Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
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• Updated: 2021-10-18 04:00:07.948378Z

  1. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    The translation of the article
    from Rosatom is at the top
    of the comments from this
    thread from ECat World.

    https://e-catworld.com/2021/10/10/video-how-i-learned-to-love-pseudoscience-sabine-hossenfelder/

    This is another interesting thread
    from ECat World.

    https://e-catworld.com/2021/10/14/the-most-energy-efficient-room-heater-ever-made-calle-h/

    Regards
    Sam

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you very much for the translation ! Terrific efficiency of Ecatworld,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you plan to make the ecat-skl available to the public once it has been certified?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Premature question,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    This article in Phs.org may not be directly related to your work but I couldn’t help thinking that you or your team might find a use for it:

    https://phys.org/news/2021-10-cooling-radio-quantum-ground-state.html

    It’s interesting physics and engineering anyway.

    Best Regards

    Stephen.

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Brice

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    When you say that the COP of the SKLed is about 8, do you mean that this was calculated over the total consumption of the whole SKLed (4 W) or only over the part of the reactor plus the LED (2 W), without the electronics (2 W). This would finally be the difference between 16 W or 32 W output.

    Thank you for your reply,

    Brice

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    Should be on the whole consume of the SKLed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea, dear Colleagues,
    I suddenly found an interesting article “LENR: pseudoscience or scientific revolution ?” for your attention. It is available on the main page https://strana-rosatom.ru and direct link https://strana-rosatom.ru/2021/10/12/lenr-lzhenauka-ili-nauchnaya-revoljuciya/
    Its significance lies in the fact that this newspaper is the official publication of Rosatom and, therefore, such a powerful energy Russian company as Rosatom drew attention to alternative energy sources based on LENR, despite the financing of projects like ITER.
    The article is short and it briefly discusses such issues as the emergence of LENR, the state of the problem, transmutation of elements, theories, the ECat and products for sale and others. Now it begins to appear at other web-sites in particular on http://www.lenr.seplm.ru
    It is of course in Russian. But if needed I or somebody else can translate it into English and create a link.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Thank you for the Russian links. I hope some of our Readers will be able to make the translation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Espen VDP

    Dr Rossi:
    When will I be able to preorder an Ecat SKL? It would be more useful to me than the SKLed. I think this is true for most of your followers, and I think you would get many preorders of it after presenting it on Dec 9th.
    Regards,
    Espen VDP

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Espen VDP:
    When he SKL will be ready as a product, we surely will give due information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    A recent post on E-Cat World noted the publication of a new paper by Oliver Consa on arXiv: Something is wrong in the state of QED.

    This new paper is an update based on previous papers, concerning the value of the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron (g-factor), the paper clearly lays out the step by step history of the interplay between the experimenters and the theoreticians, how theoreticians were influenced by the test results of the time, how the experimenters published values with wide tolerance bounds to include the published theoretical predictions of the time, the interplay and re-examination of previous work explaining how the official g-factor value has been adjusted up and down over the years, how the value has evolved to become the current accepted value, how the precise determining of this value has been used as a keystone for the validity of QED. However as Oliver Consa notes; “An examination of the history of QED reveals that this value was obtained in a very suspicious way.”

    This paper is essential reading to understand how the current state of physics has been influenced by historical experiments.

    The progress of physics, the determination of equations, the values used, and how each verification experiment relates to the previous can have a long history, the following is from a Caltech 1974 commencement address given by Richard P. Feynman:

    “We have learned a lot from experience about how to handle some of the ways we fool ourselves. One example: Millikan measured the charge on an electron by an experiment with falling oil drops and got an answer which we now know not to be quite right. It’s a little bit off, because he had the incorrect value for the viscosity of air. It’s interesting to look at the history of measurements of the charge of the electron, after Millikan. If you plot them as a function of time, you find that one is a little bigger than Millikan’s, and the next one’s a little bit bigger than that, and the next one’s a little bit bigger than that, until finally they settle down to a number which is higher.

    Why didn’t they discover that the new number was higher right away? It’s a thing that scientists are ashamed of — this history — because it’s apparent that people did things like this: When they got a number that was too high above Millikan’s, they thought something must be wrong — and they would look for and find a reason why something might be wrong, when they got a number closer to Millikan’s value they didn’t look so hard, and so they eliminated the numbers that were too far off, and did other things like that. We’ve learned those tricks nowadays, and now we don’t have that kind of a disease.”

    Also of interest in the Consa paper is the example given regarding how the Casimir equation was determined, that the equation was determined by a renormalization technique, the use of the Riemann function, the equation works, is known to accurately predict experiments, it is the accepted equation for determining the Casimir effect force per unit area. However as I have previously posted here, maybe it is an approximation when used at the scale of electrons.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  14. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Ron Stringer

    Dr. Rossi,
    Do you envisage the EcatSKL as a device which can operate independently of a grid connection? Will your demonstration unit do so?
    I understand the safety concern in operating the SKL with a power source which, itself, depends upon the operation of the SKL. Intuitively, though, this doesn’t seem like an overwhelming problem. Can you explain the complications that have made it difficult to achieve an EcatSKL which operates independently of the grid?
    Looking forward to December (not something I would usually say!).
    Ron Stringer

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Ron Stringer:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Wilfried Babelotzky

    @Gian Luca,
    I would suggest to substitute “LENR” against “ambiant energy conversion” in the pedition and do some more advertising. If we reach 500 I will spend some more money for advertising.
    Best regards,
    Wilfried

  18. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I hope you can give us some details on the progress on the Ecat SKL.
    1. Has it reached a stage that it can be integrated in a product?
    2. I guess you will continue to develop it further, on which aspect is your focus?
    a. reliability; b. higher output power; c. producibility; d. production cost; e. some other aspect
    3. Will it definitely be demonstrated on the 9th of December 2021?
    4. Will it be demonstrated in Self Sustaining Operation?
    5. Will it be loaded (with lamps, heating elements or something else) to show clearly it is actually producing energy?
    I know 9 December is approaching quickly and no doubt will increasingly take more time of you and your team.
    The number of visitors to the presentation of the SKLed and SKL will be limited. Is it only open for invitees or can anyone ask for attending this great event?
    I wish you good luck in the preparation of the presentation.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. I think so
    2. all of them
    3. yes
    4. probably
    5. yes
    There will not be invitations, but everybody will watch the presentation in streaming,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Greg Leonard

    Wilfried Babelotzkyand AR
    ‘ambient energy converter’ is perfect
    regards,
    Greg Leonard

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    There are many small Portable Power Stations currently available on the market which are useful for camping and off-grid supply. They provide mains voltages derived from the stored energy in mobile battery packs, typically using LiFePO4 batteries which are safer than Lithium ion batteries.

    A typical unit can provide 240Wh of power at a rating of 200W but units with larger capacity are also available. They provide electrical outputs at 240v AC, 12v DC, and USB connections at 5v DC. These small units are designed to be charged from the mains supply, a 12v vehicle socket, or trickle charged from a solar panel.

    I expect that one of these units would easily support multiple Ecat SKLeds.

    My questions are:
    1. Could one of these units provide sufficient power to an Ecat SKL or Ecat SK for a limited time of operation?
    2. If yes, would it be possible to use the electrical output of the Ecat SKL to concurrently charge the same Portable Power Station?
    3. If yes, would it be possible to use the electrical output of the Ecat SKL to concurrently charge a separate Portable Power Station?

    Many Thanks if you can answer these questions.

    I am greatly looking forward to your presentation on 9th December.

    Kind Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    1. to be experimented
    2. see 1
    3. see 1
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Roland

    Dr Rossi,
    from the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    it appears to me that you are distancing from LENR theories, am I correct ?
    All the best,
    Roland

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Roland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Michael

    @richard wells
    SSM is easy to achieve. Just plug the ecatSKL to a powerbank with an outlet of 230 or 110V.

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    is the certification process of the ecatSKLed finished and ready?
    is the certification process of the ecatSKL still well on the way?

    Best regards
    Michael

  27. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andra,

    if you, as a physicist, look at your theory and then put yourself in the position of a layman, could the Ecat SKL also be called an ambient energy converter?
    This against the background that there is no “used” material in the sense of a waste product and yet the second law of thermodynamics is not violated.

    Kind regards,
    Wilfried

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Maybe…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  29. Richard Wells

    Dear Andrea,

    Would it be possible to incorporate and link in a suitable battery with your Ecat SKLed, such that it would not need an external supply to operate other than switching it on?

    Warm Regards, Richard Wells.

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Richard Wells:
    Not so far,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Here is the last readings number of the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Readings as of today: 70000
    And counting…

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Regarding:
    ============
    2021-10-08 10:11 Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,

    Isn’t this the perfect opportunity to expedite acceptance of the Ecatsk by helping china get rid of coal?
    https://www.yahoo.com/finance/m/9ca7a137-8fe6-3b73-bd2b-ea94c21a9ded/china-orders-coal-mines-to.html

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis
    ===============
    Maybe. But do not give them access to a single Ecat unit. Sell them electric power at a rate that will enable the recouping of some of the hundreds of billions of dollars of IP they have stolen over the few decades.

    Rodney.

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today on the Journal of Nuclear Physics has been published the paper “Novel Cold Fusion Reactors Based on the Real Cold Fusion Mechanism”, by Noriyuki Kodama.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of October 12th 2021:
    California backup plan for energy crisis is tens of thousands of Diesel-fueled generators.
    Rod Walton

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Is it confirmed that you will show the Ecat SKLed and the SKL on December 9th ?

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. gregha

    OK, what is your opinion of whether you will meet the SKLed pre-order goal?

  41. Andrea Rossi

    gregha:
    I am positive about that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Heinz Sause

    Hello dear Andrea Rossi
    I just realized that the Nobel Prizes will be awarded in Stockholm on December 10th.
    And December 9th is already a great stage for the e-cat performances.
    Heinz Sause wishes you good, good luck

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. gregha

    What is the current count of pre-orders for the SKLed?

  45. Andrea Rossi

    gregha:
    Confidential. We will give information only when the target of 1 million units sold will be reached,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Calle H

    @ Brice
    Thank you for your comprehensive reply and analysis. There may be not much more to say as it will only be speculation as long as a real SKLed is not available for analysis. I found it interesting to do an Excel sheet exercise from the 10,000 lm and 60 beam angle that was given in the Leonardo ordering specification, as Lumen/m2 is Lux and Lux to photon energy and photon flux density to W/m2 is common grow light calculation, finally arriving at a speculative COP which was exiting as no COP number had been mentioned earlier. I think we all are exited about learning more about the SKLed lamp as well as Andreas other amazing inventions.
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  47. Brice

    @ Gerard McEk
    @ Calle H

    Thank you for your comments in the posts on October 6. Mats Lewan’s assumption is as likely as the conversion of plasma-UV with phosphors into visible light. I would rather prefer the latter because Rossi told it was a kind of new concept. On the other hand, all phosphors would leak some UV while Rossi’s SKLed is UV-free (maybe a built-in UV-blocker?). In both cases there are phosphors used, blue light with a well known efficient yellow phosphor (Lewan) or UV-light with phosphors to downconvert it into visual light (blue+yellow or red+green+blue or red+cyan (unlikely))..

    I thought that Rossi once told that his SKLed produced more than 220 lm/W, while regular 100 W LEDs give 100 lumen/W). When a 2W-reactor generates 16 watt (COP 8) which gives us 10000 lumen, then it means that it produces 625 lm/W, this could fit well in this theory.

    Calle H, if Rossi calculated a COP of 8 starting from 3.9 W total consumption (in reply to your question on Sept. 7), then it would be very high, because one SKLed already dissipates 2 W heat, meaning the other 2 W is solely responsible to produce 32 W of light, in fact a COP of 16! Knowing that one reactor can drive up to 100 SKLed’s then it would mean a COP of almost 32. I’m not sure that the dissipated heat comes from the LEDs, I thought it came from the reactor electronics. But more important is that as good as all radiated light (16 – 32 Watt) will finally be absorbed into heat and this means that not the SKLeds are heating the room but the emitted light from them! So, imagine 100 SKLeds radiating 1600 or maybe 3200 Watt can indeed heat a room (depending on size, insulation, temperature…). Correct me if I’m wrong.

    Some people speak about lumen, lux, luminous flux etc… in my opinion this is important for our visual system and for LED-light but not relevant for the calculation of light into heat. They are all linked to the eye sensitivity of the human eye and can’t tell how much Watt it represents. I mean our eyes are not so sensitive to deep blue light (+/- 400nm is probably much less than 1% eye sensitivity) while this blue light is very energetic. Also UV-light and even X-rays are even more energetic (Watt), but lumen, lux, luminous flux is zero because we can’t see UV or X-ray. If we want to know the heat that light can produce when being absorbed by matter, it is just Watt that counts (can be checked when measuring a full spectrum with a radiometer). That’s how I think it works.

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  48. cesare

    Thanks to Chuck Davis and Mike Phalen, I reported the error to the petition holder … I hope He can change the date!

    Warm regards,
    Caesar

  49. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Based on your response to my last question, I have to conclude that your E-Cat SKLed contains at least two major technical breakthroughs which you expect to manufacture in high volume at low cost.
    The first breakthrough is an E-Cat reactor system with an electrical output of greater than 14 watts for an input of 4 watts. The second breakthrough is an LED array that converts the electrical output to 10000 Lumens of white light while in combination with the E-Cat reactor dissipates less than 2 watts of waste heat.

    At first I found it hard to believe that you and your team could make two major breakthroughs in such a short period of time, but then I realized that you have partners and that one of those partners might have independently developed a high efficiency LED light source. During the past 20 years research into creating low cost high efficiency LED arrays has been on going. Perhaps the E-Cat SKLed is a result of the combination of your E-Cat and a partners LED technologies.

    Question
    Is my hypothesis that a partner provided advanced LED technology correct?

    Warm Regards,
    Dan Galburt

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Gavino Mamia

    Egr. Dott. Rossi
    Secondo me le sigle Ecat SKL, SKLed ecc. creano confusione
    Non sarebbe meglio chiamarle Ecat Leonardo, Ecat Led, ecc.?
    Sono in ansia, ancora due mesi…
    Buon lavoro
    English:
    I think the names SKLed and SKL generate confusion: why don’t you choose something like Ecat Leonardo, Ecat Led or something ?

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,

    This bad news will serve as a catalyst in the dispersion of the Ecat!
    https://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/gas-prices-rise-electricity-bills-b1935122.html

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Gotta work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea, dear Dan,

    We are now 2 months away from the demo, and I am very impatient to see it.
    I hope that it will clarify the following question that I ask myself since the announcement from the existence of the E-Cat SKLed :
    –> Is there really a LED / LED array in the E-Cat SKLed ?
    Personally I don’t think so. At least not for the moment.

    @Dan : Your last comment about the E-Cat SKLed describes it as being composed from 2 parts :
    The reactor generating the energy –> the LED array using it to convert it to light.

    I think that the light being generated by the E-Cat SKLed is actually the one that directly comes out from the plasma contained in the reactor and then being diffused through some lenses.
    The same kind of light that we see here : (Ecat SK demonstration YouTube video)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gw_oa8MvdQk

    This could explain not only why the light coming out from it is polarized but also why the E-Cat SKLed is such a “simple” device compared to the SKL. (I put “simple” here between quotes because everything is relative)

    The SKL on the other hand, must be a much more complex device because generating electricity or extracting it/converting it from polarized light or from the plasma probably needs extra components.
    I think that the E-Cat SKL embeds a SKLed, and that it isn’t the other way around.

    That’s also probably why the SKLed was announced first and after further development from the required additional components, Andrea feels comfortable to showcase the SKL in the next demo.

    @Andrea : Some questions :
    1. Without revealing it now (let the suspense be until the demo), will this be clarified on the 9. December ?
    2. Since you announced that the SKL will be also be demonstrated, can you tell us more about the latest improvements (if any) that have been made to it during the last 3 months or share any kind of other progress that may keep us “hooked” while waiting patiently until the demo ?

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Answers:
    1. Maybe
    2. We will give the available information about the status quo during the presentation
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  57. Albert Ellul

    I stand to conclude that the harvesting of pure electrical power from the E-cat principle is the foundation of all your future plans. The provision of a very cheap source of electrical power has been the holy grail of mankind since the first power station.

    The SK-Led lamp is in itself and of itself an electrical power station fully biased to produce pure light. I am going out on a limb here, and conclude that you are now designing/experimenting/commissioning a prototype of an electrical generator in the kW range. Then it will be an array of such generators which being integrated will have power in the MW range.

    From that very cheap electrical power we, the people, will have the electrical power equivalent of what the late Sir Clive Sinclair had arrived at, personal computer power, which IBM then were the first to commercialise together with Bill Gates who filled in the personal computer with data processing languages.

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    As I understand it, the E-Cat SKLed has two novel components. The first is a small E-Cat reactor system that outputs more electrical energy than is required to maintain its operation. The second is an LED array that is driven by the electrical output of the E-Cat reactor. Since the E-Cat SKLed light as a whole dissipates very little heat both the E-Cat reactor and the LED array are highly efficient from an energy standpoint. With a 4 watt input the E-Cat SKLed outputs 10000 lumens of white light while dissipating about 2 watts of heat. I know that the lamp’s performance is specified in lumens, but a white light of 10000 lumens has a power of at least 14 watts (10000/683).

    Questions

    Is my understanding correct?

    Warm Regards,
    Dan Galburt

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    A. Will the E-Cat SKLed certification allow Leonardo Corporation to have the E-Cat SKLed components mounted within alternative lamp / light fixture housing designs?

    B. Will the E-Cat SKLed certification preclude operation of the E-Cat SKLed components within a closed non-vented housing having no optical output opening?

    Some people have shown interest in placing multiple E-Cat SKLed’s within a box to act as a heater, on the basis that energy released must eventually be dissipated through the surface as heat. Perhaps a demonstrator can be produced to show more energy out of an E-Cat SKLed than inputted, measured by emission of heat. Individual E-Cat SKLed components enclosed within a sealed cube, say of aluminium, the cube sized on the basis that all heat is conducted then dissipated through one face, this will allow for a cube to be positioned on an insulated surface and multiple cubes then arranged contacting each other side by side in an array with exposed top faces, the cubes can be designed to be electrically connected together via contacts, sockets or other interfaces built into the cube sides, perhaps multiple cubes (blue?) operated by one controller, heat from the grouped upper surface may then be significant and can be measured then compared with energy inputted.

    Perhaps there can be developed E-Cat heating cubes or flatter E-Cat heating panel modules (in whatever geometric flat shape that can tile together) that can be arrayed together via electrical interfaces, then electrically driven with a single controller. Array of panels on a floor with a carpet cover > underfloor heating, a few with a cushion on top for a heated seat, a larger array with a cushioned topper for a heated bed surface, arrayed on the wall of a room, wide and low or narrow and tall depending on shape of available space, small or large quantities arrayed depending on the room heating requirement. Maybe with good ingress protection the heating modules can be used in a bathroom, sauna or even a greenhouse (some greenhouse lights are rated at IP67). Maybe module dimensions chosen to be compatible with existing wall heater standard dimensions, mass production of a standardised module size dimensioned to maximize utilization within any shape or size of room.

    E-Cat lighting is a start, E-Cat electricity production can be used for just about anything, but the dedicated production of heat is a desirable commodity. A large part of the gas consumed by northern countries during a cold winter is for heating, with current gas price and availability many people will struggle to heat houses beyond freezing never mind the luxury of heating every room in a house to a comfortable temperature.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  63. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions.
    Answers:
    A. Yes
    B. No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Mike Phalen

    @ cesare

    The Petition has the wrong date. It should be December 9, 2021

    http://chng.it/5n765Q9k6c

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Phalen:
    He,he,he…thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,

    Isn’t this the perfect opportunity to expedite acceptance of the Ecatsk by helping china get rid of coal?
    https://www.yahoo.com/finance/m/9ca7a137-8fe6-3b73-bd2b-ea94c21a9ded/china-orders-coal-mines-to.html

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Mike Phalen

    Hi Dr. Rossi,

    I watched your favorite movie “The Concert” last night. Wow! interesting story. The main actor Andrei could easily pass as your brother.

  69. Chuck Davis

    Cesare,

    The petition has the old date of 25 november for the presentation and should be updated.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  70. cesare

    Those who have not yet signed the petition proposed by our friend GianLuca – please – can you sign it?

    This is the link:

    http://chng.it/5n765Q9k6c

  71. Calle H

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I am designing an application for the SKLed lamps I have ordered. I will have lamps installed in a compartment with poor air circulation. I am concerned about heat release that may cause a temperature rise in the compartment. Is it possible to get the lamps heat data now or do I have to measure this when I have the lamps in hand.
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    The lamps SKLed do emit a very low heat. Shouldn’t be a problem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Here are the statistics of your publication on Researchgate I found in your profile here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Readings: 76012 ( of which 69874 only for “E-Cat SK and Long Range Particle Interactions” )
    Total Research Interest index: 1544
    Citations: 27
    Reccomendations: 5847
    and counting…
    Prof

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,
    have you made any progress in the area of ​​consumption in the E-Cat SKL reactor? Are we getting closer to extended replacement cycles or even more or less endless operation?
    Kind regards, Wilfried

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. P

    Dear Mr Rossi,
    1. Is it a “loyal / reliable” car manufacturer (that has been following your progress for a long time) or is it the new one that has appeared and contacted you?
    2. Is there any truck manufacturer that has shown interest in SKL?
    Kind Regards
    /P

  78. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    I can’t answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a interesting story
    about an inventor licensing
    his invention.
    https://youtu.be/8l-X2tgGpb0

    Regards
    Sam

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. gregha

    Do you have a current count of the pre-orders for SKLed?

  82. Andrea Rossi

    gregha:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Have you given a car manufacturer an SKL to test?
    Kind regards,
    Italo R.

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Not yet,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Climate Change is not the problem. I’ve been a vigilant observer of this planet for 82 1/2 years and what we have is GRAVITY CHANGE. In the past 10 or 15 years I’ve noticed that it’s much more difficult to get up out of a chair and to lift heavy objects. Dr Rossi, I would like for you to address this problem after you’ve completed the E-Cat project.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Once a portable EcatSKL is available it could provide power for a space heater through a DC to AC converter.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Ruedi

    @all I red all the comments of last year, at least – but no one claims to heat a house/flat with E-Cat SKLed 😀
    And more, one claimed the power connection per home is 44 KW: No, in Italy the standard connection is just 3 KW, in Germany 14,5KW.

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    the impact of a working E-Cat SKL will have much more impact than many of the readers here believe.
    One m3 of freshwater made by desalination of sea water needs at least 1,5 kwh. If the power with the SKL is really as cheap as you write then even countries in deserts could live of their own agriculture.

    Yes, it is really the most important invention of all time. It will change all.
    Best regards
    Ruedi

  90. Calle H

    @ Brice
    As you pointed out in your post on October 2, led lamps have a heat dissipation. Andrea Rossi had on September 17 commented on a post that COP was “moreless 8”. This came from a calculation that the light energy from the SKLed lamp is 32W where 32/4 = 8. The 32W is calculated from the 10,000 lm beamed SKLed light having photon flux density and photon energy when striking a target. This calculation then excluded any heat. As you very well pointed out there is a heat dissipation from leds which will reduce the number of lamps required to satisfy the condition of input 4W and output (32W light + xW heat). So, I think its an open question if SKLeds can be used for room heating.

  91. Gerard McEk

    @ Brice

    Unfortunately we do not know how the SKLed makes its light. E.g. Mats Lewan assumes that an small e-cat SKL powers a 100 W LED that has an efficiency of 100 W/L. Others have assumed a similar arrangement but with a top level LED that produces 150 L/W. In such arrangement it is assumed that maybe 10 kW is generated with about 400 W input, Probably sufficient for not too large and well insulated houses.
    But other suggestions of the SKLed operation assume that UV light generated by the plasma of the Ecat is concentrated and directly converted into visible light using phosphors. In that case the powers will be a lot less and not sufficient for heating a house.
    Obviously would nobody lit/heat directly the house with 100 SKLed’s, but put them all together in a black box and converting the light in the box into heat.
    I hope that Andrea will give us more details of the SKLed’s operation during the presentation in December.
    Regards, Gerard

  92. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Has any auto maker shown an interest in the SKL?
    Best Rwgards,
    Iggy

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Brice

    @ Gerard McEk

    In my opinion I don’t think one can heat ‘a home’ with 100 SKLeds, delivering 1800W only (maybe up to almost twice the amount of energy when only one electronic driver can drive 100 SKLeds). This is about the heat of a hair dryer or a small electric heating panel. This could be enough for just a smaller room or as a supplementary heater but not sufficient enough for a cold winter. The investment in 100 SKLeds is significant while the electricity consumption is low of of course. Shining 100 x 10,000 lumen in a room is not a good idea it will be too bright, it’s better to put them in a black box.

    The reasoning behind it is that under normal conditions finally all light will be converted into heat when it’s absorbed into matter. When photons reflect multiple times around in a room they will eventually be absorbed and converted into heat. There are exceptions where light behaves differently, like in the photo-electric effect which converts light into electricity (solar panels), (bio)chemical energy or even very exotic behaviour where light can be converted into matter. Things that normally don’t happen in our homes.

    I believe it makes no sense to convert SKLed-light with solar panels into electricity, which can be converted into heat (only +/- 25% efficacy, although they do radiate heat themselves).

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  95. Sam

    Looks like Professor Parisi
    has picked up a number
    of awards topped of by
    the Nobel.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giorgio_Parisi

    The Wolf Prize this year.

    https://youtu.be/zgha3WSrzFM

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Professor Parisi also won
    the 1999 Dirac Medal.

    https://physicsworld.com/a/parisi-wins-dirac-medal/

    One of his lectures.

    https://youtu.be/hZgAIU86kpM

    Regards
    Sam

  98. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I believe it’s good you gave us an insight why the Ecat’s SK are currently not perused despite the high demand on domestic heating in a reply to Italo R..
    You also said to Frank Ackland that the developments and progress on the SKL would also benefit the SK. Some questions if I may:
    1. Would the improvements on the SKL also reduce the need for maintenance of the SK?
    2. Do you think that maybe a SK combined with a SKL could lead to a high power self sustained heater?
    3. Do you think that the SK is likely also be used for domestic heating in the future?
    4. Some readers of ECW consider using the SKLed for heating their house. It is thought that with maybe 100 of these that would be possible. Do you think that is a good idea? Or:
    5. Would you advice to wait for the Ecat SKL when considering heating (and powering) our homes?
    Thanks for answering our question.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- maybe
    3- maybe
    4- no
    5- I cannot take this liability: I want not somebody gets ill because we are late
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Nobel Prize winner
    Prof Giorgio Parisi

    https://youtu.be/MRb5NLOhiKc

    Regards
    Sam

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been announced the Nobel Price for Physics to Prof Giorgio Parisi, of the University of Rome and the INFN (Istituto Nazionale di
    Fisica Nucleare).
    He is an expert, among many other theoretical issues, of the equation of Dirac – see also ref 17 on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and puts in evidence the importance of the formalism that is made use of: “the more the number of principles utilized is relatively small respect the number of things that it explains, the more the theory is elegant and rich”: I think that this is the principle of the Occam’s Razor and of the Clifford algebra:
    http://chimera.Roma1.infn.it/GIORGIO/interviews.html
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of October 5
    Nuclear plant longevity key to long term plans by Exelon, Florida Power & light
    Rod Walton

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    In today’s many and large coal and gas powerplants, the energy is converted into steam that drives the generators.
    Is it possible that the boilers can be replaced with large EcatSK so that the remnants of those plants can be reused?
    Sincerely, Svein H. Vormedal.

  106. Jean Paul Renoir

    Hi Andrea:
    I liked your answer to Anonymous !
    Cheers
    JPR

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Neal Chaves

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Are you acquainted with “The American Leonardo”, “The Man Who Tapped the Secrets of the Universe”, Dr. Walter B. Russell, his periodic tables, wave field charts and cosmology?

    https://www.philosophy.org/store/p1/The_Universal_One.html#/

    https://www.philosophy.org/store/p8/A_New_Concept_of_the_Universe.html#/

    https://www.philosophy.org/store/p7/The_Secret_of_Light.html#/

    https://www.philosophy.org/store/p10/Atomic_Suicide%3F.html#/

    Best wishes for a great success with the new technologies.

    Neal Chaves

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Neal Chaves:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Roberto Ridolfi

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    1- have you already granted manufacturing licenses ?
    2- if yes, can you say where ?
    Best
    Roberto

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Ridolfi:
    1- yes
    2- not yet, and this does not depend on us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Norma

    Dear Andrea,
    Where are located the factories you have chosen for the outsourcing ?

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    USA, Europe, China, Japan
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Thomas

    Dr Rossi,
    You said that you replicated the experiment cited in ref 13 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Hwo has it gone ?

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas:
    We have not been able to get a relevant yield, maybe we did something wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Michael

    @Italo R.
    The ecatSKL is the most important and most needed invention in history of mankind.
    The ecatSKLed and ecatSK are just a bonus in comparison.
    I hope the certification process for the SKL is shorter than the certification process for the SKLed.
    Best regards
    Michael

  117. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Ecat-SK can give heat immediately, while Ecat-SKL can only give heat in the future.
    The industries of the world need heat NOW.
    Why isn’t the Ecat-SK already widely used in industries around the world as it has already been in operation for at least two years and is already certified for that service?
    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I think you merit a more complete answer than I did earlier: the problem with the SK is that it needs to have an industrial size to be convenient and the domestic size has not been certified, because it needs a complex series of maintenance issues. In few words, it must be industrial and under our direct control, so far.
    The SKLed and the SKL, which are based on the same platform, are much simpler, as well as their certification, albeit they are much more complex electronically. Besides, it is not true that to make heat with the SKL takes time, because electricity can be turned into heat with almost 100% of efficiency and very easily. This is why now we are focused on the SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Have you tried to power an SKLed with electricity supplied by an SKL in SSM?
    If yes, this would form a system capable of giving light “forever”.

    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    You are right, it has to bet more diffused.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Espen VDP

    Dr. Rossi:
    Today in Europe there is a big shortage of natural gas which is increasing heating costs to record levels. Now comes winter and we do not know how bad this crisis will become for homes and businesses. Probably things get worse than now.

    You say that your ecat SK heater is working well and is stable. The world needs it.

    How can we get it?

    Regards,

    Espen VDP

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Espen VDP:
    After the SKLed and the SKL its turn will arrive, but, obviously, the SKL can make heat as well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Are design and data-sheet of the Ecat SKLed still the same published months ago on
    http://www.ecat.com
    ?

  124. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Ruby

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you still think that in the presentation of december 9 we will see an Ecat SKL in SSM ?

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    I hope so,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Anonymous

    I think on December 9th we will see absolutely nothing.
    Good Bye

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    1- Do you think today that Ecat SK is as stable and reliable as SKLed?
    2- Will a version of SK be presented on December 9 that may be suitable for mass production and for use in ordinary homes?
    3- What is now the COP for such a device with the latest version of AI installed?
    4- Is certification of such a device far away?
    5- Will a commercialization here take longer than for SKL?
    Sincerely, Svein H. Vormedal.

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    1- for industrial utilizations yes
    2- no
    3- n.a.
    4- the Ecat SK has been certified years ago
    5- premature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    the E-Cat SK has been running commercially for about 2 years in the industrial sector.
    What is the reason why this is still happening in secret and why there has not yet been a scaling of media interest?
    1) State political reasons
    2) Corporate policy reasons
    3) Technical reasons
    4) Something else

    Warm greetings
    Wilfried

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    2
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Dan C.

    A Hit & Run

    I’m a fan of forced air HVAC.
    It allows me to filter the Air, control the humidity, cool, heat and bring in Fresh air(as needed) all from a central air handling unit. This allows for better indoor air quality which according to research is usually worse then the outdoors. They even have a name for it. Sick Building Syndrome.

    From the perspective of requiring a 20Kw heat source, I would suggest a dedicated 20Kw (SK) E-cat. I’m assuming the SK will be cheaper then the SKL as it looks to be simpler. Note in an all electric world, copper will become ever more expensive. This requires no heavy gauge wiring nor an inverter and doesn’t require a larger electrical service(breaker panel). Perhaps this can be configured to also provide for hot water needs. The above is based on the KISS method. (Keep It Simple Silly) Ha, I wonder how many thought I was going to say Stupid???

    It’s been posted that with Cheap energy there’s no need of insulating their homes.
    Insulation serves two purposes.

    1) Comfort. A universal room temperature. Ever sat near a campfire in the fall where your front blisters and your backside freezes.

    2) In an uninsulated home, you’ll require a larger heating/cooling system. That’s more upfront costs. I thought the goal was to save money. I would note twas a time fossil energy was so cheap they thought insulation not worth bothering with. Only to have regrets latter on.

    I fear, as always when things are cheap and plentiful, people become very wasteful. Let’s try and not do that. Let’s try and avoid future regrets.

    Regards everyone,
    Dan C.

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    In any home, relatively large amounts of hot water are needed. Both for personal, dishes and room cleaning.
    Hot water / hot oil is also used extensively for space heating through heated floors, radiators and fan coils.
    This may also include the thawing of ice and snow by outdoor use areas and swimmig pools.
    Using Ecat SK to heat water / liquid with a COP of close to 60 will be a dream scenario for anyone who has a significant energy consumption in such areas.
    If an Ecat SK can be produced with a simpler and more stable operation and with a significantly higher efficiency than the SKL variant, I have no doubt where I would start a production.
    Sincerely, Svein H. Vormedal.

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    As an alternative to a small E-Cat SK for heating rooms, a small E-Cat SKL is also suitable for powering infrared heaters.

    Infrared heating has many advantages over heating by convection:

    1. With infrared heating, the air is not primarily heated, but all objects, items and structural components in the room (e.g. furniture, floor, ceiling, walls). These absorb the infrared radiation (long-wave heat radiation) and emit it evenly to the entire room. This creates a pleasant warmth that is reminiscent of the natural rays of the sun.
    2. As soon as the infrared heating is switched on, it does not take long before a pleasant warmth is noticeable. Since the rays have a direct heating effect, the entire room air does not have to be heated first over a certain period of time.
    3. The time to heat up is only about 5 minutes
    4. Like any other heater, the infrared heater can be controlled with a thermostat
    5. Infrared heaters can be installed as underfloor heating and on all walls and ceilings.
    6. They are available as mats, panels or wallpapers in various watts / sqm
    7. Infrared heaters are suitable for new construction or renovation of buildings regardless of their size
    8. A small E-Cat SKL can be installed per room, alternatively a larger E-Cat can supply several rooms with electricity for infrared heating.
    9. The costs for infrared heating are around € 60 per square meter including installation.

    The heating output for infrared heating depends on the insulation of the house, the external walls in each room and the desired temperature.

    An infrared heater that is powered by the E-Cat SKL is the ideal heater in my opinion.

    Many greetings
    Ulrich

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Would the AI improvements that you are using in the SKL and SKLed Ecats also improve the SK heater technology?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Michael

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    regarding the conversation with you and Mr. Acland:
    You have already invented a little ecatSK in the form of the ecatSKLed which is able to heat with 32 Watt and an electric consumption of 4 Watt. So make it just about 60 times bigger (and without light), 1920 Watt output with a wattage/input of 240 Watt.
    It would be better to produce single heaters for rooms instead of a central heating system with 10-50 KW which needs specialists and masonry openings for pipe laying. Convection- and oil based electric radiators would fit the best, like: https://www.inhabitblog.com/appliances/electric-radiators/electric-radiators-best-heating-option.html
    Also an electric water heater/boiler with the same wattage in different sizes of 30 to 100 liters should be in the product line.
    Best regards
    Michael

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Michael:
    Thank you for your information and suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your response to my questions. I was under the understanding that the E-Cat SK is only an industrial product. Maybe I am wrong.

    Will you be releasing a home heating product that could be ordered by anyone?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    You are right, so far the heating Ecats are only industrial, but this situation is temporary.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Jorge

    On
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has been forgotten the EEDF, which should be important to understand the ZBW

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Jorge:
    Please read the paragraph 3
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    I suggest that the E-Cat SKLed lamp can be used to illuminate a room by mounting it on the top of a support stand with the lamp pointed upward at the ceiling. If the ceiling is coated with flat white paint then the E-Cat SKLed should provide ample indirect lighting for the room and can be dimmed to the desired brightness. Alternately, the E-Cat SKLed can be placed at the center of a dining table pointing directly upward providing lighting for the dining area. Color filters can be used to provide a party atmosphere. Obviously power usage would not be a concern.

    Best Regards,
    Dan Galburt

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    Good points,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Frank Acland asked, “Would it be possible with E-Cat technology, to make a device of SIMILAR SIZE that puts out a lot of heat, and maybe not so much light, with minimal power input, so it a very efficient heater?” You replied, “Yes.”
    Weren’t you referring to the E-Cat SK, which is much larger? Would be feasible and economical to produce a small room-sized E-Cat SK?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    This has to be experimented,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Enginer01

    Cheryl McEwen, the wife of Rob McEwen, McEwen Mining, is a very interesting woman
    ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheryl_McEwen ) She is also the founder of Make My Day Foods Inc, Toronto. Which
    brings us to the ECatSKL. MMDF makes and sells a product called the veggie puck
    https://www.foodbevg.com/CA/Toronto/745027592231241/The-Veggie-Puck which presumably uses lots of greenhouse space and Energy in Canada growing all those cool vegetables.

    Please update us on how your ECatSKLed green house tests are going, taking note that vegetable availability is considered a major health crisis in Canada. Vertical SKLed-illuminated walls of vegetables in Greenhouses heated by ECatSKLs should help. Note vegetable prices in Canada are skyrocketing.

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Enginer01:
    We are making R&D related to this issue,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I think it is very easy to make a heater based on SKLeds when you let them burn in a black box, which is a good black radiator. But even burning SKLeds directly in a room will also efficiently convert all light into heat when the photons will be absorbed by the surrounding… (100% in the end). Can you agree with my simple calculation?

    Total consumption of 1 SKLed = 4W (2W heat dissipation + 2W light).
    Total heat output of 1 SKLed = 2W heat + 16W light (2W @ COP 8 = 16W) = 18W (finally heat).

    So in my reasoning when I would buy 100 SKLeds I could make a simple heater of 1800W, consuming 400W at a purchase cost of $2,500 (100 x $25). The power consumption could be about half when one electronic driver could drive all 100 SKLeds at once.

    Does this makes sense?

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    To be experimented,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Chuck Davis

    Frank Acland,

    I think that a small Ecat space heater would satisfy all of my heating requirements!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  156. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have said that the SKLed puts out a lot of light, and very little heat, with minimal power input, so it’s a very efficient light.

    1. Would it be possible with E-Cat technology, to make a device of similar size that puts out a lot of heat, and maybe not so much light, with minimal power input, so it a very efficient heater?

    2. If it is possible, do you think it would make business sense to make such a product (In colder weather, lots of people need space heating for their homes and businesses)?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1. yes
    2. we already have it, as you well know:
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the number 58 000 of this blog

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormadal:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    I agree with Calle H. In indoor lighting, there are today, probably 1000 different designs of lamps.
    Even light bulbs, seem to be available in nearly 100 different editions.
    In my living room I now have 14 ceiling mounted spotlights.
    I depend on being able to regulate the amount of light from these in two central points.
    Since SKLed most closely resembles spotlights, can they be regulated centrally?
    Sincerely, Svein H. Vormedal.

  160. Roby

    @Calle H
    in fact if you look at
    http://www.ecat.com
    you can see the support to fix the Ecat SKLed to walls, ceilings, etc
    Best
    Roby

  161. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    With the current design of the SKLed it is not clear what the typical application of the lamp will be. There must be some other use than just a desk top artefact. I would guess without practical applications it may be difficult to reach a million orders. I would think that large volume users could be grow lamps and street lamps. Both are in the same light power range as the SKLed but may have different beam patterns, colour temperature, mechanical fittings and IP class. Will you at the Stockholm presentation show different variants and applications of the SKLed lamp?
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    During the presentation tthis issue too will be explained.
    Anyway the Ecat SKLed is fit for any fixed positioning.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    A. You have previously mentioned that the E-Cat SKLed takes several seconds to start-up, does the time period from switching on to reaching maximum light level vary with ambient temperature?

    B. When varying lamp light level from minimum to maximum is change immediately visible or is there a noticeable time lag?

    C. When the lamp is switched off, does the light terminate immediately or does it fade out?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  164. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    A. no
    B. immediate
    C. immediate
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Curious Guy:
    Please see par. 2,3,4
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  166. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    In relation to electric aircraft, they appear to be getting more attention:

    Link: https://www.geekwire.com/2021/magnix-wins-74-3-million-nasa-demonstrate-electric-aviation-technologies/

    A couple excerpts:

    “Everett, Wash.-based MagniX will be getting $74.3 million from NASA over the next five years to demonstrate electric propulsion technologies for aircraft.”

    “The fixed-price / cost-share award is being made through NASA’s Electric Powertrain Flight Demonstration program, or EPFD, which aims to introduce electric powertrain technologies to U.S. aviation fleets no later than 2035.”

    “Another company, Cincinnati-based GE Aviation, is being awarded $179 million through the same program.”

    —-
    Hypothetically, which seems more realistic– battery-only air travel or battery-plus-Ecat-SKL air travel?

    Doesn’t 2035 seem like a possible timeframe for an airborne SKL?

    Regards,
    WaltC

  167. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    No, it is premature,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  168. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You politely answered my suggestion. My question is whether the conceptual suggestion of an eCat electrical generating unit (call it whatever name or symbol you want) can accept grid power, generate much more electrical energy, and can it power resistive loads using a transfer switch.

    In my mind, the approach seems elegant. You avoid capacitive loads such as central air conditioner or some types of furnaces. You avoid endangering lineman working on grid power lines. The generator replacement methodology is a proven and an accepted approach.

    Under this approach, the eCat unit becomes very similar to a generator back-up system, although it is used when grid power is available. Rewiring an existing house is avoided. All required changes can be made at the home’s electrical box by a qualified electrician.

    1. Will the eCat unit be capable of self-regulating so when the load changes, the power generation changes?

    2. Can the eCat produce AC power in phase with the incoming grid power?

    3. Can the neutral of the eCat output power be tied to the home’s neutral line without adversely affecting the eCat output power?

    4. Can the eCat electrical generator handle capacitive loads such as found on central air conditioning units and furnaces?

    5. Can the eCat electrical generator produce acceptable 2-phase 240VAC, 60 Hz (or 50 Hz) power as found in the residential home?

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You made a point, but I am not ready to answer,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  170. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    To Ruby you said that you are very close to receiving certifications.
    Just one question: Are those certifications for the SKLed or the Ecat SKL or both?
    Thanks if you can answer.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    So far only for the SKLed,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You mentioned that you thought that the E-Cat SKL was close to certification.
    In your opinion would the certification include private domestic use?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    I said SKLed is close to certification. The answer is yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Ton Conover:
    No.
    Thankyou for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Is there an expiration date on your product line? Luke 13:24 “Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able.”

    Warm Regards,
    Tom

    https://www.seniorliving.org/history/1900-2000-changes-life-expectancy-united-states/

  176. Ruby

    Dr Rossi,
    How is going on the certification issue ?

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    We are very close to have the certifications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. patrick gicquel

    @Jitse and Chuck
    It depends on the country and the insulation of the accommodation. In France, for 120m2 at 1000m altitude, my supply contract is based on 9kva, with insulation to the latest standards (rt2012). for an annual cost of 1200 €. (In sharp increase to come with the abandonment of nuclear – it’s not done! -) the standards are for 19 ° inside and -10 outside … the current supply is 230v

  179. Jitse

    hello Chuck,
    This type of inverter (50 KWh ) seems to me to be right for industrial, my target is the individual users such as my neighbors and relations (1 to 10 KWh 8760 to 87600 kWh per year and of-grid users fully CO2 free).
    Regards Jitse

  180. Ron

    Dr Rossi,
    Is it confirmed that on December 9 the Ecat SKLed and SKL will be presented, respectively the SKLed as a product for sale and the SKL as a prototype ?
    Best wishes,
    Ron

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  182. Dear Andrea,
    I think I asked you before if you use Caesium in your fuel. The reason I asked was that Caesium is an easily ionized atom and could provide more electrons to your plasma for use in your system. It is used in JP7 fuel for jet aircraft which is 50% more energetic than the usual JP4. I used it in a plasma for generating infra red and obtained a remarkable increase in IR output. Please ignore this question if it is not relevant.
    Curious regards.

  183. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    I can’t answer this kind of questions, either in positive, or in negative,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. Calle H

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    May I ask if you and your team will demonstrate the SKLed in SSM operation? The reason for asking is that on Sept 18 you said that the SKLed COP is more or less 8. This is when going from electricity to light. When going in the other direction from light to electricity, the inverse of 8 is 1/8 = 12.5% which is the absolute minimum efficiency that a solar cell must achieve for SSM. Best performing solar panels do 20%+ efficiency. So, it would be encouraging to try SSM. Personally I would think SSM is the ultimate proof of your amazing technology and a very strong foundation that energy is extracted from a vacuum source.
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    I too think that the Ecat SKL could corroborate what is written on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Chuck Davis

    Jitse, Here is a 50 kW inverter for you. https://www.solaris-shop.com/solectria-pvi-50-208-50kw-inverter/

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  187. REGARDING THE FOLLOWING POSTS:

    Dear Andrea,
    Inverters for solar panels all have a maximum of 1000 Volt DC and 25 kW as input, this applies to all 1 and 3 phase inverters with outputs from 1 to 25 kWh and AC 230 and 400 volts.
    If the ecatSKL, controlled by the AI, can be set within these limits, a connection with these converters is relatively easy. (coupled or without coupling to the energy grid).
    These inverters fully comply with all specifications of the euro countries.
    Is it possible to go into details during the presentation of 9 December?
    best regards Jitse

    2021-09-27 08:49 Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    I don’t think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    =========
    It would be helpful if you could please clarify whether your “I don’t think so” refers to:

    A) “a connection with these converters is relatively easy. (coupled or without coupling to the energy grid)”, or:

    B) “Is it possible to go into details during the presentation of 9 December?”

    Thank you.

    With kindest, clarificatory, regards,

    Rodney.

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Premature,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering od September 28 2021
    Nuclear SMR firmNuScale Power exploring coal to small reactor project in Poland
    Rod Walton

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    An alternative to the on-grid versus off-grid discussion is an integrated system.

    My typical average daily use of electricity varies from about 20 kW-hrs to 55 kW-hrs (lowest in winter, highest in summer).

    At my daughter’s house I have installed a transfer switch with a generator to power the essentials when grid power is absent, due to a storm, etc. On the transfer switch I power essentials like the lights, appliances, refrigerator, television(s), and the electric water heater. The transfer switch removes the possibility of generator produced electricity going back to the grid where it affects the safety of those working on the power lines. The transfer switch would be installed after the house is built.

    Similarly, a conceptual eCat unit could be installed connected through a circuit breaker from the grid power. It would feed power to a transfer switch which would power most of the relatively low power consuming items within the home. Such items would include the electric water heater, the refrigerator, the appliances, security system(s), and electric vehicle(s) charging. Items it might not include would be central air conditioning or central electric heat.

    A large percentage of power consumption in the home are long-duration loads, so a large eCat capacity is not required.

    In addition, if the eCat unit should fail or be down for maintenance, just switch the transfer switch and use grid power again. This would dramatically decrease grid power consumption without an expensive renovation to the home’s electrical distribution system.

    Thoughts?

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Gian Luca

    Caro A.R.
    the introduction on the world market of ECAT, in addition to revolutionizing the sector closely linked to energy, will certainly make the real estate market soar, like never before. Every smallest and most remote house or building will have a value. The real estate market as we have built it up to now will be changed. A small example can be given by me who I have for several years, left by my grandparents, a building at an altitude of about 1300 m (sea level). Mountain house lost in the woods in the Alps north of Milan. Building devoid of amenities, electricity and heating. Built with local stones and chestnut wood, perhaps dating back to the year 1850 (in Italy they are called ruins). Now, thinking about the Ecat ….. I see it with different eyes. I think it can become a comfortable and welcoming refuge where you can spend long and warm winter days in total tranquility, immersed in the snow.
    ECAT will also be the revolution in the real estate sector.
    what do you think about it?

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    I hope too
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the links
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  196. toussaint francois

    Dear Andra Rossi

    One question please, this year will you deliver your products to France ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois
    I think yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  198. toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please, with the technology of the SKL LED will it be possible in the future for products such as Automotive Headlight, powerfull torch light, street lighting as an exemple ?

    Kind regards,

    Toussaint François

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for these links.
    They make me think to the movie “The Concert” , of Radu Mihaileanu, one of the most beautiful movies I watched in my life.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Chuck Davis

    Michael, The grid-tied and off-grid configurations require very different capabilities of the Ecat. The off-grid mode would require a 44 kW Ecat to replace the grid power in a typical 200 A, 220 V residential application and since the grid is not available as a backup source it would require a second 44 kW Ecat for that purpose. Also it would require a 44 kW inverter and associated wiring and circuit breaker! In the grid-tied configuration with net-metering a 1 kW Ecat would be sufficient for most residential requirements since short term high power loads will be provided by the grid and the Ecat only has to be capable of supplying the total energy usage at turtle speed since it operates 24/7 and the grid supplies the backup in case of an Ecat failure. And it would only require a 1 kW inverter and associated wiring and circuit breaker. The grid-tied configuration, where net-metering is available, is far superior to the off-grid configuration but some countries don’t provide the net-metering option. Another option for off-grid operation is to add energy storage but with the limited power capability of currently available batteries it would require several Tesla Power Walls to supply the required current and they are quite expensive!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  201. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    If the SKLed is as good
    as this Violinist you have
    a winning product.

    https://youtu.be/ULrA2GzMpgQ

    Regards
    Sam

  202. Michael

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    what belongs to the ecatSKL:
    Yes, it is complicated to fit the SKL to the grid for electricity feed-in because of bureaucracy and it is complete unnecessary. Everyone who needs electric power could buy an ecatSKL, there is no need for a grid. And anyways, here in germany a kwh through the electrical grid (just transport!) is charged with 8 ct plus 19% tax.
    At the start it is useful to use the ecatSKL directly without household power grid, just plug in the electric consumers – incl. electric heating to save the money for oil or gas. Later, if i am sure that all works i will let install the ecatSKL (plus a powerbank) to my household power grid, seperate to the electrical grid of the electric power company.
    The big consumers like industry, trade, carmakers, railway, shipbuilding, aircraft manufacturers, public administration… will come later.
    Of course, an ecatSK (not SKL) just for decentralised heating, integrated in oil-filled radiator, electric fire and other electric heating would be very useful. Now that the ecatSKL is in the certification you could develop this heating application?
    Best regards
    Michael

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Michael:
    This is possible,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. Jitse

    Dear Andrea,
    Inverters for solar panels all have a maximum of 1000 Volt DC and 25 kW as input, this applies to all 1 and 3 phase inverters with outputs from 1 to 25 kWh and AC 230 and 400 volts.
    If the ecatSKL, controlled by the AI, can be set within these limits, a connection with these converters is relatively easy. (coupled or without coupling to the energy grid).
    These inverters fully comply with all specifications of the euro countries.
    Is it possible to go into details during the presentation of 9 December?
    best regards Jitse

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    I don’t think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  206. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, The residential grid tied application is probably the most important use to your readers so I am curious to know if you have made a test of that configuration and how it performs.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  207. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    This kind of application has to go through a complex series of authorizations and agreements.
    This will not happen in the immediate,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  208. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    There are many suggestions for detailed uses for Ecat SKL.
    There will probably be a thousand more as time goes on.
    There are some key issues that will be crucial.
    Any Ecat must be produced. Have you and your team considered how long it can take to produce enough units to cover:
    1. 50% of the world’s electricity consumption?
    2. 50% of energy for land and sea transport?
    These are main areas that will have a global impact in connection with the announced climate crisis.
    Thousands of other small and large applications are interesting but not as significant as these main areas.
    It is possible that many nations will concentrate the use of available devices on these most crucial areas.
    Sincerely, Svein H. Vormedal

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    We will introduce our products, also by means of Partners. The production system will be developed along the development of the demand. Presently I am not able to answer your questions, we are ready for what we expect to happen at the incipit.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Steven N. Karels

    CC & Andrea Rossi,

    The application of eCat technology to an Unmanned Aircraft Vehicle (UAV) is interesting because:

    1. The application does not require a FAA (or similar Government authority) approval since this is not a manned aircraft.
    2. The application would provide months of continuous operational time, where their current system is limited to about 1,000 nmi.
    3, With auto-pilot and other similar control systems, the aircraft could do complex missions over extended periods of time.
    4. As an Amphibian aircraft, long duration missions over the ocean could occur, with out the risk to a human crew.
    5. It would be very cost effective – no salary, low maintenance.
    6. Limited numbers initially – perfect for a new technology application.
    7. With the addition of cameras and satellite uplink, imaging could be accomplished – tracking icebergs, tracking polar bears, other difficult and dangerous (for humans) missions.

    Thoughts?

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Gunther

    Dr Rossi,
    Studying your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I understood that the energy generated by the Ecat is basically due to the very low entropy charge aggregates that originate the point zero energy.
    Do you agree ?
    Gunther

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Gunther:
    I think we could say so,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. CC

    Steven N. Karels:
    Your proposal is very interesting, but it seems Andrea wants not the Rcat to fly,
    Cheers
    CC

  215. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    It is not that I want not the Ecat to fly, it is that this possibility is very, very premature, albeit the suggestion of the attorney Steven N. Karels,Esq., is intelligent,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I believe this might be another application for your 20 kW output electrical unit.

    Consider an Amphibian UAV built by Aero-Marine – a British firm. They have two such UAVs.

    GULL 44, Wing Span of 5 meters, requires a 19 SHP motor, payload of 34 kg, max speed of 92 knots – would require one 20kW motor (= 27-28 SHP), one motor controller, and one 20 kW eCat unit.

    GULL 68, Wing Span of 7.6 meters, requires a 45 SHP motor, payload of 94 kg, max speed of 100 knots – would require two 20kW motors, 2 controllers and 2 20 kW eCat units.

    Suggested motor and Controller by epropelled.com: motor AMC 1200 (20 kW); controller PM1200L.

    The idea would this would be a utility transport from Europe to remote islands for valuable cargo, not readily served by large commercial airliners. Or, other applications.

    Thoughts?

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Within your ResearchGate paper;

    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

    Within section 1; Charge clusters and the Casimir force, you state; “According to another Zitterbewegung electron model [9, 16], the electron can be modelled by a current loop, with radius re, generated by a charge distribution that rotates at the speed of light.” References 9 & 16 being the electron model of F. Celani, A. O. Di Tommaso and G. Vassallo.

    Each electron with its orbiting charge plane is treated as a circular “plate”. For a sufficiently high density of low entropy electrons, where two electrons both with the same spin direction, with plates parallel to each other, position on the same axis, if the electrons then approach to close proximity, vacuum energy forces are excluded from between electron plates, the Casimir force pushes electron plates together against electron Coulomb forces repelling apart, the electrons position at a point of balance separation distance.

    Based on the non-point like Zitterbewegung electron model, for the case where two electrons are on the same axis and positioned as two parallel plates, you obtain a separation distance between two electron plates by balancing the Coulomb repulsion force Fe(d) between the two electrons; equation (5), with a Casimir force Fc(d) applied external to the two electron plates pushing them together; equation (4) multiplied by four for the larger plate area of a Zitterbewegung electron model, the resulting point of balance between opposing Coulomb versus Casimir forces for two electrons is at a separation distance db approximately equal to four reduced Compton wavelengths, i.e. db ≈ 1.54 x 10^-12m.

    Based on the model you have outlined, if the Coulomb force is halved, i.e. equation (5) was divided by two, the resulting point of balance between the now smaller opposing Coulomb versus Casimir forces is at an increased separation distance of db ≈ 2.3 x 10^-12m, i.e. 2.3 picometres. This figure of 2.3pm separation distance can be found in reference 16 of your paper; A. O. Di Tommaso and G. Vassallo – Electron Structure, Ultra-Dense Hydrogen and Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, section 6; Hypotheses on the Structure of Ultra-Dense Hydrogen, di ≈ 2.3 x 10^-12m, this being the theoretical distance between two ultra-dense hydrogen atoms where the electron charge orbits are parallel to each other and Pi radians out of phase to each other. As also mentioned in reference 16 of your paper, this 2.3pm distance has been computed by Leif Holmlid for a particular form of ultra-dense deuterium.

    As to what leads to the Coulomb force being halved, I can only speculate. Coulombs law deals with two charges repelling each other, what if there was three electrons in a chain, how would this affect the outcome. It may be that the electron charge energy associated with the Coulomb force is divided between the two sides of an electron “plate” with the force on each side halved. Another consideration from the Zitterbewegung electron model is that half the electron energy is in the orbiting electron charge and half in the magnetic flux, does this affect the outcome. Alternatively 2.3pm is also possible if the Casimir force is doubled, whole h-bar instead of h-bar/2? Whatever the scenario, maybe it is possible to have electrons with 2.3pm separation. A low entropy environment > allowing electron interaction via local forces > leading to aggregate synthesis > energy release.

    Looking at the history of the Casimir force per unit area equation, it was a mathematical solution for a larger scale, maybe it can be regarded as an approximation when relating its use to the scale of electron properties and dimensions. If the Casimir force per unit area equation is divided by the sum of Pi^3/240 then multiplied by the sum of 2*α*(Pi^2-1), α = the fine structure constant, both sums dimensionless, the result is different by less than 0.2%, this modified equation when used with half the Coulomb force, then gives an approximate electron separation of 2.3pm, and a diagonal distance between electron charges that are Pi radians out of phase of exactly one electron Compton wavelength.

    Maybe I see things in the numbers that are not there, maybe it is just numerology, but interesting anyway.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  219. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Jaroslaw Bem

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It would be nice to see on the presentation in December 2021 your proposition how easy adopt ECAT SKLed to assembling on street pole, to lighting the street.

    Best regards,
    Jaroslaw Bem

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Jaroslaw Bem:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On the eCat prototypes that you have recently produced:

    1. Are they sensitive in terms of mounting orientation relative to vertical in their operation or output?
    2. Have you conducted environmental testing (temperature, relative humidity, altitude? If so, any unusual limitations?
    3. Have you tested for vibration/shock effects? If so, any unusual limitations?

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1. no
    2. no limitation within reasonable limits
    3. same as in 2
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It is interesting to read that you produced hundreds of prototypes of the Ecat SKL until now.
    I hope you can answer a few additional questions abut that:
    1, I would guess you have a (semi-) automatic facility at hand to produce Ecat SKL’s relatively quickly and effortless, is that right?
    2. What is the percentage of those hundreds of SKL’s that work(ed) to your satisfaction?
    3. Over roughly what period did you produce these prototypes?
    Thank you if you can answer!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. yes
    2. too complex to answer
    3. a couple of years
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So far how many separate prototypes of E-Cat SKL have you built?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Hundreds,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Jean Pierre

    Hi, Andrea. I have solved in great detail, and cheaply, the problem of how to pack all the necessary hardware into a SpaceX Starship on the launch pad and assemble it without humans, completely robotically in orbit. Then how to allow up to 200 people a journey to and from the Moon or Mars enjoying zero g conditions. In addition, the method allows for those on Mars to re-acquaint their bodies with 1g on occasion. This will really help to eliminate the current medical problems. Without this, returning passengers may suffer badly on Earth reentry. A detailed report has been sent to Elon Musk. However, I am not knowledgeable in the field of radiation; so please do not chastise me for the idea that I am about to put to you.

    Any method that can reduce passenger exposure to radiation during a long trip in space should be considered. If it can be determined that the SKL is impervious to outside radiation, and can function reliably for a period of 5 years with any necessary re-charging with fuel catalyst in this outside radiation environment, and the SKL can take the shape of a cube, then perhaps the inner walls of the Starship could be lined with these ’tiles’, either in a single layer or even a double layer.

    If they can be interlinked in this mode with provision for securing along the walls, then this system could be used for not only powering all the relevant ship devices but also ,when on Mars, act as a radiation- reduced habitat for the workers. Moreover,a power cable from the SKL output system could already be sited down the outside of the ship and the ship function as a power station for all the very early constructions and battery charging for the roving transport and diggers, etc. No nuclear generators would be required. No hazards to passengers/workers from such devices.

    These tiles would act to reduce the incoming radiation, though I am aware that secondary radiation can be produced from the primary. Naturally, all these SKL modules could,alternatively, be assembled in a block somewhere; but at least the wall- covering method should provide some extra protection. Of course, the habitat volume would be reduced; but for early trips only about 20 people would be needed instead of the SpaceX plan of 100.

    If this idea has merit may I suggest that you approach SpaceX after the December presentation. Their designers would need time to check that the SKL was radiation tolerant,determine how much radiation could be reduced by this method, and also whether or not it could withstand up to about 5g accelerations for short periods and also vibrations. In addition, how reliable it is. It should be possible for failed modules in flight to be easily removed internally and spares ready for their replacement.

    Thank you in advance for not ridiculing me for my offering.

    As always, good luck for the future. Jean Pierre

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Here is some help for you: https://news.yahoo.com/exclusive-white-house-supports-plan-134809670.html

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    Here is an interesting paper about theoretical Physics evolution:
    https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.117205
    Cheers
    Prof

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    A Great Story.

    https://youtu.be/O_bVUeQw38c

    Regards
    Sam

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Really moving,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Calle H

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Will the SKLed be available only at one color temperature (5000K)? I would think large volume lamp applications like grow lights and street lights have different preferences for color temperature. Personally I would be happy to receive typical warm (3000K – 4000K) SKLed lamps instead of the 5000K I have ordered. Technically it is a question of applying a phosphorus filter on the LED kernel which sounds like a small challenge compared to the amazing work behind the SKLed lamp itself. Thank you if you can answer.
    Kind regards,
    Calle H

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    You made a point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of September 21 2021:
    “When a crisis strikes, be ready”
    Rod Walton

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    try to introduce the first E-Cat SKL product on February 22nd, 2022 at 2:02:02 am. German date: 22.02.2022 02:02:02 Uhr

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Premature
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  242. Dr. Rossi,

    With regard to your minimum orders of 1 million SKLeds:
    1) Have you already secured the required minerals for fueling the SKLeds?
    2) If not, do you anticipate there will be any difficulties securing the required amounts?
    3) I am a believer in full Life‐cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) accounting that accounts for emissions associated with the raw materials extraction, processing and transportation of such materials. For the December presentation, or shortly thereafter, will you be preparing and publishing an accounting for all emissions connected with the production of 1 million SKLeds?

    Best regards.

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Gregory Daigle:
    1- yes
    2- n.a.
    3- good idea
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. Michael

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    has the certification already started for the ecat SKL?
    If no, when do you expect the start?
    Best regards
    Michael

  245. Andrea Rossi

    Michael:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  246. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,

    You replied to Frank Ackland that the SKLed was successfully demonstrated to potential customers. Some questions about that:
    1. Have these customers already preordered SKLed’s?
    2. If yes, do these preorders substantially contribute to your target of 1 Million SKLed’s to start production?
    Further some questions about the Ecat SKL:
    3. Are you happy about the progress so far?
    4. How likely is it to see the first product on the market next year?
    5. Has the Self Sustained running time already been extended to substantially more than 24 hours?
    Thanks for answering our questions.
    I hope this year, with the demos of the SKLed and SKL will lead to the year of fame for you and your team.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- no
    2- n.a.
    3- yes
    4- it is likely
    5- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.