Thanks, ad majora!
    Ron Stringer

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Ron Stringer:
    1- confidential
    2- reverse engineering is still possible even for solid state devices
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Jan Šrajer

    Mr. Rossi
    I believe that the necessity of grounding the E-catSklep input could be solved by an internal symmetrical excitation with a continuous point center source and its connection to the E-catSklep box.
    All the best J.Š.

  182. Silent Majority Guy

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you tell us which is the maximum peak of current consumed by the Ecat Mini Sklep we can watch in the video published in
    http://www.ecatthenewfire.com
    SMG

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majority Guy:
    We have several Ecat SKLep in operation in our labs and we collected thousands of data so far, so I can guarantee the following conservative data to compute the electric COP of the Ecat Mini-SKLep:
    Current consumed by the Ecat: max 0.0008 A
    Voltage average: 10 V
    Wh/h of energy consumed by the Ecat: 10 V x 0.0008 A = 0.008 Wh/h
    Power of the load ( Led lamp ) >1 W
    COP : min 1 W out/0.008 W in > 125 ( electric COP )
    This is the very conservative COP we are able to guarantee at this point, after thousands of hours of experiments on the benches of our labs.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. Iggy Dalrymple

    Would it be difficult for Leonardo Corporation to manufacture a combined E-Cat/heating element for household water heater tanks? This would seem a no-brainer simple but extremely cost effective product.

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the suggestion, you are right,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Guido

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    1. After my heating consumes the most energy in my house, I am planning on running it by your ecats.
    1a) good idea
    1b) better wait for heating ecats
    1b1) timeline for heating ecats?
    2. Further I am interested why you suggest buying batteries for peaks instead of just enough ecats. A 5kw battery cost about USD 5’000 and also pollutes the environment. 5kw ecat cost USD 12’500. If you feed the grid with not needed electricity, you will receive remuneration that amortizes the costs for the ecat in less than 2 years. So it is way more interesting. What is your take on this?
    Thank you
    Kind regards
    Guido

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Guido:
    1- good idea
    2- since the Ecat needs to be connected with the grid, the sole way to conserve the energy that you don’t use is to accumulate it in a capacitor, or in a battery. Obviously, if you use all the energy from the Ecat, this issue is over,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    What is your current thinking with respect to the physical makeup of the Ecat SKLep (100w)–

    1) Will I receive an assembly of 10 MiniSKLeps (10w)?

    If so:

    2) Can that assembly be disassembled into 10 standalone MiniSKLeps that can operate just as if I had bought 10 actual MiniSKLeps?

    3) Or will the assembly I receive not be usefully disassembled into subcomponent parts?

    The analogous example I’m thinking of is a 9v battery– it is comprised of 6 individual 1.5v cells, but in a practical sense they are not individually useful because they are not separately encased.

    Best Wishes,
    WaltC

  189. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1- yes
    2. yes, if you like to do so
    3. see 2
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Luisa Majorana

    Dr Rossi,
    Your live streaming video I found in
    https://twitter.com/leonardocorpor3
    is impressive: a brilliant led light of at least 1 W ( minimum at eye sight ), with 10 V, 0.000 A.
    Even assuming that the fourth decimal is a 9, the Watts input can be at the most W = 10V x 0.0009A = 0.009 W
    Then the COP is at the least 1/0.009 = COP 111.1
    And this is an electric COP, not a thermal COP, so it is worth minimum 3 times a thermal COP.
    Unbelievable, but true beyond any possible doubt; the circuit this time is absolutely clear and totally flawless. Not to mention the fact that the power source and the connections have been supplied by an independent third party.
    Ad majora, your team merits it,
    Luisa Majorana

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Luisa Majorana:
    Thank you for your kind attentin to the work of our Team. What you wrote is absolutely true, on my honour word.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Maico

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    you said the Mini SkLep will soon get much smaller.

    1) Once the goal of one million pre-orders has been reached, will production be done with the Super-Mini Sklep? 😉

    2) Are you still hoping that you will soon reach the million pre-orders and that production will be able to start by 2022?

    Regards Maico

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Maico:
    1- actually the SKLep will be an assembly of 10 Mini-SKLeps
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Guido

    Dear Mr. Rossi
    Do you expect running the ecat off grid one day?
    Thanks and kind regards
    Guido

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Guido:
    I hope so,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Kay

    dear Dr.Rossi,
    Elon M. is disassembling right now. Best opportunity for a win-win situation! best regards Kay

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Kay:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  198. Horst Dieter Preschel

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    as I wrote already some time ago, as long as there is no translate function for the http://www.rossilivecat.com you can use the following link to start the rossilivecat:

    https://rossilivecat-com.translate.goog/?_x_tr_sch=http&_x_tr_sl=auto&_x_tr_tl=en&_x_tr_hl=en

    The rossilivecat will be started in English and you get an addional title line where you can select the language you want.

    If you change tl=en and hl=en to tl=it and hl=it everything will be translated to Italien from the start, e.g.:

    https://rossilivecat-com.translate.goog/?_x_tr_sch=http&_x_tr_sl=auto&_x_tr_tl=it&_x_tr_hl=it

    There are other country codes like fr French, de German, es Spanish, nl Dutch, sv Sweden. More country codes can be found at e.g.:

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ISO_3166_country_codes

    If you save the link as a bookmark for your browser you always can start the rossilivecat in the language you want.

    Kind regards

    Horst Dieter Preschel

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Horst Dieter Preschel:
    Thank you for your important comment; I also get advantage to remind our Readers that to find all the comments published in other posts of this blog they can go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Silent Majority Guy

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for the outstanding statistics of your publications I found on the profile of the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    SMG

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majority Guy:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    The new updated address of ecat.com is the following:
    https://www.ecat.com

  203. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A Proposal for a Sunless Solar Power Generator

    In the event the SKLed works but other eCat products do not, how about an electrical generation device using only eCat SKLeds?

    The SKLed produce illumination of the equivalent of a 100W LED lamp or a 700W incandescent lamp, consumes 4W of input electrical power, and costs (unit price) of $25USD.

    Residential solar panels are approximately 2 x 1 meter, can produce 300W to 400W of electrical power in full sunlight conditions.

    The solar irradiance is about 1,000W per square meter.

    A grid-tied solar panel system can use micro-inverters which are typically 95% efficient, accept grid power and the power from the solar panel, and convert the solar panel generated power into phase and voltage correct grid power. Between 10 and 13 micro-inverts may ne parallel connected to a single 2-phase circuit breaker.

    Envision a single 1 x 2 m solar panel inside an enclosure, the interior painted bright white, with 240VAC (2-phase) grid power input to a micro-inverter.

    When grid power is present, the micro-inverter will convert any electrical power from the solar panel (above a minimum threshold) to grid power. When grid power is absent, the micro-inverter does not convert nor output any power that may be coming from the solar panel. This is for safety concerns for workman working on the grid when a power outage occurs.

    To illuminate the solar panel with 2,000W of “sunlight”, somewhere between 3 and 20 SKLed lamps would be needed. This depends on how the different spectrum affects the solar panel’s output.

    So, the required power consumption for the SKLed lamps will be between 12W and 80W of electrical power.

    Assuming the worse case of 80W of electrical power SKLed consumption and a solar panel output of 300W, we have a net energy production of 220W per unit.

    Up to a minimum of 10 such units could be hooked in parallel and controlled by one 20 Amp circuit breaker.

    Under these assumptions, 2kW of continuous power could be output 24 hours per day.

    In one year’s time, 17,520 kW-hrs would be generated. Assuming a retail cost of $0.20 per kW-hr, a cost return would be $3,504 per year of operation.

    Thoughts?

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The Client has to put the voltage at 12, the A.I. makes the rest.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Darko

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    It seems to me that the height of the 100 W Ecat SKLep is not 9 cm as specified, but about 11 cm.
    Best regards,
    D.

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Darko:
    I confirm 9
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I had previously asked about the input voltage on the online demonstration unit. You replied “The voltage is regulated by the A.I. to obtain the highest possible efficiency.”

    My question was not regarding the internal operation of the Mini-SKLep but whether the user must adjust the applied input voltage to 10 VDC or is any input voltage within the operating specifications acceptable?

  208. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Recently you were asked the following question

    2022-11-09 21:42 Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    On your Mini-SKLep ongoing demonstration, the applied voltage is approximately 10 VDC. Is there a reason why it is not 12 VDC, which I understand is the nominal input voltage for SKLep operation?

    2022-11-10 06:21 Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    The voltage is regulated by the A.I. to obtain the highest possible efficiency.

    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    As I understand it, the input voltage is manually set on the DC power supply which is running in constant voltage (CV) mode.

    The question 1 remains.
    Why is the DC power supply manually set to 10VDC rather than 12VDC?

    Question number 2
    What is the power supply current limit set to and does the power supply switch to constant current (CC) mode at any time during startup or normal operation?

    Warm Regards,
    Dan Galburt

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    1- I confirm the answer given to SNK, the rest is confidential
    2- same as in 1
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Moderator of
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    Can you apply the translator we applied to our blog ?
    Thank you for your help
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  211. Dear Andrea,

    In short, the new website feels good enough to spread the link. The previous one wasn’t.

    A couple of small suggestions for improvements:

    1/ In the last FAQ, in “It is explained in the inventor’s paper here”, the word “here” should be a link, but it isn’t.

    2/ Please add the year (maybe it is 2017 (?)) to the title of the Youtube video “LENR ColdFusion Demo – E-Cat QX – Stockholm Nov. 24th” (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5KkYMPp4c68 ). Reason: The video is outdated because it still talks about LENR and not zero-point energy. To avoid confusing the viewers, it is important to make it clear that it is a historical video.

    regards, /pekka

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for the suggestions
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  213. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here are the stats I found today in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Total Readings: 120000 ( of which 110146 only of “Ecat SK and long range particle interactions” )
    Recommendations: 8199
    Citations + Mentions: 55
    Research Interest Score: 2138 ( highest than the 99% of the Researchgate’s 15 million papers )
    Most readers by discipline: electronic engineers, chemistry engineers, materials engineers, physicists
    Most reading seniority: Post-Doc, Professors, PhD students, Seniors
    Countries of most readings: Europe, USA, UK, Canada

  214. Steven Nicholes Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On your Mini-SKLep ongoing demonstration, the applied voltage is approximately 10 VDC. Is there a reason why it is not 12 VDC, which I understand is the nominal input voltage for SKLep operation?

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Steven Nicholes Karels:
    The voltage is regulated by the A.I. to obtain the highest possible efficiency.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. MaBi

    Thank you for the translator on https://ecatthenewfire.com

    Very good results for selected Language “German”!

    That makes it quite easy to understand the content of your page and will surly help to reach more readers.

    Perhaps a similar function for this board (http://www.rossilivecat.com/) could also help to involve more readers in discussions.

    Best regards, MaBi

  217. Andrea Rossi

    MaBi:
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    is not managed by us, but the moderator of it is reading your comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Mez

    Hello Dr Rossi
    Thank you for giving your potential customers more confidence about the COP of the miniSKLep to tell us that you measure 300 Lux from a similar LED and eCat
    Could you confirm for us, please:-
    a) what distance is your Luxometer from the LED?
    b) is this reading taken from just 1 LED with 1 miniSKLep, like the live stream?

    Thank you if you can answer

    Warm regards
    Mez

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Mez:
    a. about 50 cm
    b. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    I like the name of your new websitr: https://ecatthenewfire.com
    Cheers
    CC

  221. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Khashayar Shatti

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    Ref: ecat SKLep
    Thank you for publishing ecat SKLep datasheet.
    Thank you for your efforts for developing Multi_Modular ecat SKLep units.
    Thank you for your self sustaining efforts.
    Fortunately all the result of your efforts are seen to be in agreement with my latest theory of ” Multi_Brain_Multi_Machine Governance of the Next Being as the Next Step In Evolution of Mankind(2012–>2022).
    “Multibrain Frameworks” are being rapidly developed.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7484406/
    With all the best wishes,
    Khashayar Shatti
    Research Scientist

  224. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    about the new website: an automatic language translator or multi language website can be useful for those unfamiliar with English.
    Regards, Giuseppe

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Giuseppe:
    Thank you for your suggestion: the automatic translator is a good idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I like the new website it has everything in one spot. I did have a thought on the picture of two E-cat SKLep. I know it’s what is inside that counts but, I think an enclosure that is more industrial looking would be better. A round plastic enclosure doesn’t look like something that would power homes and businesses but once again its what is inside that counts.
    Thank you
    Bernie Morrissey

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Thank you for your attention and your suggestion:the body design will change soon , because we are shrinking remarkably the dimensions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    IMPORTANT MESSAGE
    The new complete website of Leonardo Corporation is:
    https://ecatthenewfire.com
    To watch the live stream of the Ecat SKLep the simplest way is go to:
    https://youtube.com/@ecatthenewfire
    Our Twitter address remains:
    https://twitter.com/leonardocorpor3
    Warm Regards,
    Dr Andrea Rossi, CEO
    Leonardo Corporation

  229. Roman

    Dr Rossi,
    I loved your answer to Valerie Gauriat,
    Best
    Roman

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Roman:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Greg Leonard

    Dear Hermes
    Takes me back to my ‘fan of Steorn’ days.
    I almost got my spinning device to work – it definitely extended the slow down time when I connected the circuit!
    I still have some interesting Toroids to play with …
    regards,
    Greg Leonard

  232. Stephen

    Dear Andreas

    Earlier in a reply to Valerie Gauriat that the Lamp is radiating 300 Lux.

    Although not directly an SKLEP data point this is interesting and welcome update for those who are curious about the light out put.

    Since lux is lm per m^2 would you be able to indicate the distance from the lamp it was measured. If we assume a 120 degrees beam angle we could then estimate the the surface area illuminated and then the Lumens at 56cm it would be about 1m^2 I think. So 300 lm.

    Anyway I think your “conservative estimate” of the W output is already a good indicator.

    Thanks and Best Regards
    Stephen

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    You are right, and I prefer to stay in the conservative estimate of 1 W .
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  234. Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Good luck with selling your E-Cat whenever it happens.

    Can you figure out how these two inventions were made?

    http://gratisenergi.se/hubbard.htm

    http://gratisenergi.se/markstpu.htm

    If you can re-invent them, you can try to patent them, because as far as I know there was never a patentapplication due to overheating with both of them. But you who have invented the cold E-Cat might be the right person to solve the overheating problem.

    Best Wishes, Hermes

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Hermes Atar Trismegistus:
    Maybe some Reader of ours can be interested to your links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched today on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that this paper reached
    Total Readings: 110000 !
    And counting…
    Cheers
    Prof

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Jan Srajer

    Mr.Rossi
    I know you’re careful about business. But could your advertising activity be more aggressive?

    Warm regards

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Jan Srajer:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Jan Šrajer

    Mr. Rossi
    I understand that grounding the E-catSKLep is part of the secret. Nevertheless, I dare to guess a solution without grounding. Grounding could be omitted if a virtual ground were created. This means a balanced supply with a virtual earth center conductor.
    All the best J.Š.

  241. Sam Wilson

    Hi Dr. Rossi.

    I’ve been following you since 2011. I can’t express how much I admire you and the enjoyment I get reading these exchanges every day.

    You mentioned that the same type of light used in the longevity test emits 300 lumen. I read that LED lights emit 80-100 lumen / watt. Does that mean your test light is consuming between 3-4 watts? Are you able to measure that on your other setup?

    Thanks for your hard work and dedication!

    — Sam

  242. Andrea Rossi

    Sam Wilson:
    Thank you for your kind support to our Team.
    I prefer to assume very conservatively a power of 1 Watt, while the Ecat SKLep consumes 0.004 Wh/h
    The COP is 250 and it is electric, not thermal.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Darko

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Have you entered into a licensing agreement with a company?
    Best regards,
    D.

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Darko:
    I can’t answer in positive or in negative, so far,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Michael Ernst Müller

    Dear Rodney,

    there are similar results in many PubMed studies for vitamin D3, C, resveratrol, astragalus membranaceus, … We use dozens of such substances in diseases such as Covid-19, tumors, dementia, allergies, autoimmune diseases and many others. Good luck in practical application.

    2 examples of vitamin D3 in tumor diseases (Europe/Germany)
    35524028
    33540476

    Kind regards, Michael Ernst Mueller

  246. “Gregory Daigle:
    I am not aware of those systems and about how they could be useful to our Clients. I also do not know which are the risks deriving from them.
    Notwithstanding all this, I’m curious.
    Can you educate me about these issues ?”

    Dr. Rossi, the names of standards change over the years, but the concept remain the same. IoT (the Internet of Things) is, of course, the ability to control devices remotely in smart homes. Some employ Amazon’s Alexa, Apple’s Siri and other voice sevices. A general background on the new capabilties for IoT protocol Matter can be found here: https://www.wired.com/story/what-is-matter/

    A slightly more technical explanation from Silicon Labs is here:
    https://www.silabs.com/wireless/matter

    Warm regards,
    Greg

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Gregory Daigle:
    Thank you for your lecture, interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  248. Dear readers of the JoNP,
    “And now for something completely different.”
    This comment is not directly related to the Ecat, but if the reports I am reading turn out to be accurate, the developments discussed below will have substantial consequences for human health, potentially affecting all of us.

    Studies are being done on the effects of supplementing diets with BOTH N-acetylcysteine and glycine. An early study was done on ’50-year-old’ mice. This supplementation was found to very dramatically improve many health biomarkers that are well known to deteriorate considerably with age. In many cases the biomarkers in the mice were returned to, or nearly to, those of ’25-year-old’ mice.

    Given these results, a very small, NIH-funded, randomized controlled trial was done in humans. The results were similar. When started at age 71, quite a few of the biomarkers were returned to, or nearly to, those typical of 25-year-old humans.

    Next they went back and did another test in mice to determine if this ‘treatment’ lengthened their lifespan. It did. It was reported that it extended mice lifespan by 24%!!! Of course, were that to be applicable to humans (for many reasons such studies will never be done in humans) it would extend human lifespan by about 20 years.

    Naturally, I neither expect nor wish for anyone to take my word for this. Please make up your own mind. But the numbers below provide access to the abstracts of the papers I am aware of that have reported some of these results. To access them just go to the Pubmed website, and enter a paper’s number in the search window. Four of the papers are also available ‘free full text’. Two are not. Here are the numbers. Have fun:

    21795440
    29538624
    33783984
    34587244
    35268089
    35975308

    Rodney.